Three Gorges Dam in Chin Essay
Three Gorges Dam in Chin
I strongly think that you would not benefit from the construction of the Three Gorges Dam. I think this for three reasons. If the dam breaks, your people will be in unimaginable danger, you will suffer food shortages, and historical sites will be lost. The reasons not to build the dam far outweigh the reasons to build it. I hope you will listen to what I have to say.
One reason why the dam shouldn’t be built is that if it breaks, the effects will be devastating. People for miles will be killed. Houses and buildings will be torn apart. Entire towns will be destroyed. Anything beyond the dam will receive the full impact of the dam break. Journalist Dai Qing calls the dam “the most environmentally and socially destructive project in the world.” So what if it has the power of 15 nuclear plants. If the dam breaks there won’t be anyone around to use the power. Also, the dam could be the site of a potential terrorist attack. It would be so easy to kill all of those people. The natural reaction to this threat would be to make the dam bigger and better, but you can’t do that.
It would hold even more power behind it and if terrorist do manage to knock the dam down, it would kill more people, destroy more towns and add to the cost of repairs and the cost of building the dam in the first place. Also, the debris of the dam would be bigger and more dangerous, and many other problems will come up if you build this dam. “The project’s conception was monumental,” says Dr. John Byrne. “This was seen in the early years [of the project] as a way to show the advanced nature of Chinese society under socialism, to solve a problem that has existed in China for thousands of years… But when you’re doing something on this scale, you should really make solving the problems your first priority. Unfortunately, China has decided to launch the project — then solve the problems along the way.”
Another reason why the Three Gorges Dam shouldn’t be built, if the first reason wasn’t enough, is that your people will suffer food shortages. That is because the farmers that produce your crops will have to be relocated and moved too less fertile soil up in the mountains because their farmland will be submerged. The farmers will grow less and worse food and so the people in that area will not get the nourishment they need. The farmers will not be able to sell as much food because they need some for themselves and most of the food will be bad anyway. “One of the tragedies of this [project], if just from a regional standpoint, is that the land that is going to be flooded is some of the most fertile in China,” says Byrne. “The land to where the population is to be relocated is much less fertile.” You will send them into poverty.
And it is not just the farmers who have to move. 1.5 million people will have to move from homes that their family has been living in for generations. Imagine how much it will cost to move that many people. Now add that to the $30 billion or more to build the actual dam. The backflow of the water will also create more pollution. “By severing the mighty river and slowing the flow of its water, the dam will cause pollution from industrial and residential sources to concentrate in the river, rather than be flushed out at sea,” says Chinese Journalist Jin Hui. “The result will be a poisoned river. Now do you see why I feel as strongly as I do?
My third and final reason not to build the dam is that many historical sites that have recently been discovered will be lost. The backflow of the water after the dam is built will ruin ancient burial grounds before archeologists have studied them and learned all they could. Good archeological studies sometimes take up to 10 years. Think of all the history that will be gone forever. Evidence of the Baa culture, who lived long ago, will be lost forever. A former curator at Beijing’s Museum of Chinese History describes the Three Gorges as “the last and best place to study Ba culture.”
If you don’t build the dam and instead use the money to fund research of the Baa, you might learn many things that Chinese culture would not have found out for many years. Or you could use all that money for something else that will help the country without the negative effects that come with the Three Gorges Dam. “Fuling, the elite Ba cemetery and other sites in eastern Sichuan and western Hubei, associated with the early settlement of these peoples, although largely now lost will be fondly remembered and treasured,” Elizabeth Childs-Johnson said to the The Art Newspaper.
The Chinese people need to make a stand. The Three Gorges Dam should not be built and they need to put their foot down. They need to do something before it is too late and the dam is built. They have to tell the government they don’t want to be in danger of a dam break, they don’t want food shortages, and they don’t want to build it and it will always be that way. If they say something they might be able to prevent this horrible thing from happening.