Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks Essay

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Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks

The United States of America is considered to be one of the most powerful and influential nations around the world. Thanks to the success of the people of history in which they did not cease to achieve the goals and missions for the American’s sake. They have made unforgettable events, remarkable outputs and patriotic minds that changed and influenced every American citizen perpetually. Notably, there are persons whose actions and opinions strongly influenced the American history that I considered to be the five most influential persons of all time. Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln is considered as one of the most influential Americans in the history. Born on February 12, 1809, hailed Sinking Spring Farm, southeast of Hardin County, Kentucky, son of Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks, a father of four and was married to Mary Todd (Charnwood 1997). At a very early age, Lincoln and his family had experienced a test of their lives when they lost their land by court action and was forced to move to Perry County, Indiana. He was seven years old then when that transpired and later realized that what they had experienced was an account of slavery.

He started his political career in 1832 as a member of the Whig Party aspiring to a position in the Illinois General Assembly. It was 1834 when he won for the state legislature. He eventually was accepted to the bar in 1837 and became a member of the Illinois House of Representatives, representing Sangamon County, he initiated a protest against slavery in the Illinois House (McPherson 1991). Lincoln’s kept his stand against slavery. On October 16, 1854, Abraham Lincoln gave one of his most memorable speeches. He spoke in front of so many people gathered in Peoria, Illinois opposing to the 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act.

Lincoln delivered his speech not a politician but as a private citizen, talking about his position against slavery through moral, political and economic sense of the word. That propelled Lincoln’s reentry to public life. He once again entered politics in response to 1854 Kansas- Nebraska Act. That time, an Illinois democrat Stephen Douglas who was said to be as the most powerful man in the Senate, as well shared a stand against slavery though bear his position as a democrat. Douglas’ argument was for the people to choose whether or not to allow slavery.

1858 was the year the government conducted the Lincoln- Douglas debate regarding slavery. Republican Lincoln argued that slavery threatens Republican values. Lincoln’s speech made him very popular impressed many people and officials all across the U. S. Eventually, Lincoln was chosen to be the Republican candidate and was elected the 16th President of the United States on November 16, 1860. He was the first Republican President elect; on the other hand was he the first American President that was assassinated. Abraham Lincoln had shared numerous accounts regarding the growth of the U. S. government and the American society as well.

We should look back on his will and guts to end the terrors of slavery in America. One thing more that makes him memorable is the declaration of Thanksgiving that all people of the U. S. celebrate, the time Abraham Lincoln declared to be celebrated. These were few of the many reasons that make Abraham Lincoln as one of the most influential people of the United States. Thomas Jefferson The entire United States of America ought to be grateful to the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), administered the Louisiana Purchase and accounted the exploration of Lewis and Clark (Smith 1999).

If it was not because of him and other leaders, the American people may not be enjoying the fruits of independence and sovereignty. The land of he free is the all time dream of every leader of America for their people to step onto. One of them was Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States of America. He was tasked to make a draft along with his group and managed to present their work to the Congress on June of 1776. July 4, 1776, and was able to author 126 bills which involved freedom of Religion and many others.

(Appleby 1999). Too many works of Thomas Jefferson can be accounted for in building the history of the United States, but he ought to be paid credit for being one of the scribes to push on the Declaration of Independence. This move indeed equates President Thomas Jefferson to be one of the most influential people of America. George Washington George Washington, being the first President of the United States and the leader of the Continental Army in the American Revolution, is worth to be considered as one of the greatest Americans ever lived.

Born February22, 1732, Washington spent almost all of his life defending his motherland against invading British Army (Burns, Dunn & Schlesinger 2004). Washington was appointed commander-in-chief of the American Revolutionary Forces by the Continental Congress in 1775 (Fishman, Pederson & Rozell ed. 2001). He led the engagement to the British adversaries and forced them to flee out of Boston. He lost his battle in New York but eventually surprised and defeated the enemies in New Jersey. That remarkable strategy opened the door for the American Revolutionary forces to capture British Army settlement in Saratoga and Yorktown.

In 1787, Washington presided over the Philadelphia Convention and drafted the United States Constitution. George Washington became President of the United States in 1789. He dedicated himself into building a nation that can survive in a world torn by war between Britain and France (Higginbotham 2002). In 1793 he passed a unilateral Proclamation of Neutrality. This proclamation stated basis for avoiding involvement to any foreign conflicts. He was one of the supporters in the planning of building a central government by funding the payment for national debt, creating a national bank and an effective taxation system.

George Washington can be said to be a symbol of the United States and Republicanism. He was very devoted to civic virtues and that made him as an outstanding American of all time. He delivered one of the most influential speeches in the history of United States. His farewell address gave advice on the importance of national union, the importance of the Constitution and the virtues of republican people. Alexander Hamilton Alexander Hamilton played significant role in the United States governance of the nation.

He served as lieutenant-colonel in the American Revolutionary Army, a legislator in the New York Legislature and best known for being the first Secretary of the Treasury (Trees 2005) where his perspectives of having a centralized economy pioneered our present day of government system. Hamilton planned the centralization of the national economy through the so called Hamiltonian system of promotion and encouragement of manufacturing industry, building a national bank and maintaining good relationship with Great Britain to prevent ruinous trade or war.

“The components of Hamiltonian system were not isolated responses to individual financial problems, but an interlocking set of solutions designed to put the nation on a firm economic footing” (Finseth). Major success materialized, yet he faced negative criticisms from opponents and even to the common people since he seemed uninterested explaining the complexity of his system. Hamilton’s impression was enthusiastic to Americans disparate from Lincoln and Jefferson but he undeniably secured the government’s economic growth and development. John Adams

John Adams was the 1st Vice President of the United States. He seated beside George Washington for two terms and then after was the 2nd elected President and can be considered as one of the pillars of the country. Adams was very well regarded on his accomplishment during the Revolution and his role in the persuasion of Congress to push the United States Declaration of Independence (Morse 2007). Adams was born on October 30, 1735 to John Sr. and Susanna Boylston. John Adams Jr. married Abigail Smith. At the age of 16 he studied in Harvard College and graduated in 1755.

He eventually decided to be a lawyer and was admitted to bar in 1758. His ability in writing was put to good use in his practice of law. He was known as an opponent to the Stamp Act of 1765. On December of the same year, Adams delivered a speech pronouncing the Stamp Act as invalid. In June 1870, Adams was elected to Massachusetts General Court. John Adams participated in the first and second Continental Congress. In 1775, believing in the importance of the union of colonies, Adams voted George Washington as commander-in-chief of the American Revolutionary forces.

His charisma was appealing for all of the Congress that he was well known seeking to be separated from Britain. He was involved in the making of the draft of the Declaration of Independence. Even the principal author of the draft, Thomas Jefferson, recognized Adams as the Pillar of the Declaration. John Adams was elected Vice President on 1789. After his two terms as 2nd to Washington in power, he was elected President of the United States. His wife Abigail is considered as one of the best known First Ladies in the history of the United States of America. Works Cited Appleby, J. & Ball, T. (1999).

“Political Writings”. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 58-90. Burns, J. M. , Dunn, Susan & Schlesinger Jr. , A. M. (2004). “George Washington”. Time Books. pp. 95-106. Charnwood, G. R. (1997). “Abraham Lincoln” New York : Courier Dover Publications. pp. 3, 77. Finseth, I. “The Rise and Fall of Alexander Hamilton”. Retrieved April 18, 2009 from http://xroads. virginia. edu/-CAP/ham/hamilton. html. Fishman, E. , Pederson, W. D. & Rozell, M. J. ed. (2001). “George Washington : Foundation of Presidential Leadership and Character”. Connecticut : Greenwood Publishing. p. 209 Higginbotham, D. (2002). “George Washington : Uniting a Nation”.

Maryland : Rowman & Littlefield. p105. McPherson, J. M. (1991). “Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution”. New York : Oxford University Press. pp. 137-145. Morse, J. T. (2007). “John Adams”. Warwickshire : Read Books. pp. 1, 98, 99. Smith, D. S. “Population and Political Ethics : Thomas Jefferson’s Demography of Generations” The William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd series, vol. 56, no. 3 p591. Trees, A. (2005). “The Importance of Being Alexander Hamilton” Review in American History. p. 8

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