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Theories Essay Examples

Essays on Theories

Psychology and Infidelity Liberty University
Words • 2533
Pages • 11
Emotional and Sexual Infidelity Liberty University ABSTRACT There are many ways in which infidelity can be explained depending on what you are reading or with whom you are speaking. Emotional and sexual infidelity is the two most studied forms of infidelity. The cognitive approach to infidelity explains that as our cognition is developing, we are also indirectly learning behaviors that could contribute to infidelity as adults. Infidelity no matter what the circumstances are surrounding it can leave both partners devastated.…...
Attachment TheoryLibertyMemoryPerceptionPsychologyUniversity
Prozac Nation
Words • 1478
Pages • 6
Running Head: Prozac Nation and Major Depression Disorder Prozac Nation and Major Depression Disorder Raquel H. Sasyn University of Houston Ms. Chastity Farr Clinical Psychology Section - 25673 April 23, 2010 Introduction “Prozac Nation,” is a best-selling memoir written by Elizabeth Wurtzel in 1994. Based on Wurtzel’s stormy childhood and adolescence, Prozac Nation explores many topics such as major depression, family relations, and drug abuse. The story narrates Wurtzel’s life from age 11 to her senior year at Harvard University.Throughout…...
Abnormal PsychologyHealthMedicineMental HealthNationPsychology
Investigation On Oscillations of an Obstructed Pendulum
Words • 1212
Pages • 5
To investigate how â in an obstructed pendulum â varying the distance from the top of the pendulum to the obstruction affects the time period of one horizontal oscillation, and to use this information to verify the relationship shown below. After verifying the relationship, the value of âgâ must be derived from the graph. The mass, physical shape and physical properties will be kept constant. The positioning of the stand, the orientation of the obstruction, and the angle of displacement will…...
Personal ExperiencePhysicsResearchTheories
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Origins of Learning Theories
Words • 694
Pages • 3
The education thought and practice is an intricate web of psychology and philosophy that guides learning theories. The root of learning theories is in epistemology branch of philosophy. In this paper, the focus is on the origins of these theories, and how the various philosophical schools of thought have informed their development. The Instruction Education Australia website defines “.. Instructional Design as the process of using our knowledge of "How People Learn" to develop instructional strategies that meet the needs…...
EducationLearningPhilosophyScienceTheories
Originally Attachment Theory
Words • 851
Pages • 4
Originally attachment theory has been based upon and is greatly influenced by psychoanalytic theorists e. g. Freud. Attachment theorists especially Bowlby (1969) agree with psychoanalytic tradition that the attachment bond between mother and child forms the basis of all relationships in later years of life. Erik Erikson suggests that the child's early experiences will determine how he /she will be able to attach to other people. He further notes that some people work on this problem all their lives if…...
Attachment TheoryChild developmentChildhoodFamilyPsychology
Main Issues of Operational Costs
Words • 617
Pages • 3
Costs incurred in supplying the services to the markets also are included in the process. This implies that any cost that concerns the production and supply of the utility to the market that involves the owners using their own money need to be included in the procedure. The costs incurred by the utility in paying loans and interests that were taken to start up the investment are included in the process. Revenue requirement basically requires the utility to recovers its…...
CompetitionMonopolyPriceResearchTechnologyTheories
Open-Ended Survey Method Issues
Words • 1015
Pages • 5
Qualitative data used in various studies are helpful in determining more unbiased answers from the respondents. One way to gain full understanding of what people think and feel is to analyze the context in terms of asking for their comments or answers through asking open-ended questioning. In lieu of this, a qualitative data survey method can assess how people think and feel about a certain thing. Open-ended questions can carry out results that can be quantified. Quantifying the results from…...
ObesityPsychologyResearchTheories
One’ Illustrates Descartes Conception
Words • 583
Pages • 3
Evaluate Corwin's claim that Metallica's 'One' illustrates Descartes' conception of the interaction between mind and body This essay will address the issues on Philosophical thinker Rene Descartes' work on dualism, through the analysis of the song 'One', by US thrash metal band 'Metallica'. The song similarly explores and evokes the interaction between mind and body dualism through Joanna Corwin's understanding of the song which will be evaluated against Descartes. The essay begins by giving an outline of Rene Descartes; his…...
LiteratureMindPhilosophical TheoriesResearchTheories
Office Memorandum Analysis
Words • 322
Pages • 2
This memo is being written to not only equip the reader with an appropriate knowledge of office romance but is also meant to provide an insight into how scenarios leading to office romance can be avoided. It is essential to comprehend that a significant degree of socialization takes place in the work place. In certain cases, a professional affiliation can lead colleagues to establish relationships that can serve to cause damage to the work environment of the office. It is…...
ResearchTheoriesWorld Wide Web
Oasis and Its Role
Words • 1000
Pages • 4
After a long wait following the set of the Happy Mondays, the 70,000 strong crowd eagerly await the arrival of their heroes. Football style chants of "Oasis, Oasis" fill the stadium, and a great cheer goes up as a recording of the instrumental f***** in the bushes, from latest release Sosg indicates the wait will soon be ended. As the crowd bounce around a giant sized Wonderball, images and lyrics dazzle us upon the large screens at the rear of…...
MusicResearchTheories
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Issue
Words • 800
Pages • 4
The 41 questionnaire is made using many different psychologies' theory; it includes Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), Cattell's trait theory and Rogers' person-centred approach using the Q-sort method. The 4 personality indicator developed by Carl Jung was then "developed into the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) by Isabel Briggs Myers and Katharine Cook Briggs" (www.myersbriggs.org). In MBTI indicator they uses the 4 of these eight preferences (E or I, S or N, T or F, J or P) you get from the…...
PersonalityPsychologyResearchTheories
Human motivation and motivational theories
Words • 984
Pages • 4
The subject of human motivation is quite complicated for a number of reasons. Firstly, humans mature more slowly than any other organisms on this planet, and for this, the motivational tendencies are acquired more slowly too. Secondly, the individual is dependent on many of his fundamental satisfactions on other people; this is illustrated on his/her use of symbolic language to communicate these needs to others. Motivation is defined as the concept that represents the fundamental influence that drives behavior and…...
MotivationOrganizational BehaviorPsychologyTheories
Managing Cultural Differences
Words • 471
Pages • 2
There are some similarities between the data. The PDI is very close for the UK and so is the IDV, but that is were the similarities end. The main reason why the investigation's results don't correlate with Hofstede's results is that although the sample size was above the minimum recommended it still wasn't large enough. An interesting element of the investigation, is the Masculinity index for Spain which is a lower, more feminine index than Hofstede's. This is interesting because…...
Different CulturesTheories
Theories and definitions to what a Healthy Body is
Words • 1337
Pages • 6
Maintaining a Healthy Body There are many theories and definitions to what a Healthy Body is. Health can be defined in terms of the absence of disease, which can be described as a negative approach to health (1). However another definition is that health are a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease (2). Each individual body is different therefore it can be difficult to perceive if they are healthy. By looking…...
CancerExerciseHealthMedicineObesityTheories
An Investigation into Perceptual Set
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Pages • 5
I conducted an experiment to investigate the theory of perceptual set which is an aspect of the top down theory of perception. I based this experiment on a similar one conducted by Bruner and Minturn in 1955 who tried to demonstrate that immediate visual and environmental context can effect perception of an ambiguous figure. Their results proved this to be the case and this experiment is used to support the theory of perceptual set. In my version of this experiment,…...
EnvironmentExperiencePerceptionTheories
Interpersonal Relationships Worksheet
Words • 564
Pages • 3
Use your textbook to answer the following questions. You are not required to respond in essay format. You may use short-answer responses, including lists, to answer these questions. 1. What are the characteristics of intimate relationships? What are behavioral interdependence, need fulfillment, emotional attachment, and emotional availability? Why is each important in relationship development? The characteristics are behavioral interdependence, need fulfillment, emotional attachment, and emotional availability. Behavioral interdependence is the mutual impact that people have on each other as their…...
Attachment TheoryHealthInterpersonal relationshipPsychology
History of Abnormal Psychology
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Pages • 5
Abnormal psychology is a scientific investigation of abnormal behavior in order to help analyze, anticipate, interpret, and modify abnormal patterns of functioning (Damour & Hansell, 2008). It examines the nature of psychopathology as well as its reasons and treatments. Certainly, the definition of what concludes abnormal has evolved with time and across cultures. People also differ in what they consider normal or abnormal behavior. For instance, what is considered abnormal by some people can be normal by others. Generally, abnormal…...
Abnormal PsychologyHistoryPsychologyTheory
Henry Roth’s Call it Sleep
Words • 862
Pages • 4
Genya is a weak woman and her subordinate status in the household cannot protect David from his domineering and abusive father. Although little is known about Albert before the novel begins it is clear that he is a bitter character filled with resentment. Albert's marriage was disrupted when he left for America almost immediately after the wedding. This speedy departure lead Albert to question David's legitimacy as his true son, building up a resentment for both wife and child. Once…...
Attachment TheorySleep
Freud’s Psychodynamic Theories: Validity and Cultural Utility
Words • 636
Pages • 3
Freud’s area of interest in delving into psychodynamics is to study personalities: Id, Superego & Ego. These three distinctions help school counselors at a high school level to understand the functions, reactions, and desires of their students in a better light, as Banks states, “Psychoanalytic theory and the works of Freud in the first part of the twentieth century coincided with and reinforced, the counseling professions’ emphasis on the individual traits” (Banks 138). To further prove the validity of this…...
Philosophical TheoriesPhilosophyPsychologySigmund FreudTheories
Evaluate Theories of the Formation of Romantic Relationships
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Pages • 5
Formation of romantic relationships can be explained in two theories. The theories include the reward, satisfaction theory which focusses on classical and operant conditioning. And another explanation is shown through the filter model which argues that relationships develop through three different filters. The filter model was devised Kerchoff and Davis and suggests relationships from in three different filters. The first filter involves social, demographic variables. This filters out all the people that are from different backgrounds and people who live…...
LoveMusicOperant ConditioningPsychologyRelationshipTheories
Child Phychology
Words • 817
Pages • 4
Mother enters, greets baby, then picks up baby. Meanwhile, stranger leaves unobtrusively. As a group, babies explored the playroom and the toys more enthusiastically when the mother was present than either after the stranger entered or when the mother was absent. However, Ainsworth was interested in the unexpected variety of reunion behaviours. This is because these behaviours form an important part of the baby's attachment to the mother. These behaviours were classified in terms of 3 types of attachment: 1Anxious-avoidant (type…...
Attachment TheoryChildChild developmentChildhoodFamilyPsychology
Evaluate functionalist theories of crime and deviance
Words • 1002
Pages • 5
Paper Type:Evaluation essays
Crime refers to any act which goes against the written rules, laws, of society. It results in a formal negative sanction. For example, speeding will result in a punishment such as a fine. However, deviance refers to an act which goes against the unwritten rules, norms and values, of society. It results in an informal negative sanction. For example, someone with their whole body covered in tattoos may receive odd looks because of their image. Functionalists view society as a…...
CrimePhilosophyTheories
Ethical Guidelines in Psychology
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Pages • 4
In psychological studies there has to be some level of ethical awareness where participants are concerned, seeing to it that they will not come to any stress, harm, or deception in any major way. Today there are guidelines on what constitutes an ethical study, but they are mainly looked at in terms of cost-benefit analysis. In this essay we will be looking at two examples of ethically controversial studies, Stanley Milgram's 1963 obedience study and Philip Zimbardo's 1969 Stanford prison…...
DeceptionEthicsPsychologyStanford Prison Experiment
How effective is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) in the treatment of Childhood Anxiety?
Words • 1470
Pages • 6
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, also referred to as CBT is an approach that "focuses on thought processes and how these might be maladaptive" (Sanders P 2009 p 58). The following literature review will explore and summarise four selected pieces of research that look at the use of CBT in the treatment of childhood anxiety and how effective it is. The term childhood in this case is referred to as children aged between 4 and 7 years. The term anxiety as referred…...
Abnormal PsychologyAnxietyChildhoodMental HealthTherapy
Drugs: Addiction and Quitting
Words • 1161
Pages • 5
Everyone knows they should get or stay healthy. For most people getting healthy means eating a little less, exercising a little more, or abstaining from smoking and drinking. However, for those who have a problem with drugs—as well as alcohol—getting healthy is literally a matter of life and death. The problem with drugs and alcohol is that there are more factors than just a nice feeling. There are, in more cases than not, addiction issues that are related to a…...
Abnormal PsychologyAddictionAdolescenceDrugsHealthSubstance Abuse
Developmental Theories
Words • 1829
Pages • 8
A theory provides information that consists of assumptions that can be tested and proven for accuracy. Researchers use theories as a tool to guide them in their observations to generate new information. There are many famous researchers such as Sigmund Freud, Erik H. Erikson, Jean Piaget, and Lev Vygotsky, to name a few, whom studied developmental theories. Developmental theories differ on two basic issues which are whether children are active or passive in their development or whether development is continuous…...
Cognitive DevelopmentDevelopmentHuman NatureTheories
Describe the Factors that Help or Hinder Person-Centred Care and Inter-professional Working
Words • 3226
Pages • 13
Person Centred Care within inter-professional workings will be discussed, critically assessed and evaluated within this essay. The incident used is one of a nine year old male, diagnosed on the Autistic Spectrum Disorder, with Aspergers Syndrome (AS), admitted into general hospital for a circumcision. For reasons of confidentiality the child will be referred to as James. AS is a form of autism, which is a lifelong disability that affects how a person makes sense of the world, processes information and…...
Attachment TheoryCareHelpPerson Centred Care
Psychology on Early Childhood Attachments
Words • 2406
Pages • 10
With reference to the findings of Psychologists and some Sociologists, it has been argued that early childhood 'Attachments' are of paramount importance, and that a good early attachment is crucial for a child's' long term development. An Attachment, in this sense, can be described as a bond formed by infants and a caregiver; a strong bond of emotion. Many psychologists have studied the topic of attachments. Early research demonstrating the importance of attachments in animals and how they happen was…...
Attachment TheoryChildhoodChildhood ExperiencesMental HealthPsychology
Deprivation and privation on development
Words • 699
Pages • 3
Assignment: 'It has been suggested that only the effects of privation are lasting; children recover from early emotional deprivation.' To what extent does psychological research (theory and/ or studies) suggest that the effects of deprivation and privation on development are different? Michael Rutter suggested that privation and deprivation have distinct effects on development. He argued that privation is more likely to cause harmful, long term effects than deprivation. Hodges and Tizard carried out a longitudinal study to look into the possibility…...
Attachment TheoryDevelopmentPovertyPsychology
Dehumanization, Peer Pressure and Fake Friends
Words • 1846
Pages • 8
I was a normal girl when I was in elementary school, but after what I did, all my classmates worshiped me as a “hero.” I remember I was in grade five; my Chinese teacher was really cruel. If the students did not do their homework, he will punished the students by clapped their face. Not only the teacher could clap the students’ face, he also asked all the students in class to clap the punished student’s face. If anyone did…...
Fake FriendsFriendPeer PressureStanford Prison Experiment
Conditions of Worth in Human Development Psychology
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Pages • 3
Conditions of Worth - Term used by Carl Rogers to describe social influences on the self-concept; for instance, a child might not include anger in her self-concept because her parents' scolding has established a condition of worth such that anger is inappropriate. According to Rogers in order to become a fully functioning person we need to experience unconditional positive regard: feeling loved and worthy no matter what. "Conditions of worth" are the "requirements' set forth by parents or significant others for…...
Carl rogersCognitive Behavioral TherapyHumanHuman Development PsychologyPsychology
Piaget and Vygotsky’s Theories
Words • 1141
Pages • 5
Concrete operational stage (7-11 years) is the third stage where Piaget believed that children are unable to conserve and classify. Piaget found that young children had difficulty with the idea of classification (Jarvis. 2000). In order to support his belief Piaget devised three different experiments. Firstly he took three glasses all of which could hold the same amounts of liquid. Two of the glasses were identical whilst the third was tall and slender. It was found that the children of…...
Cognitive DevelopmentLearningPiagetTheories
What are the commonalities between models, theories, and conceptual frameworks?
Words • 345
Pages • 2
The systematic accumulation of knowledge is essential to progress in any profession. Nevertheless, theory and practice must be constantly interactive... As such, theory without practice is empty… …and practice without [models, conceptual frameworks, and] theories is blind... (Cross, 1981, Alligood and Tomey, 2006 as cited in p. 3) As each one of us may agree, the terms models, theories, and conceptual frameworks are often perceived as having the same meaning and purpose. Nonetheless, the aforesaid terms have respective definitions that…...
Critical ThinkingPhilosophyPsychologyScienceTheories
Role of Memory in Cognitive Processes
Words • 781
Pages • 4
Memory is an important area of study in Psychology because it underpins our other cognitive processes. Memory has been defined as "the retention of learning or experience. " (Gross 1987) There are three basic memory processes, often proposed as a sequence of 'stages'. The Encoding Process ? Storage Process ? Retrieval Process (Recall) Encoding refers to the process involved in the learning of any information. This is then stored and recalled, which involves summoning up the stored information in the…...
InformationMemoryRetentionStanford Prison Experiment
Classical, Operant and Cognitive Conditioning Theories
Words • 578
Pages • 3
In this essay, I hope to give you, the audience, the basics of the three main learning theories: Classical, Operant, and Cognitive. The main question in sport is how do these theories apply to certain sport and how can a coach/teacher use them in order to get his/her point across. To give an answer to this I will try to give examples of how I was taught or a way in which I have used a theory in teaching when…...
EducationPsychologyTheories
Theories of Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer
Words • 1299
Pages • 6
An examination on the works and theories of Darwin and Spenser and the way they influenced biological and social developments in the 19th century Charles Darwin & Herbert Spencer Charles Darwin, a British naturalist, revolutionized biology with his theory of evolution through the process of natural selection. Herbert Spencer was the major philosopher of biological and social evolution. Spencer's work significantly influenced 19th century developments in biology, psychology, sociology and anthropology. While Darwin was influential in the fields of natural…...
Charles DarwinEvolutionNatural SelectionPhilosophyScienceSociology
Bulimia Speech Presentation
Words • 2258
Pages • 10
Are only few of the carriages attached to the train of thoughts that roams the railways of a person’s mind. Someone somewhere however is always making the wrong choice to overcome their body issue. That choice is bulimia. are only few of the carriages attached to the train of thoughts that roams the railways of a person’s mind. Someone somewhere however is always making the wrong choice to overcome their body issue. That choice is bulimia. Every person at some…...
Abnormal PsychologyBulimiaFastingSpeech Presentation
Biological theories
Words • 1198
Pages • 5
Biological theories explaining behaviour tend to focus on physical dependence, in other words, drugs will affect people differently depending on their biological make up. Hesselbrock et al (1999) argued that some people are more susceptible to the effects that a particular drug has (cited in DiClememte: 9). Biological theories focus on different genetic make-ups, and consequently different personality types in relation to everyday life. For example some people cope well with stressful social situations, others do not. One major problem…...
AddictionBehaviorGame of ThronesPsychologySubstance AbuseTheories
Belbin Team Role Theories
Words • 683
Pages • 3
Some organisations are quite prescriptive when building teams and will use team role theories to 'build' what they believe is the best performing team for a particular project. A widely recognised team role theory was suggested by Belbin in 1981. Belbin believes that each of us possesses a pattern of behaviour that characterises one person's behaviour in relationship to another in facilitating the progress of a team. Dr Meredith Belbin defines a team role as: "A tendency to behave, contribute…...
Critical ThinkingPsychologyTheoriesTheory
Attachment & reciprocal
Words • 366
Pages • 2
It emphasises the role of 'cupboard love' so is subject to the same criticisms as the psychodynamic theory. Also if the theory were correct you would expect the attachment process to be gradual and steady whereas the stage of specific attachment and the accompanying separation protest occur suddenly. This suggests attachment is thereby a maturational rather than learning process. Later learning theorists have emphasised the role of attention and affection rather than food as a positive reinforce which has more…...
Attachment TheoryOtherPsychology
We've found 333 essay examples on Theories

FAQ about Theories

Theories and definitions to what a Healthy Body is
...Shawl, Interventional Cardiology Washington Adventist Hospital, by Dr Fayaz Shawl. www. shawltechnique/prevention. asp 7. British Heart Foundation (BHF), ‘Healthy Eating’ Information on how healthy eating can prevent heart problems. No author sta...
How effective is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) in the treatment of Childhood Anxiety?
...Most agree that further research should be considered to evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of further interventions (Surveg 2006, Monga 2009,Hirshfield-Becker 2010). If parental involvement facilitates treatment then the parents involvement i...
What are the commonalities between models, theories, and conceptual frameworks?
...Models, theories, and conceptual frameworks also serve as valuable guides in nursing research. 5. Most importantly, models, theories, and conceptual frameworks share one common purpose, which is their ultimate commonality— TO GUIDE THE PRACTICE OF ...

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