Theories Essay Examples

Essays on Theories

History of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy first emerged around the 1960s by a psychiatrist named Aaron Beck. As common as this therapy is, it hasn’t been around vastly as much as the other therapies, but regardless has impacted a lot of individuals lives. Beck created this therapy after having many patients with negative internal dialogues. He believes these negative ideations stem from thinking patterns set up in childhood that become automatic and fixed. With these negative ideations often came negatively impacted emotions. He…...
Cognitive Behavioral TherapyCognitive Psychology
The Big Five Model of Personality Traits and the Neuroscience Behind It
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The Big Five model of personality traits was established by researchers following decades of studies that utilized factor analysis to outline and define human behaviors. To understand the role played by neuroscience in the formation or manifestation of these traits, it is important to understand them individually and in relation to one another. Here are the Big Five traits usually used to describe the human personality and psyche, as well as a peek into the neuroscience that operates behind them: Neuroticism Neuroticism…...
Human BrainPersonalityPersonality TheoriesPersonality Traits
The Importance Of Personality In Human Resource Management
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Select a business organization of your choice and provide an overview of the selected company. Discuss how Human Resources are deployed within the context of their business. Overview of the Company Softlogic Life Insurance PLC (SLI), a respected Life insurance solutions provider, has grown rapidly to become a force to be reckoned within the insurance industry. It is positioned as the fifth-largest entity in the insurance industry. Softlogic Life is also considered to be the fastest-growing insurance company in the…...
Human Resource ManagementHuman Resource PlanningOrganizational StructurePersonalityPersonality TheoriesPersonality Traits
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Cultural Influences on Personality
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Culture and personality are two co-dependent elements. Every person has a unique personality. Personality is the result of many characters but mostly culture plays a very important role in shaping the personality. As the debate goes, nurture help an individual to develop a personality. A person will be keep getting influenced by the rituals, system, food habits, spiritual practices, greeting the guests, behaving in a particular way, liking a particular type of dance/song, standing, sitting, walking, talking everything of that…...
CulturePersonal CharacteristicsPersonalityPersonality TheoriesPersonality Traits
The History of Katharine Briggs, Isabel Myers, and the MBTI
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History of the MBTI Test The MBTI test (Myer Briggs type indicator assessment) was set up and outlined by the donation and research of the union of mother-daughter team by the name of Katharine Cook Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers, respectively. Katharine C. Briggs merged her mental feelings with that of the prominent work of Carl. G. Jung coming about within the 16 mental sorts of which the MBTI appraisal is based. Katharine Briggs considered Carl Jung’s speculations widely and…...
Carl JungMy Personality ProfilePersonalityPersonality TheoriesPersonality Traits
Myers Briggs Personality Types – Introduction and Overview
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Myers-Briggs Type Pointer (MBTI) is a personality test used to focus on individual character types. It was first made in the 1940s by Isabel Myers and Katharine Briggs, the test has been gotten by a few specialists over the range of continuous decades. Despite how that the time passing on a few contentions about its noteworthiness, it continues being a contraption used by relationship to much more probable perceive how individuals’ characters inside their present or potential specialists make the…...
Personal CharacteristicsPersonalityPersonality TheoriesPersonality Traits
Do Bystanders Have A Responsibility To Intervene?
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Everyone needs help at some point in their life. When someone is in trouble and needs help, I assume that person would want someone to step in and help them when they are in need. But that is not what always happens. Sometimes when people see someone in trouble they won't intervene at all, they will just keep watching or walk by like they did not anything. Sometimes people will see someone in trouble and literally pretend like nothing is…...
ResponsibilityThe Bystander EffectThirty Eight Who Saw Murder
The Murder of Kitty Genovese and The Bystander Effect
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In 1964, Catherine Kitty Genovese was brutally murdered by a psychopath on her way home. What makes this story disturbing is that 38 neighbors heard her screaming for help but refused to come out of their houses to rescue her from the psychopath. The time the murderer took to was long enough to draw attention from neighbors. Thus was because she was brutally murdered to death in an excruciating half-hour, during which she screamed loud enough for the 38 neighbors…...
MurderThe Bystander EffectThirty Eight Who Saw Murder
Wundt’s Contribution to Psychology
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Wundt began his work with psychology looking into the unconscious mind but later turned more to the study of the conscious mind. He wanted to understand the complex idea that was the mind and more so the simple ideas like the parts that make up the brain. This idea leads to a more structured view of the mind and organizing the way that the mind works. Wundt created two types of experiences to help explain the way that the conscious…...
PhilosophyPsychologyScienceStanford Prison Experiment
An Inside Look of the Psychological Experiment of Stanford Prison
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Abstract The Stanford Prison Experiment was conducted in 1971 by Philip Zimbardo. It was a psychological study of the behavioral response to real prison life and it revealed how strict social rules can influence one’s behavior (Zimbardo’s Stanford Prison Experiment). Research participants were “prisoners” and “guards” in a mock prison. Zimbardo created this experiment because he wanted to know if the reported brutality from guards was from inhuman personalities or from the prison environment (McLeod 2018). For example, some prisoners…...
PsychologyStanford Prison Experiment
Stanford Prison Experiment: Differences and Similarities Film and Real Life
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In the real experiment there was a lot of humiliation and the prisoners were really dehumanized, but they were not physically hurt. In the film the prisoners weren\'t just mentally hurt, but also physically. (this was probably to make the film more entertaining.) In the real experiment the prisoners who were ‘\'bad’\' were put in a broom closet as punishment. In the film they were put in the ‘\'black box’\'. The idea is the same, but the black box is…...
FilmStanford Prison Experiment
Zimbardo’s Stanford Prison Experiment
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Zimbardo is mainly known for his infamous Stanford Prison Experiment and his unethical actions resulting in the manipulation of the results of the experiment, as well as the loss of validity on the research. Zimbardo claimed to want to observe the results of putting ordinary people in these circumstances. Zimbardo wanted to prove that “Good people can be induced, seduced, and initiated into behaving in evil ways.” (Zimbardo, 2007). Yet Zimbardo told the guards exactly how to behave, which made…...
Stanford Prison Experiment
Media Analysis: The Stanford Prison Experiment
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This is a sociological analysis of Dr. Philip Zimbardo’s Stanford Prison Experiment and an analytical look at his study regarding social influence. The experiment started in 1971 its focus was on the effects of prison life and examine the power dynamic between prisoner and guards. Zimbardo wanted to know if you put ordinary people in a bad place would they triumph or become corrupt due to prison life. He began by putting an add on the paper for volunteers who…...
MediaStanford Prison Experiment
The Stanford Prison Experiment – The Psychology of Imprisonment
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The stanford prison experiment is a study of the psychology of imprisonment. It studied how humans responded to captivity, and particularly, to the real world conditions of the prison life. This experiment was regulated in 1971 by Philip Zimbardo of Stanford University. Him and his colleagues created an experiment that looked at the impact of becoming a prisoner or a prison guard. According to Kendra Cherry, Zimbardo is a former classmate of Stanley Milgram who is mostly know about for…...
PsychologyStanford Prison Experiment
Lifespan development – stages and theories
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Early Childhood starts from birth. It is the time when infants form it’s first ever attachment to their primary carer. Harlow challenged Freud’s ‘cupboard love theory’ by conducting an experiment called ‘Harlow’s Monkeys’. Newborn monkeys were separated from their mothers and were isolated in individual cages. They were also provided baby blankets and 2 surrogate mothers; a wired monkey with a baby bottle attached and another surrogate mother with cuddly terry cloth but no bottle attached. Harlow found that the…...
Tretheway’s “Theories of Space and Time”
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Tretheway’s (2007) poem, “Theories of Space and Time,” is about the past being unapproachable, regardless of how hard one tries to trace the good old routes that brought joy in the good old past. She writes, “You can get there from here, though/ there’s no going home (Tretheway). ” The poet assumes that almost everybody is searching for the joy that was once called home, which is why she refers to “you (Tretheway). ” A home is a place of…...
How do Tony and Jo think their experiences of attachment and separation may have affected them?
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This qualitative analysis examines the experience of a middle aged couple using pre-existing material consisting of 3 interviews on video tape and transcripts. It explores how attachment and separation in their early life may have affected them and relates this to Bowlby's theory. The study concludes that there are other influences apart from the mother/mother figure that have an impact on adult attachment styles. Introduction Bowlby says that the relationship between mother and child is the prototype for all future…...
Attachment TheoryExperiencePsychology
Theories Under a Sale Of Goods Contract
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A contract of sale is a legal contract – an exchange of goods, services or property to be exchanged from seller to buyer for an agreed upon value in money paid or promises to pay the same (sale of goods act: UK 1979). The rule promulgated by the definition is that once the customer has consented to the proposed product or service by making full or partial payment, the deal is closed and the passing of time takes place. But…...
Theories of Economic Development
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Theories of Economic DevelopmentEconomic Base TheoryDominates the believing about local economic development in the U.S.The implicit in premiss is that the external demand for a region’s merchandises as the primary determiner of regional prosperity. The economic activities of a labour market are divided into those that produce for the export market ( basic industries ) and those that produce for the local market ( nonbasic/service industries ) . The two sectors are linked in two ways. 1 ) The basic…...
Theories of Communication: Tuckman’s Analysis
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Tuckman describes working with a team of social psychologists, on behalf of the U. S. navy The team studied small group behaviour, from several perspectives. In doing so, Tuckman reviewed 50 articles on group development and noticed that there were two features common to these small groups: the interpersonal or group structure, and the task activity. From this he identified that groups evolved into teams via four common stages. Firstly an orientation, testing phase which often led to a period…...
CommunicationHuman NaturePsychologyScienceTeamTheories
Theories of Symbolic Interactionism
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According to theories of Symbolic Interactionism, what is and constitutes deviance? Discuss theory, method and 1-2 exemplary works from the tradition. Symbolic Interactionsim originated as a theory proposed by Blumer, built on the foundations of the philosopher; Mead's and Cooley's work. Symbolic Interactionsim takes the form of an outlook on society from a perspective of looking at the actions amongst those in society rather than looking at social laws and structures which govern society. Blumer's "Symbolic Interactionism" Blumer's development of…...
Taking any three psychological theories of prejudice
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The first experiment I would like to look at is Adorno et al (1950). In this experiment Adorno hypothesised that a child's personality especially their level of prejudice came from the way in which they were raised by their parents. Adorno argued that if children were brought up in an authoritarian environment, where the children were not allowed to express themselves they would aim there anger towards other parties. Adorno calculated that the most likely targets or scapegoats for this…...
Two major theories regarding memory
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Introduction It was predicted that the group given a schema before being read a short passage will comprehend significantly more than those not given a schema before reading a short passage. The research method chosen was an experiment, the target population was 16-19 year olds at Truro College in south west England. The design used was independent groups, and the sample consisted of thirty participants, randomly allocated, aged between 16 and 19 at Truro College. The sampling method The experiment…...
Strategic Planning Theories
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DBA 822 Seminars in Strategy and International Business Strategic Planning Theories A Literature Review By; Benjamin J. Shuford III 8/24/10 Introduction: Strategic planning is a broad concept that has been introduced into the main stream practices of today’s corporations. Strategic planning can be defined as an organization’s process of defining goals, direction, and decision making processes that effect the allocation of resources that include capital and people. The term “strategy” is derived from the Greek word of “strategos,” which means…...
BusinessStrategic PlanningTheories
Investigation On Oscillations of an Obstructed Pendulum
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To investigate how â in an obstructed pendulum â varying the distance from the top of the pendulum to the obstruction affects the time period of one horizontal oscillation, and to use this information to verify the relationship shown below. After verifying the relationship, the value of âgâ must be derived from the graph. The mass, physical shape and physical properties will be kept constant. The positioning of the stand, the orientation of the obstruction, and the angle of displacement will…...
Personal ExperienceResearchTheories
Origins of Learning Theories
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The education thought and practice is an intricate web of psychology and philosophy that guides learning theories. The root of learning theories is in epistemology branch of philosophy. In this paper, the focus is on the origins of these theories, and how the various philosophical schools of thought have informed their development. The Instruction Education Australia website defines “.. Instructional Design as the process of using our knowledge of "How People Learn" to develop instructional strategies that meet the needs…...
Originally Attachment Theory
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Originally attachment theory has been based upon and is greatly influenced by psychoanalytic theorists e. g. Freud. Attachment theorists especially Bowlby (1969) agree with psychoanalytic tradition that the attachment bond between mother and child forms the basis of all relationships in later years of life. Erik Erikson suggests that the child's early experiences will determine how he /she will be able to attach to other people. He further notes that some people work on this problem all their lives if…...
Attachment TheoryFamilyPsychology
Main Issues of Operational Costs
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Costs incurred in supplying the services to the markets also are included in the process. This implies that any cost that concerns the production and supply of the utility to the market that involves the owners using their own money need to be included in the procedure. The costs incurred by the utility in paying loans and interests that were taken to start up the investment are included in the process. Revenue requirement basically requires the utility to recovers its…...
Open-Ended Survey Method Issues
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Qualitative data used in various studies are helpful in determining more unbiased answers from the respondents. One way to gain full understanding of what people think and feel is to analyze the context in terms of asking for their comments or answers through asking open-ended questioning. In lieu of this, a qualitative data survey method can assess how people think and feel about a certain thing. Open-ended questions can carry out results that can be quantified. Quantifying the results from…...
One’ Illustrates Descartes Conception
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Evaluate Corwin's claim that Metallica's 'One' illustrates Descartes' conception of the interaction between mind and body This essay will address the issues on Philosophical thinker Rene Descartes' work on dualism, through the analysis of the song 'One', by US thrash metal band 'Metallica'. The song similarly explores and evokes the interaction between mind and body dualism through Joanna Corwin's understanding of the song which will be evaluated against Descartes. The essay begins by giving an outline of Rene Descartes; his…...
Office Memorandum Analysis
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This memo is being written to not only equip the reader with an appropriate knowledge of office romance but is also meant to provide an insight into how scenarios leading to office romance can be avoided. It is essential to comprehend that a significant degree of socialization takes place in the work place. In certain cases, a professional affiliation can lead colleagues to establish relationships that can serve to cause damage to the work environment of the office. It is…...
Oasis and Its Role
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After a long wait following the set of the Happy Mondays, the 70,000 strong crowd eagerly await the arrival of their heroes. Football style chants of "Oasis, Oasis" fill the stadium, and a great cheer goes up as a recording of the instrumental f***** in the bushes, from latest release Sosg indicates the wait will soon be ended. As the crowd bounce around a giant sized Wonderball, images and lyrics dazzle us upon the large screens at the rear of…...
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Issue
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The 41 questionnaire is made using many different psychologies' theory; it includes Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), Cattell's trait theory and Rogers' person-centred approach using the Q-sort method. The 4 personality indicator developed by Carl Jung was then "developed into the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) by Isabel Briggs Myers and Katharine Cook Briggs" ( In MBTI indicator they uses the 4 of these eight preferences (E or I, S or N, T or F, J or P) you get from the…...
Human motivation and motivational theories
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The subject of human motivation is quite complicated for a number of reasons. Firstly, humans mature more slowly than any other organisms on this planet, and for this, the motivational tendencies are acquired more slowly too. Secondly, the individual is dependent on many of his fundamental satisfactions on other people; this is illustrated on his/her use of symbolic language to communicate these needs to others. Motivation is defined as the concept that represents the fundamental influence that drives behavior and…...
Managing Cultural Differences
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There are some similarities between the data. The PDI is very close for the UK and so is the IDV, but that is were the similarities end. The main reason why the investigation's results don't correlate with Hofstede's results is that although the sample size was above the minimum recommended it still wasn't large enough. An interesting element of the investigation, is the Masculinity index for Spain which is a lower, more feminine index than Hofstede's. This is interesting because…...
Different CulturesTheories
Theories and definitions to what a Healthy Body is
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Maintaining a Healthy Body There are many theories and definitions to what a Healthy Body is. Health can be defined in terms of the absence of disease, which can be described as a negative approach to health (1). However another definition is that health are a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease (2). Each individual body is different therefore it can be difficult to perceive if they are healthy. By looking…...
An Investigation into Perceptual Set
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I conducted an experiment to investigate the theory of perceptual set which is an aspect of the top down theory of perception. I based this experiment on a similar one conducted by Bruner and Minturn in 1955 who tried to demonstrate that immediate visual and environmental context can effect perception of an ambiguous figure. Their results proved this to be the case and this experiment is used to support the theory of perceptual set. In my version of this experiment,…...
History of Abnormal Psychology
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Abnormal psychology is a scientific investigation of abnormal behavior in order to help analyze, anticipate, interpret, and modify abnormal patterns of functioning (Damour & Hansell, 2008). It examines the nature of psychopathology as well as its reasons and treatments. Certainly, the definition of what concludes abnormal has evolved with time and across cultures. People also differ in what they consider normal or abnormal behavior. For instance, what is considered abnormal by some people can be normal by others. Generally, abnormal…...
Abnormal PsychologyHistoryPsychologyTheory
Freud’s Psychodynamic Theories: Validity and Cultural Utility
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Freud’s area of interest in delving into psychodynamics is to study personalities: Id, Superego & Ego. These three distinctions help school counselors at a high school level to understand the functions, reactions, and desires of their students in a better light, as Banks states, “Psychoanalytic theory and the works of Freud in the first part of the twentieth century coincided with and reinforced, the counseling professions’ emphasis on the individual traits” (Banks 138). To further prove the validity of this…...
Evaluate Theories of the Formation of Romantic Relationships
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Formation of romantic relationships can be explained in two theories. The theories include the reward, satisfaction theory which focusses on classical and operant conditioning. And another explanation is shown through the filter model which argues that relationships develop through three different filters. The filter model was devised Kerchoff and Davis and suggests relationships from in three different filters. The first filter involves social, demographic variables. This filters out all the people that are from different backgrounds and people who live…...
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FAQ about Theories

How do Tony and Jo think their experiences of attachment and separation may have affected them?
...The reference to Tony and Jo's childhood is discussed in both interviews. In the first interview Jo concludes that they have completely different experiences when in fact they have strong similarities as both their father's were taken away during the...
Theories and definitions to what a Healthy Body is
...Shawl, Interventional Cardiology Washington Adventist Hospital, by Dr Fayaz Shawl. www. shawltechnique/prevention. asp 7. British Heart Foundation (BHF), ‘Healthy Eating’ Information on how healthy eating can prevent heart problems. No author sta...
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