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Theories Essay Examples

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Crime and Mental Illness

This essay highlighted the relationship between criminality and mental illnesses at length and it was found that there was a significant relationship but the breath of the definition of mental disorder was a key factor when evaluating this relationship. It was found that some symptoms of mental illness such as depression, confusion, irritability or even thought disorder are ...

Theories of Management in Tesco

After matching Maslow’s theory with Herzberg’s two-factor motivation theory, it is evident that Herzberg showed that managers have to make the employees feel engrossed in the workplace by developing 'suitable working' conditions. The theory expresses that various factors including work nature, responsibilities, personal development and progress and acknowledgments are the tru...

Understand theories, principles and applications of formal and informal assessment

The limitations and success of Self/Peer assessment can depend on factors such as class size, discipline and honesty amongst students, the ability to remain objective can be difficult for some students and administration difficulties. Many students would rather have their work marked by the appropriate authoritative person as it often lends confidence having appraisal from a professional. For teac...

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Louis Menand's Three Theories

I agree when Menand says, “It’s a way of producing a society of like-minded grownups.” It is important for everyone to have an equal opportunity to attend college to make for a better society. College gives students endless opportunities. During this time, students are able to grow and develop academically and individually. It also provides students with an experience to learn about the worl...

Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of DSM-IV TR

Patients’ Subjective Experiences.” Am. J. Psychiatry, 164(3), 391 – 392. Kleinplatz, P.J., Moser. C. (2005). DSM-IV-TR and the Paraphilias: An Argument for Removal. Retrieved on 14th March, 2013, from http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/GESUND/ARCHIV/MoserKleinplatz.htm Kronemyer, D. (2009). Phenomenological Psychology. Retrieved on 14th March, 2013, from http://phenomenologicalpsychology.com/...

Leadership Theories

If it is less than successful, some type of punishment may be rendered. An example of the transactional leadership theory is when a police officer perhaps pulls over a manager from an electronic store, instead of the officer giving the manager a ticket; he may accept a gift card from the manager to use in the store. This is also unethical. In the learner’s current profession, she has chosen to u...

Personality Theories

Cherry, K. (n.d.). Karen Horney Biography. Psychology - Complete Guide to Psychology for Students, Educators & Enthusiasts. Retrieved July 16, 2013, from http://psychology.about.com/od/profilesofmajorthinkers/p/bio_karenhorney.htm Cherry, K. (n.d.). Major Personality Perspectives. Psychology - Complete Guide to Psychology for Students, Educators & Enthusiasts. Retrieved July 16, 2013, from...

Change and Conflict Theories and Change Agent

Retrieved October 19, 2013, from http://www.sagepub.com/ Manktelow, J., & Carlson, A. (n.d.). Management training and leadership training, online. Mind Tools New Articles RSS. Retrieved October 19, 2013, from http://www.mindtools.com/ Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association. (2010, November/December). 24th Annual Conference of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association (16), 36...

Theories of Social Phobia

Clark, D, M. A cognitive perspective on social phobia. In: Crozier W. R, Alden L. E, editors. In International Handbook of Social Anxiety: Concepts, Research and Interventions Relating to the Self and Shyness. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons; 2001. 405–430. Fedoroff, I, C., & Taylor, S. (2001). Psychological and pharmological treatment for social phobia: A meta-analysis. Clinical Psychopha...

Analyze Two Main Theories of Motivation Namely: Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory and Herzberg Two-Factor Theory

Companies cited in this paper are successfully motivating their working through application of the two content theories (Hierarchy of Needs and Two-Factor theories). It is important to note, however, that there is no single content theories which can successfully stand alone as a sole motivator. Each theory has its drawbacks - each one is deficient in one or more ways. Each of the two content theo...

Theories of Communication

In the case of trying to rehabilitate a youth offender, Rogers’ theory would work well as the service user would need to be in an environment where those working with him were congruent, they would not hold his past actions against him or judge him for them. Rather they would receive him openly and with understanding when trying to help him. They would also need empathy in order to look past his...

Social Cognitive Theories

People with an external locus of control believe that they have little control over their lives. A college student may attribute his or her poor grade to a lousy teacher, feeling there was nothing he or she could have done to get an A. In contrast, individuals who develop an internal locus of control feel that they can master any course they take because they believe that through hard work they ca...

Theories of Intelligence

Therefore, typically, African American schoolchildren score 10–15 percent lower on a standardized intelligence test than white schoolchildren. (Shiraev, E. B. & Levy, D. A., 2010). The assessment of intelligence and cognition is in a fluid rather than crystalized state (Daniel, 1997). The recent appearance of numerous batteries, new and revised, has not seemed to interfere with the psycholo...

Compare and Contrast of a Two Grand Theories

In Merritt’s article, it is both important for the nurse to work with the patient and family as well. In both articles, I feel that the “nurse” serves as an “advocate” in different ways, one from a medical perspective, and the other from a psychological perspective, however these can be intertwined as the families who lost a loved one due to “brain death” and a transplantation will o...

Human Relations and Communications: Theories Present in Education Today

Eden, D. (1988). Pygmalion, goal setting, and expectancy: Compatible ways to boost productivity. Academy Of Management Review, 13(4), 639-652. doi:10.5465/AMR.1988.4307530 Green, R. L., (2013). Practicing the Art of Leadership: A Problem-Based Approach to Implementing the ISLLC Standards, Fourth Ed. Boston: MA: Pearson Education, Inc. Greenwood, R., & Miller, D. (2010). Tackling design anew: G...

Theories Help Explain Drunk Driving

As a principal along with your staff I encourage you all to get together and put on a demonstration that shows the consequence of drunk driving. If possible you could get the community involved along with neighborhood police and firefighters. Gather your student population and show visuals of what could happen if they indulge in a behavior such as this. Visuals are a great persuasive measure and ...

Compare and contrast Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories of cognitive development in children

Overall, there are differences between the Piaget’s theories and Vygotsky’s theories but in some point there were similarities. For instance, Vygotsky focused mainly in socio- cultural suggesting that where the child grows has vital role on his cognitive development. Whereas, Piaget’s theory were more related to schemas and stages of cognitive development which Piaget suggested that they we...

Theories of Child Development

Psychology, Cheltenham, Nelson Thornes Ltd Boyd, D & Bee, H (2014) The Developing Child, Thirteeth edition, Edinburgh, Pearson Education Ltd. Aldridge, J, Goldman, R 2007 Excerpt from Current Issues and Trends In Education, p. 96-99.Pearson Allyn Bacon Prentice Hal, Merrill, an imprint of Pearson Education Inc. available at: http://www.education.com/reference/article/child-development-changing...

Compare the use of motivation theories at Center Parcs

I think Center Parcs has chosen different rewards, for example different bonuses and different objectives to obtain these bonuses and different material bonuses such as free day passes and unlimited use of services and stations around the park, because it scales with the difficulty of the job. For example, anybody can be a beverage assistant but it takes a lot of qualifications and knowhow to beco...

Ethical Theories Within the Film “Crimes and Misdemeanors”

"Crimes and Misdemeanors (Philosophical Films)." Crimes and Misdemeanors (Philosophical Films). N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2013. "Crimes and Misdemeanors: The Final Scene." YouTube. YouTube, 04 Feb. 2009. Web. 30 Mar. 2013. "Crimes and Misdemeanors." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 29 Mar. 2013. Web. 30 Mar. 2013. "Existentialism Is a Humanism Quotes." By Jean-Paul Sartre. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 20...

Mental Disorder Research Paper

Children as young as this will need less information because of their limited ability to understand. As children go into elementary school they will question the specifics and their questions will be straightforward. Their concerns will be towards the safety of their friends or family if they see something unusual. Teenagers are able to understand just as much as an adult and they will ask more co...

Psychological learnings of movie "Reign Over me"

When she is denied and is told that she will not be seen by him or any other dentist there you can then see the fragile self-esteem rising in her. Although I looks like Angela helped Donna out by talking to her in there sessions as well as helping Alan on the sidewalk and Charlie in their brief short sessions. In my opinion Alan did not just help Charlie with his problems and by being a friend bu...

The Rain Man

Autism Speaks. (2013). How is Autism Treated? Retrieved from: http://www.autismspeaks.org/what-autism/treatment Bellini, Scott. (2013). The Development of Social Anxiety in Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorders. Retrieved from: http://foa.sagepub.com/content/21/3/138.short Brasic, James. (2013). Autism Clinical Presentation. Retrieved from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/912781-clinica...

PSY 250. The biological and humanistic theories

These traits are not as dominating as cardinal traits and are the major characteristics used to describe other people. With central traits terms like intelligent, honest, shy, and anxious are considered. Secondary traits are related to attitudes or preferences that only appear in certain situations or circumstances. Getting anxious while speaking or impatient while waiting are examples of secondar...

Rational Comprehensive, Incremental, and Mixed Scanning Theories

The mixed scanning combines both the rational-comprehensive and incrementalism theory. Etzioni, a sociologist describes that the decisions making in incrementalism theory better details the interest of people more powerful and organized groups, leaving behind the interests of underprivileged people including unorganized groups. While the mixed scanning will approach decision making with both theor...

A Guide to Classical Management Theory

The autocratic leadership approach is the central part of classical management theory. It states that an organization should have a single leader to make decisions, to organize and direct the employees. All decisions are made at the top level and communicated down. The autocratic leadership approach is beneficial in instances when small-business decisions need to be made quickly by a leader, witho...

DTLLS Applying theories and principles

The Flipped Classroom model basically involves encouraging students to prepare for the next lesson by stating what will be taught. Thus the class becomes a dynamic environment in which students elaborate on what they have already studied. Another area where development was suggested was that there has to be more ‘Teacher intervention’, set tasks and then go round to individually student ensur...

Concept Comparison and Analysis across Theories

The conceptual and theoretical models used in nursing provide information on ways to improve practice, develop curriculum and identify goals of nursing practice. The area of nursing theory is experiencing continued growth as theorists continue to create new knowledge that is impacting, positively, the nursing profession. Nurses can no longer afford to provide care as usual but must use new knowled...

Compare and contrast two theories/models of relationships

It is also essential that the therapist applies relevant learning of client centred counselling to ensure that the therapy is client led and balanced, so that neither party feels that the therapist is lacking a position of neutrality, whilst maintaining an empathic and understanding approach to both individuals. The skilled therapist will be aware of the power balance between the 2 parties throug...

Comparing relevant theories, principles and models of reflective practice

Boud, D et al (eds.) (1985) Reflection. Turning experience into learning, London: Kogan Page. Kolb, Da. (1984). Experiential learning: Experience as a source of learning and development, New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Brookfield, S (1995). Becoming a critically reflective teacher. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Bloom, B.S. (Ed.) (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives: The classification of educationa...

Management theories

In the nutshell.As two of the most significant studies in field of management,Classical Management theory and Human Relations theory have their own particular merits and limitations. the two theories should not be simply isolated, a single and combined together, but to be a relationship of organic whole. Because of diversity of modern economic environment, A good leader should be the one who can ...

Theories of development

He believes that children observe adults and other children for the correct way to communicate and repeat the actions they have seen until they get it right. We support this at nursery by speaking clearly and simply and nodding or praising a child for getting a word, sentence or request correct. This is to encourage them to use the correct terms when they wish to communicate. According to John Wat...

Assess the usefulness of functionalist theories in understanding religion today

This would then mean society being classless in which there would no longer be exploitation, and Marxists see religion as a feature only of a class-divided society. As such, there will be no need for religion in classless society and it will eventually disappear entirely. In the Marxist view, religion operates as an ideological weapon. Religion misleads the poor into believing that their suffering...

Mass Society Theories, Social Responsibilty Theory and the Media

diluted the bad image of media that the mass society theorists projected while the social responsibility theory aimed for informativeness, truth, accuracy, objectivity, and balance (Baran & Davis, 1995). Up until now when traditional media boundaries are slowly melting caused by the rapid innovations in technology, the threats posed by the mass society theory are still present and the social r...

Concept Comparison and Analysis Across Theories Paper

Orem and Henderson agenda for their theories is to establish nursing practice guidelines for nurses. They two theorist help define the role of nursing, and the profession. In the nursing world nurses practice these two theories in their everyday practices. Nurses have learned how to identify problems of patient when they arrive, and how to address them so they can get on the road to recovery. Nurs...

The theories, principles and models in education and training

For each group of skills, a focus statement sums up the range of skills. This is accompanied by a set of outcome Statements, that are indicative of the skills, behaviours and personal qualities associated with each group. Each group is distinctive and coherent. The groups are also interconnected. Young people are likely to encounter Skills from several groups in any one learning experience. For ex...

Theories of development

This term feedback indicate to me that there is not continuous approach to age and abilities of he children in preschool room, which I pointed to staff and asked verbally and in writing that must happen. It was probably due to new leader room, who did not find it as a good practice from previous terms, but is important to support learning of the children in the room whose age varies from 2.5 year ...

Ethical Theories of Nursing

It is essential for these theories to be understood and applied by nurses all across the world in order to attain the best results for patients and the future of our healthcare system. It is essential of nurses to be well versed in the ethical principles and even more so in ethical theories to help guide them in their decision making when caring for clients. A nurse who knows the ethical theories ...

Abnormal Psychology Reflection

Mental illnesses can lead to disturbances in a person’s thoughts and may be an emotional experience. Mental illnesses tend to make life difficult because a person may find it hard to sustain relationships, keep a job, or motivate oneself to do daily activities. Without treatment, they can and often do make life intolerable to live. From this class I have a better understanding how mental disorde...

Case Study in Abnormal Psychology

Growing up the individual gained a new perspective of exactly what normality was and realized that many of the behaviors displayed were abnormal it was this behavioral awareness that lead to psychological help. When the individual entered high school more abnormal behaviors were displayed and societal definitions determined many of the treatments used by the psychologist. There is no other concept...

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