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Theories Essay Examples

Crime and Mental Illness

...This essay highlighted the relationship between criminality and mental illnesses at length and it was found that there was a significant relationship but the breath of the definition of mental disorder was a key factor when evaluating this relationship. It was found that some symptoms of mental illness such as depression, confusion, irritability or even thought disorder are not directly related to crime committed given that they can also be categorized as normal personalit...

Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of DSM-IV TR

...Patients’ Subjective Experiences.” Am. J. Psychiatry, 164(3), 391 – 392. Kleinplatz, P.J., Moser. C. (2005). DSM-IV-TR and the Paraphilias: An Argument for Removal. Retrieved on 14th March, 2013, from http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/GESUND/ARCHIV/MoserKleinplatz.htm Kronemyer, D. (2009). Phenomenological Psychology. Retrieved on 14th March, 2013, from http://phenomenologicalpsychology.com/2009/06/how-can-dsm-iv-be-improved-as-it-transitions-to-dsm-v/ American Psychiatric Association. (20...

Mental Disorder Research Paper

...Children as young as this will need less information because of their limited ability to understand. As children go into elementary school they will question the specifics and their questions will be straightforward. Their concerns will be towards the safety of their friends or family if they see something unusual. Teenagers are able to understand just as much as an adult and they will ask more complicated questions. They will ask their friends about anything that they’re curious about. This r...

Psychological learnings of movie "Reign Over me"

...When she is denied and is told that she will not be seen by him or any other dentist there you can then see the fragile self-esteem rising in her. Although I looks like Angela helped Donna out by talking to her in there sessions as well as helping Alan on the sidewalk and Charlie in their brief short sessions. In my opinion Alan did not just help Charlie with his problems and by being a friend but he helped Donna out by rejecting her then allowing her to come back which gave her the opportunity...

The Rain Man

...Autism Speaks. (2013). How is Autism Treated? Retrieved from: http://www.autismspeaks.org/what-autism/treatment Bellini, Scott. (2013). The Development of Social Anxiety in Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorders. Retrieved from: http://foa.sagepub.com/content/21/3/138.short Brasic, James. (2013). Autism Clinical Presentation. Retrieved from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/912781-clinical Edelson, Steven. (2013). Research: Autistic Savants. Retrieved from: http://www.autism.com/index.p...

A Guide to Classical Management Theory

...The autocratic leadership approach is the central part of classical management theory. It states that an organization should have a single leader to make decisions, to organize and direct the employees. All decisions are made at the top level and communicated down. The autocratic leadership approach is beneficial in instances when small-business decisions need to be made quickly by a leader, without having to consult with a large group of people, such a board of directors. Small businesses, espe...

Abnormal Psychology Reflection

...Mental illnesses can lead to disturbances in a person’s thoughts and may be an emotional experience. Mental illnesses tend to make life difficult because a person may find it hard to sustain relationships, keep a job, or motivate oneself to do daily activities. Without treatment, they can and often do make life intolerable to live. From this class I have a better understanding how mental disorders can affect one’s life and what one can do to change their life. Furthermore, this class has giv...

Understanding Normal and Abnormal Behavior

...There is no definite way to decide what is normal and what is abnormal; I too believe it‟s all about how we function in society. A well-oiled society, in which the majority of the people act and react, accordingly, will blossom whether or not people understand the concepts of normality and abnormality. However, because we are a species of group survival, we cannot underestimate the power we have on one and other. We make up society and a society that is malfunctioning due to its members havin...

The Biological and Psychodynamic Models of Abnormality

...After examining both models, it seems as though these two models are exact opposites of one another. The biological perspective believes psychological abnormalities are the product of chemical and anatomical malfunctions of the brain and seek treatment through medication, while the psychodynamic perspective argues that psychological abnormalities are merely developmental problems in conflict that can be resolved through Freudian therapy. In other words, the biological model calls for artificial ...

Disorder of Donnie Darko

...His symptoms included, confusion, inability to make decisions, hallucinations, changes in sleeping habits, energy level, delusions, nervousness, strange statements or behavior, withdrawal from friends, or school, anger, indifference to the opinions of others, a tendency to argue, a conviction that you are better than others, or that people are out to get you. Without medication and therapy, most paranoid schizophrenics are unable to function in the real world. If they fall victim to severe hall...

Understand Mental Health problems

...b. Practical and financial- People who experience episodes of mania whereby their spending habits are out of control may build up enormous amounts of debt that they cannot afford to pay off and so creditors and loan sharks look to their spouse and family to sort out affairs. c. Using services- A person may have to access a day centre or have a stay in a psychiatric ward and this can cause strain for the family, particularly children, who may not necessarily understand what their mum/dad is going...

"As Good As It Gets" Film

...The movie, albeit entertaining, is a poor substitute for education on psychological disorders. Because the only disorder mentioned is OCD, the viewer may be left with the impression that the antisocial behaviors, symptoms of a personality disorder, are a product of the obsessive-compulsive disorder, an anxiety disorder. Melvin’s behaviors begin to normalize toward the end of the movie as he makes closer attachments with several other characters. This may falsely imply to the movie-goer that h...

Understand Mental Health Problems

...Millions of individuals will be affected by poor mental health at some time during their lives, and though anyone can experience these problems, there are some people from certain backgrounds and social situations who are at a significantly greater risk. Despite welcome new attitudes in society which are far more accepting of mental health issues, many sufferers’ still find they have to face barriers in society such as employment, health care, family, support and community which those of us in...

Criteria of Abnormality

...For example, if an individual is engaging in a particular behavior that is preventing them from ‘functioning’ breaks a social norm and is statistically infrequent, then psychologists would be prepared to define this individual's behavior as abnormal. A good example of an abnormal behavior assessed by a multi-criteria approach is depression: it is commonly seen as a deviation from ideal mental stability, it often stops the individual from 'functioning' a normal life, and, although it is a re...

Pathophysiology: Schizoaffective Disorder

...I tried to encourage participation in activities and explained that it would be a quiet environment, but the client didn’t want to participate. He was very verbal with his feelings. I didn’t pressure him. Overall, this client likes to be alone in his room. He is afraid that people are talking about him. His room is the only place where he feels comfortable and that people aren’t talking about him. He said he feels like people are always staring at him. Great experience overall, I really ha...

Case Study Abnormal Psychology

...Despite the advantages highlighted above, there are some disadvantages in the manual compilation. First, the DSM-IV compilation lacks the exactitude in diagnostic criterion to evidently, differentiate one diagnosis from the other as well as the distinguishing mental disorder, from the situation, such as mental distress. DSM is not visibly clear on how experiences and behaviors cited within the diagnostic criterion justifiably can consider as substantiation of mental disorder as distinctive from ...

Mental Health as Social Problem

...The patients that used to be cared for in hospitals are now being cared for in the community. In a lot of cases this is not helpful for the patient or the community as sometimes their needs are not met fully. Not everybody in communities is sympathetic to people with mental health problems and this can also have a detrimental effect on the person with the problems. Understanding of mental health from the general public is a bit better than it used to be, but there is still a long way to go. A lo...

Chapter 49

...Patients with anorexia nervosa are at high risk for developing | psychosis. | mania. | | hypertension. | | osteoporosis. | Question 7 1 pts <p>Physical clinical manifestations of anxiety disorders include all of the following except</p> Physical clinical manifestations of anxiety disorders include all of the following except | fatigue| | perceptual distortions| | tachycardia| | chills| Question 8 1 pts <p>_______ is a condition in which instability resul...

Adjustment Disorder Diagnosis and Treatment

...Further, the goal of psychotherapy should include; an analysis of the stressors that are affecting the patient, and determine whether they can be eliminated or minimized, clarification and interpretation of the meaning of the stressor for the patient, reframe the meaning of the stressor, illuminate the concerns and conflicts the patient experiences, identification of a means to reduce the stressor, maximize the patient's coping skills, assist patients to gain perspective on the stressor, establi...

Abnormal Psychology History

...However, this approach has led to the development of radical biological treatments e. g. lobotomy. * Psychogenic - abnormality is caused by psychological problems. This has led to slightly bizarre treatments. Mesmer used to put his patients in a darkened room with music playing, then entered wearing a flamboyant outfit and pressed the 'infected' body areas with a stick. It has also led to the development of hypnosis, psychoanalysis (Freud) and carthasis as psychological treatments, as well as h...

Looking at anorexia nervosa

...Anorexia Nervosa is a disorder that is composed of a variety of abnormal behaviors that are brought out by the unhealthy thinking. This thinking is brought by the media, the individual’s family/friends, personal experiences, and much more. This disorder has been occurring for a long time but according to my research, wasn’t really viewed as a disorder until the 1900’s. Not until the 1930’s was it recognized as a mental/emotional disorder. Studies have shown that there is not a lot of sym...

psychological disorders, symptoms, and possible causes

...After proper diagnosis, prognosis depends on the disorder, the individual and a number of other factors. Some disorders are for a short while and others may last a lifetime. Some disorders may be limited in their functional effects, while others may involve substantial disability and support needs. The degree of ability or disability may vary across different life domains. Continued disability has been linked to institutionalization, discrimination and social exclusion as well as to the properti...

In the article We’re Only Human and None of Us Are Made

...Moreover, the selected layout of the article by Dalton, including the above-mentioned sequence of events, makes it possible to follow the points made as Dalton uses smooth transitions between paragraphs that precipitated it to flow eloquently and delicately switches between simple and sophisticated language. Furthermore, while the syntax used across the article is mostly straightforward and understandable–which is useful for reaching a broader audience–Dalton makes an effort to guarantee that ...

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...In conclusion, when his behavior was analyzed via the criteria of abnormality, it was seen as deviant and dangerous. Moreover, though his behavior was not seen to cause him obvious distress and dysfunction, it could still be considered abnormal. Not experiencing neither distress nor dysfunction maybe due to his behavior being pleasurable and intrinsically rewarding and hence could still be used to evaluate and conclude his behavior as abnormal. Based on some models of abnormality there are sever...

Emotional and behavioral issues impact on the development

...Majority of adolescent scholars with anxiety disorder display both behavioral and learning issues that make it challenging for pedagogies to offer effective instructions. Besides, anxiety ailing adolescent tutees exhibit higher rates of hostility, noise-making, and out-of-seat behaviors, and general higher rate of deleterious relations with pedagogies. Consequently, challenging relationships in kindergarten between anxiety ailing novices and their instructors are linked with behavioral and acade...

The four definitions of abnormal behavior such as dysfunction

...A maitenence factor is something that predicts the continuation of a disorder. In Solomon’s case it might be his work as a writer. He desribed in his memoir that work was taking a toll on him and that he felt drained giving talks (Solomon, 1988). He was constantly getting phone calls and attending meetings which caused him to finally lose pleasure in writing. Another matienence factor can be that he stopped going out with the people around him. He lost interest in going to parties and interacti...

PTSDIn this day and age the conversation about mental health

...The changes in Henry’s connection with the world, his personality, and mental resilience suggests the weight that PTSD can have on a person’s mental health due to a lack of resources. Emphasized in “The Red Convertible” through sharp contrasts between Henry’s narratives before and after the war, the magnitude of the trauma’s effects on Henry also reflect the struggles of real-life individuals with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Due to the lack of resources and care available during the ti...

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