Theology Essay Examples

Essays on Theology

Thomas Cranmer’s Theology of the Eucharist
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Thomas Cranmer was born into a modest Nottinghamshire family in the year 1489. Although his influence and authority was all too apparent after his appointment as Archbishop of Canterbury, his family were little known and relatively poor. Cranmer's loyalty to his King and country ultimately led to his growth in stature, and his insatiable appetite for learning naturally drew him into contact with other contemporary continental reformers. Although he was not in essence to be seen as radical, for his…...
Schisms within Pentecostalism: Why So Much Fragmentation?
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Introduction Pentecostalism refers to a reincarnating religious movement that occurred at a mass level within Christianity in the twentieth century. Taking a broad spectrum of organizational and theological perspectives into account, this movement emphasized on the direct personal experience of God through the baptism of the Holy Spirit. Growing out of the Holiness renewal during the second half of the nineteenth century, Pentecostalism was initially confined within the America’s lower and middle-class groups. Exponents of Holiness Exponents of Holiness rejected…...
Atonement as a Concept of Theology
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Atonement and Sin Atonement in the larger sense deals with a common factor which is sin. The definition is a making at on which points to a process of bringing those who are enstranged into a unity(Douglas, 107). It is a theological term which derives from the Anglo-Saxon. The word atonement appears eighty seven times in the Old Testament in the RSV Bible(Nelson, 55). According to Strongs Exhaustive Concordance, which is using the King James Version, appears seventy seven times…...
New TestamentReligionTheology
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Letter Of St. Paul To The Romans
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Main Idea Being justified by faith we have peace with God because Christ died for us even while we were still yet sinners, and because we have now been justified by his blood we have been saved. Outline Paul reminds us that we have been justified - Verses 1-2. Paul reminds us that we should boast in tribulations - Verses 3-5. Paul explains means of justification is by Christ's death. However; Christ's life is the means of deliverance from wrath. …...
Faith In GodGodReligionTheology
“God’s Design: A Focus on Old Testament Theology”
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Dr. Elmer A. Martens, who passed away in September of 2016, has an impressive resume of works and writings that have proven impacting for many generations. Martens earned a BA from the University of Saskatchewan, and a BEd from the University of Manitoba before graduating with a doctorate in Old Testament Studies from the Claremont Graduate School. Martens taught Old Testament and served as the President Emeritus of Mennonite Brethren Biblical Seminary in Fresno, California. In addition to serving in…...
God’s Essence According to Ghazali and Augustine
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Ghazali studied various branches of the traditional Islamic religious sciences in his hometown of Tus, Gurgan and Nishapur in the northern part of Iran. He was also involved in Sufi practices from an early age. Being recognized by Nizam al-Mulk, the Vizir of the Seljuq Sultans, he was appointed Head of the Nizamiyyah College in Baghdad in 484 AH (1091 AD).Aurelius Augustinus (Augustine, 354-430 AD) was one of the greatest and most influential of Christian philosophers (Pojman, 2003, p. 407;…...
Individual Freedom And Rights
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“Is it most important to value one’s own life, happiness and interest or to obey the higher authority of the state?” This statement raises the question of the individual’s freedom and rights in comparison to the state’s control over individual’s life. In this paper I will be arguing against Socrates and Confucius view of placing the state ahead of the individual. This paper is constructed along my line of defense which looks at the issues and arguments around the individual…...
God Is The Wonderful Creator Theology Religion
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God is the wonderful creator of the universe. He is all-knowing and all-seeing. Nothing escapes His notice. God is a special and intimate god who cares for and loves every single speck of creation He has created. God is the ruler of everything. He has complete and total authority over the universe. He has always existed and always will, and is so wonderful that He is best described by the word “indescribable.” God is good and God is just. He…...
God The CreatorReligionTheology
Understanding Faith And Reason Philosophy
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We all have our reasons for everything, and we all have our some type of faith in us. Reason can be generally as understood as the principles for a practical inquiry, whether intellectual, moral, aesthetic, or religious. Faith, on the other hand, involves a position that some claim that is not, or at least presently, comprehensible by reason. Both faith and reason are sources of authority upon which beliefs can rest upon. As believers we are to put our faith…...
Basic Ecclesial Community
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The same can be said of the various theologies of liberation. Although in one or another versChristianity,ion they may not dovetail exactly with the theological frontiers of Puebla, liberation theologies are a meaningful and important way to approach and understand BECs. WHAT ARE THE BASIC ECCLESIAL COMMUNITIES? For the sake of precision, let me make clear what BEC means in the context of this article. The currently so-called Basic Communities, Basic Christian Communities, Grassroots Christian Communities, oasic Ecclesial Communities in…...
Elizabeth Johnson-Revisonist Method of Theology
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Elizabeth Johnson is perhaps one of the most preeminent Catholic theologians of the new millennium. The fact that she is a woman religious who writes from a feminist perspective adds to her unique and distinguished career. This paper will examine the revisionist method espoused by Elizabeth Johnson, in an effort to understand her approach to Christian feminism. An overview of revisionist methodology will be presented so as to understand the framework in which Johnson works. References to some of Johnson!…...
Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling
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Introduction Traditionally, psychology and theology have stood in opposition to each other. Christian counselors felt that the relationship between the two disciplines is essentially adversarial. Those who tried to integrate psychology and theology were criticized for doing so. As time goes by, important insights about human behavior and the importance of spirituality have been highlighted. As such, the principles of psychotherapy and psychology could do well to heed the lessons offered by theology, specifically the principles of prayer, worship, the…...
ChristianChristianityForgivenessPsychologySpiritual Life And BeliefsSpirituality
The Wesleyan Quadrilateral
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This paper seeks to discuss the origins and four areas of the Wesleyan Quadrilateral, namely Scripture, Tradition, Reason and Experience. The paper also explains the relationship among the four areas as well as the reason why none of the other three can be more superior and significant than Scripture. Introduction The Methodist Church started in the mid-18th century out of the ideas of the English evangelists John and Charles Wesley. John Wesley, the older of the two brothers, particularly criticized…...
Edward Taylor: Love Towards God
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Living during the late 1600’s, Edward Taylor lived through a time of many hardships. With the constant battles between colonists and natives going on, he lived in fear of his home and life being in jeopardy. Yet, through this terrifying time, he wrote poetry that earned him the name of the best colonial poet. Some aspects that can be looked at of his writing are his style, subject matter, and tone. The first area of his writing is his style.…...
Existence of God Argumentative Paper
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There are many different types of arguments for the existence of God. With each argument there is a conception presented of God. For each argument there are different approaches. I will be focusing on the Cosmological and Teleological Arguments. Teleological Arguments are known to be arguments from divine, arguing from order in the universe to the existence of God (1).With the ordering of the universe, created by an intelligent being, they hold that it is ordered towards a purpose or…...
CultureDoes god exist?EpistemologyExistenceGodTheology
The Eucharist Sacrament, Signs and Symbols in Christianity
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The seven sacraments are ceremonies that point to what is sacred, significant and important for Christians. They are special occasions for experiencing God’s saving presence. The seven formal sacraments are identified as; baptism, confirmation, Eucharist, reconciliation, anointing, holy orders and marriage. Sacraments entail symbols and signs. Symbols are objects or patterns that are used to represent an invisible reality. Each symbol and sign work together to make God’s love more visible for us. A sign and symbol are not the…...
Anointing of the Sick Sacrament
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The Catholic Church sees the effects of the sacrament as follows: As the sacrament of Marriage gives grace for the married state, the sacrament of Anointing of the Sick gives grace for the state into which people enter through sickness. Through the sacrament a gift of the Holy Spirit is given, that renews confidence and faith in God and strengthens against temptations to discouragement, despair and anguish at the thought of death and the struggle of death; it prevents the…...
The Four Marks Of The Church
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One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic, these four words are the foundation of the Catholic Church. They are what the Church calls the “Four Marks.” The First Council of Constantinople established them in 381. These words were fist used in the Nicene Creed, and are still used to this day when we say “I believe in one holy, catholic, apostolic Church.” With the Holy Spirit helping to guide the Church it can carry out these four marks. The fist mark of the…...
The Renaissance: Erasmus and Church
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The Renaissance was a period of great change, characterized by a revision of many concepts and the birth of many ideas. One of the greatest scholars of this time was Desiderius Erasmus. He was born in Rotterdam, Holland. His birth name was Gerrit . He attended the school of the Brothers of the Common Life at Deventer after which he joined a monastery, the Augustinian college of Stein near Gouda where he stayed for six years. He was ordained to…...
My Philosophy of Ministry
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My philosophy of ministry is to teach believers, through teaching the Bible, and training leaders. So, that they may, in turn, teach others to be rooted and built up in Him as seen in Colossians 2:6-7. The first part of my philosophy of ministry is to teach believers in the knowledge and the ways of Jesus Christ. Every member in the church has gifts. They need to understand their gifts and if you have the gift to teach, be trained…...
ChristianityPersonal philosophyPhilosophyTheology
Moral virtue
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Enlightenment, Transcendentalism, and Puritan Theology
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Knowledge, transcendentalism, and puritan theology: 3 philosophies that formed 3 centuries in America. Given that the time periods of each philosophy overlapped with the others, all 3 had resemblances as well as differences. From these approaches came different writers with different views, shaping American prose. A significant Enlightenment author was Thomas Paine. Thomas Paine composed a piece called "The Age of Reason." In this piece he totally incorporated the ideologies of the Enlightenment. These included the belief in the perfectibility…...
BeliefFaithGodHenry David ThoreauThe EnlightenmentTheology
The Probability Of God
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H. J. McCloskey, a renowned philosopher in the mid 20th century, wrote a provocative article in 1968 titled, “On Being an Atheist”. McCloskey argues for atheism as the preferred and better belief system based upon his refutation of the theistic arguments. He argues against the existence of God by attempting to refute the cosmological and teleological arguments; as well he endeavours to discredit a God based upon the presence of evil. In doing this, he extends the boundaries for arguing…...
AtheismDoes god exist?ExistenceGodPhilosophyPhilosophy Of Religion
Athanasius Biography
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Athanasius is counted as one of the four great doctors of the church in the Roman Catholic church as well as one of the great doctors of the church in Eastern Orthodoxy where he is also labeled the Father of Orthodoxy. He is also celebrated by many Protestant who label him as Father of the Canon, Athanasius is venerated as Christian saint whose feast day is May 2 in western community. May 5 is the Coptic orthodox church and January…...
BiographySong of SolomonThe Book Of GenesisTheology
Descartes’ Discourse on the Method
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None of the proposed philosophical theories is exact, not even a combination of two or more theories (Sayre, 2011). However, Descartes has unique way of metaphysical argument concerning existence of God. Descartes’ Discourse on the Method (Part IV) ends surprisingly with a claim of God’s existence, which can be deduced from the interrelationship between mind, soul and our existence. Descartes began the fourth section by discussing about himself. The reading up to the point where he gives credit to a…...
ActivityChurchGodHumanHuman BrainHuman Nature
True Self
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The Mystics, Theologians, and Philosophers through the ages have spoken of this true or authentic self. Psychology is a relatively new science which also speaks of a "self" hidden beneath the ego and person of an individual. Each person's own self is unique to him or her. William Shakespeare wrote "To thine own self be true, and it must follow, as the night the day, thou canst not then be false to any man." This axiom is carried almost religiously…...
Education of the Middle Ages
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Education, as we know it today, did not exist in the Middle Ages. Illiteracy was dominant among the population. Scribes were the exception to the rule. Churches were the main source of knowledge and schooling. Real interest in learning grew along with the development of towns. The towns' officials needed to be educated. At the same time a need for legal institutions was created and so started the university phenomenon. Modern education was on its way. There were few schools…...
EducationMiddle AgesPhilosophySchoolTheologyUniversity
Integration of psychology & theology
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The worldview of Christian counseling is that activity which delves into helping people grow constructively in all aspects of their lives through a caring relationship and it is done by counselor with Christian assumptions and values. Alister E. McGrath, in his book Christian Spirituality (1999) states that spirituality comes from Hebrew “ruach” which has a set of meanings from spirit, breath to wind. In counseling however it refers to the pursuit for an authentic and fulfilled life, that comprises; taking…...
Faith Integration
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A main reason for the existence of the Christian college or university is to provide an educational environment that includes both academic subject matter and Christian knowledge. At Azusa Pacific University, the school emphasizes their motto “God First” in and out of the classroom. According to APU’s Mission Statement, APU is a “Christian community of disciples and scholars who seek to advance the work of God in the world through academic excellence in liberal arts and professional programs of higher…...
BeliefBiblical worldviewFaithReasonTheologyTruth
Sunday Bloody Sunday Analysis
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"Trenches dug within our hearts, And mothers, children, brothers, sisters torn apart" -- Matthew 10:35: "For I have come to set a man against his father, a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law." "Wipe the tears from your eyes" -- Revelation 21:4: "He will wipe every tear from their eyes..." "We eat and drink while tomorrow they die" A brilliant ironic take on I Cor 15:32 "If the dead are not raised, let us eat and…...
GodHistorySunTheologyWarWorld War 2
Pneumatology: Spiritual Gifts
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There are actually three biblical lists of the “gifts of the Spirit,” also known as spiritual gifts. The three main passages describing the spiritual gifts are (Romans 12:6-8; 1 Corinthians 12:4-11; and 1 Corinthians 12:28). The spiritual gifts identified in (Romans 12) are prophesying, serving, teaching, encouraging, giving, leadership, and mercy. The list in (1 Corinthians 12:4-11) includes the word of wisdom, the word of knowledge, faith, healing, miraculous powers, prophecy, distinguishing between spirits, speaking in tongues and interpretation of…...
GiftsReligionSpiritSpiritual Life And BeliefsTheology
St. Micheal the Archangel
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For my saint, I chose Saint Michael the Archangel. I chose St. Michael due to the fact that I feel as though this saint doesn't get enough credit. I suggest hardly anybody understands who he is. Do you? For that reason, take a flight with me, while I discuss the value of Saint Michael. Saint Michael is a name significance "He who is like God" in Hebrew. He is said to be placed over all the angels. He is the…...
Liberation Theology and Matthew’s Gospel
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It is said that the ideas of Liberation Theology espoused by the more liberal elements of the Catholic Church is found the gospel according to (Saint) Matthew. one of the four major gospels in the New Testament. From the word itself, the words written here imply the truth and is considered sacronsanct and leaves no room for doubt. The gospel essentially states that Jesus is the messiah sent by God to the world. The question is how is Liberation Theology…...
Marcionism & God
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Marcionism is a dual belief system that originated from Marcion of Sinope in Rome teachings in the year 144. It affirmed that Jesus was a savior who was sent by God and Paul was his principal apostle but Marcion himself rejected Yahweh and the Hebrew Bible. It was referred to as heresy by those who opposed it and wrote a five book treatise against it. Marcionism teachings affirmed that Christianity was different from and opposition Judaism. It opposed the whole…...
Integrating Christianity and Psychology
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This book tells about the integrating Christianity and psychology. The author discusses integration a combining the two books of God. According to Entwistle (2004), “the book of god’s Word referred to the Bible, and the book of God’s works reflects His deeds written throughout His creation. (p. 166). ” He includes five models of integration in the book which are: enemies, spies, colonialists, neutral parties, and allies as subjects of One Sovereign. The enemies model sees Christianity and psychology as…...
The ethical teachings of Anglicanism
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The word 'Anglican' originates from "ecclesia anglicana" a Medieval Latin phrase, dating to at least 1246 meaning 'the English Church'. The Anglican Church dates back to the year 1538. Anglican ethical perspectives share similarities with Protestant and Catholic approaches, but they also have a particular character of their own. Anglican ethical tradition also draws on several central Christian beliefs held in common with Catholic theology. The roots of Anglican ethics begin in a belief that God's divine order is established…...
Theology and Christian Views in Dialogue with Trypho
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In his work "Dialogue with Trypho" Justin Martyr in a form of a dialogue presents the views quite contrary to what it is usually taught. A well-known idea of Jews being the chosen nation favored by God is rejected. Justin Martyr is trying to find logic underneath God's wrath, and his line of argumentation, based on analysis of the Old Testament, does emphasize the idea that Jews were punished by Mosaic rules for improper behavior. Jews are the chosen nation…...
Miracles and Science
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1. Introduction: Miracles as violations of the laws of nature Unbelievable, isn’t it, that there are still students at this university who believe in stories from the Bible, said Martin, an older colleague, at one of the formal dinners around which the traditional life of Oxford University revolves. But Martin, I answered, their faith probably doesn’t differ much from mine. I can still see his face go pale while he nearly choked on his glass of St. Emilion Grand Cru…...
GodKnowledgeMiraclesScienceScientific methodTheology
Theology Reflection Paper: Nature of God and Sin
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Introduction For my two topics I choose The Nature of God and Sin Nature (the nature of man). The two topics are obviously complete opposites but as a child most of what I knew about God came from the sinful nature of family that I looked up to and later how I learned to recognize and pray for my current sinful nature was from learning the actual Nature of God. In this paper I will explain how the two topics…...
Combination of Pychology and Christianity
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In the book, Integrative Techniques to Psychology and Christianity by David N. Entwistle (2010) the reader is very first introduced to the dispute of the combination of psychology and Christianity. The thought is that Christianity is based on faith and psychology is based on truth. As an outcome, it is the idea that Christianity and psychology may be difficult to exist side-by-side. "The integration of psychology and faith is essentially inescapable due to their mutual interest in understanding the obscurities…...
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Schisms within Pentecostalism: Why So Much Fragmentation?
...The longstanding dispute between the Orthodox Church and the World Council of Churches resurfaced as the new movement was not welcomed by the evangelical school of religious practices. The thesis topic at hand is clearly subject to a lot of research ...
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