1. The effects of the War of 1812 on banking, shipping, farming, industry, and transportation. a. The War of 1812 occurred because the British were impeding U. S. shipping. When we won the war, farmers were able to ship their products such as cotton or tobacco overseas. This helped farmers, because they had access to markets. It helped banking because if farmers couldn’t ship their products, they had no reason to borrow money. It also helped farmers repay loans they previously got from banks. It helped transportation and shipping, because farmers had to use transportation and ships to get their products to other countries who wanted to buy the raw materials.
2. The “era of good feelings” as a transitional period. b. Party and sectional divisions fell by the wayside during the “era of good feelings” with a president who was determined to heal old wounds, but this spirit of unity did not last. Sectional tensions reappeared during the Missouri debates, which brought the issue of slavery and its expansion to the forefront.
3. The causes of the Panic of 1819 and the effects of the subsequent depression on politics and the economy. c. This is a sad tale told many times over the years. America had just got out of the war of 1812. When the war ended, the economy was still based in a war-time production and along with land speculation and little diversification. well, you get a bad recession. We Americans do many things right but there are times we just don’t learn. That, my friend, is one of those lessons not learned.
4. The northern and southern arguments during the debates over the admission of Missouri and how they influenced sectional attitudes. d. During the debate over Missouri’s admission, Congressman James Tallmadge of New York introduced an amendment stating that no more slaves could be brought into Missouri and that all slaves born in Missouri after the territory became a state would be freed at the age of 25.
5. The ways in which the Marshall Court changed the status of the federal judiciary and how the Court’s decisions altered the relationships between the federal government and the states and the federal government and business. e. Marshall’s Court defined the constitutional standards of the new nation. The great work of the Marshall Court was done in a handful of great cases, especially Marbury v. Madison, McCulloch v. Maryland, Cohens v. Virginia and Gibbons v. Ogden.
6. The reasons why President James Monroe announced his “doctrine” in 1823 and the impact on international relations at the time. f. The US President, James Monroe, first stated the doctrine during his seventh annual State of the Union Address to Congress. It became a defining moment in the foreign policy of the United States and one of its longest-standing tenets, and would be invoked by many U.S. statesmen and several U.S. presidents, including Theodore Roosevelt, Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, John F. Kennedy, and others.
7. Presidential politics in the “era of good feelings” and how they altered the political system. g. There might even be a parallel to the “era of good feelings” that, in hindsight, can be seen to have existed from 1936 to 1968. Contrast the accomplishments of that era–the winning of the Second World War, the Marshall Plan, NATO, GATT, the GI Bill, interstate highways, and public education, the Civil Rights Act–with the dissension, deadlock, and deficits of the period from 1968 to the present.
8. The reasons why Andrew Jackson was elected in 1828 and the significance of his victory. h. The election of 1828 was significant as it heralded a profound change with the election of a man widely viewed as a champion of the common people. But that year’s campaigning was also noteworthy for the intense personal attacks widely employed by the supporters of both candidates.