The United States and South Korean view on North Korea Essay

Custom Student Mr. Teacher ENG 1001-04 19 March 2017

The United States and South Korean view on North Korea

Abstract:

Since the declaration of North Korea’s nuclear experiments, many countries have reacted negatively towards the subject. Most concerns have come from the United States and South Korea, as the two countries have close ideologies on North Korea’s policies. Relatively, the North Korea’s history had its focus on military power, politically.

The strategic location of the country around the Sea Japan 50 nm on maritime force and the mountainous terrains between Russia, China and South Korea, makes the area isolated from the influences it could get on the political aspect. Its current leader, Kim Jong IL, has permanently believed on the Juche and Independence. Hence, its subsequent actions towards other countries have been very open in accordance to its motivations. Tying up with the concrete documents and studies on North Korea’s geopolitical position, the observation of United States and South Korea remains concurrent and comprehensive.

Historical Background:

            Before, North Korea has existing ties with the Soviet Union, giving the country a chance to exploit the relationship of United States and the Soviet Union. However, the wind suddenly blew away from the North Korea’s political objectives, as Soviet Union diminished its relationship with North Korea in the 1980’s. It leaves the country of no military alliance to a powerful country and becomes isolated for a very long period (wiki.galbijim.com, 1993).

Because of the subsequent negative events on North Korea, the decision to make talks with South Korea became inevitable in 1984 leaving the South Korea-U.S. team military exercise cancelled in June 1992. Following this action was the Declaration of Denuclearization on the Korean Peninsula on December 31, 1991, which bans the testing, manufacture, production, possession, storage, deployment, receipt, and use of nuclear weapons on the peninsula (wiki.galbjim.com, 1993).

            Its resistance to be absorbed by the South Korea’s growing economic success has mediated the motivation of North Korea to make efforts of military advancements, which serves nuclear power as a choice of military force. As the news of nuclear testing in North Korea spread, United States declared a deadline for the country’s submissive alliance to their policies (english.ohmynews.com, 2006). North Korea’s nuclear test in October 9, 2006 has been the desperate option of North Korea to avert a threat in regime collapse and the reunification to South Korea (Jae Hoon, 2006).

Objectives:

  • To observe differences between the South Korea’s and United States opinion on North Korea nuclear tests.
  • To describe how the sea power and air force of North Korea has developed after its separation from the Soviet Union.
  • To determine the reasons for its obvious resistance from South Korea’s growing opportunities of political power.
  • To analyze the future methods planned by the United States government against North Korea’s political strategies.
  • To distinguish which countries have the volition over North Korea’s desperate actions concerning military and political methods.

Technical Approach:

            This research will examine different sources coming from North Korea’s web archive, the United States’ CIA World Fact book, and articles containing the geopolitical stance of North Korea. Furthermore, it will reexamine the geography and its influence to North Korea’s capability upon its engagement on warfare. Tables, maps and appendices will also be provided when necessary.

Bibliography:

“Analysis: Bush Knows that Iran is not North Korea.” 2 November 2007. 30 January 2008. <http://www.iran-resist.org/article3948>

Avery, E. & Squassoni, S. “North Korea’s Nuclear Test: Motivations, Implications, and U.S. Options.” 24 October 2006. 30 January 2008. < http://fas.org/sgp/crs/nuke/RL33709.pdf>.

Bulychev, G. “The Geopolitics of the North Korea-South Korea Rail Link to China, Russia and Europe.” 30 May 2006. 30 January 2008. <http://www.zmag.org/content/showarticle.cfm?ItemID=10350>.

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. “Politics.” 30 January 2008. <http://www.korea-dpr.com/>.

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. “Geography.” 30 January 2008. <http://www.korea-dpr.com/>.

“Geopolitical Changes: New World Order and North Korean Security.” June 1993. 30 January 2008. <http://wiki.galbijim.com/Loc2:Geopolitical_Changes:_New_World_Order_and_North_Korean_Securitys of June 1993>.

Harding, A. “South Korea’s Anger Over Nuclear Test.” 14 October 2006. 30 January 2008. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/from_our_own_correspondent/6048344.stm>.

Jae Hoon, S. “North Korea’s Nuclear Gamble.” 10 October 2006. 30 January 2008. <http://yaleglobal.yale.edu/display.article?id=8274>.

Jones, N. “North Korea’s Nuclear Test and Pacific Geopolitics.” 15 December 2006. 30 January 2008. <http://www.globalengage.org/media/article.aspx?id=2032>

Kalinowski, J. CIA World Fact book-North Korea. 29 October 2000. 30 January 2008. <http://www.everything2.com/index.pl?node_id=1378861>.

Kim Beng, P. “A Shift in the Regional Balance of Power After North Korea’s Nuclear Test?” 2006. 30 January 2008. <http://www.aseanfocus.com/asiananalysis/article.cfm?articleID=995>.

Klinger, B. “North Korea: Clouds Block the Sunshine at the Six-Party Talks.” 10 January 2008. 30 January 2008. <http://www.heritage.org/Research/AsiaandthePacific/wm1771.cfm>.

Nicksch, L. “North Korea’s Nuclear Weapon’s Program.” 5 April 2002. 30 January 2008.

Olsen, E. “U.S.-North Korea: From Brinkmanship to Dialogue.” 1 April 2003. 30 January 2008. <http://www.ccc.nps.navy.mil/rsepResources/si/apr03/eastAsia.asp>.

Pei, M. & Mastro, O. “How to Deal with North Korea.” 31 December 2006. 30 January 2008. <http://www.carnegieendowment.org/publications/index.cfm?fa=view&id=18918&prog=zch,zgp&proj=znpp>.

Staff Writers. “North Korea Vows To Bolster Military Power.” 25 March 2007. 30 January 2007. <http://www.spacewar.com/reports/North_Korea_Vows_To_Bolster_Military_Power_999.html>.

Suk, H.H. “N Korea Military Tactics In A War With US: A Strategy Of Massive
Retaliations Against US Attacks.”  24 March 2008 <http://www.rense.com/general37/nkorr.htm>.

Tanweer, A. “North Korea, South Korea: U.S. Policy at the time of Crisis.” Journal of Third World Studies. Spring 2005. 30 January 2008. <http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3821/is_200504/ai_n13642816>.

Tanaka, A. “Overview of Geopolitical Risks in Northeast Asia.” 30 January 2008. <http://www.sais-jhu.edu/centers/reischauer/MOFTanaka.pdf>.

Thor. “Korea, North and South: The Geopolitics of Unification.” 30 January 2001. 30 January 2008. <http://thormay.net/koreadiary/northsouth1.html>.

 

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