The truth about hunting Essay
The truth about hunting
Hunting is a topic that humans have used for centuries now. So should we change our methods by stopping it? Personally I disagree when others say we should stop hunting. Hunting is essential not only to the environment but it also controls population of animals. Hunting allows animals to be healthy. Anti-hunters believe, that animals will be healthier without hunting my investigative portfolio will show you why hunting is the way to go. Hunting is another predator at the top of the food chain that keeps the food chain together. Hunting is responsible for keeping animals contained and healthy.
Hunting is an arches keystone, holding the ecosystem together. Animals are impacted by the effects of hunting every day. By hunting, animals avoid starvation, over population, and the competition for food. Most people compare hunting to poaching. Hunting is killing the animals that overpopulate the cycle, poaching in the contrary robs the animals that are most needed to the cycle. Hunting is naturally driven away because it involves death, but you cannot have life without death and it is better to live and die than no living at all knowing you died for the welfare of others.
Most people in urban cities and towns do not know how much some smaller communities depend on the money that hunting industries collect. Hunting is not meant to be a bad thing but gives us plenty of good things such as food. Life without hunting would be a completely different world. Without hunting some human would struggle financially which adds to the fact that we should not ban hunting. Hunting is a fair game and some of the prices pay off by helping our community including the animal community. Without hunting another 12. 6 Million legal hunters alone would have to find a different way to obtain food.
America’s economy is already at the edge so imagine what will happen if some of those people had to find another way to support their family. A world without hunting would be and economic disaster which would share sides with the animals ecosystem. Hunting has been around since the beginning of man. It is proven that less than seven percent of the U. S. Population hunts. The deaths that hunting causes are significant, but all of them are needed to keep the animals healthy. Around 42 million rabbits and 10 million deer are killed each year.
These numbers may sound mid blowing but without hunting many more of these animals would overpopulate. Animal accidents are very common now. About 1. 5 million deer-auto wrecks happen a year. Imagine what would happen to that numbering if deer were never hunted. Hunting is good for the animals and the condition of your cars. The necessities of hunting are unreal. If big game animals were allowed to reproduce without limits, they would start moving into populated areas more, and there would be a dramatic increase in vehicle collisions with animals.
With the over population of certain wildlife the threat of disease and inbreeding, here is no way to control a wild animal except for hunting. To apply birth control to a wild animal will be almost impossible; you cannot relocate deer because they are everywhere. Thee activities are overall more dangerous than hunting itself. The negative effects of hunting will always be outweighed by the disastrous fate of not hunting. So that big question is why do people want to stop it? There is nothing wrong with hunting but everything right. Why would we change our methods now if they have worked forever?
These are some of the beliefs that most people have whenever they are not completely knowledgeable of this subject. Research takes away the bias and replaces it all with facts and the truth. It is most common that people will oppose hunting because of its ethics. Hunting is often opposed on ethical grounds because it inflicts unnecessary pain to animals, and also populations of animals that is predated experiences fear; hunting disrupts families of animals; hunting inflicts pain over hunted animals.
Based on a review of over 500 research papers, biologist reported In the August of 2003 issue of Fish & Fisheries that fish are highly intelligent and social: they can recognize individual shoal mates, learn from each other, employ long-term memory, and even use tools(“Fishing: Aquatic Agony. ” PETA). Fish have particularly complex spatial memories that enable them to navigate vast areas of ocean using cues such as polarized light, sounds, smell and visual landmarks. Recent discoveries about the emotional experience and intellectual abilities of these animals’ makes some people realize what they are eating every day.
Naturally, the knowledge raises important concerns about whether killing and eating animals is ethically justifiable. Even though these are significant reasons why people tend to oppose hunting there are also many other reasons. An example of one is that hunting is not even necessary, both from the views of a vegetarian diet and because humans have access to alternate meat, such as beef and lamb. Granted meat is a necessity to us and research shows that our closest genetic cousin, the chimpanzee, eats small amounts of meat (1%- 4% of total diet) when it is available, but can live healthy without it(Borghini, Andrea.
‘Philosophy of Hunting” ) . The regular human eats more than this amount of meat as a portion of a total diet. This fact proves that people have the option to make the choices of what to eat without jeopardizing their own survival because we don’t need to eat animal flesh to be healthy and live naturally. The truth has risen about the fact that eating so much animal flesh can be dangerous for the human population. Facts show that it is unnatural for humans to consume food made from the milk of cows, goats, sheep or any other animal except for another human.
About 75% of the world population is estimated to be lactose-intolerant, which is common among people of Asia, South American and African descent because of there common consumption of animal produced goods (see appendix b). Needless to say these reasons are significant enough for hunters to respect and understand why other people could disagree with the basis of hunting. In order to stop feuds between anti-hunters and hunters there are many rules and laws that we have to protect anti hunters from the dangers they have and things they disagree on. Laws that protect anti-hunters can range from trespassing and animal processing.
An example of a trespassing law comes from SCDNR; it states that “it shall be unlawful to enter upon the lands of another for the purpose of hunting, fishing, trapping or retrieval of dogs without the consent of the landowner or manager” (“Today’s Hunter Online. ” DNR). Even laws that don’t have to do with trespassing are still created to insure tranquility between both parties; “It is unlawful to hunt deer within 300 yards of a residence without permission of the owner and occupant, except that a landowner may hunt on his own land”( Ross, Larry L.Woodrow. “ South Carolina Sportsman).
It is even unlawful of hunter just to retrieve their own hunting dogs if they wander off onto land that does not belong to them. These are just of the few laws that help hunters and people who rather would not hunt stay balanced this proves that hunting is not really negative for a community. There are many laws that protected humans but also many to protect the creatures that are mostly effected by this topic. The laws that typically protect animals deal with fair hunting.
Examples of these laws are that calls recorded or electronically amplified sounds and imitations of calls or sounds are illegal to hunt on game birds, the use of artificial lights for the purpose of observing or harassing wildlife is unlawful and, crossbows can only be used on private lands and WMA lands statewide during all archery, muzzleloader or gun seasons for deer, bear and turkey (“Facts: Hunting. ”NRA). Some laws are even created for animals after they have been killed through the process of hunting.
One law from National Rifle Association website says that a deer with not antlers or an antlered deer with less than two inches of antler visible above the hairline may not be possessed, hunted, or shot killed in any way unless a special season(“Facts: Hunting. ”NRA). Hunting is one of the worlds must economically benefiting social activities that people engage in. Not only is hunting needed to support families of third world countries and such but it brings in money for the states that hunting is common in (see appendix c).
People have to buy licenses for different types of hunting activities like fishing, turkey, dove and deer (see appendix d). Deer hunting brings in a significant amount of money because of how much money it costs to legally process and tag deer. Hunters may purchase up to 4 personal tags, for 5$ each, which can be used on any day open to deer hunting (see appendix E). On average, each hunter spends $1,896 per year on hunting, which is 5. 5% of the typical wage earners annual income.
When people give the statement that hunting animals for sport is unethical I think the economic benefits can outweigh the bad because since 1991, when the nation was mired in a similar recession and war, retail sales have grown nearly 17%. Also the $2. 4 billion in federal income tax revenue generated by hunters could cover the annual paychecks for 100,000 U. S. Army troops. America as well as the world’s economy would not be the same without hunting’s contributions. There are many other reasons to why some people enjoy hunting but there is facts that prove that hunting was enjoyed back in the day also.
Early civilization used hunting to survive. Hunting was there way of life like how agriculture and slaves were the south’s life line during the antebellum period(Scott, Carole E. “The Antebellum Period. ” ). Not only did hunting allow mankind to thrive on earth today but it also blessed us with some of mans skills and techniques. It is also a huge part in the development of man and ethics. Human ancestors started hunting around half a million to a million years ago. The hunting processes lead to the development of the human brain, biology, and culture.
Hunting allowed humans to learn about the development of tools for defending ourselves from predation, the ability to build protected paces out of thorn bushes, and gave us the capacity to devise hunting techniques(see appendix f). It is also proven that Humans had to start detecting and imitating the sound of other animals and is believed that hunting played a role in the evolution of human brains in relation to musical abilities and the origin of music(Borghini, Andrea. ‘Philosophy of Hunting. ”).
The development of hunting and butchering tools and the group technique employed by Homo sapiens for hunt played a major role in the development of ethics: one you have weapons, you also need rule in how they should or should not be put to use we commonly use these ethical thoughts today whenever we hunt. Hunting was a huge part of the development of the human brain and all of mans ethics. A huge topic in the debate of the fate of hunting is about how it affects the environment. From some research it is proven that hunting can be good or bad for the environment based on the qualities the environment has.
For example in New England the environment is not as well forested as the United States so whenever they start to hunt these animals they have nowhere to turn. In New England, the damages to the environment and the threat to human’s and their property are threatened by deer and moose population every day (Borghini, Andrea. ‘Philosophy of Hunting. ”). Another argument rises that hunters are only damaging the environments out of the forest because they are scaring animals out of their natural habitats forcing them to explore other lands which is typically where humans live.
This conclusion can be come to but it is not an entirely true fact. Hunters are controlling the population of wild animals because if there was no hunting there would be many more incidents of deer-human encounters. Not only is hunting helping the environment by controlling the animal population it is giving new animals a place to thrive in an over populated animal community. Hunting effects wildlife other than animals it causes ecological changes in habitat through interactions of seed dispersal and seed predation(C. Valladares-Padua.
“Ecological Consequence of Hunting”). These two interactions positively affect the spreading of more plant seeds creating denser, well-grown forests. Overhunting not only reduces populations of specific species, but causes landscape level changes in habitats that create many new spaces and places for future generations of animals to live. The environment is a very special place and can be protected and injured by the acts of hunting but also would not be as great as it is without it. The effects of hunting are endless.
Game hunting has caused various positive and negative effects to the creatures in the environment and species diversity. Over hunting can cause some specie to become extinct in the forest. Animals like the elephants which are normally hunted for the tusk might become extinct if nothing is done to protect them that is why America has so many laws to prevent overhunting. It is proven technically that hunting a population will decrease it but ethically most hunters believe that the care of the animals should come first. Hunting assists manage wildlife populations. In such a situation, varmint is practiced.
This type of hunting attains selective manage of pests while offering recreation and is as well regulated. Some people will disagree with hunters that hunting any animal is wrong but it is a fact that there are no laws protecting pests like rabbits, rats and mice (see appendix A). All animals that are considered as varmint are usually hunted to protect the ecosystem. It is common knowledge that there are some people who hunt for recreation purposes. Also people who just gather to enjoy the forest they helped create with hunting government taxes then go to the forest to hunt for fun.
Hunting is usually the practice of killing living animals especially wildlife, looking for food, trade or recreation. There are those people who usually hunt to eliminate vermin. This usually involves controlling pest and preventing disease which might be caused by overpopulation. Even after development of agriculture people still hunt animals for food. People hunt whale for their meat because it is on demand in these countries. In modern hunting, hunting has been used as a sporting activity. Hunting is also practice in various culture and religion.
All of these ways and reasons to hunt are legitimate. The reason most people oppose hunting is because their lack of knowing the truth behind this topic. Hunting not only is good for the environment it fixes the bad by taking out the animals that damage the world for other animals and humans. Research rather than picked up bias proves that hunting fixes its wrongs. Hunters pay for their rights to hunt, follow laws of hunting, and respect the animals and nature around them that even give them the ability to hunt.
Without hunting America as well as the rest of the world’s economy would be struggling. It can’t be proven by research but ethically hunters are not all people. These men, women, boys and girls all learn about hunting as a privilege not a right(Capers, Aaron Personal Interview ). Hunting is a tradition that is often passed on from one generation to the next creating a special bond between family members and friends. Many hunters enjoy teaching others in the pleasure of and importance of being good hunters and protecting our natural resources.
Even though all of the facts about hunting are not happy and completely ethically fair. The truth about hunting is that it is not about the killing of game that’s key to hunting, but the experiences and life lessons they gain. People who hunt have a special connection with the outdoors and an awareness of the relationships between wildlife, habitat, and humans. With that awareness comes an understanding of the role humans play in being caretakers of the environment. Hunting can obviously damage the environment but all good things tend to come with a cost (. C. Valladares-Padua.
“Ecological Consequence of Hunting). These animals were bound to die someday so why don’t they die by feeding poor families, teaching ethical lessons, strengthening economics and leaving space for more animals to come after them(Capers, Aaron Personal Interview). Hunting is deeper than the death of a biomass.
Work Cited Borghini, Andrea. ‘Philosophy of Hunting. ” About. com Philosophy. N. p. , n. d. Web. 07 Nov. 2012 Cullen, L. , Jr. , E. R. Bodmer, and C. Valladares-Padua. “Ecological Consequence of Hunting in Atlantic Forest Patches, SaAO Paulo, Brazil. N. p. , n.
d. Web. “Facts: Hunting. ” Facts: Hunting. The National Rifle Association of America, `n. d. Web. 07 Nov. 2012 “Fishing: Aquatic Agony. ” PETA. N. p. , 31 Aug. 2003. Web. 21 Feb. 2013. Ross, Larry L. Woodrow. “ South Carolina Sportsman – SC Fishing, Reports, Hunting Magazine”. N. p. , n. d. Web. 07 Nov. 2012. Scott, Carole E. “The Antebellum Period. ” Ancestry. com. rootsweb, 2001. Web. 21 Feb. 2013. “Today’s Hunter Online. ” DNR – Department of Natural Resources, 2012. Web. 07 Nov. 2012 Capers, Aaron Personal Interview 23 Nov. 2012 Out Line I. Unfair Game Hunting.
* Calls, recorded or electronically amplified sounds and imitations of calls or sounds are illegal to hunt on game birds * Crossbows can only be used on private lands and WMA lands statewide during all archery, muzzleloader or gun seasons for deer, bear and turkey. II. Reasons why some people will oppose hunting * Humans can live healthily without meat. Mot animals the eat meat in nature do so because they must in order to survive. * People have the option to make the choice without jeopardizing their own survival because we don’t need to eat animal flesh to be healthy and live naturally.
* It is unnatural for humans to consume food made from the milk of cows, goats, sheep or any other animal. About 75% of the world population is estimated to be lactose-intolerant, which is common among people of Asia, South American and African descent. III. Laws that protect anti-hunters from hunting * It is unlawful to hunt deer within 300 yards of a residence without permission of the owner and occupant, except that a landowner may hunt on his own land (50-11-355) * Hunting I prohibited on Sundays on all WMA lands. On private lands statewide, Sunday hunting all game is legal though.
* It shall be unlawful to enter upon the lands of another for the purpose of hunting, fishing, trapping or retrieval of dogs without the consent of the landowner or manager. * It is unlawful to sell, except by special permit, any protected wildlife. IV. How hunting sheds light on our evolutionary past * Human ancestor started hunting around half a million to a million years ago. * Hunting is a large part of the development of the human brain, biology, and culture. * The development of tools for defending ourselves from predation * The ability to build protected paces out of thorn bushes * The capacity to devise hunting techniques.
* Humans had to start detecting and imitating the sound of other animals: it is believed that hunting played a role in the evolution of human brain in relation to musical abilities and the origin of music. * The development of hunting and butchering tools and the group technique employed by Homo sapiens for predating likely played a major role in the development of ethics: one you have weapons, you also need rule in how they should or should not be put to use. V. The ethics of hunting * Hunting is often opposed on ethical grounds because it inflicts unnecessary pain to animals.
* A population of animals that is predated experiences fear; hunting disrupts families of animals; hunting inflicts pain over hunted animals * Hunting is not even necessary, both from the perspective of a vegetarian diet and because humans have access to alternative source of meat, such as beef and lamb. VI. Hunting and the Environment * In New England, the damages to the environment and the threat to human life and property inflicted by deer and moose population are inducing many people. * Overhunting causes ecological changes in habitat through altered interactions of seed dispersal, seed predation and folivory.
* Overhunting not only reduces populations of specific species, but causes landscape-level changes in habitats and faunal assemblage that must be considered for wildlife. VII. Laws protecting the hunting and selling of deer * Antlerless Deer Harvest Programs are conducted statewide using either-sex days and 2 optional antlerless deer tag programs. * Hunters may purchase up to 4 personal tags, for 5$ each, which can be used on any day open to deer hunting. * These tags do not alter the daily or seasonal bag limits prescribed or alter the type of weapon allowed.
* a deer with not antlers or an antlered deer with less than two inches of antler visible above the hairline may not be possessed, hunted, or shot killed in any way unless a special season. Glossary Tranquility- The state or quality of being serene SCDNR- South Carolina Department of Natural Resources Shoal mates- Social aggregations that are formed by fish Ethics- branch of philosophydealing with values relating to human conduct, with respect tothe rightness and wrongness of certain actions and to the goodness and badness of the motives and ends of such actions.
Antebellum period- South Carolina during the period between the War of 1812 and the American Civil War. WMA lands- Wildlife Management Areas Homo sapiens- The primate species to which modern humans belong; humans regarded as a species. Spatial memories- is the part of memory responsible for recording information about one’s environment and its spatial orientation. APPENDIX A This is a picture of rabbits being killed because of there over population. They are considered varmints. APPENDIX B.
Lactose Intolerance by ethnicity| Race, Ethnicity, Country of Origin| Percentage| Southeast Asians| 98%| Asian Americans| 90%| Alaskan Eskimo| 80%| African-American Adults| 79%| Mexicans (rural communities)| 74%| North American Jews| 69%| Greek Cypriots| 66%| Cretans| 56%| Mexican American Males| 55%| Indian Adults| 50%| African American Children| 45%| Indian Children| 20%| Descendents of Northern Europe| 5% | This is a chart showing the percentage of lactose intolerance humans in different parts of the world. APPENDIX C.
This a picture of illegal game hunting in a third world country even though this animal is being killed illegally it is still benifiting the economy, I do not agree with the death of this animal. APPENDIX D This is a copy of a deer hunting license. Every legal hunter has to own one. APPENDIX E This is a picture of 1 of the 4 total tags a hunter can by in order to tag deer. You must have these tags. APPENDIX F Early hunting and gathering tools that Homo Sapiens would have used. These tools of hunting led to the advancement of humans.
Subject: World population,
University/College: University of California
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 19 May 2017
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