Each culture, ethnic group or region has specific traditions. When we talk about culture, especially in western countries, the religious beliefs and literature often take up our minds. But actually, the food culture contributes a lot to the construction of a region’s civilization and it also plays an important role in cultural identification. Although unlike food traditions in China ,which is famous for “Eight Cuisines” , the western countries still have their own traditional cuisines. Therefore, I will make a brief analysis about the food traditions in some typical western countries.
First of all, it’s about Greece. Greece has been a cross road of people and civilizations for millennia, and this together with the climate has shaped the Greek cuisine. Greek cuisine has also incorporated influences from other civilizations, such as the Persian, the Roman and the Ottoman food cultures. The traditional Greek diet is generally considered to be healthy. The cultivation of fruit, vegetables, legumes and cereals is favored , therefore, these foods are consumed in large amounts. Take Rabbit stew for example, it refers to a food preparation method that is based on the simmering of meat (usually rabbit, hare or beef but may also apply to non-meat dishes) with plenty of onions and various seasonings in tomato sauce. Then we move to Italy. Frankly speaking, what I all know about the Italy food is their “Italy noodle”.
The Italian cuisine can claim roots going back to the 4th century BC. During the Roman Empire, the Romans employed Greek bakers to produce their breads and they imported sheep cheese from Sicily because its inhabitants were known as excellent cheese makers.Italian cuisine is probably one of the most popular cuisines throughout the world. In many countries Italian restaurants with typical Italian dishes such as pizza and pasta can be found in nearly every town. Pizza Napoletana Margherita was created in 1889 as a tribute to the Queen of Italy, Margherita di Savoia, on a visit to Naples. The authentic recipe for Pizza Napoletana Margherita includes local ingredients such as San Marzano tomatoes and Mozzarella Campana, made with milk from cows or buffalos raised in the plains of Campania.
The base is made of wheat flour, yeast, water and salt. The cuisines across Germany are generally rich in meat. In particular, sausages are very popular and can be considered a German ‘fast food’. A variety of sausages with different seasonings and flavors are available throughout the country. Germany is also known for its variety of breads, which are an important component of the German diet. Black Forest smoked ham This ham has been produced for centuries in the Black Forest region and its recipe has been passed on by word of mouth from generation to generation. The meat used is leg of pork; it is cured with salt and herbs, cold-dried and smoked using fir wood.
The Spanish traditional cuisine is full of typically Mediterranean ingredients such as olive oil, tomatoes and a wide variety of fruits, vegetables and legumes. The most popular flavoring in Spain is garlic; it is an ingredient that is used in numerous traditional dishes. Cardoon in almond sauce Cardoon (artichoke thistle) in almond sauce is a traditional dish served at the Christmas Eve dinner in Aragon (Spain) and also in the south of France. The main components are cardoon and pieces of pork belly in a sauce of almonds, seasoned with garlic.
The cuisine of Denmark is comparable to that of other Scandinavian countries and reflects the relatively cold and wet climate. Being one of the world’s largest exporters of pork and pork products (e.g.ham and bacon), pork and pork by-products such as liver play an important role in the Danish diet. Thus, (liver paste) and fermented sausage, salami) are staple foods in most Danish households. Patty shells with chicken and asparagus/Tarteletter med h鴑s i asparges Patty shells are little pots made from wheat flour. These are baked and then filled with a thick stew of asparagus and chicken.
To be honest, I am fond of eating different delicious food. Thus, it’s a good way for me to learn other cultures through their food.
Traditions are customs or beliefs taught by one generation to the next, often by word of mouth, and they play an important role in cultural identification. Each culture, ethnic group or region has specific traditions. Some traditions, such as religious customs, overlap different cultures, ethnic groups or regions. Specific eating habits play an important role in the traditional habits of many cultures. The use of particular food ingredients and food preparation methods has been passed on from one generation to the next, and are nowadays referred to as ‘traditional foods’ .
Traditional foods have played a major role in traditions of different cultures and regions for thousands of years. They include foods that have been consumed locally and regionally for an extended time period. Preparation methods of traditional foods are part of the folklore of a country or a region. Unfortunately, throughout Europe, some traditional foods are at risk of disappearing due to altered lifestyles. Therefore, it is important to study and document traditional foods to sustain important elements of European cultures.