The Third of May 1808 by Francisco de Goya Essay
The Third of May 1808 by Francisco de Goya
On 2nd of May 1808, when the Napoleon’s army invaded Madrid, the citizens of Madrid revolted against them. The French army took revenge on the citizens of Madrid on the following day, 3rd of May 1808, by executing hundreds of the rebellions along with the innocents. Goya illustrated this horrifying event in his painting The third of May, 1808. On the left side of the painting is a man in white kneeling with his arms held up into the air as if surrendering to the executioners. Besides him stand several other rebellions and innocents, some covering their faces in fear of death while others stand by the man in white.
The ugliness of this particular day is depicted by the pool of blood from the dead bodies. The lantern and the dark sky show that this was an event that took place at night. The executioners stand in a row on the right side of the painting, each of them holding a rifle ready to shoot the rebellions. Altogether the painting depicts how scary and ugly night it was, with all those death of the innocents and rebellions likewise, they seem to have no option but surrender themselves to the bullets of the French army and embrace death.
The painting also shows the cruelty and horrors faced by the citizens of Madrid in the hands of the Napoleons Army. The Third of May, 1808 (also known as El tres de mayo de 1808 en Madrid) is now in the Museo del Prado, Madrid. Painted by Francisco de Goya, in 1814 on a canvas. The dimensions of the painting are 268cm ? 347cm. Painter: Francisco de Goya Francisco de Goya was born on March 30, 1746 in Aragon, Spain. He was born to Jose Benito y Franquee and Garcia de Lucientes y Salvador. His family was a middle class family, who lived in a house that bore the crest of his mother’s family.
But later he and his family moved to Saragossa. He became an apprentice to Jose Luzan when he was 14 years old, but he wasn’t with Luzan for long because his family moved to Madrid. In Madrid he studied with Anton Raphael Mengs, and spent a few years working with him. He failed his examinations with Mengs, and applied for the Royal Academy of Arts in 1763 and 1766 but wasn’t accepted. He moved back to Saragossa in 1771. He painted frescos for a local cathedral and these frescos were done in a very decorative traditional manner, which established his artistic reputation and made him famous.
On July 25, 1773, Francisco married Josefa Bayeu. Josefa was a niece of one of the administrators at the Royal Academy of Arts. Francisco applied to the academy again and was accepted. In 1783 Goya had his first big break. He painted a portrait of Count Floridablanca, which became famous among the aristocrats therefore he received more portraits. When he was 40 years old was appointed painter to King Charles III, then he became a court painter for King Charles IV in 1789. In 1792, Goya became completely deaf after suffering from an unknown illness. He isolated himself from the public due to his deafness.
In 1799 he published a series of etchings that ridiculed at human follies and weakness. During Napoleonic invasion and the Spanish War of independence from 1808 to 1814, Goya painted for French patrons and sympathizers. In 1812 his wife died. Goya denied any involvement with the French after the restoration of the Spanish king. From 1819 to 1824 Goya lived in seclusion in a house outside Madrid. He travelled to Spain in 1826, but returned to Bordeaux, where he died of a stroke in 1828 at the age of 82. He was buried in Bordeaux. In 1919 his remains were transferred to Royal Chapel of St. Anthony of La Florida in Madrid.
University/College: University of Chicago
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 23 November 2016
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