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The Scientific Revolution on the Enlightenment Era

Paper type: Essay
Pages: 4 (771 words)
Categories: Isaac Newton,John Locke,Philosophers,Philosophy,Science,Scientist,The Enlightenment,The Scientific Revolution
Downloads: 22
Views: 179

The scientific revolution started in the late in the late 1600’s and was followed by the enlightenment era. The scientific revolution scientists challenged the church’s teachings and proved them wrong in many ways. That made people open their eyes and start to question all of their leaders including those who believed in divine right. With that said, the enlightenment eera couldn’t have happened without the scientific revolution happening before because the scientists of the scientific revolution inspired the enlightenment philosophers, the scientists of the scientific revolution also made the philosophers of the enlightenment think differently and question their rulers, and lastly, new inventions created during the scientific revolution helped spread the ideas of the enlightenment philosophers.

The scientific revolution scientists inspired the philosophers of the enlightenment era. An example of this happening is in the beliefs of John Locke.

John Locke said in his writing “Essay Concerning Human Understanding” that he believed everyone is born Tabula Rasa. People are born neither good nor evil.

He said “Let us then suppose the mind to be, as we say, white paper void of all characters, without any ideas. How comes it to be furnished? Whence comes it by that vast store which the busy and boundless fancy of man has painted on it with an almost endless variety? Whence has it all the materials of reason and knowledge? To this I answer, in one word, from experience” (Locke, 26). In that quote, Locke explains that people become good or evil by what they are exposed to in life. This made him believe that the majority of people in the world are good and that is why he started advocating for a democracy instead of an absolute monarchy. Hobbes on the other hand, believed that everyone is born evil and selfish. That let him to advocate for an absolute monarchy. Both men started with a hypothesis; and although they were not able to test their hypotheses and prove their statements, they used their minds to come to a conclusion.

The scientists also made hypotheses and when something didn’t go as expected, they would try to come to a conclusion and a reason why what happened, happened. The scientific revolution scientists also made the enlightenment philosophers think differently. Before the scientific revolution, everyone went along with what they were told by the church and it was a sin to question them. But scientists started to and started to test their thoughts and proved the church wrong on many things. For example, Nicolas Copernicus came up with the idea that the galaxy isn’t geocentric, but heliocentric. Later, Galileo Galilei proved Copernicus correct and the church wrong. This made people start to realize that not everything they were taught is necessarily true. That made them question their monarchs and how they were ruled.

This was the building blocks of democracy. People started wanting a say in laws, how they were ruled, and who they were ruled by. The scientist’s rise against the church’s teachings made others more confident in themselves and made them challenge their monarchs. Most famous of them all is John Locke. Locke advocated for a democracy. He believed that the people being ruled should give up some of their natural rights in order to receive something in return from their government. This was stated in his work Two Treatises of Government. The enlightenment wouldn’t have been as successful without the help of different inventions created during the scientific revolution.

These inventions helped spread the ideas of the philosophers during the enlightenment era. Inventions like the Fourdrinier Machine created by Louis Robert in 1798, help the publishing process easier and made printing smoother (Paperhall n.d.). The First dictionary was published in 1759 by Samuel Johnson (Park 2009). This helped the readers and writers finally have a common ground and a set way to spell words and a set definition for them.

Both of these inventions were created during the scientific revolution and both of them helped improve the ideas of the enlightenment’s philosophers spread and be understood. In conclusion, there are many things that happened during the scientific revolution that without, would have made the enlightenment era unsuccessful. From the inspiration from the scientific revolution, to the change of the thought process, to the tools used to spread the ideas of the enlightenment philosophers. Everything was crucial, and without them, it would have been very hard to continue with the enlightenment.

Locke, John. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. 1689.
Locke, John. Two Treatises of Government. 1689.
Paper Hall. http://www.paperhall.org/info/glossary.html (accessed 12 19,
2012). Park, Patricia. http://people.lis.illinois.edu. Febuary 9, 2009. http://people.lis.illinois.edu/~chip/projects/timeline/1755park.htm (accessed December 19, 2012).

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The Scientific Revolution on the Enlightenment Era. (2017, Jan 02). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/the-scientific-revolution-on-the-enlightenment-era-essay

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