People have depended on science and technology to improve crops for thousands of years now. Quickly after its creation, the press, government officials, and scientist began to think about the possible impact on human health and the biodiversity of the Earth. GMOs remain a controversial topic, especially with regards to food safety. GMO critics say that they lead to more allergic reactions and can harm the environment. However, even though society may be skeptical about GMOs, after more than 20 years of investigation and analysis, the scientific and medical authorities have found them as healthy as non- GMO crops.
In fact, GMO crop regulation in the united states is divided into three regulatory authorities: The EPA, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the US Agriculture Department (USDA). From a different viewpoint, each one of these organizations regulates genetically modified crops also known as GMO. EPA allows the manufacturer to check that the toxin is environmentally safe and performs an evaluation of the food safety to ensure that the foreign protein is not allergic.
The FDA regulates the safety of GMO crops consumed by humans or animals. The FDA has established a voluntary review process with GMO crop developers to review the commitment of significant equivalence leading up to the marketing of the crop, like determining the toxicity and allercity of the gene product and plant itself. With all this being said genetically modified foods are very beneficially, they are helping feed a growing population, benefiting farmers, and adding more nutrients to our foods.
The worldwide population is growing rapidly. The world’s population is expected to reach ten billion by 2050. With this happening there are major problems that can arise, such as severe hunger. “795 million people lack sufficient food to lead a healthy, active life. Most of the hunger is happening in developing countries.” A developing country is a poor agricultural country that is seeking to become more advance economically and socially.
Poverty is severe in these developing nations. So, imagine if there were changes. How can this problem be solved? Through introducing genetically modified foods. GMO foods will be an effective tool for feeding this growing population. People need to accept and embrace new technology that can help address world hunger in the long run. Recent developments in genetic engineering technology have permitted scientist to accurately add, erase and reorganize genetic code pieces to infuse crops with useful features. This advanced biotechnology is measuring the amount of food that can be replenished from a specific area. A common strategy used among scientist to expand yield, is to incorporate a gene that provides opposition to frequently used insecticides. Taking this into consideration if genetically modified is introduced to third world country’s it can be key factor into decreasing starvation. Though most of these developing countries appose GMO foods because it goes against there cultural ways, they can be greatly benefited. Farmers in these countries can help create the yield they need for their countries.
. Farmers who adopt these pesticide-resistant crops are able to produce the most yield to feed a growing population.
For many years now farmers have tried to do the best they can when it comes to crops. They have delivered us with crops and fruits. In order to develop these crops and fruits farmers have had to plant seeds, this being such a gradual process that required a lot of skill because of the many things that affect these crops. Some of the things that play into action when it comes to growing these goods is climate and pesticides. Genetically modified foods have been a major contributor to the global warming problem in agriculture. This genetically modified foods are helping crops resist droughts. Because of this, Farmers are able to still produce quantities of food without having to be affected by weather change. Another pro of genetically modified foods farmers are benefiting from is pesticides. What are pesticides? A substance used to kill insects or other species that are toxic to crops or livestock. In agriculture, farmers use pesticides to manage weeds, infestation of insects and diseases. Pesticides allow farmers to grow foods at reasonable prices and with good quality. They also assist farmers in providing an infinite supply of nutritious, all year-round foods that are required for survival. It was doable for farmers to grow more crops and spend less money on pesticides. Farmers across the world using GMO seeds gained economically while boosting the environmental protection of there crops. In fact, according to “farmers who used enhanced seeds and grow biotech crops saw significant net economic benefit at the farm levels of 18.8 billion in 2012 and 116.6 billion in 2012 for the 17 year (1996-2012) period.”
Multiple people suffer from some kind of major nutritional defiency around the world. This can cause health complications that can even lead to death. A strategy that can help eliminate this problem is more nutrient rich foods through genetically modified foods. People that are against GMO crops claim that these foods are more likely to cause allergies. Allergic reactions are when people have overly sensitive immune response when coming in contact with particular compounds called allergens. These allergies can cause inflammation, itchy rash, and trouble breathing. Allergies are very common, in fact food allergies affect millions globally. As earlier stated, FAO organization is responsible for consumer acceptance. They make sure that every genetically modified food is applied to all recognized allergens with the composition of the added protein. Extensive test are then used to further analyze possible allergenicity. Genetically modified foods can contribute to health as a whole. Substantial progress has been made in biotechnology development over the past decade. This development has reinforced food production nutritional value. Supplementation activities have applied vitamins and minerals to food crops. It has been proven effective to provide micronutrients in the form of supplements to undernourished populations. Genetically modified foods have a few key factors including a changed nutritional content, longer shelf like, and nicer texture and of course flavor. The advancement of science and technology is helping researchers identify new genes that can be transferred from one species to another. This this advancement, scientist are able to create quality nutritious foods.
To conclude, even though genetically modified foods may have a few flaws, the benefits overshadow the withdraws. Scientist till this day haven’t found no real danger when it comes to these foods. The most advanced studies on genetically modified foods have been performed by the National Academics of Science and engineered food. These studies findings are clear. That being said, the health and safety risk of GMO foods are obviously false. In fact genetically modified foods are helping us increase yields for the growing population, benefiting farmers globally, and adding more nutrients to foods.