The Role of Consolidation and its Use in Psychology Essay
The Role of Consolidation and its Use in Psychology
Psychologists specializing in memory monitor the progressive stabilization of the memory trace after it has already been encoded (Roediger, Yudai and Fitzpatrick, 2007, p. 165). There were theories that describe the facilitation of access of information and creation of computational spaces wherein the new information is to be retained. Consolidation theory mentions that the process called neural fixation happens after learning has taken place. This process was identified to enhance or steadiness of the recently acquired information (Squire and Schacter, p. 62).
Winn (2001) describes consolidation as the process in which data are eventually encoded to a more permanent form from an initially acquired and temporarily stored form (676). A study by Burnham suggested two features to the notion of consolidation: (1) time is needed for the proper memory consolidation; (2) consolidation is not just a strengthening experience but also a way of renewal and organization of the old ones. Neural psychologists are of interest with consolidation and its connections to the present-day ideas of the medial temporal lobe (Squire and Schacter, 2002, p. 62).
Psychologists on the social aspect treat the behaviour of humans, in which they tend to decline in their old ways, as the absence of consolidation. Counselling as a form of consolidation were proven by psychologists to have affected behaviour in such a way that people tend to dwell more on finding solutions to problems instead of concentrating on the problems (Steenbarger, 2002, p. 153).
Psychologists study retrograde amnesia using the concept of consolidation, in line with other considerable explanations. Spaced repetitions have also been interpreted using this concept. In these studies, the direct manipulation of consolidation processes is permitted, using standard/normal conditions (the subject and the laboratory practices). Assessing the memory is one of the best functions of consolidation. Reminiscence best describes the development of one’s memory through time and in effect become a more stable one (Weingartner and Parker, 1984, p. 150).
Other psychologists prefer cognitive methods of studying learning and forgetting instead of consolidation, which allows them to explain the human as a passive organism without the involuntary physiological process being taken into account (Weingartner and Parker, 1984, p. 159).
Roediger, H. L., Dudai, Y., & Fitzpatrick, S. M. (2007). Science of Memory: Concepts. Retrieved July 7, 2008, from http://books.google.com/books?id=SRZBDcwNOdAC
Squire, L. R., & Schacter, D. L. (2002). Neuropsychology of Memory. Retrieved July 7, 2008, from http://books.google.com/books?id=k3VxnH2fVTAC
Steenbarger, B. N. (2002). The Psychology of Trading: Tools and Techniques for Minding the Markets. Retrieved Juy 7, 2008, from http://books.google.com/books?id=s8JImBOR7rIC
Weingartner, H., & Parker, E. S. (1984). Memory Consolidation: Psychobiology of Cognition. Retrieved July 7, 2008, from http://books.google.com/books?id=tVwr_x2IwVoC
Winn, P. (2001). Dictionary of biological psychology. Retrieved July 7, 2008, from http://books.google.com/books?id=UbL2MZ9xI7oC