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The influx of refugees and immigrants across the European borders in the year 2015 was seen by others as a foreseeable crisis that was contributed by improper implementation of the EU immigration policies. The signs of this crisis were significant in 2013, when the governments were cautioned of the large inflows and loss of live on the Mediterranean Sea. In as much as the effects of this inflow was felt Italy, it was a significant warning of the crisis ahead. The situation blew out of proportion in 2015, when the flows from Turkey to Greece increased tremendously, and more movements were experienced through the Wester Balkans and spread to other EU member states.
At this point the relevant authorities were greatly struggling to cope up with the situation, from border control to humanitarian services.
People may leave their country of origin to settle in another, these people are treated in a special way that legal practices define that restricts them from being part of another nation state.
The rate at which persons are being displaced from their countries of origin is increasing over the previous years. In 2015 the highest number of people have been displaced I the world since the last world war (Herwig, 2016). The huge number of refugees seem to be a menace on the side of European Union. In just a year (2015), over a million refugees have been reported to have moved from North Africa to the European Union across the Mediterranean Sea. The large numbers of refugees lead to the announcement of refugee crisis in the EU.
The EU came up with the Resettlement and Relocation Program that would see the members of the union accept a certain number of refugees based on the agreed terms. Those who risked their lives by crossing the see were however exempted from such programs.
There are several proposed solutions to try and solve this crisis that is being experienced in the European Union. Each member of the European Union should actively involve themselves in solving the crisis by creating a new approach since the Dublin system seems to have failed. The union should make sure that each member state fulfills its first reception responsibilities thus preventing the refugees from moving to other states so as to live better. The EU can come up with an agreement that would define the sharing the reception of refugees in a manner that is just to both the refugee and the member states to ensure that the states commit to fully be responsible for hosting the refugees.
In this section we discuss the general form of the proposed research topic, methods that are proposed to be used with justification and why they were preferable. The section also contains the definition of the sample design and sapling methods that will be applied in implementing the research topic. The research process is going to utilize primary data sources in collection of data for the research study. The main data collection method is questionnaires. Questionnaires are common in cases of collection of data from a large sample. The questionnaires are sent to the selected respondents who are required to respond to the questions and then return the questionnaire. The questionnaire is composed of a set of questions that are arranged in some sequential order. The respondents read the set of questions contained in the questionnaire and then responds to the questions in the spaces available.
The following are advantages of using questionnaires as a method of data collection in a certain research problem; First, has lower costs compared to other methods even when the target population is scattered over a large geographical area. The researcher sends the questionnaires to the respondents, this may be done through mail or email. The respondents then pick the questionnaires and answer the questions as stated by the instructions. The posting of such material is such a low-cost process that even when the population is widely spread. Therefore, by using questionnaires one is able to reach a wide audience efficiently at lower costs.
Second, there is limited to no researcher’s bias. The respondents write the responses in their own words with limited influence from the researcher. Once the questionnaire is posted to the respondent, the researcher’s influence on the responses is limited to the instructions that are provided on the questionnaire. Therefore, in general researcher bias is limited by the researcher having limited control over responses from the chosen sample. Respondents have enough time to think about their responses. Since the questionnaire is sent to the respondent and he or she is given time to respond. The respondent is under little pressure to answer the questions in the questionnaire. The respondent may therefore take his or her time to comprehend the questions and come up with suitable answers for the same. In general questionnaires will fetch more properly thought out responses as compared to other methods of data collection that require immediate response.
Using questionnaires makes it possible to reach respondents that are not easily accessible. Some respondents in the target population may not be available for procedures such as interviews or to be observed. Since questionnaires are posted and the respondents pick and answer the questions at their own time, this makes it convenient for such persons the respondent takes his or her time to respondent when they are free at their own convenience. Lastly, questionnaires can be used to reach a large sample. Questionnaires can be sent to a large sample of respondents in the target population since it is affordable to do so. There is also convenience in sending the questionnaires to such a large sample thus making the data generated more dependable and trustworthy in the research thus can be used in coming up with generalizations.
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