The reason the British Empire gave up imperial control Essay
The reason the British Empire gave up imperial control
On 15th August 1947, India finally escaped away from the rule of the British. Mahatma Gandhi, 1869-1948, was the leader of Indian Nationalism in British-ruled India. Before Gandhi was born, British started ruling India at 1858. They took control of the cotton industry and traded it as their own and used violence to control the 500 million Indians. When Gandhi was about 45 years old, he started to protest as the leader of discontented Indians while employing nonviolent civil disobedience. Although the British Empire gave up imperial control after a series of events that were not related to Mahatma Gandhi, he was still the main reason why the British granted India independence.
After Gandhi had gained a lot of people’s support, he and many brave Indian made a lot of protesting events. As the cotton industry was very important to the British then, Gandhi had the idea of being independent on the cotton industry and controlling their economy. “If people relearned how to spin cotton into thread,” Gandhi reasoned, “They would not have to export it and the art of spinning and weaving in India would be revived.” Then Gandhi’s followers, urged on by the Mahatma, casted their British-milled clothes into bonfires.
The British started to show action too. On 10th March, 1922, Gandhi was arrested and charged with three counts of sedition. Before then, on 5 February 1922, in the town of Chauri Chaura some soldiers got into a fight with the police and soon the police shot their guns into the air. People possibly got angry and the mob set fire to the station. At last 22 policemen died. This was the pretext of arresting Gandhi without obvious offend to him and the Indians.
At 1928, Gandhi and the Indians received a deep insult from the British: the lack of numbers of Indians on the commission of the task of the workings and recommendations of Britain’s Indian government. After receiving a negative response from Lord Irwin, Viceroy of India on 12th March after sending him a letter proclaiming the tax of salt evil at 1930, he proceeded a march with 78 of his most trusted volunteers to walk by foot to Dandi, 390 kilometers away on Gujarat coast.
Everyday, he would rest in villages after 17 kilometers of walking and educate young Indians in those villages about stayagraha(the salt march) and many were encouraged to join the march. On the evening of 5th April, the group arrived the coast and spent the night praying. The next day, Gandhi broke the law by bathing in the sea as a symbol of purification and picked up some salt on the sand brought in by the tide.
The salt march took effect, Indians started illegally making and selling salt in India; some British shops were picketed and boycotted. On May 4 around midnight, Gandhi was arrested with his followers and was taken to Yeravda jail.
However, one of the main reasons the British granted independence to India was learning a lesson in the America Revolution in 1945, also called The World War 2. They possibly learnt that it is better sometimes to grant independence than to fight a war. As Gandhi said, _”Brittan cannot rule a nation of 500 million, if the 500 million do not want to be ruled.”_
Although the British Empire gave up imperial control after a series of events that were not related to Mahatma Gandhi, he was still the main reason why the British granted India independence. All his hardworking, his sacrifice, his lost of time can finally achieve his goal – to make the British grant independence to India.