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The Origins and Outbreak of the Civil War

When thinking about such a big war, the civil war was a commonly known one. Which has multiple stories behind the many different reasons for the onset of the Civil War. In 1619 the British colony of Jamestown and Virginia began slavery in America. African Americans were slaves in what became the United States by the early 17th century. Throughout the 17th century, European North American settlers turned to African slavery as a cheaper, more plentiful source of labor than the indentured servants, who were mainly poor Europeans.

While it is difficult to provide precise estimates, it is known that, during the 18th century alone, 6 to 7 million enslaved people were transported to the New World, depriving the African continent of thousands of the healthiest and most abominable men and women. Even then, at the time of the American Revolution and the subsequent adoption of the revolutionary Constitution in 1787, slavery was in effect a failed practice. As part of the negotiations, the founders decided to end imports, which required the Constitution to be written and adopted.

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Black Americans were allowed to fight within the Union Army for the first time, and many of them did so by the end of the war. Finally, the Proclamation of Emancipation paved the way for the USA to officially abolish slavery.

The fighting was no longer just about holding the Union together. It was about liberating the slaves, as well. Which helped the planters grow a variety of cotton The bottleneck was always the labor required in growing this crop to remove the seeds from the cotton fibers.

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The gin of Eli Whitney made it more cost-effective to do so. This knowledge has made the production of cotton much more profitable and very attractive for southern planters and farmers. African Americans supplied cotton work, it was very hard, and cotton farmers required a great deal of labor to tend the fields. These slaves also participated in many other cultivation forms, including cotton, hemp, corn, and livestock. Lloyd Garrison, a prominent American abolitionist, journalist, suffragist, and social reformer. He is best known for his anti-slavery newspaper, which he published in 1831 and distributed in Boston until 1865, because of a constitutional amendment. Which brought an end to slavery in the US. Theodore Dwight Weld started working as a talker for America’s Anti-Slavery Society. He had participated in establishing the Society in 1833. He was forced to end his speaking career due to health problems.

Another man fighting for the abolishment of the slavery movement, Frederick Douglass. He continued to serve as editor of the various publications for the American Anti-Slavery Movement. He was a pioneer in the abolitionist cause before and after the Civil War, which aimed to abolish the institution of slavery. He also continued to advocate for liberty and civil rights. Until his later death in 1895. Which shortly followed the 1862 dispute and the Declaration of Emancipation. The Dred Scott decision shocked abolitionists, who saw the Supreme Court action as a means of suspending controversy over colonial slavery. As the nation began the third year of bloody civil war President Abraham Lincoln issued the Declaration of Emancipation, the division on slavery between North and South intensified and culminated. Black Americans were allowed to fight within the Union Army for the first time, and many of them did so by the end of the war. Finally, the Proclamation of Emancipation paved the way for the US to officially abolish slavery. The fighting was no longer just about holding the Union together. It was about liberating the slaves, as well.

The problem of whether to distribute power between the federal government and the states is just what American politics has been talking about for over two decades. Throughout history, there have been debates over central government jurisdiction and the rights of the states. The first two parties were in great conflict and in the beginning John C. Calhoun wanted and had nothing to do with the dispute. There was a great deal of disagreement among delegates as to how broad the federal government’s powers should be. As well as various agreements on the issue of states’ rights and the powers of the emerging federal government. As Secretary of State, he supported the secession of Texas as a means to expand slave control and helped settle the border dispute over Oregon with Britain. With the election to the House of Representatives, Calhoun finished his legislative career. He was a respected member of the hawk party, vigorously joined the war of 1812 to defend Yankee’s reputation during the Napoleonic Wars against British independence and breaches of the peace. He also served as War Secretary under President James Monroe, and during this period he organized and promoted the War Department. Calhoun had been a presidential candidate during the 1824 race. He united to be a candidate for the vice presidency, though he declined to accept support.

During his time, he first endorsed the 1828 tariff, the so-called Abominations Tariff, and concluded that the tariff was arbitrarily calculated. He asserted original jurisdiction for all people working across the States and proposed a state veto or nullification of any national legislation considered to impinge on minority interests. He later created the constitutional theory Policy and Politics, making the classic case for minority rights within the context of majority rule. While then joining Henry Clay, Calhoun hammered out the Compromise Tariff. Typically Calhoun acted as a new party-independent body diversely allying with Democrats and Whigs. State rights doctrine sets the tone for the Civil War through the various compromises that would take effect. On the subjects which created tension between them, both the North and the South varied greatly. The term state was used in the United States, for a number of government initiatives. Conflicts preferred to be resolved as far as possible, but still, there are others that last longer than they expected. The Northern inspired Southern opponents of tariffs and proposals to abolish or curb slavery during the American Civil War.

Another justification used was the doctrine. The doctrine was one such argument used. That, within their territory, was known as nullification. Arguing that the states have a central government right to regular laws. As well as debating whether the States were allowed to secede from the Union because of their dominance. This political question was only answered by the triumph of the northern federal government in the Civil War. Overall, I have learned that since the civil war battle, the adoption of the 14th amendment placed substantial limitations on the powers of States to control the lives of people under their authority. During history, this resulted in revoking state legislation limiting the freedoms of writers, convicted defendants, private property owners, weapons owners, representatives of racial and ethnic groups, and others.

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The Origins and Outbreak of the Civil War. (2020, Oct 11). Retrieved from

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