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The Odyssey Essay Examples

Essay on The Odyssey

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"Life of Pi" vs "The Odyssey" Comparative Essay

Life standed on the sea is very grueling and risky. Only a few are able to face the challenging tasks of such a situation using their wits and persistence. In the book Life Of Pi and the film The Odyssey, the journeys of the main characters are surprisingly parallel, considering the works were written over 20 centuries apart. Both of their journeys contain stages similar to the archetypal hero journey, including the Separation/Departure, Initiation and The Return. Although both Pi…...

10 most important events in the odyssey

1.) the lotus eaters-drugged Odysseus' men. 2.)Cyclopes-believed Odysseus that he was no body and gets hurt. 3.) Circe-Odysseus sends his men to find out what she is, turns men into pigs, Hermes gives Odysseus garlic so he doesn't turn into pig 4.)the sirens-singing 10 most important events in the odyssey 1.) the lotus eaters-drugged Odysseus' men. 2.)Cyclopes-believed Odysseus that he was no body and gets hurt. 3.) Circe-Odysseus sends his men to find out what she is, turns men into…...

Divine Intervention Dealing with Greek Mythology

Divine intervention is a feature of ancient Greek literature. One is amazed and even dumbfounded by the magical myths so frequently referred to. In Greek literature, the gods play an immense role in the lives and fates of the mortal dwellers of the earth. As one examines the gods throughout the myths and epic poems of the Greeks, one recieves a strong impression that the gods "play" with and manipulate mortals and each other. One goddess who exemplifies this is…...

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Relationships between Gods and Mortals in The Odyssey

The Ancient Greeks were a race of very religious people who believed strongly in their gods and goddesses. Not only did they believe in the presence of their gods, they actually believed that the gods often intervened in their lives. Due to such a strong belief, the Greeks held their gods in the highest regard and had the utmost respect and reverence for them. Furthermore, they established certain types of relationships with their gods, usually not relationships in a physical…...

"The Odyssey" as didactic literature

The Odysseus who leaves Troy changes into a totally different man before he comes to his home in Ithaca. The hero sustains lots of trials and adversities caused by the menis of Poseidon, however learns from his mistakes and matures much through his trek. Poseidon serves as a sign of the supernatural and the threatening. In a manner, he is the abusive, but pedagogic daddy. It is Poseidon who keeps Odysseus in the face of risk, and it is Poseidon…...

Hospitality and Destiny in the Odyssey and Sundiata

Princeton's Wordnet defines hospitality as "[the act of] cordial reception: [or] kindness in welcoming guests or strangers." Since the start of this semester, we have read about two different journeys in which hospitality plays an important role in fulfilling the destiny of the main character. In Homer's Odyssey, many examples of this are apparent, whether they are for the benefit or the downfall of the protagonist Odysseus. However, Odysseus is not the only one whom hospitality rules. His son Telemachus…...

A Poem Ithaca Based on the Odyssey

Everyone is given the opportunity to take the odyssey that is "life, however it is important to make the journey as memorable as one possibly can. The poem "Ithaca" by C.P. Cavafy suggests that what is most important in life is the experience that is incorporated with the journey, not necessarily just reaching the ultimate goal. It is the quest, not the destination which matters most. This message is conveyed through the poem through the use of allusion, myth and…...

"The Odyssey" - Telemachus' Journey

When does a boy end up being a male? This rite of passage is explored in Robert Fagles' translation of Homer's legendary poem, The Odyssey. Odysseus (king of Ithaca) combated in the Trojan War for 10 years and after the fall of Troy he invested the next ten years attempting to get house. He left an infant boy, Telemachus, and a dedicated wife, Penelope. Although they wished for Odysseus' return, Penelope and Telemachus were the ideal hosts to wayward complete…...

The Odyssey: Odysseus' heroic/frail qualities

A hero might typically be described as a courageous person who has the strength of a warrior and a leader to triumph in battles. However, a hero may also be someone who uses his brain just as much as he uses his brawn. In 'The Odyssey' by Homer, Odysseus embodies the ideal human qualities that Homer's Greek society respect: bravery, nobility and intelligence. Despite these attributes, he has a tragic flaw that brings demise and destruction over his journey and…...

Recklessness in the Odyssey

Odysseus' overdeveloped pride and arrogance led him to act recklessly in Book Nine of the Odyssey. This caused unfortunate scenarios for both Odysseus and his men. Odysseus had a lot of pride. This is shown when he states that he is "known to the world" and that his fame "has reached the skies" - book 9 line 21-22This is the pride that he has of his name, which leads to his questionable judgment. He regarded as a great hero and…...

Achilles and Odysseus

It is not unknown that people look up to heroes and even try to emulate their actions; however, there is a relevant question that needs to be asked in order to facilitate a thorough understanding of what differentiates a hero—from someone who is merely fighting for himself. According to Aristotle's Politics (9), “[... ] he who is unable to live in society, or who has no need because he is sufficient for himself, must either be a beast or a…...

Storytelling in Homer’s The Odyssey and Virgil’s The Aeneid

Storytelling was very essential to the history of man. For many years, storytelling was the crucial means which enabled man to record history. In the absence of written records, oral tradition became necessary in terms of documenting the experiences of man. Through the oral tradition, the history of man was passed on from one generation to another. While that kind of storytelling may reveal a different or exaggerated version of what actually transpired, the changes made do not undermine the…...

The Role of Women in The Odyssey

The Odyssey, by Homer, is an epic poem based on the story of an ancient Greek hero, Odysseus, and his twenty year journey—ten years spent fighting in the Trojan War and the other ten spent traveling home. In the poem, Homer presents the theme of the role and nature of women. Men were the dominant gender in ancient Greece, and women, who were inferior, were only valued for their beauty and their ability to reproduce. However, in this poem, Homer…...

The Odyssey Themes

Grief, Suffering, Sorrow, Misery, Distress, and Misery: According to Greek Folklore the act of being human needs that you need to suffer and there is no escape from pain, it is the cost you pay to be human. "By nights he would lie next to her, of requirement, in the hollow caerns, versus his will, by one who wanted, but all the days he would sit upon the rocks, at the beachfront, breaking his heart in tears and lamentation and…...

Meaning of Underworld in the Odyssey and Aeneid

In both Odyssey and Aeneid the protagonists visit the Underworld and for both this is a turning point of their life and the turning point of the plot. For Odyssey the unusual travel marks his symbolic “cleansing” from blood he has shed at Troy and from anger of gods, making it possible for him to return to Ithaca. Before traveling to the Underworld Aeneas is an expellee, who strives “in vain against the seas and wind” (Aeneid, 5: 21). After…...

Parallel Motivations in the Iliad and the Odyssey

The Iliad and the Odyssey were poems written by Homer about events in Greek mythology. The Iliad detailed the final year of the Trojan war, which pitted the Greeks against the Trojans, and this poetic story described the outcome of the war. Homer’s Odyssey describes the adventures of Odysseus (Ulysses, as he was known in Roman mythology) as he tries to return home, to Ithaca, following the Trojan War. But there is one them that is present in both of…...

Complementing Texts: Homer’s The Odyssey and Dante’s Inferno

Ever since human beings started telling stories for entertainment or for edification, heroes have made incredible journeys against what seem like impossible odds. In the beginning, heroes often these journeys to reach a goal, often in defiance of the gods who, for whatever reason, had imposed limits upon the main character of the story. In Homer’s story, The Odyssey, this limitation is that the gods will block his way home until he speaks to the sage Tiresias. By contrast, Dante…...

The Odyssey Book vs. Movie Version

In our world of advanced technology, we love to watch movies more than we love to read. Sitting in front of a flat-screen TV while eating popcorn and drinking soda would sound much more appealing than reading a book by the fire at night while drinking a frappucino from Starbucks. Now, producers and directors would take successful and famous stories and adapt it into a movie. Sometimes, they would succeed, with examples being the Harry Potter series, which received mainly…...

Traits Most Admired by the Ancient Greeks

Characters such as Achilles and Odysseus were the most highly regarded of heroes. The Greeks admired many characteristics in the characters and heroes of their mythology, but the ones most admired by them were strength, cunning and beauty. The gods and goddesses of Mt. Olympus embodied all these traits and characteristics most revered by the Greeks. Strength in battle was greatly admired by the ancient Greeks. The strongest warriors were a favorite topic of myths. The gods of their myths…...

The Odyssey in Comparison With “My Father on His Shield”

Often in literature, writers unintentionally create works that tie very well with one another. Two works that connect well are The Odyssey by Homer, translated by Robert Fizgerald, and “My Father on His Shield,” by Walt McDonald. While McDonald’s poem underscores the tone of mourning and sorrow by the main character, Homer’s work elucidates the tone of animosity and hurt. As previously stated, the tone of McDonald’s poem, “My Father on His Shield” is one of mourning and grief. The…...

The Odyssey Theme

The theme of identity had served as a very important device throughout the story of The Odyssey. Basically, The Odyssey narrated the journey of Odysseus, known as one of the greatest mortal who played a very significant part in the Greek Mythology. His story started since the Trojan War period. But his golden period really began after the fall of Troy.             One of the key scenes which affect the journey of Odysseus towards his home was when he successfully…...

Close Analysis of Penelope From Odyssey Poem

"Duffy takes a cheeky, subversive, no nonsense swipe at men of history and myth. " - The Times 'The World's wife' a series of witty dramatic monologues spoken by women formally airbrushed from fairy tales and myths. Duffy presents Penelope as a woman who grows more independent of her husband as she initially casually passes time by embroidering. Duffy subverts the male dominance of these tales by demonstrating how unlike in the original myth, Penelope grows accustomed to Odysseus' absence…...

Circe and Nausicaa in the Odysseys

These four characters all have the same role within the Odyssey and the Aeneid as they are all put in place as obstacles to the hero's quest. Odysseus and Aeneas both have arduous journeys to undertake and these characters are simply temptresses, there to prevent the heroes from fulfilling there quests and in my opinion pose a greater threat to the completion of the journeys then the physical dangers both heroes have to endure. However although within these epics the…...

Questions on circe and book 10 of the Odyssey

1. What has happened up to the point that Odysseus meets Circe but after he leaves the land of the Cyclops Polyphemus chases after Odysseus and his men throwing boulders that narrowly miss them. Odysseus tells Polyphemus his name and Polyphemus curses Odysseus. They go to Aeolia and gets given a bag of wind by Aeolus. Odysseus falls asleep and his men open the bag as they think it contains gold. The wind comes out and gets blown of course.…...

Heroism and cowardice in the Odyssey

The most respected and venerated social group in Homeric times was that of the heroic warriors and kings. These were the people who lead their armies into battle and won accolades for their valor or courage displayed on the battlefield. The cowardly on the other hand, were subjected to strong prejudice. Their existence was considered a burden on the earth and they were ignored and ridiculed by everyone. This is evident in the Odyssey when Homer describes the incident of…...

The Odyssey crossword puzzle

ithaca odysseus' home alcinous the Phaeacian king who hosts Odysseus poseidon the only god who did not pity Odysseus polyphemus the cyclops blinded by Odysseus hermes the messenger of the gods also known as "the giant killer" lotus the flowery fruit that can make men forget their homes laertes father of Odysseus eurymachus prominent suitor who is the arch-enemy of Telemachus circe imprisoned Odysseus' men in a pig sty before becoming his lover elpenor member of Odysseus' who is encountered…...

The Odyssey

What is your first impression of Odysseus? Which of his qualities do you admire? He is heroic - hero of the Trojan War. He is loyal and wants to get back to his home. Describe the events on Ismarus. The men plunder the land and, carried away by greed, stay until the reinforced ranks of the Cicones turn on them and attack. Odysseus and his crew finally escape, having lost six men per ship. What lessons can be learned from…...

Analysis of the Odyssey book 11

1) Odysseus travels to the Underworld and makes the offerings according to Circe's instructions and takes even more instructions from Teiresias on how to get home to Ithaca. 2) Many many of the dead wish to talk to Odysseus (especially his mother), and he needs to draw his sword to keep them away. 3) Odysseus becomes frightened and goes back to his ship immediately, and sails on to Ithaca. Two quotes: 1) “But you, Achilles,there’s not a man in the…...

The following themes in The Odyssey are particularly important because they serve

The following themes in The Odyssey are particularly important because they serve to shape most of the characters ' moral and ethical constitution. Throughout, the reader learns about the characters. The more complicated a character is, the more it involves these main themes. Thus, Odysseus, the most complicated character, properly embodies each of the themes in part, hospitality, loyalty, perseverance, vengeance, perception, and spiritual growth.Civilized people make an investment in hospitality so as to demonstrate their quality as human beings…...

Analysis of Virgil's Aeneid Based on The Odyssey

The Roman epic of Virgils Aeneid describes the hardship and misadventures of Aeneas and the Trojans quest from Troy to Italy. Like Homer's famous epics, the Iliad and Odyssey, Virgil's narrative style and structure portrays similar attributes in the finding of Rome. Aeneas encounters several women on his journey who play a significant role throughout this epic in assisting or destroying his journey to Rome. His representation of female characters provides the readers with a better understanding of gender politics…...

Conversation of Actions and Mutual Exchanges in The Odyssey

For some, the concept of retribution and reward from gods is key in the world. This is indirectly shown in The Odyssey by Homer. In this epic, there are many examples showing that characters are greatly affected by the gods when they respond to situations in their experiences in certain ways, but it is equally important to examine the reasons behind these exchanges of actions between the gods and humans. The humans provide services for the gods, and in return,…...

Discuss Homer's portrayal of women in the Odyssey

In the Odyssey, Homer brings us back to the society of his times through his writings about the people, their lifestyles, perspectives and values. In the patriarchal perspective of women in Homer's society, women hold very low status in comparison to men. In fact, they are considered tokens of male power-struggles. We will study how Homer uses language and style in the portrayal of some women characters to understand what views of women are presented and how these may represent…...

My Father's Song Vs. The Odyssey

"My Father's Song" and "The Odyssey" have a major theme in common which can be seen on two different levels. The common theme of the two poems is the "Father, Son" theme. The author, Simon Ortiz, from whose point of view we read "My Father's Song", can be compared as either Telemachus or Odysseus in "The Odyssey". In either case, the relationship is that something is being passed down. Ortiz can be seen as two people, as a son, and…...

Similes in the Odyssey: Books 5-7

Written hundreds of centuries ago, The Odyssey is perhaps the earliest piece of western literature in existence. In order to set a trend and to involve the audience, the writer; Homer, uses a range of literary techniques, including metaphors, imagery, long winded speeches and trials and tests of various characters. But the most effective device used by Homer is without doubt the simile. At the start of Book 5, Homer compares the journey of Hermes; the messenger of the Gods,…...

Two Visits to the Underworld 750 Years Apart: The Odyssey and the Aeneid

Virgil wrote the Aeneid for a variety of social and personal reasons. Besides wanting to eat and support his family, Virgil also wrote to please rulers of Rome as well as other patrons, who looked up to the Greeks as great scholars (they employed Greek tutors) but very much wanted to honor the founders of Rome. Besides wanting to elevate Aeneas's stature as a hero, Virgil was also competing with Homer to see if he could produce a greater work…...

Odysseus and The 12 Stages of a Hero's Journey

Thesis: The quest of Odysseus to return home follows Joseph Campbell's Hero's Journey Topic Sentence: Odysseus, The hero, departs and begins his journey when he must leave Ithica, His home. His call to adventure starts when he is called upon by Agamemnon to help Menelaus rescue Helena, His wife, who has been kidnapped by one of the Trojans, Paris. Odysseus refuses the call, Wanting to stay by his wife and child. Odysseus and Achilles attempt to avoid the war by…...

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