The occupation of Midle America Essay
The occupation of Midle America
What drove the Conquest
The Spain’s occupation of Mesoamerica violently destroyed the Mesoamerica social instuition, religion and infrastructure. from 1519-1600 (80), the native population felt from at least 25 million to about a million. 300 years of colonial rules, accompanied by political and economy exploitation. Categorized people by color.
Africa begins at the pyrenees
The Rome laid the foundation of the Spanish language and culture. Iberians entered from North Africa to Spain (4000 -3500 BC). The celtics arrived through the pyrenees from 900 to 650 BC. In 711, the Muslins launched an invasion and occupied “La Peninsula Iberica” (spain). The Muslins brought irrigation methods, food strains (oranges, other food and vegetables). Under the control of the Muslims, Spain became the center of Art The Africans brought breeds of animals.
By the end of the reconquista, between 120,000 and 150,000 jews were expelled from La Peninsula Iberica. The Spanish Conquest:
In 1492, Colon landed in the Islands of the Caribbean. When he could not find sufficient gold and wealth, he turned to trading slaves with the portugueses . In 1495, Colon sent 500 natives (Tainos) to spain; however, only 300 survived the trip. Sugar plantation emerged on the island.
In 1493, Colon introduced Sugar cane plants to the Carribeans. Cristobal Colon knew that sugar and slave were inseperable and that would bring tremendous profit (wealth) from sugar. By the early sexteen century, the sugar industry thrived on Santo Domingo, then Cuba and Puerto on Puerto Rico. As a result, the Spanish Conquistadors almost wiped out the native population through warefare, overwork (Slave) and disease that were brought by the Spanish conquistadors. The Pope condemned the Portugueses for having slaves; however, the Portugueses the the Spanish folks washed his brain by saying that natives have had to be slaves because they were cannibals.
Even Colon justified the enslavement of the indiguenous people, clamming they were cannibals. Spaniards repeated this pretext throughout the Colonial period. In Central America, Spaniards captured and sold tens of thousands of natives as slaves and were shipped to Nicaragua and Peru to work on the mines and in Hacienda, plantations.
Faith Versus Rationality:
Spain tried to Control slavery, and the crown promulgated the law of Burgos in 1512 that included regulations protecting indigienous labor and ensurin their christianization. Dominicans Antonio Montesinos and Bartolome de las Casas virgorously defended the rights of the Native Americans. The law of Burgos were almost never enforced.
The Spanish Invasion of the Mexica (Aztecs):
Spanishards slowly explored the caribbean costline of middle America, gathering imformation. In 1511, The conquistadors invaded and conquered Cuba.
On the Island of Cozumel, Cortes encounter the Maya.
In 1519, Cortes sailed to what today is Veracruz and within 2 years, he conquered the empire of the Aztecs and began the Colonization and later called New Spain. Throughout the advance to Tenochtitlan, gunpowder, horses, sanrling gods and glistening armor helped the Spanishards. The indigenous warriors did not intended to kill their enemies, they were hoping to capture the enemies and use them as sacrifices to the gods. The Azteca sventually stopped fighting periodically to remove their death and wounded from battlefields.
The Colonization of Mesomerica:
After conquering the Aztecs, Spaniards-though looting and turturing conquered; they executed the Cazonci, the Tarascan ruler, by dragging him through town behind a horse and burning himat stake (Burtality).
Smallpax and Other Plagues
After the onquest of Tenochtitlan, smallpox and other epidemics spread througout the countryside, subsiding, and recurring until eventually as many as 24 million died in what is Mexico. Certainly, the smallpox, measles, and influenza outbreaks hit urban areas hardest because of the population concentration. (These 3 diseases are highly communicable, being transmitted maily by air. there were 4 epidiemics in the first 60 years.
Smallpox Caused the first epidemic of 1520-1521. Azteca medicine could not stop its spread and as a result, thousands died. Second epidemic of smallpox convined with measles. The Aztecs called Tepiton Zahuatl or “Leprosy” third: Pest which produces fever.
Fourth: Cocoliztli, lasted from 1576-1581. An estimated 300,000-400,000 native Americans died for it in New Spain. The Introduction of domestic animal contributed to the spread of diseases to the natives. The Columbian Exchange refers to widespread exchange of animals, plants, culture, human populations that included slavery,, communicable disease, and ideas between Spain and the New World. Back then and Now, people forget the cost in lives and the destruction of cultures. They forget about the atlantic trade of slaves and the disease that killed millions of native American. The Spaniards brought gunpowder, the hour and the catholic Church to America.
The Americas parts of exchange sent corn, the potato, the tomato, peppers, pumpkins, squash, pineapple, cacao beans(for chocolate)and the sweetest popato and animals such as turkey. Europeans brought livestock, such as cattle, pigs, and grains. Also, they brought onion, citrus, fruits, bananas, coffee, beans alive, grapes, rice and sugar cane. Most important, they brought smallpox, influenza, malaria, measles, typhus and syphilis. The exchange wiped out the indigenous people’s religions, submerged their languages, and tried to blank out their history. It introduced an European construction of race that lasts to this day. The Conquest of Race and Labor in mesoamerica
The conquerors practiced a “scorched-earth” strategy causing widespread environmental destruction and social disorganization. Indigenous suffered nutritional deficiency and often starving to death. Illness often prevent many natives from caring for their crops or from precessing corn into tortilla. The acute food shortage resulted in starvation and contaminated food and water spread other diseases. Indigenous Labor: In principle, encomenderos would protect the natives under their care and supervise their conversion to Catholicism.