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This shows he is discriminating against him, as he just presumes him to be evil and wanting to harm him. However, his facial expression tells us that he reached out in search of companionship. Frankenstein then runs away from the monster and hides. Frankenstein reacts in this way, as he is prejudiced against him. His opinion of him is generated purely based on the way the monster looks. We see this when he says: “the beauty of my dream vanished and breathless horror and disgust filled my heart. ” Frankenstein only sees beauty as the way you look, and bases his opinions on this.
He then compares himself to Dante, who wrote ‘The Inferno’. From this, we can see that he sees the monster as being horrible, and he wishes he could die and go to hell. (as described in Dante’s novel) Despite the way in which Victor abandons the creature, we see him as being very hypocritical at this point, upon the arrival of his friend Henry Clerval. He says “nothing could equal my delight at seeing Clerval;” He feels same when he is in the presence of his friend, and so his rejection of the monster when he held out a hand for security, makes him a hypocrite.
This is confirmed when Frankenstein “grasps his hand. ” Whereas, he turned away from the monster rather than holding his hand like he does with Clerval. The remainder of the chapter tells us about Victor’s illness and recovery, which is due to his mental state after the monster’s creation. In this chapter, many key themes of the book are highlighted. We see examples of friendship and rejection; we see the ideas of parent/child relationships and the way victor rejects his responsibilities, purely based on his looks, and therefore, we are also presented with ideas about prejudice.
We also have views about whether the creation of the monster was morally acceptable or not. In chapter four, we see how Frankenstein rejects the responsibilities that he has over the creature which he has brought to life. We can see that he has no intention of looking after the creature when he says “I sincerely hope, that all these employments are now at an end, and… I’m at length free. ” This tells us tat he was feeling restricted, almost imprisoned because of his creation, but he is now “free”, therefore he has no intentions of caring for his creation like a father should.
The use of the word “employments” tells us he thinks of him as being a chore (like a job is) and so instead of loving him, he dreads and hates him in the same way you do a job. We can also see how victor has rejected him in the words he uses to describe him. He does not give him a name, which is a duty performed by all parents, instead he refers to him as “the dreaded spectre” and “hideous guest”. The use of the word “spectre”, refers to the way Frankenstein obviously wishes the creature would die, so he does not have any responsibilities.
The idea of naming a human is to give it identity, so it can be recognised, however, Frankenstein’s refusal to do show, tells us he does not care about him and thinks that by ignoring him, and not giving him an identity, he will go away. In this respect, he is neglecting his parental responsibilities. We then see him running away from it when it tries to reach out to him for security and as a symbol of love. He currently has no warm feelings towards the monster, who we can only presume has run away, when he was rejected by his father.
Throughout the rest of the novel, we see Frankenstein continually denying his presence, and only thinks of him at times when horrible events have taken place. He presumes him to be the murderer of his brother William, purely based on his deceptions which he gained from his appearances. In order to confirm this, he seeks him out to ask his story. They then meet in the cold mountains in chapter 2 of the second volume. This is two years after his creation, in which the monster has learnt to talk and has also learnt many other skills any other human would have had.
This is the only time Frankenstein shows any sentimentality towards his creation, and so he decides to listen to his story in order to discover what he has been doing. He says “I felt what the duties of a creator towards his creation were… i ought to render him happy. ” Frankenstein has now acknowledged his status as a father and decides to let the monster tell his story to make him happy. He also seeks to find out who really did kill his brother, and if his suspicions can be proved.
However, earlier in the chapter, he describes himself as “the miserable origin and author” The word “miserable” tells us he deems himself to be a ‘monster’, and the use of the same word also to describe the monster in chapter four also shows how he can draw a parallel between them both. The reasons for Frankenstein’s hatred of the monster, comes from his opinion that you have to be beautiful to be a decent person. He tried to make the monster like this, but when he realises the monster was ugly, he immediately presumes him to be evil and as something to fear.
This discriminatory view is the reason why Frankenstein rejects the monster. He describes the work to create him as “the beauty of the dream. ” As the reality of “the dream” is not so beautiful, Victor might see the monster as someone who has ruined his dreams and therefore, he hates him for that. However, his prejudicial views are what appear to make him hate the monster, although this might be a contributing factor. Prejudice is another key idea Shelley presents to us in the novel. We can see Frankenstein discriminating against the monster when the creature first comes to life.