After reading the short stories “The Unexpected” by Kate Chopin and “Tony Kytes, the Arch Deceiver” by Thomas Hardy, how far would you agree with this statement?
‘The Unexpected’ is the tale of Randall and Dorothea, a passionate relationship driven apart by an unfortunate illness. The second story “Tony Kytes, the Arch-Deceiver” is a story of a man in ‘love’ with three different women for three different reasons.
“The Unexpected” is a tale of an intense relationship between Randall and Dorothea. Due to be married Randall, for a brief absence, left ‘his’ Dorothea and the author describes the parting as ‘bitter: the enforced separation….too cruel an ordeal to bear,”
“The goodbye dragged with lingering kisses and signs,” showing just how much the parting hurt “More kisses and more clinging till the last wrench came.”
Unfortunately near the end of the month of which Randall was to return, filled with “Daily letters impassioned and interminable”, he was struck ill and delayed for yet another month. During all this the author describes the waiting for Dorothea as torture but even though she wanted to be at Randall’s side she knew her parents would never permit such a thing as it was frowned upon for an unmarried man and a woman to be alone together not chaperoned, even for an engaged couple.
Letters come from Randall telling Dorothea that he is obliged by his doctors to travel south before winter sets in but would first revisit his home town.
Randall is very much in love with Dorothea calling her “his dearest one to his heart” and “Craving her lips.”
Dorothea misses Randall a lot reading his letters “until they were in tatters” and then “gazing for hours upon his portrait” which showed him as “an almost perfect specimen of youthful health, strength and manly beauty.”
Randall had written to her to tell her he altered greatly in appearance and even wrote that he would hardly recognize him.
She waited with baited breath and anticipation filled her body until the moment came when the meeting actually proceeded, she could never have been prepared for the dramatic change in his appearance.
He was a mere shadow of who he once was and Dorothea’s feelings for him began to change she stared at him in wonder and mistrust rather than fear.”
“What hideous transformation had he undergone…?” shows how much she hated the new look he had. Dorothea can’t bear to have Randall touch her she’s repulsed by how he now looks.
The use of the vocabulary “shuddering, shrinking, shriveling,” describes how she felt her love for Randall die within her.
They talked for a while (or rather Randall talked) and he insisted they marry at once in fear he would not recover from his illness, “We must not put it off Dorothea. Let the marriage be at once.”
Dorothea was not so keen on this idea and she made attempts to pull away claiming she would be a ‘hindrance’ and in her heart she was saying “Never, never, never’
Randall had another reason to marry Dorothea “I’m quite-almost sure I shall get well; but the strongest of us cannot count upon life. If worse should come I want you to have all I possess; what fortune I have must be yours, and marriage will make my wish secure.”
This shows that Randall loves Dorothea and only wishes to make her future is financially secure incase he cannot be with her. But Dorothea’s refuel saying she be a hindrance shows she didn’t love Randall for his money; she is also quite stifled by his proposal.
After a last coughing fit Randall is taken away by his attendant Dorothea watches him leave without a word.
“She was glad no one was present to compel her to speak,” she didn’t want people to make her change her mind as she thinks about this ‘problem’, she’s embarrassed to speak and would have had to lie.
Dorothea mounts her bike as if “fleeing from death himself” shows how much she needed to get away to be free from the people that would ask her of the wedding to come, “seemingly borne on by come force other than mechanical-some unwanted energy- a sudden impulse that lightened her eyes”. She rides through unfamiliar country and the road becomes rough and unfrequented and she doesn’t stop until she’s sure she is alone with just nature surrounding her.
“She never spoke a word after bidding him good-by: but now she seemed disposed to make confidants” and the extract ends by saying “Never” she whispered,” Not for all his thousands! Never, never! Not for millions!”
Dorothea is most defidently not interested in Randall’s money but the relationship was based on looks rather than personality as so were many relationships during that time.
The second title “Tony Kytes, the Arch-Deceiver” by Thomas Hardy, the title gives the reader an instant impression of the kind of man Tony is, a deceiver.
He’s not described by how handsome he is, like Randall is during the first extract, it concentrates more on his charm and personality.
Tony is engaged to Milly Richards, who is described as “a nice, light, tender little thing”.
Oh his way driving home one Saturday after being at market with his father he saw waiting for him Unity Sallet, “a handsome girl, one of the women he’d been very tender toward before getting engaged to Milly”.
The words ‘one of the women” indicates that there was more than just one he’d been quite friendly with and gives the reader an impression that he likes to have lots of women.
As soon as Tony drives by her in his wagon she asks “My dear Tony, will you give me a lift home?”
Tony replies “That I will darling, you don’t suppose I could refuse ‘ee?”
This gives the reader an impression that Tony may still have feelings for Unity.
Unity obviously considers herself to be better than Molly when she is talking to Tony, “I should have made ‘ee a finer wife, and a more loving one too.”
Tony appears weak as she talks to him asking if he did not think her pretty. ‘He let his eyes light upon her for a long while. “In fact, I never knowed you was so pretty before!”‘
But when she asks if she is prettier than Milly he does not reply as over the hedge past turning he sees the feather he knew well- the feather in Milly’s hat.
Tony persuades Unity to hide in the back of the wagon “Now dearest Unity, will ye, to avoid all unpleasantness, which I know ye cant bear any more than I, will ye lie down in the back of the wagon till Milly has passed?”
Tony knows that it’s wrong for him to be seen with another woman rather than his fiancï¿½ in public.
When Tony sees Milly she does not ask for a ride. Tony lies saying he thought she was going to see her mother not waiting for him. They talked until they reached a house and who is looking out the window but Hannah Jolliver, another young beauty of the place at that time, and the first woman Tony had fallen in ‘love’ with.
Described as much more dashing girl than Milly Richards, thought Tony had not thought of her late.
Tony then persuades Milly to hide in the back of the wagon, the other side to Unity “I see a young woman a-looking out of window, who I think many accost me. The fact is Milly, she ha a ‘notion’ that I was wishing to marry her, and since she’s discovered to marry another, and a prettier than she. I rather afeard of her temper if she sees us together.”
“I don’t mind to oblige you, Tony,” Milly said though she didn’t care much about doing it, she crept under the seat.
Hannah appears to be quiet curt “Well, aren’t you going to be civil enough to ask me to ride home with you?”
The more Tony looked at Hannah while he was driving the more he like her, till he couldn’t for the life of him think why he had ever said a word about marriage to Milly or Unity while Hannah Jolliver was in question.
“You’ve settled it with Milly by this time I suppose?” Hannah said and Tony talks quietly “N-no, not exactly.” He speaks quietly as not to be overheard.
Hannah asks if he likes Milly more than her and if he asked her she wouldn’t say no.
Tony was won over by the pretty face and he whispered very softly to her “I haven’t quite promised her, and I think I can get out of it and ask you that question you speak off.”
Unfortunately Hannah shouted very loud clapping her hands “Throw over Milly-all to marry me!”
There was an angry, spiteful squeak and afterward a long moan, as if something’s heart had broken. This shows that it most probably was Milly and that she really did care for Tony.
Tony sees his father in the field calling him, handing the reins to Hannah he finds his father with a stern look.
It looks to me as if Mr. Kytes does not particularly like Hannah and doesn’t’ want his son causing a scandal.
Tony ends up confessing to his father that both Unity and Milly are also in the wagon and he asks his father for advice.
“Whatever of ’em did not ask to ride with thee?” His father tells him.
But Tony objects.
“Stick to Milly, she’s the best.” His father advice before warning Tony to take the reins from Hannah has the horse begins at a brisk walking pace.
Milly becomes restless after hearing Tony and Hannah talking and she spies another woman’s foot, Unity’s foot.
Both women rage in whisper of how disgraceful it is for the other to be hiding in a young mans wagon.
“I am engaged to be married to him, and haven’t I a right to be here? What right has you, I should like to know? What has he been promising you? A pretty lot of nonsense, I expect! But what Tony says to other women is all mere wind, and no concern to me!” Milly says getting louder, this shows she doesn’t believe anything that Tony says to other women is true, it’s lies and doesn’t matter to her. She really does love him.
“He’s going to have Hannah, and not you, nor me either; I could hear that.” Unity says.
At the sound of the voices rising Hannah lets go of the reins and the horse walks off turning to quick at the hill, the wheels went up on the bank and the wagon tips on its side. Tony comes running frightened and breathless and was relieved to see that none of ‘his darlings’ was hurt but for a few scratches from the brambles, he cares for all three girls and likes them all for different reasons.
He’s scared to find them all arguing “He would have kissed them all round and square as a man could but they were talking too much to let him.”
First Tony says he wants Hannah to be his. Hannah’s father was coming up behind them and Hannah was crying worse than ever.
“My daughter is not willing, sir!” says Mr. Jolliver hot and strong “Be you willing, Hannah? I ask ye to have spirit enough to refuse him, if yer virtue is left to ‘ee and you run no risk.” Mr. Jolliver clearly dislikes Tony,
Hannah refuses partly because of her father and too partly in a tantrum because of her discovery. “Little did I think when I was so soft with him just now that I was talking to such a false deceiver “
False deceiver hence the actual title of the book.
Second he asks Unity to marry him and she snaps at him and walks off following the Jolliver’s footsteps, hoping that Tony might follow her.
Finally he asked Milly, the last left and the one he was actual engaged to, if she would marry him claiming “it do seem as if fate had ordained that it should be you and I, or nobody.”
“Losing all semblance of what had been” is how Dorothea phrases her emotions; this appears to be a common theme throughout both extracts, In other words the fickleness of love. In both stories the ‘love’ is lost in different ways, but this love however was based on appearance rather than true love.
In my opinion in the first extract Randall and Dorothea have a passionate relationship until there forced to separate and Randall become ill.
The relationship isn’t based on money as Dorothea refused to stay with him “Never,” she whispered “not for all his thousands! Never, never! Not for millions!”
It’s true that Randall changed in appearance but if Dorothea had really truly loved him she would never has left him no matter what he looked like when he was ill. But if it were reversed would Randall have still loved Dorothea if her looks had changed.
If it were true love it would not matter what they looked like but to Dorothea it certainly did and so I believe it is mere infatuation rather than true love.
With Tony Kytes, he seems to like all three girls for three different reasons, he can’t have just one he wants them all and he’s confused about who he should choose he knows that its wrong but he does it anyway, and to me he seems to see the women as objects rather than actual living breathing people. Overall it most diffidently seems to be infatuation rather than true love.