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Technology has revolutionized in the society over the past few years and has led to the change in the field of education (Sanfordbrown.edu 2014). It is utilized to improve the process of teaching, learning and researching. For instance, based on the research in Vanderbilt University, professors require students to use technology in analysing topics and producing multi-media projects (Granberg 2000). However, there is a conflict between the roles of technology and teachers due to the growing emphasis on technology in classrooms. Therefore, it is significant to clarify whether education is still dependent on teachers.
This essay will argue that technology will not replace teachers in the classroom.
Some believe that technology can replace teachers as it helps to improve students’ and teachers’ efficiency and effectiveness. The first of these is save time in collecting information and doing research. It is known that technology speeds up the time of researching and writing which lead to students’ efficiency in completing their assessments. In addition, it has the competency to mark assessments in a shorter period, compare to teachers (Paddick 2016).
In contrast, due to the convenience of technology, some students will misapply the skills of researching and writing, and therefore leads to plagiarism. Hence, it is quite certain that teachers are important in guiding to prevent students’ plagiarism by explaining its consequences to raise students’ awareness (Bailey 2011). Next, if students are over reliable on technology, they will search for the answers without solving (Ramey 2012). Although technology can speed up marking, the marking might not be correct as the scheme accepts limited answers.
For instance, it is given that “1+2=?”, computers will accept the answers such as “three or 3” whereas teachers accept multiple correct answers, included the previous answers and “tree”, “the answer is 3″ or “it is three” (Reich 2014). Also, it is generally agreed that teachers have the ability to read students’ handwritings and recognise their writing styles, whereas it is difficult for computers to interpret the semantic meaning of students’ writing (Reich 2014). In short, despite the technology increases efficiency and effectiveness, teachers seem to be more reliable in guiding and marking.
It is widely known that tutors play an important role to ensure that students have understood the topics and concepts while technology merely provides information without emphasising the student’s learning process. Many critics, such as Ramey (2012) make the case that technology’s information are not welly supported as many online publishers post their writing or views for commercial or financial purposes. In the other words, those online details which might not be accurate will result in imprecise researches. Clearly then, teachers are deeply knowledgeable in specific subjects as they are trained to be professional in their major and minor courses (Sadker and Zittleman 2010). Furthermore, workshops and seminars are attended to obtain up-to-date knowledge, so that the latest information can be provided to students (The Conversation 2014). As individuals have different strategies and capabilities for learning, educators will analyse the suitable way. For examples, teachers meet students individually and deliberately seek out the students’ needs to ensure that they have a good understanding of that particular subject (Pugach 2005). Besides, based on the Memletics Learning Styles Inventory, tutors and counsellors identify the main and minor learning skills of tutties, such as verbal, physical, aural, visual, and logical, to develop their learning styles (Weas 2011). Thus, it can be seen that teachers possess professional teaching skills and knowledge.
The following reason to oppose that teachers cannot be overtaken by technology is teachers act as motivators who inspire students to be a life-long learner. They are capable to help students develop their motives for learning and discover their short-term and long-term goals. According to the research of the University of Eastern Finland, mechanisms which motivate students to believe their abilities in achieving goals are significant to be learnt (ScienceDaily 2016). Besides, during the process of motivation, good relationship is created between teachers and students (Stronge 2010) as classroom’s interaction makes students feel comfortable and also, emotional support is given (Muntner 2008). For example, Maori Teachers foster good relationships by caring, so students can be motivated easily (Starkey 2012). In brief, it is proven that teachers are better in motivating students through interaction, compare to technology.
In conclusion, in spite of the benefits provided by technology, teachers remain vitally important in cultivating students. Undeniably, educators and motivators are the roles of teachers as they can benefit students in the process of learning. In fact, it is stated by Stronge (2012) that, “Teachers have a definite impact on student learning and academic performance.” Therefore, the authorities are highly encouraged to emphasize on teachers training, which in turn leads to the improvement of the educational system.
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