The individual and disability Essay
The individual and disability
Outcome 1 Understand the importance of differentiating between the individual and disability Explain why it is important to recognise and value an individual as a person It is important because they deserve as much value and respect as anyone else just because they have disabilities doesn’t mean they should treated as an outsider. If you don’t value them you risk the individual becoming redrawn, lacking confidence and upset.
Describe the importance of recognising an individual’s strengths and abilities. It’s important because it able you to promote their independence and gives them confidence, also where to use the strengths to help build and gain new strengths and abilities. Helps to recognise what methods or ways are best suited to help that person.
Describe how to work in a person centred way that fully involves the individual Making sure you involve the individual in everything you do for the person ensuring the work you do bests suits the individual. Finding out likes, dislikes, finding out about their past history, so you able to make a care plan which suits the individual best.
Outcome 2 Understand the concept of physical disability
Describe what is meant by physical disability
Physical disability is an impairment/ amputation of any limbs, also physical disability include impairments which function facets daily living.
Describe what a congenital disability is
A congenital disability is present at birth, but may get more recognisable when the child gets older. Congenital disability could also get passed down the gens.
Give examples of congenital disability and their causes.
Spina Bifida- caused by the incomplete closing of the embryonic neural tube. A lack of foltic acid in a diet can cause cellular neural tube deformities.
Brain damage- If the mother is a heavy drinker can cause the unborn brain damage.
Describe what a progressive disability is
A progressive disability is expected to worsen over time, it could also cause other problems down the line is well, also could affect other body parts.
Give examples of progressive disabilities and their causes
Multiple sclerosis- the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are damaged. This damage disrupts the ability of parts of the nervous system to communicate, resulting in a wide range of signs and symptoms.
Muscular Dystrophy- group of muscle diseases that weaken the musculoskeletal system and hamper locomotion, Muscular dystrophies are characterized by progressive skeletal muscle weakness, defects in muscle proteins, and the death of muscle cells and tissue
Understand how the challenges of living with a physical disability can be addressed
Identify social and physical barriers that can have a disabling effect on an individual People with disabilities are often dismissed as incapable of accomplishing a task without the opportunity to display their skills. Because a person may be impaired in one of life’s major functions, some people believe that individual is a “second-class citizen.”
Identify positive and negative attitudes towards individuals with a disability Negative: some people believe it to be punishment from God for sin in their past life. They are also viewed as a burden on their families and on society. Positive: promoting independence, offering choses to the individual.
Describe steps that can be taken to challenge and change discriminatory attitudes Challenge the people why they think the way they do, then explain to them why they are wrong to think like that, then explain why they should have a positive view on discriminatory.
Describe the impact of disability legislation on community attitudes and practices There is an increasing recognition of the value of activity involving people with disabilities in planning and implanting community based rehabilitation programs
Describe the effects that having a physical disability can have on a person’s day to day life The effects include having difficulties in, washing themselves, getting dressed, cooking, getting out and about, difficulty walking might have to use a walking stick or even a wheel chair. Could need careers to help them with tasks such as washing, dressing making food and drinks, shopping.
Identify the importance for the individual of positive risk taking Positive risk taking you could find a new skill or activity the individual is good at or enjoys doing, giving the individual a sense of achievement.
Outcome 4 Understand the importance of independence and inclusion for the individual with physical disability
Describe how the individual can be in control of their care needs and provision of social care services They can be in control by being involved in their care plans, expressing their likes/ dislikes, being given choses in what they would like to do and eat. Individual is given some money to purchase services to meet their own needs as opposed to services being planned for them.
Describe the importance of supporting independence and inclusion within the community It is importance as it gives the individual a chance to meet new people, make new friends. It will make the individual more confident, and gives them enjoyment they might not have had otherwise.
Describe how to assist with independence and inclusion within the community Talk to them. Listen to what they want and what they think their needs are, then assist them accordingly. As some people want as much independence as possible, others are happy to rely on others, which is not very good for them or the support worker. It is important to encourage them to do things for themselves before they lose the ability.