The Indigenous Peoples and the Europeans Essay
The Indigenous Peoples and the Europeans
This School Based Assignment project is based on the British in Jamaica during the 17th to mid- 20th Centuries. The History of the British in Jamaica dates back to when the British battled the Spanish for the possession of Jamaica, by which they won. Jamaica, under British rule became One of the most prized Colonia Possession of the entire British Empire, because of its wealth From the Introduction of Sugar Cane. They also were the main Colonial power in Jamaica for The longest period of time of over more than 300 years. It is important for us as citizens to Know about our history of the British since they left a big legacy behind in Jamaica. They have Brought main aspects of their culture e.g. Architecture, Food, Language, Religion and many Others, to Jamaica, resulting in these aspects being a part of the ‘Melting Pot’ of our Multidiversed Culture in today’s Society .The Researcher hopes that Readers will enjoy reading This very Informative and Interesting Project about Jamaica’s Past.
Originated from the United Kingdom, the pastry is a meat pie, which dates Back from Middle English, which consists of a circle of pastry folded to enclose a Highly spiced filling, somewhat resembling an English Cornish pastry. According to Senior; Oliver: Encyclopedia of Jamaican Heritage –Page 378, presently it is a favour- Ite Convenience food of Jamaicans, widely eaten and exported overseas .
This fruit was brought and introduced to Jamaica in 1793 by Captain Bligh, An English captain, and was originated in Malaysia. This large fruit tree occurs in The bearing seasons between February-March and June-July, when not only the Fruit but the tree’s spectacular display can be enjoyed. The best thing that is Enjoyable about the Otaheite apple is its thin skin that is usually eaten along with The sweet and snowy white flesh that surrounds a large seed; similar features of Other apples like the Rose apple. The Otaheite apple is used in making Preserves And wine, and is also used in medicine-making which has health-giving properties As other apples.
The Easter Bun derives from the English tradition of Hot Cross Buns at Good Friday which became popular during Tudor days. Currently, Easter Buns are Popular all year round in Jamaica, with ‘Bun and Cheese’ being fairly common fare, But Spicy and fruit-rich ‘Easter bun’ being special. Easter buns are familiar to Christmas Puddings are exported overseas to Jamaican relatives and families.
National Fruit of Jamaica and one-half of the ‘national dish’-Ackee and Saltfish.The name Ackee or Akee is from the Twi language of Ghana. It was brought By Captain Bligh, who brought the breadfruit-another fruit, to Jamaica , in turn Took the first ackee from Jamaica to London, which in 1806, was officially Described and given the botanical name BlighiaSapidain his honour. The tree Comes from West Africa, its introduction recorded in 1778 when some plants were purchased from the captain of a slave ship. The colour of the aril helps to identify The two main varieties, that with a soft yellow aril is popularly called ‘butter’ while ‘cheese’ is hard and creamed-coloured. The tree is a familiar sight in most Jamaican yards, including urban areas, it grows up to 15m under favourable Conditions which bears fruits 7.5-10 cm long.It is used in preparing dishes including Ackee and Saltfish; it is also used in folk medicine for colds and pains.
The Breadfruit was brought to Jamaica by Captain William Bligh before 1793 After obtaining them from the South Pacific islands of Tahiti and Timor and sailing To the West Indies distributing them to various Caribbean islands including Jamaica. In the colonial days, Planters were seeking a cheap source of food for the Slaves in Jamaica and would pay reasonable costs to anyone who could supply Them with breadfruit that produced bread, which influenced the arrival of the Breadfruit. The first trees were planted at Bath Garden, St. Thomas, immediately The fruit flourished onto Jamaican Soil, even though it took many years before the Population could attempt to eat this strange fruit.Today the breadfruit is prepared And eaten in many ways and is a favourite starches of most Jamaicans. In folk Medicine,it is used as a tea to relieve hypertension and the gum makes an effective For contagious diseases like TineaVersicolor or Liver Spots.
The Church of England was the state church from the time the English took Jamaica from the Spaniards in 1655, until the church was disestablished in 1872. Originally the church of England, the term Anglican was used from the 19th Century. During the 1960s , the church of England in Jamaica was renamed the Anglican church of Jamaica in the province of the west indies. Jamaica was divided By the English colonists into parishes, having each establish a parish church. Dominated as it was by the sugar planters and English government officials, the Church was described as an ornamental adjunct to the state, making little effort To the majority of the population, which consisted of free blacks and coloured People.
The church’s supremacy was challenged from the 18th century by the Arrival of the non-conformists, which was naturally hostile to these efforts. Such Hostility reached a climax following the slave revolt of 1831-1832 when renegade Anglican clergymen and churchmen formed the colonial church union to destroy Non-conformist chapels and to send them off the island to prevent emancipation, But unfortunately failed. Nevertheless, some planters took interest in the slaves And bishop of London sent a bishop to the island who was appointed in 1825, to Undertake administration and the affairs of the church which resulted in the Revitalization of the church in the later years and new membership.
St. Andrew Parish Church,Half-Way-Tree
The church was founded by Charles Wesley, a missionary, within the Anglican Church to fortify and supplement the work of that church. Wesley and his assoc- Iates were known for their Methodist way in which people followed and observed Their principles; which eventually they became known as ‘Wesleyan Methodists’. The Methodists then established Missionary Societies in the American colonies, Breaking with the Anglican church but was not fully established as the Methodist Church. Until after Wesley’s death, when Dr. Thomas Coke, Superintendent of the American Methodists established the first church (Coke Church) and organized for Missionaries to come and preach to the non-white population in Jamaica despite numerous obstacles.
The Moravians were the first Christian missionaries to come to the island with The express purpose of Christianizing the slaves. They were not very successful at First: arriving in 1754, by 1800 they had baptised less than 1,000 Africans in the Island. The sect was founded by Count Nikolaus Von Zinderdorf in Moravia in Central Czechoslovakia. They began ministering to the slaves in the West Indies in 1732 and came to Jamaica at the invitation of two landowning brothers in St. Elizabeth by the names of Joseph Barham and William Foster, where they contin- Ued preaching and ministering to people and eventually, started establishing Moravian churches in Jamaica.
Salem Moravian Church,Beeston Spring, Westmoreland
A protestant church governed by presbyters or by elders and adhering to varying Modified forms of Calvinism, the church had its beginnings in the preaching of John Knox in Scotland. In 1688 the Church of Scotland became the Presbyterian Church of Scotland but there were many breakaway groups, brought by the Scots To which they migrated. In 1813, the many residing Scots in Kingston began a drive To build a church and the island’s first Presbyterian church was opened on April 4, 1819 as the Scots Kirk, later renamed St. Andrew’s Scots Kirk. Not attached to any Mission board abroad, the congregation asked the Church of Scotland to send a Minister and the Revd John Brown arrived and became the first minister for the Church.
St. Andrew’s Scots Kirk United Church, Kingston
Jamaican Georgian Architecture
From the 1750s until the1850s, Jamaican Georgian Architecture was the most Popular style in the country. It combined the elegance of British Georgian architec- Ture with functional objectives appropriate to tropical climate, built to withstand Heat, earthquakes, humidity, hurricanes and insects. Some common features to This style include ballus trades, ornate and deep fascia boards, contrasting lattices And pineapple shaped finials located above rooflines and comices.
This style quickly Became the default style across the island and was used to design major public Buildings, from railway stations to simple domestic houses. Individually, houses Differed according to the architect’s personality and the owner’s taste and wealth. In contrast to other houses in the English-speaking countries of the Caribbean, Jamaican houses were elevated using stilts or plinings to give room to air circulat- Ion. This was an effective to prevent rot, keep the ground cool, and to prevent Insects, scorpions, rats and snakes from entering living areas. Devon House in Kingston is a classic example of Georgian Style of architecture with its neoclassical Form, symmetry and wide, sweeping stairways.
Jamaican Vernacular Architecture
In the 18th century, however, not yet everyone could afford to build buildings in The Georgian style. When the owner’s incomes were low or the construction sites Were too demanding, smaller and less fancy houses were built in a style that was More appropriate to the situation. The Jamaican Vernacular architectural style Was common among tenant farms and servants, but also by the children of freed Slaves. These houses were typically positioned in such a way to prevent kitchen Smoke,fromreaching the living spaces and had very large inner spaces, must like The bothies of 18th scotland and until today, these houses attracted then attention Of critics as they are very well designed, appropriately placed and make intultive Use of inferior space.