The History of Dance Essay

Custom Student Mr. Teacher ENG 1001-04 19 February 2017

The History of Dance

Dance, movements orchestrated with music, to express the way you feel. The first forms of dance came around in 6000 B. C, originating from India. The Hindu dance Gods Krishnu Shiva is the most common God portrayed through dance, especially found in Bharata Natyam and Nyark Sharky, also known as Belly Dance. In Southeast India, it is normal as a young female to learn the ways of Bharata Natyam. Bharata Natyam is widely known for its sculpturesque poses and art of story telling, mostly performed only by females, but as time progressed it is accepted by both sexes.

The dances illustrate a deep devotion to the deities; dancers are married to the deity. Devadasi also known as temple dancers usually illustrated their devotion to the Gods the most, performing “in front” of the Gods, or at festivals in honor of them. Bharata Natyam captures the true meaning of dance drama, the dance routines tell a story, creating theatrical unity and wholeness in the meditative mind. The following is a list of dance names; Argentine Tango – history of Argentine Tango and Milonga.

Argentine Tango History – Milonga and Argentine Tango history by Mike Higgins Ballet History – Into a fantasy world: A history of ballet (offsite: CBC) Breakdance – traces the origins of break dance. Cha Cha – history of cha cha. Clogging – clog dancing or clogging, as it is sometimes known, takes its origins from square dancing. This is not where or how clogging began however. Disco – history of disco dancing. Flamenco and the Spanish Gypsy – History of Flamenco Dance & Music. Foxtrot – history of foxtrot. Hip Hop – history of hip-hop dance.

Hip Hop – history of hip hop, rapping, graffiti and b-boying. Hula and Tahitian Dance Hustle – History of hustle dancing and New York Hustle. Irish Dancing – Irish Dance Style Stands Alone Jazz – history of jazz dancing. Mambo – history of mambo. Merengue – history of merengue dancing. Peabody – history of peabody. Polka – history of polka. Rumba – history of rumba dancing. Salsa – history of salsa dancing and music. Samba – history of samba. Swing – history of swing dance and Lindy Hop. Tango – history of tango dancing. Twist – history of the twist. Waltz – history of waltz dance.

Western – history of country western dancing – two step, cowboy waltz, western swing and polka. The following are a list of terms used in Dance; Abstract dance – A plot less work composed of pure dance movements, although the composition may suggest a mood or subject. Adagio – Any dance to slow music; also, part of the classical pas de deux in ballet.

In classical ballet the pas de deux (duet) consists of four sections: an opening adagio in which the man supports the woman in turns and balances, followed by a solo variation for each of them, and concluded by a fast coda in which they again dance together.air, en l’ – (ballet) a step done off the ground — for instance, rond de jambe en l’air. alegrias – Spanish Gypsy dance. It suggests the movements of the bullfight and is usually danced by a woman alone.

Allegro – A dance with a fast or moderate tempo. That part of a ballet class comprised of fast turning or jumping, especially beaten steps; usually follows the adagio. allemande – an 18th century dance. allonge – (ballet) an elongated line; in particular, the horizontal line of an arabesque with one arm stretched front and the other back.

Amalgamation – A combination of two or more patterns or movements. amague – a fake arabesque – a position in which the dancer stands on one leg, straight or bent, with the other extended to the back at 90 degrees. Argentinean tango – originated in the West Indies where it was danced only by the lowest classes.

Arkansas traveler – an old time barn dance depicting a salesman of tin ware who came from Arkansas. Arm Styling – Positioning and movement of the arms, reflecting the character and style of the dance. arrastre – a drag. assemble – a jump from one to both feet, usually landing in fifth position.attitude – a pose in which one leg is raised in back or in front with knee bent, usually with one arm raised. Bailatino – a mix of Latin dances with no need for a partner.

Baion – A type of slow Samba rhythm from Brazil that became popular in North America during the 50’s. balance – A step that rocks from one foot to the other, usually in 3/4 time. balance – (ballroom) ability of the dancer to maintain an upright and controlled position of the body whether in movement or still. Balboa – a form of Swing popularized during the 50’s in California. ballerina – female dancer.

Prima ballerina, or first dancer, is usually used for one who dances leading roles. ballet – classical theatrical dancing based on the danse d’ecole, the rules and vocabulary that were codified around 1700 in France. ballet blanc – A ballet in which the women wear white tutus, such as the second and fourth acts of Swan Lake. ballet d’action – a ballet with a plot, usually tragic. ballet de cour, le (court ballet) – spectacles for entertainment, usually with allegorical or mythological themes, performed by the aristocracy in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, combining music, recitatives, and mime.

Ballo – standard Italian dances and their music of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. ballon – the ability of a dancer to remain suspended in air during a jump; elasticity in jumping. ballroom dances – social dances usually performed by couples, including the fox-trot, waltz, tango, rumba, swing, mambo, samba, and cha cha. bambuca – the national dance of Colombia, South America. barrida – a sweep. barn dances – are the product of our colonial ancestors who recreated them from England’s Country Dances. They were performed in halls and barns as get-togethers among America’s first social gatherings.

Barre – the wooden bar that runs around the wall of the ballet studio at waist height, and which the dancer holds onto during the first part of class – usually referred to as the barre. It helps the dancer find or adjust his/her balance. bas, en – low, as in placement of arms. basic movement – a characteristic figure that remains constant. basse danse – a solemn court dance usually in duple time, popular in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. battement – a beating movement of the legs. beguine – type of Rumba, probably originated in Martinique or Cuba.

black bottom – black couple dance from around 1925. Probably has African American origins. bolero – a dance that originated in Spain. Very slow Rumba rhythm, usually with Spanish vocals. boogie woogie – African American jazz dance. The knees are held close together and the hips sway from side-to-side as the dancer travels forward. Boogie Woogie was originally a style of music, but is today also a dance that is becoming very popular in Europe. It has its roots in the Rock ‘n’ roll style that was danced in the fifties, like the style found in old movies with Bill Haley.

Boston Jive – form of Swing similar to Lindy but with kicks. Bossa Nova – when Brazilian musicians heard the “cool jazz” of the U. S. in the late 1950s and adapted the it to a gentler samba rhythm the result was the music called Bossa Nova. The 1964 hit single “Girl From Ipanema”) spread the Bossa Nova throughout the world. bourree, pas de – a series of small, fast steps executed with the feet very close together. brise – a jump off one foot that is “broken” by a beating of the legs in the air. bulerias – a Spanish Gypsy dance. bunny hop – dance that resembles the Conga line.

Buck – Buck dancing emphasizes percussive rhythms with a greater use of the heel and toe. The style uses a greater bent leg position that distinguishes it from “shuffle” clogging. cabriole – In ballet, a leap in which the lower leg beats against the upper one at an angle, before the dancer lands again on the lower leg. cachucha – A Spanish dance in 3/4 or 3/8 time with castanets. cakewalk – An African-American dance in which couples strut and compete with high kicks and fast steps. cake walk – The Cake Walk is said to have originated in Florida about 1880.

The style of walking was practiced by the blacks as an art. The dignity of the promenade was rewarded by a prize, usually a cake. The winner cut the cake and shared it with the others. calesitas – merry-go-rounds calypso – The music of the typical ballads in England sung by the natives of Trinidad. There was no real dance but because of the extreme popularity of the music, in 1956, possibly due to the singer Harry Bellafonte, many steps were created. Most of them resemble the Cuban Bolero or the Martinique Beguine or even Swing. cambre – In ballet, a bend from the waist to the side or to the back.

Can can – Originating around 1830 as a social dance, by 1844 it had become a raucous dance performed in French music halls. Women kicked their black silk stockinged legs high into the air – a most daring feat for the time. The Can Can may have been an off-shoot of the Polka or even the Quadrille, or both. Canyengue – is the essence of tango beginnings, which dates back to 1900. The word canyengue is of Afrikan origin, which means to “walk with cadence”. Canyengue is a playful and sensual dance of an incomparable experience. The Canyengue steps are short and accentuated following the strong beats of the music.

Canyengue has a musical signature of 4 x 8 and throughout the years its music was modified to the present tango’s musical signature of 4 x 2. carioca – A native of Rio de Janeiro. Also the abbreviation of the Brazilian dance, the Samba Carioca. At the Carioca Carnival, from the moment the music starts until it dies off, people get together in cordoes (chains or cues). Holding hands in this fashion they sing and sway their bodies to the Samba-Carioca and the Marchas. Carolina Shag – A very popular Swing style from Virginia down through the Carolinas into areas of Georgia.

Most often danced to “Beach Music” performed by such groups as the Tams, The Embers, The Drifters and a wide range of “Motown” recording artists. The dance showcases the man and resembles West Coast Swing with the same slot movement, shuffles, coaster steps and pronounced lean resulting in role of the partner movement. The music tempo is slow to medium and can be danced comfortably by all ages. Castle Walk – The Castle Walk was first demonstrated at the Cafe de Paris in France by Irene & Vernon Castle in 1913 and introduced to New York society by then in 1914.

The dance was characterized by a series of walking steps on the toes, executed with an elegant type of swagger – frequently punctuated with a light hop in attitude at an appropriate point in the musical phase. ceili – is a gathering for music and dance. Ceili Dances – Ceili dances were derived from group set dances and French quadrilles, but were set to Irish music. They appear to have evolved with the help of the Irish dance masters. Cha Cha – From the less inhibited night clubs and dance halls the Mambo underwent subtle changes. It was triple mambo and this then became a dance in itself.

Character dancing – Dancing derived from folk or national dances. chasse – A sliding step in which one foot “chases” and displaces the other. chat, pas de – Catlike leap in which one foot follows the other into the air, knees bent; the landing is in the fifth position. Chipanecas – A Mexican Folk dance from the province of Chiapas. Its popularity is due to the charming air plus the audience participation during the time the dancers request the audience to clap hands with them. It is in 3/4 time and based on Spanish patterns. Charleston – Originated in the early 20’s in illegal drinking places during the time of prohibition.

The combination of a particular type of jazz music and the highly polished, slippery floors of the Speakeasies gave rise to an in and out flicking of the feet which essentially characterized the dance. It was theatricized and embellished with typical vaudeville moves in a Ziegfield Follies production in 1921. It has since been featured in many films and theater productions, such as the Broadway musical “The Boy Friend. ” Choreography – A creation or compilation of steps, patterns and movements which make up a dance or a dance routine. ciseaux – A jump in which the legs open in second position in the air, resembling a scissors.

clogging – A freestyle dance style originating in the Blue Ridge Mountains characterized by double time stomping and tap steps resembling a tap dance with the upper body held straight and upright. The constant shuffling of the “floor” foot is one of the major characteristics that distinguishes clogging from tap dancing. Cocktail Samba – Combination of Ballroom Samba and Brazilian Samba, allows normal partner hold, as well as solo and side by side choreography. coda – In ballet, the third and final part of the classical pas de deux. comparsa – Afro-Cuban dance play.

Conga – An African-Cuban dance characterized by the extreme violence of accents on the strong beats in 2/4 time. The Conga beat thus used has a rhythmic anticipation of the second beat in every other measure. The Conga was very popular in the late thirties. It was performed in a formation known as the Conga chain. The steps are simple, one, two, three, kick at which time the partners move away from each other. Continental or International Tango – A refined, technical version of the Argentine Tango. It is probably the most demanding of all smooth dances to execute.

It calls for perfect control, phrasing and musicianship. The subtle movements, changes of weight and the design of the steps are never stilted but follow the melodic phrasing and are created anew with each new piece. Continuity Movement – The continuous passing of the feet from one step to the next. contraction – A basic movement in the technique of Martha Graham, based on breath inhalation and exhalation. contredanse – Popular social dance during the eighteenth century; done in rows or circles, it may have derived from English country dancing.contre danse.

– A French square dance in double time, introduced into the court about 1600. corphyee – A dancer who has moved out of the corps de ballet to dance minor solo roles. corps de ballet – The members of a ballet company who do not perform solo. corrida – a run corridos – The musical ballads called the Corridos play a very important part in Latin American musical life. The words are often topical and relate to political events. It has been suggested that the word Corrido is derived from the word correr, to run, because the singer has to run for his life when caught in the process of reciting a subversive ditty.

Corridos are particularly popular in Mexico. Cotton-Eyed Joe – A Country & Western dance enjoyed throughout the United States and elsewhere for its enthusiastic music and energetic movements. Characteristic movements include kicks, stomps, shuffles, and turns in place or traveling around the room. The man and the lady generally begin in shadow position with the left foot and they use the same foot on the same beat of music throughout their patterns. country dance – Traditional English dance in which dancers form two facing lines.country dance.

– English Folk dances as opposed to the court dances of bygone times. During the Colonial days of America these Country dances became our present day square dance, jig reels, as well as our Virginia Reel, Arkansas Traveler and Paul Jones. country western two step – The Two Step originated in the 1800’s by people who arrived here from Europe. It was an offspring of the minuet. Two step is a Western dance whose popularity has spread all over the United States.

Croisee – In ballet, a position with the body at an oblique angle and the working leg crossing the line of the body.cruzar – (cruze) to cross (the cross) Cuban motion – a discreet but expressive hip movement achieved by bending and straightening the knees with carefully timed weight transfer. cuddle position – (also known as Varsouvienne or Skating Position) – Woman is at man’s left or right side, both facing in the same direction; one arm of man is across woman’s back, and position of other arm depends on method of arriving in cuddle position. Csardas or czardas – is a traditional Hungarian folk dance. (Hungarian csardas, from csarda, a tavern or inn).

The dances became known as “Csardas,” or “dances of the pub. ” dance – a series of rhythmic and patterned bodily movements usually performed to music. danseur noble – A male dancer who performs the “princely” roles of the classical ballet, such as the Prince in Swan Lake. Danzon – A Cuban dance which starts slowly and gradually accelerates. This dance, which might be called a Rumba variation is in a 4/4 time. It is know as the aristocrat of all Cuban dances because of its dignified and stately appearance. degage – Shifting weight from one foot to the other.

Demi-caractere – A style of dancing that has elements of character dancing but remains within the classical technique. developpe – An unfolding of the leg in the air. dirty dancin’ – A general style of very intimate closed position partner dancing popularized in the late 80’s by actor/dancer Patrick Swayze in the movie “Dirty Dancin”. Danced to popular fast or slow music and characterized by sensuous and seductive movements by both the man and woman. Dominican merengue – The dance of the Dominican Republic is 2/4 time with syncopation of the first beat interpreted by the dancers as a slight limp.

Drop – A theatrical type of movement in which the follower’s body weight is partially or completely supported by the leader while at least one part of the follower’s body remains in contact with the floor. ecarte – A position with one leg extended at an oblique angle while the body is also at an oblique angle. efface – A position of the body at an oblique angle and partly hidden. elevation – The ability to jump high into the air and give the appearance of remaining suspended at the apex of the jump. en travesti – A female dancer dressed as a man, or a male dressed as a woman.

English Tango – The style is the same as the other English competition dances, and the steps are similar Fox Trot steps with a few Latin flourishes. enrosque – a twist entrechat – A ballet movement in which the dancer repeatedly crosses his or her legs in the air. epaulement – The position of the torso from the waist up. escondido – An Argentine dance called Escondido (literally hidden for in it the female partner hides from the male) belongs to the Gato type rhythmically and choreographically. etoile – Literally “star.

” The highest rank a dancer may hold in the Paris Opera. fado – Originally a Portuguese song and dance absorbed by Latin America and especially by Brazil as a pattern for the Samba. The steps of the Fado are based on a hop, a skip and a kick in 2/4 time. fandango – A lively Spanish dance in triple time performed with castanets or tambourines. The dance begins slowly and tenderly, the rhythm marked by the clack of castanets, snapping of fingers, and stomping of feet. The speed gradually increases to a whirl of exhilaration. farandole – A dance Haute from Provence, France.

A typical variation was a quick gallop step danced by a procession winding in and out in single file, headed by a musician who played a drum and fife at the time skipping along without losing a beat. 6/8 or 4/4 time. faruca – The dance of Spain most suited to a man. It is a pure Gypsy dance in 2/4 time consisting of heel work, fast double turns and falls. It is considered one of the most exciting of all the Flamenco dances. feis – (Irish dance competitions) a festival that includes figure (group) and solo step dancing, crafts, instrumental, vocal and Gaelic language competitions. The plural is feisianna.

A competition with only dancing is called a feile. ferme – A closed position of the feet. Fifth position – One foot in front of the other, parallel, with heel in front foot touching toe of back foot. first position – feet in a straight line, heels touching. five positions – The basic positions of the feet. First position: feet in a straight line, heels touching. Second position: feet in a straight line, heels apart. Third position: one foot in front of the other, parallel to it, with heel of front foot in hollow instep of back foot. Fourth position: one foot in front of the other, parallel, but apart.

Fifth position: One foot in front of the other, parallel, with heel in front foot touching toe of back foot. fish – A popular dance done to Fox Trot music in 4/4 time (New Orleans jazz type music) whereby the dancers rock their pelvis forward and back balancing on one foot and then the other in a slow gyrating manner. Originated in 1961. flamenco – A Sevillian gypsy dance, possibly originating in India, also with Moorish and Arabian influences, originally accompanied by songs and clapping and later by the guitar, and characterized by its heelwork (taconeo).

Flatfoot – Flatfoot dancing is largely based on a low-to-the-floor style that emphasizes intricate rhythms and creative percussive dancing. floorcraft – Refers to avoiding bumping into other couples as well as the ability to continue dancing without pause when boxed in. fondu – A lowering of the body by bending the knee. fouette – Literally “whipped. ” A turning step, usually done in a series, in which the working leg whips out to the side in and then into the knee as the dancer turns on the supporting leg, rising onto the point at each revolution.fouette en tournant.

– A spectacular movement in which the dancer propels himself or herself around a supporting leg with rapid circular movements of the other leg while remaining in a fixed spot. Fourth position – one foot in front of the other, parallel, but apart. fox-trot – A social dance of American origin. A standard ballroom dance the world over and serves as a good foundation for social dances in 2/4 or 4/4 time. freestyle – Ad lib dance movements with no fixed structure.

Danced to a variety of music styles including Rock ‘n Roll, and discotheque beats.frug – The Frug was born from a dance called the Chicken which had a lateral body movement and was used as a change of pace during the Twist. So as the kids grew lazier they decided to do less work, and started moving only their hips while standing still. As the hips swing from side to side they started making up arm movements for the dance. From this came the Swim, the Monkey, the Dog, the Watusi, the Waddle or Wabble and the Jerk. Some of these dances are named with localities. What we call the Frug is often called the Surf, Big Bea and Thunderbird, with the Swim being born out of it.

What we call the Watusi is also known as Wabble and Waddle. The Monkey, Dog, Bump and Jerk fall roughly into the same category. Galop – Hungary seems to take credit as the birthplace of the Galop. It was an old time dance, often introduced at the Country dances or following a Volte and Contra Danse as a contrast to their slow and somewhat monotonous steps. In 2/4 time, it was a springy step with a glissade and a chasse. Ganchos – hooks Gato – Argentine dance performed by two couples. In rhythm it resembles a very fast Waltz in steady quarter notes. A very popular form is the Gato con Pelaciones – that is Gato with stories.

The stories are the diversified content; amorous, philosophical or political. Gavotte – This dance comes from France. During the 16th Century it was customary for the leading couple to kiss each other and everyone else in the room at the end of their special “Shine”. It finally became a stage dance. Although it has a long and varied history it is still charming and has been used by modern composers for chamber music. Giro – a turn Glissade – A gliding step which usually connects two steps. Google Dance – term used to describe the index update of the Google search engine.

Grizzly Bear – In this dance the woman threw and wrapped herself around her partner in what at that time 1900-1910 must have been most shocking. A disappointingly simple ragtime dance followed its daring overture. Guajira – This dance was originally an Andalusian dance derived from Sevillanos. This dance was played in 3/4 or 6/8 time. It was a Cuban Country dance as well, performed in Conga rhythm to the music marked Son Guajira. Guaracha – This lively Cuban song and dance of Spanish origin is performed in 2/4 time and danced by the more expert and agile dancers only, as its speed is rather imposing.

Gumboot Dance – The slave laborers in the gold mines of South Africa developed their own language by slapping their gumboots and rattling their ankle chains. In time it has developed into a truly unique dance form. Haitian Merengue – Haitian music stems directly from African rhythms. Divested of mysticisms, its traditions and beliefs from the folkloric basis from which the Haitian Merengue derived. It is simple and smooth in its slow version and can be colorful and exciting in its faster forms. Haupango – The Mexican Haupango is ultimately traced to the Spanish Son, but its rhythm is definitely of the New World.

The Haupango combines 2/4 time with 3/4 time and 6/8 time, creating cross rhythms of great complexity. It makes a most interesting lively dance. haut, en – A position of the arms above the head. Hela – (Hula dance) one foot is placed at about a 45 degree angle to the front/side with the weight on the opposite hip and the knees bent; the foot is then returned to the original position and the step is repeated with the other foot. Hesitation Waltz – This dance is reputed to have developed in Boston.

Apparently, the dance masters who were responsible for the evening’s program at society functions gained favor with their socialite clients by imposing as much restraint as possible on the dances and creating an obviously reserved interpretation. The Waltz, in particular, became a target of this type of constraint. The blatant rotation of the dance was effectively curbed by taking a step and hesitating for two beats before proceeding with a conventional Waltz figure or another hesitation. Hoofer – A term used for a dancer of the 1920’s, and later not just any dancer, but became specifically to refer to a tap dancer.

Hornpipe – The hornpipe began around 1760, evolving from English stage acts. It was originally danced exclusively by males in hard shoes, but now, both men and women compete. It is reported that the ladies of Cork were the first to brazenly perform the hornpipe in the male style. The hornpipe is in 4/4 time, reminiscent of a slow reel with accents on the first and third beat. A notable feature is the frequent use of a rocking motion with the ankles. Hula – Originally a sacred dance of Hawaii supposedly created by the younger volcano Kala to please his sister Pele.

In due time its varied interpretation also served to please the visiting sailors which did not please the missionaries who promptly banned it. Despite this blight, it has been revived and is now more popular than ever. It is in 4/4 meter, interprets stories by the use of arms, hands and facial expression. The basic step is a chasse’ during which the hips undulate. Hustle or Swing Hustle – A number of similar style disco dances which had its beginning in the mid-70’s and enjoys some continuing popularity as a swing style today. The record “Do The Hustle” was followed by the movie “Saturday Night Fever.

” John Travolta’s portrayal of partner dancing took America by storm. Discotheques with flashing lights, mirrors, loud throbbing music and high fashion were the in thing. Ibo – The Ibo rhythm belongs to the faster Haitian Merengue group of dancers. It is colorful, native in style and can be classified as Caribbean dancing. A pronounced movement of hips and turning of the head is typical. Irish Hey – Irish dance, a round or figure dance. Irish Uillean Pipe – a complicated bellows-blown instrument that differs from the more often seen Scottish Highlands pipes.

The sound has been described as being more appropriate for playing an Irish air in the parlor rather than the stirring sound of the Scottish bagpipe. Jarabe – The Jarabes are typical Mexican Folk dances. Usually done by a couple, it depicts a flirtation and conquest. It is well known in America by its other name, “The Mexican Hat Dance. ” The Mexican Jarabe is a descendant of the Spanish Zapateado, and its rhythm resembles that of a Mazurka. It is in 3/4 time. Jarana – Folk dance of Yucatan, Mexico. It is possibly closer to the melo-rhythmic foundation of the ancient Mexican songs than any other native air.

The verses of the Jarana are often in the Mayan language. The word Jarana means merry chatter. It is exciting in its rhythm based on a combination of 6/8 and 3/4 time. As an exhibition ballroom dance it can be placed alongside La Raspa and La Bamba, its cousins. Jete – A leap from one leg to the other in which one leg is thrown to the side, front, or back. Grand jete: a large leap forward. Jig – A number of variations of the jig are performed including the single (or soft), double, treble, and slip jig. The music is 6/8 time. Jitterbug – A lively social dance popular during the 1930’s. It is a toned down version of a Lindy Hop.

Jive – International competitive Swing dance with elements of the Lindy Hop and Jitterbug. Characterized by up tempo single time music danced with triple steps done primarily on the toes with very lively movement. Jota – Native folk dance Aragon, Spain. Performed usually by one or more couples and consisting of hoppy steps in 3/4 time. Kabuki – A Japanese dance drama featuring stylized narrative choreographic movements. Kaholo – Hula dance step. Kankukus – Afro-Brazilian dances of the Mestiso Indians. Kawelu – (Hula) A grapevine-like travel in which the lead foot moves forward and back.

La Cueca – La Cueca is a Chilean dance written in 6/8 time with the accompaniment in 3/4 time. Originally it was danced with handkerchiefs only, but during recent years it has enjoyed popularity on the ballroom floor. La Raspa – A Mexican dance from Vera Cruz, which reminds us of our own square dancing except that it has a peculiar hopping step of its own. It has enjoyed a well merited popularity for a number of years as a fun dance. La Varsouvienne – Americanized version of traditional Varsouvienne which was originally from Warsaw. Has established but varying versions in different parts of the country.

Patterns differ from, yet show close kinship to, Varsouvienne of Denmark, Sweden and Norway. Popular among Western cowboys and South Western sections where it is known as the “Little Foot. ” Made popular as a ballroom dance by Arthur Murray in 1940. It is also known as the Varsovien. Lambada – This latest dance crazy has its roots from the Northeast Coast of Brazil. The exciting look of this dance on European television took the Continent by storm in the late 80’s. Its lighthearted Brazilian/Caribbean beat combines the flavor of the Samba with the sultry passion of the Rumba.

Lambeth Walk – The Lambeth Walk is a walking dance done in a jaunty, strutting fashion. It was originally an old English step performed in the Limehouse district of London and danced to the song “Doing the Lambeth Walk”. Lancers – The quadrille of the Lancers was a set dance or single dance invented by a dancing master in Paris about 1836. England took it up and it was fashionable for a number of years in polite society. Landler – Originally came from Vienna over a hundred years ago. It had a lusty Waltz flavor but was not a closed ballroom dance but rather belonged to the Country dance group.

It is said by some authorities that with the passage of time the Landler became the basis for our modern Waltz. Lapiz – A pencil. Leotard – A one-piece garment covering the entire torso, with or without sleeves, worn with tights for practice or in many contemporary ballets, as a stage costume.

Originally designed by the French acrobat Jules Leotard (1830-1870) who also invented the flying trapeze. Lindy Hop – One evening in 1927, following Lindbergh’s flight to Paris, a local dance enthusiast named “Shorty George” Snowden was watching some of the dancing couples at the Savoy Ballroom in New York.

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