The Gospel according to Matthew Essay
The Gospel according to Matthew
The book of Matthew writes the gospel to emphasize how Jesus fulfills God’s promises from the Old Testament as the true Messiah. Matthew’s account include numerous of saying and of Jesus Christ about living as one of his disciples and as a member of the church, concluding with the command of Jesus to make disciples of all nations. This paper will connect Jesus’ genealogy to the Old Testament and establish that he is the true Messiah. It will also lay out how his actions and words line up with that of God.
The Gospel according to Matthew was believed to be written between AD 38 and AD 70, most commonly ranged at 60-65AD. Matthew was written to Jews who were familiar with Old Testament prophecy. Jewish customs were not explained in this gospel. Matthew often mentioned the Law of Moses. When Matthew was written people often memorized scripture. Matthew arranged his material so that it was easy to remember. Groups of threes and of sevens are often used in Matthew. For example, there were 3 gifts, 3 temptations, 7 parables, and 7 woes (Matthew 2, 4, 13, and 23). Matthew was a Galilean Jew.
He was known as a tax collector (Matthew 9:9). He was also known as Levi the son of Alphaeus (Luke 5:27, 29 and Mark 2:14). Matthew was one of the 12 apostles that were with Jesus Christ throughout his public ministry on earth. The book of Matthew is the first of the four Gospels. Matthew is consistent with the other three Gospels in the Bible, which include the Gospels of Mark, Luke and John in regards to the historic events that took place while Jesus walked the Earth. There are 28 chapters, making the Gospel of Matthew the longest Gospel of the four. THE OUTLINE STRUCTURE AND OF MATTHEW
In a redaction study, Jack Dean Kingsbury argued that the structure of Matthew is the key that opens up the first evangelist’s theological interests not only in the infancy material but throughout the gospel. Kingsbury suggests that the infancy traditions are used for Christological reasons and not for apologetic; in other words the structure provides the clue for discerning that Jesus, who is the royal Messiah, is uniquely the Son of God and can be linked directly to King David. For purposes of the paper the Gospel of Matthew will be divided into seven significant sections that explain Jesus’ life.
Matthew opens with the Genealogy of Jesus that quickly establishes that He was a descendant of King David (Mathew 1:1-17). This is an important fact because it is consistent with the Old Testament description of the Messiah. This first section also describes the birth of Jesus Christ (2:1-12). The second section is the beginning of Jesus’ ministry which consists of John the Baptist (3:1-12), a detail account of Jesus’ baptism by John (3:13-17), and the temptation of Christ by Satan in the wilderness (4:1-11). The third section beginning with chapter 4:13 – 14:1-36 describes Jesus in Galilee.
This is when he commissions the 12 apostles (4:18-22; 10:1-42), preaches the Sermon on the Mount (5:1-12), explains the principles of the Kingdom: referencing the Old Law (5:17-20), moral actions, love, teachings on prayers, fasting, teachings against riches and the love of necessities of life, and judging others (5:17 – 7:15-29). In chapter 13 Jesus begins to use parables in order to teach, such as Sower, Wheat and Tares, Mustard Seed, Leaven, Hidden Treasures the Pearl of Great Price, The Net, and Treasures New and Old (13:1-52).
In section four Jesus withdraws from Galilee after receiving the news from his disciples that John the Baptist had been beheaded (14:1-12). Shortly after retreating he performed the miracle of feeding five thousand people with five loaves of bread and two fish (Matthew 14:17). He also walked on water (14:25). In section five Jesus is transfigured, witnessed by three disciples, John, Peter and James. His face shone like the sun, and his clothes became as white as the light. There appeared before them Moses and Elijah, talking with Jesus (Matthew 17:1-13).
He heals a boy with demon spirit, explains the power of faith, and sends Peter out to fish in order to pay the Temple tax. In section six Jesus’ goes from Galilee to Perea teaching about divorce (19:1-12) and He predicts death (17-19). Section seven begins the triumphal entry by Jesus into Jerusalem on the back of a donkey, second cleansing of the Temple, questions of Christ Authority (21:1-27), parables of the two sons, the wicked husbandmen, and the marriage feast (21:28-46; 22:1-14).
This section also includes paying tribute to Caesar, Sadducees and the Resurrection, opposition of the Pharisees (22:15-46), the Scribes and Pharisees are exposed, seven woes pronounced (23:1-39), and the destruction of Jerusalem foretold (24:1-30). The second coming is introduced in reference with the destruction of Jerusalem (24:29-31; 35-51), prediction of His crucifixion, feast in Simon’s house, bargain of Judas, the Last Supper, Peter’s denial foretold, and Gethsemane (26:1-46).
Jesus is arrested, held for trail, and crucifixion of Jesus on the cross as a sacrifice for all the sin in the world (26:46 – 27:1-61). This section ends with the events of the resurrection, Jesus defeating death, and the Great Commission (27:62- 28:11-20). STRUCTURAL VIEW POINTS The Gospel can also be divided into five sections: the origins of Jesus the Messiah; the first two years of his ministry in Galilee; his third year of ministry, including his rejection by religious opponents and his journey and stay in Jerusalem; the passion and resurrection; the instruction to the disciples to evangelize.
This format lacks the detail needed in order to help support this paper’s thesis: Matthew writes the gospel to emphasize how Jesus fulfills God’s promises from the Old Testament as the true Messiah. Matthew’s account include numerous of saying and of Jesus Christ about living as one of his disciples and as a member of the church, concluding with the command of Jesus to make disciples of all nations. In The Five Books’ of Moses Against the Jews, Bacon takes the position that there are five sections of Matthew but references them as “books”.
Book 1 deals with discipleship (narrative, chapters 3-4; discourse, chapters 5-7); book 2 with apostleship (narrative, 8-9; discourse, 10); book 3 with the hiding of the revelation (narrative, 11-12; discourse, 13); book 4 with church administration (narrative, 14-17; discourse, 18); and book 5 with the judgment (narrative, 19-22; discourse, 23-25). Leaving chapters 1-2 as a preamble and 26-28 as an epilogue. Bacon thought that this was Matthew’s self-conscious response to, and fulfillment of, the five books of Moses a.
k. a. the Pentateuch. Very few believe that Matthew was trying to link these five sections and the five books of Moses because the connections proposed by Bacon are to tenuous and the ties between each narrative and discourse pair not that strong. Tyler VanderWeele examined the three structural triads in chapters 8-9 and 21-22 in the Gospel of Matthew. The gospel is a case of triadic arrangement because the related statements or events are repeated three times.
It relates that in the narrative passage of Chapter 8-9, three sets of three miracle stories were found, while in Matthew 21-22 has three symbolic actions, three parables, and three questions posed for Jesus. It notes that three structural triads between the sections demonstrate the chiastic structure in the Gospel of Matthew. It cites evidence that shows the intentions of the author for a chiastic structure. John Paul Heil examines The Narrative Structure of Matthew 27:55 28:20, which constructs Matthew’s account of Jesus’ death-burial-resurrection sequence by reviewing its rhetorical effect on the reader.
He divides the two events into“a” scenes, which represents (24:55-56, 61; 28:1, 5-10, 16-20) and a “b” scenes representing (27:57-60, 62-66; 28:2-4; 11-15). He states that in “a” the reader experiences the continuity of reliable witnesses from the death to the resurrection of Jesus, building faith in and empowerment by the risen Lord. But through the changes of “b” the reader experiences the contrasting constancy of futile and fraudulent attempts to prevent faith in the risen Jesus. The “a” scenes empowers the reader to confront and overcome the negative experience of the “b” scenes.
“In order to prevail over the giving and receiving of powerless and fraudulent authority by those who would prevent faith in and proclamation of the risen Jesus, the reader, after being bought to authentic faith in the crucified but now risen Jesus, is invited to receive and give the true and powerful authority of the risen Jesus to all people. ” THE KEYS TO MATTHEW: WORDS, VERSES, CHAPTERS Key Verse: Matthew 27:37 Key Words: Kingdom and Fulfill The Gospel of Matthew presents many important facts and significant lessons.
It establishes that Jesus Christ is the Messiah that was prophesized throughout the Old Testament. Second, it proves that Jesus was the Son of God, whom He claimed to be through living a sinless and perfect life. Third, the Gospel records Jesus performing miracles over nature (calming the storm; Matthew 8:23-27), healing people (curing the servant; Matthew 8:5-13) and raising the dead (ruler’s daughter; Matthew 9:18-19). Fourth, Jesus gives real and practical lessons of how God desires people to live, respond through challenging circumstances, and make choices regarding their future for eternity.
Such as: resisting temptation (4:2), resolving legal issues (5:25), how to give to others (6:2), forgiving others that sin against you (6:14), dealing with fear (8:26), God answering prayers (8:2), having faith (9:29), the promise of salvation (10:22), acknowledging Christ (10:32), and the image of Heaven and Hell (13:49,50), obeying God (15:19), loving your neighbor (19:19), sacrificing (20:22), being a hypocrite (23:28), spoken and written words by Jesus that were and can be applied to one’s life in a practical manner. Jesus’ Purpose for His Mission The Sermon on the Mount (Matt.
5:1-7:29) Moses received the Ten Commandments from the top of a high mountain, gives his gospel in a discourse on a mountain. Matthew is always eager to relate his account of Jesus to the Old Testament. He constantly draws parallels between the old dispensation and the new. The Jews are the children of the law. The followers of Jesus will be the recipients of the gospel. The Sermon on the Mount was delivered to the disciples. Miracles Around the Sea of Galilee (Mat 8:1-9:38) Three chapters in Matthew are devoted to the Sermon on the Mount, followed by two chapters describing the miracles of Jesus.
These miracles were not all performed in Galilee. At least one was done in the Hellenized region of the Decapolis. We do not know precisely where either the centurion’s house was or where the ruler lived, But we can be certain that all these miracles took place around the Sea o Galilee, a small body of water only seven miles wide and twelve miles long. Unless the weather conditions are unfavorable, one can see all round it from most any vantage point along the shore. So when Jesus was on the mount with his disciples, he had perspective of all the places where He would perform these miracles. The Formation of the Apostolate (Matt.
1O:. 1-42) Though Jesus has done a lot for many individuals through these ten miracles and though the general public has been greatly impressed by his wonderful works, everything that He has said and done around the Sea of Galilee has been in the presence of his disciples and, from Matthew’s viewpoint, principally for their benefit. The Sermon on the Mount was preached to them. They, too, were spectators at all His miracles. The People Recalcitrance of the Jews (Matt. 11. 1 -13:58) These three chapters portend ill for the mission of Jesus in his own country. There are signs of frustration and exasperation on the part of the Master.
Those who hear his words do not seem to comprehend. The people see the miracles and even benefit from them, but they have no idea at all what the miracles indicate about Jesus. Mighty Acts of Mercy (Matt. 14:1-16:12) In spite of the recalcitrance of the Jews, especially their leaders, Jesus continues to minister to human need wherever He finds it, and the crowds respond to his mercy and kindness. The compassion of Jesus is inexhaustible, but Matthew says explicitly that Jesus “had compassion” only four times in his Gospel: (1) when He saw the crowds who were disorganized and helpless, “as sheep having no shepherd” (Matt.
9:36; (2) when He fed first the five thousand after healing their sick (Matt. 14:14) and (3) later the four thousand (Matt. 15:32); and (4) when he gave sight to the two blind men at Jericho (Matt. 20:34). Preparation for the Establishment of the Church (16:13 – 18:35) Technically speaking, Jesus did not establish the church. He lived his life under the ceremonies of the Temple and prayed and taught in the synagogues of Israel. The church did not come into existence until after his death, resurrection, and ascension. The birthday of the church is Pentecost.
Principles which Govern Life in the Kingdom of Heaven Sexual Morality (Matt. 19:3-12) Jesus opens his teachings about life in the kingdom of heaven with a discussion of personal morality as it relates to sex and the use of one’s sexual endowments. “The kingdom of heaven here means its anticipatory stage on earth, or life in the church, the community of those who belong to the kingdom of heaven. It does not refer to the kingdom of heaven beyond death. In the next life, sex will not be a factor. ” There, people will not marry or be given in marriage but shall be sexless as the angels (Mart.
22:30). But here on earth sex is a factor in the determination of the quality of a person’s life and affects entrance into the kingdom of heaven while a person lives on earth. Concern For Children (Matt. 19:13-15) The intended result of human sexuality is children. The word the Bible uses for the conceiving of children is the word know. “And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the Lord” (Gen. 4:1). This does not necessarily mean that sex between husband and wife is reserved exclusively for childbearing.
It can be precious as an expression of love between them regardless of its issue. But children are not intended by God to be brought into the world outside the marriage bond, nor are single parenthood endorsed in scripture as a providential way of rearing children. The family is the proper result of the experience of human sexuality, and the family is not a changing or intermittent relationship. It is providentially ordered to be a permanent and abiding institution into which a child is born, nurtured, and developed, until that child reaches maturity and is released in order to marry and form a new family.
God’s Values (Matt. 20:1-19) Jesus ends his teachings on wealth with this statement: “But many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first” (Matt. 19:30). Then he tells a story to illustrate what he means by this statement, which he repeats at the end of the story. The point of the story is that God’s values are not always the same as ours. Many times, those things to which we attach the greatest importance are not at all important to God. And some things we pass by as being trivial, God looks upon as of inestimable significance. The Acceptance of Sacrificial Service (Matt.
20:20-34) The key to experiencing the kingdom of heaven is service, sacrificial service. There is no other way fully to participate in the kingdom. One who tries to do so in some other way is a thief and a robber. THE GREAT COMMISSION The last chapter of the Gospel of Matthew specifies the calling of all disciples of Christ: “Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world.
Amen. ” (Matthew 28:16-20). This is the mission of all Christians that have a faithful commitment to Jesus Christ. It is to spread the Good News of Jesus Christ to the world and teach the lessons that He commands. Matthew 28:16-20 Acknowledge He Has All Power. 28:16-18 1) Worship Him. 28:17 2) Hear Him. 28:18 Obey His Authoritative Plan. 28:19-20 1) Make disciples by going. 28:19 2) Make disciples by baptizing. 28:19 3) Make disciples by teaching. 28:20 Trust His Amazing Promise. 28:20 1) He will be with you constantly.
2) He will be with you continually. Matthew 28 begins with a resurrection and ends with a commission, a Great Commission. These final words of our Lord and Savior are weighty, heavy, not easily digested. And, they do not need a temporary feel good at the moment response. They need a permanent, I am devoted to you response. They need a response that has carefully considered the King who speaks to them, and the kind of servant who obeys them. Jesus’ last words are the foundation for evangelism and cross-cultural missions work in Christian theology.
Because the Lord’s instructions were to go to all nations and that he would be with us until the very end of the age, Christians of all generations have embraced this command. As many have said, it’s not “The Great Suggestion. ” No, the Lord has commanded us to put our faith in action. William Fay writes in Share Jesus Without Fear that although most of us have never said, “I don’t know him,” we’ve still found a way to deny him. We deny Jesus by never opening our mouths. We deny him with our silence, the sin of silence. Is important to know that we are not responsible for causing a person’s heart to turn toward God.
Jesus said, “No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him” (john 6:44). It is God who draws people to himself, not me, not you. The Great Commission is one of the most preached of Scriptures by Evangelical pastors and teachers today. Given the fact that the Great Commission contains Christ’s marching orders for the church, this emphasis is warranted. What is unfortunate regarding this Evangelical emphasis is the fact that this portion of Scripture is almost always misinterpreted in a manner that severely limits the meaning and scope of the passage.
Christ’s command to disciple whole nations (which is a comprehensive task that aims at developing a worldwide Christian civilization and culture) has been completely ignored and replaced with a command to witness to individuals and wait for the rapture. “Lord Jesus, through the gift of your Holy Spirit, you fill us with an indomitable spirit of praise and joy which no earthly trial can subdue. Fill me with your resurrection joy and help me to live a life of praise and thanksgiving for your glory. May I witness to those around me the joy of the gospel and the reality of your resurrection. ” (Church prayer)
CONCLUSION The purpose of this paper was to show that Jesus Christ was the true Messiah and that he came to do the works of His Father, God. What has been proven? Jesus has been linked to King David, He walked and lived amongst the people, He preached, healed, and delivered those that believed, he left clear instructions on how to live as a believer and to go and spread the gospel, the good news. But more importantly He died for every man and every woman’s sin that will surrender, repent, and believe in the Trinity. There are many, many facets to the Gospel of Matthew but I chose to focus on Jesus’ purpose.
Jesus was the one that everyone was waiting on but then when He arrived on the scene, there were doubters, haters, and many were simply confused and did not know what to think. O’ but then there were those that just believe and accepted Him for who He said that He was, the Son of God, the descendant of Kind David. He did not favorites, nor did He hate anyone. He came to spread the gospel of His Father, so that man could have everlasting life. The world today can learn a lot from the Gospel of Matthew, even thou many theologians believe that Matthew is a duplicate of the Gospel of Mark.
There is a message in Matthew as well as Mark, which is to study God’s word, understand the journey that Jesus took in Matthew, and understand that He willingly gave His life so that the world could have life, even thou millions and millions of people have rejected Him and more importantly, spend time with God. There is no book that has been written that can tell one everything there is to know about God and Jesus but there is God, there is Jesus waiting, wanting us to spend time before them. Christians have become so accustom to just listening to a bible study CD or reading a book to get information and guidance about God.
This method has to stop. God reveals Himself to us through prayer. Jesus died so that we might have life and Christians are so relaxed in spending time with God and many of them would deny Him of who He is if He knocked on their door or walked into the church while the minister was preaching. Christians have forgotten who they are and whose they are…Matthew begins with the genealogy of Christ – life and ends with every woman and every man having everlasting life. WOW!! The ministry of the kingdom carried by Christ is to be continued by the church (16:18).
Those who have not done the Father’s will (7:21), who have not believed in Christ (18:6), will merit eternal punishment (13:42; 25:46). The righteous will enter into eternal life (13:43; 25:46). Until then, the followers of Christ were to “make disciples of all nations” (28:19). BIBLIOGRAPHY B. W. Bacon. “The’ Five Books’ of Moses Against the Jews’,” Exp 15 (1918); 56-66. (London: Constable, 1930). Fay, W. & Evans Shepherd, L. , Share Jesus Without Fear. (Nashville: B&H Publishing, 1999): 3 – 6 Foster, Paul. “Heaven and Earth in the Gospel of Matthew.
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