Poetry has been around for a long time. As the years go by poetry adapts to the time period. However, the authors have different views. Majority of them will read and enjoy all types of poem, but they have their own opinions. The new, has to be truly unique to the author and to the time period like, poem Alone’ by Edgar Allan Poe and Sendiri’ by M.Boniex Nurwega. New Criticism is always used in analyzing poem, especially lyric poetry.
New Critism called themselves as the first one in understanding a piece of art in criticism.
New Criticism generally concentrates on meaning as well as the formal aspects of a text. In their idea, literature always refers to phenomenon in external, in real world or experiences of human being. It never questions the reality of external world and doesn’t represent language as an expertise. “. New Criticism, post-World War I school of Anglo-American literary critical theory that insisted on the intrinsic value of a work of art and focused attention on the individual work alone as an independent unit of meaning.
New criticism was a formalist movement in literary theory that dominated American literary critisism in the middle decades of the 20th century. It emphasized close reading, particularly poetry, to discover how a work of literature functioned as a self-contained, self-referential aesthetic object. neglect its aesthetic qualities in favour of teaching about external factors. On the other They concentrate on the formal aspects of a text and the way of working of each small entity in the text.
Every word, every element, every component, and every image remains as a special sign which has contribution and donation to the unified theme.
Details are called symbolic, allegorical or figurative depicting of unified theme or idea, because details are small relevent parts of central subject-matter. the New Criticism treated literary texts as autonomous and divorced from historical context, and that its practitioners were ‘uninterested in the human meaning, the social function and effect of literature. Why I choose this theory, because I think new criticism is theory clarify to analyse literary works. So, this paper will be discussion about the similarities and the differences between alone’ by Edgar Allan Poe and sendiri’ by M.Boniex Norwega.