The Europeans and their settlements in North America Essay
The Europeans and their settlements in North America
In the ice age people moved to America, walking on ice or by boats, they came in groups of 15 to 20 people called band. Not a lot of people lived in North America as in central and South America, they spread unevenly. The Native American people were peaceful type of people they believed in nature they did not fight each other or destroyed anything. They hunted for food and feed on plants. They lived a basic life. Native American had never thought of themselves as individual or single people. Only after European arrived and emphasized the differences between themselves and indigenous people did the term “Indian” come into usage.
That term came originally with Columbus, who thought that he could find a short way to India by going around the sea from the opposite direction instead of going around Africa, Columbus Idea had couple issues, his maps was wrong, and no one have ever went from that way, therefore, no one knows that America was in the way. Columbus landed in the America thinking that he landed on India back in 1492. He did four trips back and forth to America, and died without realizing that he is not in India.
While poverty and diseases were spreading in the crowded European cities, Columbus had discovered America or India as he thought, and started his first slave trader; therefore, people started to immigrate to the Americas and brought all the diseases with them. Searching for gold and silver, they forest the Native American people to mine gold and supply them with food. A lot of Native American died off many imported diseases. In West America, the population went from 1 million, to five hundred in a half century, because of all the diseases the European brought with them. Whole villages perished at once, with no one left to bury the dead.
The Americas had witnessed the greatest demographic disaster in world history; in 1519, North America population was between 13 and 25 million. By 1600, the European ways and all the weapons they brought with them and the small overpower army that they formed; the population had shrunk to about seven hundred thousand. Meanwhile as a part of the Columbian Exchange, the circular economic trade that everybody used Europe, England, and France.
The European world brought a few benefits to the Native people of North America, they introduced horses, cattle, sheep, swine, chickens, wheat and other grains, coffee, sugar, numerous fruit and garden vegetables, and many species of weeds, insects, and rodent to America. In the next century, the enslaved Africans carried rise and yams with them to America. The European also brought all the supplies and made farmers from the Native American people. They gave the bible to the Native American, but the Native people did not know what was that, they tried to eat it. The Spanish was spreading there language, and the Christian religion to the Native American as part of the civilization. The European mixed with the Native American and married them.
Therefore, today in America, a large number of people speak in Spanish, especially in North America, Inanition, many cities in America have a Spanish names. The List of American gifts to Europe and Africa was equally impressive compare to the European gifts, corn, many varieties of beans, white and sweet potatoes, tomatoes, squash, pumpkins, peanuts, vanilla, cacao, avocados, pineapples, chilies, tobacco, and turkey. By 1625, Spain had advanced only so far North America and the Caribbean. Meanwhile, French, English, and Dutch colonists focused on less spectacular resources.
New France and New Netherland existed primarily to obtain furs from Indians, while the English in Virginia and Plymouth cultivated field recently belonging to Native Americans. All those colonies depended for their success on maintaining stable relations with at least some Native Americans. When the English came to America, they settled on the cost and massacred many of the Native American people although they were peaceful. There were a lot of stress between the English and Native because of their differences in cultures believes, religions, and even the way they dress or look. They looked at the native as savages.
The English colonies were by far the most populous. They needed many slaves to work on tobacco and rice field, therefor many black people, or slaves as they was at the time lived in the North Carolina. The political settlement that followed England’s Glorious revolution further bound the colonies to the empire and at the same time provided the foundation for representative government in the colonies. Native Americans responded to the arrival and expansion of the settlement of European “invaders” by resisting, trying to cope, or immigrating to the West. Whatever their response, however, the Indians found their world fundamentally changed.
Subject: United States,
University/College: University of Arkansas System
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 8 January 2017
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