The Effects of Alcohol Consumption on the Human Body 

Many, many adults drink some sort of alcoholic beverage, whether it’s beer, spirits, wine, or lots of others. Although they have fun drinking these beverages, do they really know the effects it can have on them? The human body is a wondrous thing. Too much of anything can really damage us. Alcohol can impact all different organs of the body, and even just a little too much can hurt us for the rest of our lives. Some of our most important organs such as the liver, heart, and even brain are affected by alcohol.

Alcohol is lethal to really anything in our body. But one of the most important organs is very affected. This would be the brain. Alcohol travels to the stomach and intestine after consumption. It is then brought to the bloodstream, and of course affects the liver. From there on, the substance travels to other parts of the body such as the heart and nervous system. Finally, the alcohol moves to the brain and affects the neurons directly.

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Alcohol slows everything down in the nervous system. Other parts of the brain are slowed such as the cerebellum and cerebral cortex. Garbled speech, sluggish movements, imbalance, and a decrease in reaction time are all side effects of the consumption of alcohol. The ability to process information is also affected. Blackouts and brain cell damage can lead to permanent damage in the brain’s ability to retain memories, not to mention hallucinations and a change of behavior. Some people change personality/behavior by being happy or more outgoing.

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Others act violently and disrupt or argue with others. Although you probably could think of some positive effects from alcohol, many effects are dangerous and hazardous to your brain.

Alcohol not only affects the brain, but also the liver. The liver can only handle so much alcohol at a time. Heavy drinkers have more of a risk of developing liver cancer. As mentioned before, alcohol reaches the liver after consumption. The deadly substance produces a deadly toxin known as acetaldehyde. This damages liver cells and causes scarring. The liver needs water to function. When alcohol enters the body, the liver needs to find other ways to find water sources. This is one of the reasons you feel a headache after drinking. By ruining the liver, your body can’t fight infections or get rid of waste products. Some liver diseases, can either inflame the liver or “scar” it, both of which will result in alcoholic hepatitis or alcoholic cirrhosis. There are many others. These diseases or effects of drinking alcohol on the liver may surprise or even frighten you. This should be kept in mind when you are drinking.

The heart is a very important organ in our body. The heart pumps oxygen-rich blood to all the parts to the body, and pumps oxygen-poor blood to the lungs to release wastes. Alcohol is not associated well with the heart. Alcohol, when in your bloodstream coming from the small intestine and stomach, causes the levels of fat in the blood to rise. Cholesterol builds up in the arteries and veins. Plaque can clog the arteries. If the plaque breaks off, a heart attack can occur. Other clogged arteries include blocking the flow of blood to the brain which can lead to a stroke. Alcohol can make the heart work harder. In some cases, many cardiovascular diseases are caused by alcohol.

One or two drinks every couple of days is okay. Studies have shown that alcohol can help the body function better. This, of course, must be done in moderation. Heavy drinkers must be aware of the effects they might be getting into when the drink a lot of alcohol. Too much alcohol can damage the liver, brain, heart, and other vital organs that help the body function properly. So, the next time you hang out with friends, maybe think about holding back and moderating what you drink.

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The Effects of Alcohol Consumption on the Human Body . (2021, Sep 20). Retrieved from

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