The Dominican Republic Essay
The Dominican Republic
The Dominican Republic is a nation that is located in the Caribbean regions island of Hispaniola. The western third of the republic is the nation of the Haiti, making Hispaniola one of the two Caribbean Islands that are occupied by two countries, the second one being St. Martin. ( http://www. dominicanrepublic. com/) The Dominican Republic is a country that has the first permanent Eastern settlement in the Americas, into its capital Santo Domingo, which was of the first colonial capital in the Americas. It is also the first site of the Cathedral University.
The Dominican Republic had its share of history; the nation has experienced a political turmoil and unrest since 1963, suffering through many non-representative and tyrannical governments, since the death of military Dictator Rafael Leonidas Trujjillo Monila, the republic has moved through the years towards representative democracy The country has moved and developed in the hands of different representatives since 1963. In 1963, a military coup ousted Bosch and installed a civilian triumvirate. Leftists rebelled against the new regime in April 1965, and U. S.
president Lyndon Johnson sent in marines and troops. After a cease-fire in May, a compromise installed Hector Garcia-Godoy as provisional president. In 1966, right-wing candidate Joaquin Balaguer won in free elections against Bosch, and U. S. and other foreign troops withdrew. The trend has been that way and in august. 2000 the center-left Hipolito Mejia was elected president amid popular discontent over power outages in the recently privatized electric industry, but in May 2004 presidential elections he was defeated by former president Leonel Fernandez (1996–2000).
Fernandez instituted austerity measure to rescue the country from its economic crisis, and in the first half of 2006, yet the lives of the Haiti’s . were never checked(http://www. dominicanrepublic. com/) On May 16, 2008, incumbent president Leonel Fernandez was reelected, taking 53% of the vote. He defeated Miguel Vargas of the Dominican Revolutionary The country has had very poor and bad policies that aid the discrimination of the Haitians, they get inhuman treatments and this has been fought by some International organizations on the human rights as the Amnesty international.
There are issues that are facing the Haitian workers living in the Dominican Republic, these workers are deported arbitrarily by the thousands each an every year and their Dominican-born children, and even their grandchildren, remain as a permanent underclass, denied birth papers. This has made them not to access and use public resources as schools hospitals, and even good public service jobs. ( http://www. amnestyusa. org/document. php? lang=e&id=ENGUSA20070321002
It is estimated that about a half a million Haiti’s live in the Dominican Republic and are having their main source of livelihood in primarily in the agricultural sectors and the Construction Industry. This number appear to be so large to the government that each an every year about 20,000 of these people are being deported. Amnesty International reported that the Deportation of Haiti Migrants has no judicial oversight. This has been considered to be discrimination that is based on the races. Due to this the amnesty international called on the Dominical Republic government to completely expel the issues of racial discrimination.
These they described as arbitrary discriminatory policies that prevent Dominicans of Haitian descent from obtaining Dominican nationality. ( Lawrence 2004) The standards of lives that the Haitian migrants are living are so poor. From the workplace to the streets, Haitian migrants living in the Dominican Republic are at the very bottom of the social ladder. They and their Dominican-born children are being denied the most basic rights before the eyes of the Dominican state and society, this has been experienced for quite some time and actually the Dominican state and society has totally done nothing to correct or to stop this social misfit.
(Howard 2001) The state of violation of human rights and deportation has been so real and arbitrary that even some of the Dominican nationals have been expelled from their own country because they “look like Haitians. ” This has made the amnesty international to step forward and stop the vice. (http://www. amnestyusa. org/document. php? lang=e&id=ENGUSA20070321002) The situation has been so worse that that even the Dominican Republic Officials are highly participating in the discrimination and this was purely and clearly evidenced one day in the streets.
There is no mercy even to the children who do not know to differentiate their color and race. On January 4, 2006, Matilde, an 8-year-old girl, was seized by officials in the streets of the capital, Santo Domingo, and held overnight in a detention center for irregular migrants, without being allowed to contact her parents. She was only saved from being expelled when a local human rights organization proved she was a Dominican national. Officials had assumed she was Haitian because of her skin color and in the country illegally.
This was one of the worst incidences and more so to such a young angel. ( http://www. amnestyusa. org/document. php? lang=e&id=ENGUSA20070321002 ) The lack of judicial oversight of mass expulsions is amonthe most pressing concerns because it removes a key protection and puts migrants at greater risk of human rights violations, such as arbitrary detention, discrimination, unfair administrative processes and ill-treatment. These are some discriminative issues that are facing the Haitians. (http://www. amnestyusa. org/document. php? lang=e&id=ENGUSA20070321002
Because of the human violations that are taking place in the Dominican republic against the Haitians, it has been proposed to the International human rights organizations that is represented by Amnesty International that the country should have good policies that are touching on deportation, they should ensure that the deportation procedures should contain appropriate safeguards and conform to international human rights standards. The organization spokesman promised that that was their key to starting and offering their services to ensure that, in the Dominican Republic policies always have the interest of the Haitians.
Amnesty International’s report revealed that racial discrimination prevents Dominicans of Haitian descent from obtaining birth certificates. Without a birth certificate, they are prevented from entering school beyond primary level or claiming an identity card when they become 18, barring them from the formal j ob market and from voting. This has been of the advantage of the Dominican citizens since the job market is not competitive and in the decision making of the country only the Dominican Republican nationalist and not the Haitian Migrants participate in the country’s decision making. ( http://www. amnestyusa. org/document. php?
lang=e&id=ENGUSA20070321002 Amnesty Inter national has pushed the Dominican Republic to take action to protect the rights of Haitian migrants and their Dominican children. It is their legal responsibility to do so as well as the legal right for the Haitian migrants and their Dominican Children and offspring to have freedom to live and of expression as well as to be treated as human beings The predicament faced by the descendants of guest workers in the Dominican Republic is part of a highly charged debate underway within nations struggling to balance the demand for foreign labor with a desire to limit who can become a citizen.
These people are being targeted because their skin color is often darker, “Haitian-looking” people are frequently deported to Haiti within hours of their detention, causing families to be separated and children to be left behind. Suspected undocumented Haitians – including Dominicans of Haitian descent – have no fair opportunity to challenge their expulsion. (http://www. hrw. org/reports/2002/domrep/) The issue of the human rights violation and deportation has to be dealt with and the Haitian Migrants must be treated as Human beings. They must be given their human rights and never not to be discriminated based on their skin color.
Amnesty international has already laid down strategies in place to face the Dominican Government and to ensure that human rights are not violated. Reference http://www. hrw. org/reports/2002/domrep/) Retrieved on the 8th July 2008. Howard David. 2001. Race and Ethnicity in the Dominican Republic. Signal Books Lawrence James. 2004. Human Rights in the Americas. New York: Nova Publishers http://www. amnestyusa. org/document. php? lang=e&id=ENGUSA20070321002 retrieved on the 8th July 8, 2008 http://www. dominicanrepublic. com// Retrieved on the 8th June 2008