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Faith, Hope and Reconciliation composed by Faith Bandler is a speech which methodically embraces its purpose, raising the issues of reconciliation which aid in inspiring her like minded audience to act in support for its movement. While fundamentally the text levies the support for indigenous people, predominantly indigenous Australians, who are deeply associated with the need for advancing improved Aboriginal rights. Bandler makes evident that “This movement should be one wherein we should ask not what is in it for me, but what is in it for us,” hence her speech initiates the notion of a ‘call to arms.
’ The speech instantaneously addresses the Aboriginal community verses the White Australia, combining issues of prejudice that are still apparent today, in addition the notion that indigenous Australians still remain as a minority group is apparent. The values and themes embodied within Bandler’s text thoroughly explore current issues through the use of rhetoric elements and techniques which conclusively enables her responders to connect with her main argument and purpose, while essentially engaging them in her ideas of discussion.
The techniques epitomized within Bandler’s speech include: exordium enrapturing elements of anecdotes and amplification, analogy and zoomorphism. The exordium of Bandler’s speech serves as an introductory paragraph to which acknowledges her audience, introducing them to her concepts of discussion.
In addition to exordium, elements of kairos are met, as her main contextual arguments fundamentally link to the occasion of her speech, addressed at the ‘Talkin up reconciliation convention’ in Wollongong. Through referencing to her personal anecdote of when she “was here once before” outlines a previous connection with the indigenous land and people.
The initiation of her anecdote within the exordium continues in subsequent paragraphs, discovering a “module in her thinking,” conveying the negative connotations of division, dislocation and disjunction, corresponding with the notion of the idea of unity and reconciliation. Bandler further incorporates amplification in conjunction with her anecdote, expanding on her idea of the divide among the indigenous and the white Australia through referencing to three main concepts of the reconciliation process, racism and the stolen generation. Overall the effect of combining the exordium of her speech with aspects of anecdotes and amplification, an appeal to ethos is evident, as the responders associate such knowledge and personal connection with a credible orator, enhancing the connection between both Bandler and her audience. Additionally an appeal to pathos is established, through acknowledging notions of segregation and discrimination among society, Bandler establishes a link in her discussion with the audience through empathising with their sentiments and initiating a response.
Thus through merging the various themes, Bandler’s purpose is achieved through her manner of address. “Lived, breathed, struggled and climbed those ramparts of the rugged past, and when reaching the summit, have seen the ugliness when looking down” is an extract used by Bandler which enables for a sense of unity to be achieved, while instantaneously themes of hardship are conveyed through the pauses and accumulations of the connotations of the harsh physical journey. Through describing and relating such physical demanding words in relation to an ‘uphill’ journey towards a summit, with the effort of achieving the goal of reconciliation, the struggle among her responders is able to clearly be perceived. Thus an indication of the battle through comparison is denoted, collectively motivating her audience in inspiring to creating change and overcoming prejudices, pushing for the need of society to become more unified and accepting of other cultures. As a whole an appeal to pathos is evident, through the collective accumulation of emotive language and connotations, indicating a harsh physical journey, hence the emotions and sentiments of the responders are inaugurated.
Overall through such an appeal, the addressees form a connection with the orator by means of her communication of current issues and concepts within society, enabling for her main argument to be denoted effectively and therefore contributing to her main purpose of delivery. “Talk-back jockeys lined up against them, and those who are deliberately blinkered and our troubled relationships with them. They are chained in their stubbornness” is an extract quoted by Bandler which encapsulates the element of zoomorphism, denoting an underlying horse racing analogy and synesis. The term jockeys connotes horse racing, and collocates with ‘lined up’as horses are at the beginning of their race, ‘blinkered’ to restrict horses from being distracted during a race, ‘chained’ as horses are steered by reins, and ‘stubbornness’ such as that of a brumby that has not been tamed. The rhetoric device enables for the terming of the opposition, while collectively zoomorphism questions the moral values of the opposing side; the white Australia, and additionally denotes a sense of insult towards them. Within this quote Bandler exercises the themes of her opposition as being animal-like, stubborn and that of a society of entrenched racism, thus overall defining the prejudice white Australia as simply animals.
Bandler also in some ways degrades her opposition, fundamentally illustrating them as narrow-minded people through using the term “blinkered, additionally characterising them as ‘stubborn,’ it is evident that Bandler states how the White Australia are opposed to change and hence against the movement for reconciliation and improved indigenous rights. Overall zoomorphism serves as a technique which appeals significantly to pathos, as it arouses emotions, allowing her addressees to feel of sympathy for indigenous Australians. Ethos is yet another aspect which is apparent, through the lack of sentence structure and cohesion used, making evident her lack of education, although still being associated as a credible orator through her main arguments, ideas and concepts which are signified. The quote also addresses current issues within society affecting the majority and minority, ominously fulfilling her purpose. Conclusively Faith Bandler incorporates numerous notions, themes and ideas which fulfil her main purpose and commit to her reoccurring argument. Through the inclusion of rhetoric elements and techniques, Bandler explores current issues, while concurrently appealing to her audience, engaging them in her ideas of discussion and subjective values.
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