What is the significance of the medical diagnosis terming one with the Cold? The cold is a viral infectious disease of the upper breathing tract which affects mostly the nose. Symptoms include coughing, sore throat, runny nose, and fever which generally deal with in 7 to 10 days, with some signs lasting up to three weeks. Upper respiratory tract infections are loosely divided by the locations they impact, with the common cold mainly impacting the nose, the throat (pharyngitis), and the sinuses (sinus problems).
Signs are primarily due to the body’s immune response to the infection rather than to tissue damage by the infections themselves. The main technique of prevention is by hand washing with some evidence to support the effectiveness of using face masks. No treatment for the common cold exists, but the signs can be treated. It is the most regular contagious disease in human beings with the average adult contracting 2 to 3 colds a year and the typical child contracting in between six and twelve.
These infections have been with humanity since antiquity. What are the symptoms of a common cold
i.The typical symptoms of a cold include cough, runny nose, nasal congestion and a sore throat, sometimes accompanied by muscle ache, fatigue, headache, and loss of appetite. ii. A sore throat is present in about 40% of the cases and a cough in about 50%, while muscle ache occurs in about half. iii.In adults, a fever is generally not present but it is common in infants and young children.
iv.A number of the viruses that cause the common cold may also result in asymptomatic infections.