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Religions are known to teach and inspire many to change and reach the divine or God. That is why many scholars have taken on the challenge of studying religions to begin to comprehend the divine or the way of life that has captivated people throughout history. Hinduism in particular is an Indian religion or dharma it is widely practiced in India and in some parts of the southeast Asia. Hinduism has major scriptures including the Vedas, Upanishads, Agamas and the Bhagavad Gita which have a major influence in the religion and also create a stronger Hindu tradition of questioning authority in order to have a greater understanding of the religion.
Hinduism has a high range of philosophies on spirituality and traditions, it has not however had a religious order or religious authorities nor does it have a governing body as well as having no prophets and finally it doesn’t follow an specify holy book. Hindus have the liberty of choose to be polytheistic, pantheistic, monotheistic, monistic or humanist.
Because of the wide range of traditions and ideas the tern Hinduism the definition is difficult to have only one. This research will look at research already done by scholars about the teaching the Bhagavad Gita has on the soul and its understanding of the personal, spiritual and emotional stages of reaching the divine. The Bhagavad Gita The Bhagavad Gita is a very old Indian text that has become an important work of Hindu tradition as a literature and philosophy. The earliest translations of the Bhagavad Gita were from Sanskrit into English it is estimated to be from 1795 CE by Sir Charles Wilkins.
The name Bhagavad Gita means “The song of the Lord” It is composed as a poem and it contains many important areas that related to the Indian knowledgeable and spiritual traditions. Although it is usually mention as an independent text, the Bhagavad Gita became a section of the great Indian story known as “The Mahabharate” , the longest Indian epic. There is a section in the middle of this long text, consisting of 18 brief chapters and about 700 verses: this is the section known as the Bhagavad Gita also commonly known as the Gita. Origin of the Bhagavad Gita The Gita was written through a crucial time in India because of the social change, especially with kingdoms growing in size and in power, increasing development and more growth in trade activity. This ancient Indian text is important because it reminded people to search for peacefulness, calmness, and permanence in a fast-paced world and how to bring spiritual values into their ordinary life. Teachings and Themes Around the time when the Bhagavad Gita was written, self-discipline was seen in India as the ideal spiritual life. The Bhagavad Gita focuses its teachings around the following questions: Could a person who lives a life of spiritual meaning be whole without withdrawing from society?
Could someone who does not want to give up family and social duties be able to live the right way? The Bhagavad Gita challenges the general rule that only celibates and monks could live and perfect spiritual life through rejection and gaining the value of a true spiritual life. The storyline of the Gita is based on two sets of cousins fighting for the throne: the Pandavas and the Kauravas. Peacekeeping and Negotiation had failed, so these two armies had to meet on the battlefield in order to fix the conflict and decide which side would be gaining the throne. This is a major battle and it takes place in Kurukshetra, “the field of the Kurus”, in the what now would be the Haryana in India. Arjuna, the great leader of the Pandavas, is a member of the Kshatriyas caste meaning the warrior rulers’ caste. He looks out towards his opponents and recognizes friends, relatives, former teachers and finally reasons that controlling the kingdom is not worth the spilling the blood of all his loved ones. Emotionally overwhelmed, Arjuna stops mid-way and cast aside his bow and arrows and decides to quit. He prefers to escape from battle, he reasons that inaction of being responsible for the death of the people loves is better than actually fighting and potentially killing them would be worst. His charioteer is the god Vishnu, who has taken the form of Krishna. Krishna sees Arjuna quitting and begins to encourage Arjuna that he should continue with his duty as a warrior and defect the enemy. The Bhagavad Gita is shown as a discussion between Arjuna and Krishna, a man and a god, a seeker and a knower. Especially when Krishna stops time and simply explain the importance of acting.
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