The teenage pregnancy strategy began in 1999 with a target to cut half the teenage pregnancies in the UK by 2010. The research from the social exclusion unit set the report on teenage pregnancy and this became the Government’s Strategy over the next 10 years. Political objectives are the Government ideology on what needs to happen and what actually happens in society, focus is now on their objectives, supporting identified vulnerable groups with low aspirations and lack of motivation. Vulnerability can be seen within the context of increasing anxiety over the management of risks in society in which we live (Furedi, 2003; Waiton, 2008).
The perception of risk has enticed major sociological attention (Beck, 1992; Giddens 1991; Bauman, 2000), theories of risk offer insights into the effects of the vulnerability.
Teenage pregnancy in the UK is a current problem which continued to grow before the onset on the national government drive to control teenagers getting pregnant by highlighting and launching the teenage pregnancy strategy, there are major political objectives especially when there is media involvement highlighting it teenage mothers who are to blame, contributing to social, financial and political problems, Rolfe (2008).
Evidence identifies becoming pregnant while in your teen can be detrimental to your health and the baby’s health too (Cunningham, 1984, Vincent, 2007 and DCSF, 2009) There is an ideology that in society are forced through educational institutions to gain control in the society and community’s Phoenix and Woolett (1991). In the 1990s teenage pregnancies reached its peak the government in power at the time thought that due to the increase levels of pregnancies, however numerous researchers agreed that sex education in school from key stage 2 to key stage 4 was the way forward to making progress for better outcomes and hopefully a reduction in statistics (Emmerson 2007 and Lall 2007).
Teenage pregnancy programmes, are improving outcomes for vulnerable young people (Austerberry and Wiggins, 2007). The Teenage Pregnancy Independent Advice Group (TPIAG) recommended that teenage pregnancy programmes are reduced either by ten to twenty %, with an increasing number of councils reducing the jobs of Teenage Pregnancy Co-ordinators (Children and Young People Now, 11th January 2011). Charitable organisations also face extra opposition to gain grant and funds for high-quality provisions as local council cuts funding (NCVYS,2010), Levy-Vroelent’s (2010) has fears that vulnerable groups in more deprivation will be competing against each another. The impending welfare reforms are now reflected in relation to young people who are considered vulnerable. Young vulnerable people will be affected by Coalition welfare reform in four ways, these being a reduction in services, benefit changes and housing.
The teenage pregnancy strategy was welcomed by health professions, media and supporters, the strategy underpinned the findings of research to look at the strategies objectives and effects. The strategy looking in particular at the two objectives of how to prevent teenage pregnancy and providing support to teenage parents, this has been critiqued by drawing attention and targeting teenage mothers with little provision (Arai,2009, Duncan et al 2010). Who actually says teenage pregnancy is a problem? Looking at the challenges of the strategy it shows that statements that teenage young mothers in itself are the causes a disadvantage and produces poorer outcomes and causes an impact on our society which brings an attachment and negativity of becoming a young mother with no referral to any positive experience only in a pessimistic way given by policy, (Duncan et al, 20010; Arai, 2009; Seamark and Lings, 2004; Lawlor and Shaw 2002)
The negative point about the national teenage pregnancy strategy is that not all local have the same outcomes compared to other authorities. The areas that have implemented the Teenage pregnancy Strategy have noticed a positive move forward towards their education of teenage pregnancy but this can also be seen as a measurement of teaching sex education in the curriculum both positive outcomes can be measured There are various teenage pregnancy strategies which in some communities overlap each other, first is the Teenage pregnancy strategy overseen by the government, the National Health Service (NHS) teenage pregnancy support giving support through the pregnancy and after the birth, care to learn is helping and directing the correct advice when it comes to financial issues as it can give free child care when you return back to school.
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