Technology and Crime Analysis Essay

Custom Student Mr. Teacher ENG 1001-04 8 June 2016

Technology and Crime Analysis

What is crime analysis anyway? Crime analysis is a systematic process of collecting, categorizing, analyzing, and disseminating timely, accurate, and useful information that describes crime pattern, crime trends, and potential suspects.

What is crime analysis anyway? Crime analysis is a systematic process of collecting, categorizing, analyzing, and disseminating timely, accurate, and useful information that describes crime pattern, crime trends, and potential suspects.

Intelligence Analysis: The systematic collection, evaluation, analysis, integration, and dissemination of information on criminals, especially related to their association and their identification with criminal activity of an organized nature.

Operations Analysis: The study of police service delivery problems, undertaken to provide commanders and managers with a scientific basis for decisions and/or actions aimed at improving operations or deployment of resources.

Investigative Analysis: The study of police service delivery problems, undertaken to provide commanders and managers with a scientific basis for decisions and/or actions aimed at improving operations or deployment of resources.

How is crime analysis done? Crime analysis can usually be done in five steps.
• Collect the data
• Collate the data
• Analyze the data
• Disseminate the data
• Feedback/evaluation

Data collection is the gathering of “crime specific” elements of information about crime problems, primarily from offense reports, arrest reports, and field interviews. Crime Reports consist of the following information: geographic factors, time factors, victim/target descriptors, property loss descriptors, physical evidence descriptors, solvability factors, and specific MO factors. Field Interview reports contain the following information: geographic factors, time factors, subject descriptors, subject vehicle descriptors, names of associates with subject and reason(s) for the field interview. Arrest Reports contain the following information: geographic factors, time factors, victim/target descriptors, recovered property descriptors, physical evidence descriptors, specific MO factors, suspect descriptors, and suspect vehicle descriptors.

“The invention of the personal computer and crime-mapping software launched crime analysis as a profession. Current homeland security challenges are leading to more sophisticated technology solutions and attention to improved analysis, but basic technologies remain the core tools of professional crime analysts.” according to an article by Chief Tom Casady of the Lincoln, Nebraska Police Department.

Analysis technology can be as simple as a card file or as complex as a relational database with all the trimmings. Several specific types of software prove valuable for analysis: Databases, spreadsheets, linking and charting, and geographic information system software come immediately to mind. To effectively utilize these technologies, analysts must have capable computers and connectivity to the computer systems where the source data resides. It’s vital for the department to have a quality records management system (RMS) and communications backbone.

Simple technologies can be incredibly useful. Basic things such as sorting records by date can prove quite powerful in large data sets. More sophisticated capabilities, such as geocoding records for spatial trend analysis, predictive analysis based on mathematical probability, and link analysis is increasingly occurring in departments around the country.

Access to the databases of other enterprises is also a crucial tool for police units. Such things as the State Sex Offender Registry, the Department of Correctional Services’ data about past and present inmates, and even public- source data such as the County Assessor’s online property information all prove very valuable.

One benefit of crime analysis for the community is the ability to show relationships between crime and casual factors, which could result in some crime prevention. Another benefit of crime analysis for the community is the ability to locate local “hot spots” or areas within the community that either traditionally has a high rate of crime or a significant increase, which will help patrols to know which areas to patrol the most, also leading to crime prevention and a decrease in crime.

Crime analysis can often help police predict crime with crime pattern and suspect MO. When police can “predict” a crime and possibly prevent the crime from occurring or even stop it in its midst, the community will not only feel safer, they will feel that the police care about the community and the people in it and are doing their best to help prevent crime within the community.

Overall, crime analysis is a growing profession and with it helps to decrease crime, prevent it, and at times even predict crime. Crime analysis is a great tool to have at ones disposal.

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