Summary of Chapter One of the book “Half the Sky” Essay
Summary of Chapter One of the book “Half the Sky”
In the Chapter One of the book “Half the Sky,” published in 2009, the authors Nicholas D. Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn mainly argue about modern sex slavery and other nations’ assistance for women education in poor countries. The exigence of this chapter is the fact that sex slavery has worsened and is worsening; the created capitalism, the developed transportation and the fear of AIDS make trafficking easier and increase demand for young girls because customers believe young girls would not infect with ADIS. The authors use mainly pathos and logos to describe sex slavery situation. First, they emotionally appeal to their audiences with Meena Hasina’s horrific experience; she was kidnapped and trafficked, and then she was forced to prostitute.
If she resisted serving customers, she was beaten, threatened with death and even drugged by the owner of the brothel. As a result of prostitution, she gave births one girl and one boy; however, her babies are deprived by the owner of the brothel. Later, she could take her children back from the pimp by assistance of an organization that helps people suffer from sex slavery in India, but her daughter Naina has already drugged and forced to prostitute. Next, the authors also provide logic data to convince how serious sex slavery is in the world. For example, there are 2 or 3 million women prostitute in India and many of them are trafficked and forced to sell sex. Also, according to the authors’ estimation, there are 3 million women and girls are enslaved in the sex trade all over the world, and they could be killed by their owners because they are treated as one of the owner’s properties.
The authors aim everyone in the world as their audiences because this sex slavery issue is global problem not just happening in a particular country. The main purpose of this story is accusing how seriously and terribly women enslaved are treated by their pimps and encouraging assistance from public and organizations to prevent and stop the sex slavery. The authors also provide the example that Frank Grijalva and his students in the Overlake School have helped for Cambodian girls’ education. Their assistance makes young Cambodian girls stick to the school and have a yearning to live in wealthy county like the United States. Moreover, this voluntary support provides valuable lesson for the Overlake School students.