Successes and Failures of the New Deal Essay
Successes and Failures of the New Deal
SSA- Since its enactment in 1935, Social Security has also been America’s most popular social program, and surveys show continued support. The SSA is the most successful social program ever enacted in the United States, guaranteeing a measure of basic security for nearly all workers and their families. For nearly two-thirds of the elderly, Social Security provides at least half their total income; for 22 percent of them, it is the only source of income. Without it, the poverty rate for the elderly would jump from 10 to 48 percent. Social Security is not just for retirees: it also provides monthly benefits for disabled workers and their dependents, and for the dependents of deceased workers. Together, these two groups comprise 31 percent of all Social Security recipients. And most of all, we still use this act today.
CCA- The CCC was one of the most successful and most popular of the New Deal programs. It was very beneficial for our economy and the unemployed. The CCC employed 3 million young men between the ages of 18 and 25. They worked throughout the US in over 2000 camps. The men would sign on to work in the CCC for 6 months, be put into crews, and do such work as reforestation, cutting and clearing timber, conservation projects in National Parks and Forests, build bridges, repair dams, construct fire look-outs, install fences and do work to prevent erosion. The men received a wage of $30 per month, but they had to send about $25 back to their homes so that the money was made available to their family to spend thus helping the economy in the cities and towns from which the men came. They performed necessary and lasting work in the rural areas of our nation, and it helped restore the wild for families and children to enjoy.
NRA- The NRA failed to live up to hopes that it would fundamentally reform the economy and lead to recovery with full employment. Businesses could easily violate the codes set by the NRA. As a result, the 541 codes eventually completed tended to maintain high prices, low wages, and long hours. Consumer desire for more affordable goods was thwarted, as were plans to reduce unemployment by spreading the work around through shorter hours. Workers were also not happy that the thing they were promised in section 7a, which gave employees the right to organize and bargain collectively, wasn’t given as NRA officials repeatedly allowed industries to form company unions, rather than deal with independent labor organizations. The failure of the NRA dashed progressive hopes for a planned economy. Even though the NRA failed, it did demonstrate that active governmental involvement in the running of the economy was possible.
AAA- The AAA got off to a shaky start. The AAA begun after most of the cotton crop for 1933 had been planted. Also several million pigs were purchased and killed. Much of the pig’s meat was distributed to people for relief, but some of it was used for fertilizer. This destroyed food at a time when thousands of American citizens were hungry. Farmers being paid to not farm did have the effect of raising a farmer’s income, but it was met with criticism. Farmers, food processors, consumers, and taxpayers were all unhappy. Paying farmers not to farm actually increased unemployment, at a time when the New Deal policies were meant to decrease it. In 1936, the Supreme Court deemed the AAA unconstitutional saying that its regulatory taxation provisions were unconstitutional.
University/College: University of Arkansas System
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 9 January 2017
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