Success of the Civil Rights Movement in the Usa from the 1950’s to the 1960’s Essay
Success of the Civil Rights Movement in the Usa from the 1950’s to the 1960’s
The role of key individuals and public protest was essential to the success of the civil rights movement in the USA during the 1950’s and 60’s. Key individuals such as Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King stimulated the ideas that began the Civil Rights Movement and the public protests. Significant protests during the civil Rights Movement include, the Montgomery Bus Boycott, The Birmingham Campaign, The March on Washington, Selma and the voting Rights Act and the King assassination. These protests demonstrated the desire for change contributed greatly to the success of the civil rights movement.
Rosa Parks was a key individual during the Civil Rights movement in the USA. Rosa, an American Civil Rights activist, is often called the ‘first lady of civil rights’ because of the role she played in the movement. Her ‘civil disobedience’ sparked the Montgomery bus Boycott, and inspired some of the other movements that followed. Rosa’s form of protest was effective because it captured the attention of others and clearly displayed the message that see was trying to get across, that busses should be desegregated.
The result of Rosa’s protest and the Montgomery Bus Boycott proved that peaceful protest was an effective way to help the Civil Rights Movement. Rosa Parks’ efforts combined with the efforts of other individuals like Martin Luther King greatly influenced the effect of the civil rights movement. Martin Luther King was one of the most influential people during the civil rights movement in the USA during the 1950’s-60’s. King was a leader in many protests including the Montgomery Bus Boycott, The March on Washington, where he delivered his famous speech ‘I have a dream’, and the Poor People’s March.
He became the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his work to end racial segregation and racial discrimination through civil disobedience and other nonviolent means. King had a great impact on the everyday people of America, changing stereotypes of African Americans into more positive views, and gaining support for the Civil Rights Movement. His role in the civil rights movement led to the achievement of many civil rights goals, like the desegregation of Buses in Montgomery, and a more equal country.
The influence of Key individuals like Martin Luther King combined with the efforts of civil rights workers and public protests, such as the Montgomery bus boycott, contributed to the success of the civil rights movement. The Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955 one of the first non-violent protests and was a significant event in the Civil Rights Movement. The bus boycott began after Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat for a white passenger, following the incident the black community avoided using the buses for 381 days.
The bus boycott lead by Martin Luther King, forced the segregation laws on local buses to be lifted, and because of its success similar strategies were implemented elsewhere. The Montgomery Bus Boycott began a string of protest movements to achieve equality between the African Americans and the whites. The achievement of this small goal led to more protests like the Birmingham campaign, with bigger goals and contributed to the success of the civil rights movement. The Birmingham Campaign of 1963-64 was a key event in the success of the Civil Rights Movement that saw the Birmingham jails full of students.
The protesters were confronted by violence from police who unleashed police dogs and fire hoses on them. This violence from police brought attention to the protest and many people were disgusted with what was happening. At the end of the protest it was agreed that the downtown area would be desegregated. The Campaign led to President Kennedy submitting his Civil rights bill to congress and the achievement of another goal in the civil rights movement. The Birmingham campaign is important because it brought attention to the civil rights movement and its goals.
This protest combined with others such as the March on Washington contributed to the success of the Civil Rights Movement. Another important protest during the civil rights movement was the March on Washington. The march on Washington was significant because it helped to pass both the Civil Rights Act (1964) and The Voting Rights (1965). The march was organised by a group of influential Civil Rights group leaders, including Martin Luther King, and gained great media coverage.
The speeches of the day, including King’s famous speech ‘I have a dream’, were read to an udience of over 200 thousand and broadcast to the world. The protest leaders met with President Kennedy and discussed their aims. The March on Washington is a significant event in the Civil Rights movement because it brought the movement to national attention and helped to achieve some of the biggest goals of the movement, outlawing racial discrimination and achieving voting rights for African Americans. Selma and the Voting Rights Act was a significant event during the civil rights movement. Around 600 people marched from Selma to Montgomery in an effort to get voting rights for blacks.
The marchers were met with violent resistance, including police armed with billy clubs, tear gas, rubber tubes wrapped in barbed wire and bull whips, however they achieved their aim. Selma and the voting rights act is an important event in the civil rights movement because Blacks regained their power to vote and became more involved in politics. The voting Rights act impacted the whole population, within months of its passage, 250 000 black voters had been registered. The African Americans now had a say in their lifestyle and with more than 7,200 in office they could now combat segregation politically as well as through protest.
Through each protest the African Americans were getting a step closer to equality however, one of the leaders of the civil rights movement was assassinated before all the work was done. On the 4th of April Martin Luther King was assassinated while in Memphis, Tennessee. This was a significant event in the civil rights movement because King was a leader in the fight for equality and had organised and participated in many of the other protests. His death caused riots to break out in more than 110 cities across the country in the days that followed.
This demonstrates the impact he had on the people of America. Many marched through the streets with signs saying ‘Honour King: End Racism’ and on April 9, 150 thousand marched in a funeral procession. The struggle for equality did not end there, Martin Luther King’s wife revived courage and hope in the other leaders, and inspired others to join the fight. The King Assassination was a key event in the success of the civil rights movement because it renewed the spirit of the people fighting for civil rights and equality.
The role of key individuals and public protest was essential to the success of he civil rights movement in the USA during the 1950’s and 60’s. Key individuals such as Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King acted as leaders and provided ideas that began public protests and gained support for the civil rights movement. Significant protests during the Civil Rights Movement included, the Montgomery Bus Boycott, The Birmingham Campaign, the March on Washington, Selma and the voting Rights Act and the King assassination. Each of these Protests had a significant effect on the people in America during the 1950’s and 60’s and contributed to the success of the Civil Rights Movement.
Subject: Civil Rights,
University/College: University of California
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 15 November 2016
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