Songs and Poetry Essay
Songs and Poetry
Develop a kit which contains the following : * One song ( of a duration of 3 – 5 minutes ) and one poem ; * For the song, you may either retain an established tune and create your own original lyrics or create your own tune as well as original lyrics ; * Your song and poem must meet the requirements of the syllabus and the curriculum standards of the primary ESL Classroom; * Provide a brief rationale/justification for your selection. * One lesson plan for a duration of 60 minutes for each of the selected song and poem. * Your lesson plan should include worksheets, task sheets, etc.
All teaching aids are to be submitted together with the lesson plan. Your kid will be assessed on the following criteria : * Suitability of the song and poem selected in relation to the lesson planned; * Originality and creativity of teaching ideas / activities designed; * Evidence of a gradation of activities that lead to successful learning of the intended learning outcomes; * Appropriate and a variety of teaching materials. You may present your kit in the following ways : * In booklet form ; * In a ring file with clear separator;
* Any other presentations which you deem to be effective and attractive. Justification / rationale for the selection of song . Song: Old Pak Karim Had A Farm ( Adapted from Old Macdonald Had A Farm ) Genre: Nursery Rhymes * Age * The song is suitable with the targeted group, year 3 KSSR because it contains a little vocabulary and the students are familiar with the words used in the song. For an example, cow, duck and pig. * Content * Teacher should choose a poem that encourage and motivates the students.
So I personally belief that the song that I have chose will motivate and engage the students in the lesson as it focuses on different types of animals and the sounds they make. * Proficiency level * The rationale of choosing this song to be taught to a Year 3 students is also because of their proficiency level. At this primary level, I feel that the students are not exposed to difficult vocabularies but to only certain comprehensible words.
So, this important element fulfills the choice of my song that is ‘’Old Pak karim’’ because it contains simple words . Not only that, the rhythm and the tempo of the song is also on par with the students’ proficiency level.
It does not have a fast tempo and complicated music which will bore the students. * Interest * The song that I have designed for the Year 3 KSSR students, develops motivation among the students, develop imagination among them about animal, stimulates curiosity, draw on personal experience. I belief that when a teacher proposes the students with a stimulus that the students have experienced before, it will make them to indulge in that particular lesson because it is something of their interest. Directly this song will encourage active participation among the students, and create desire to continue learning.
* Culture * This song will create a phenomena to expose the students whom are from urban areas and had never seen farm animals such as cows, pigs and so on. By using this song, teacher will be able to expose the students with a farmer’s lifestyle and their culture. He/ she may explain the daily routine of a farmer or different types of animals that can be found in a farm. * Resources * This song can be easily found in the internet and teachers could simply download the song and have an interesting lesson in the classroom. Lesson plan Date | 21st March 2013|
Time| 10. 00 – 11. 00 am| Class | Year 1| Number of students| 25 students | Students’ level| Mixed ability class| Theme| World of Knowledge| Topic| Animals and the sounds they make. | Focused / Main skill| Language Arts | Integrated skills| Listening, speaking and writing | Curriculum Specification| 1. 1. 3 Able to listen to, say aloud and recite rhymes or sing songs with guidance. 1. 1. 4 Able to talk about a stimulus with guidance3. 1. 1 Able to demonstrate fine motor control of hands and fingers by : ( a ) handling objects and manipulating them. 4. 1.
1 Able to enjoy nursery rhymes, jazz chants and action song through non-verbal response. 4. 1. 2 Able to recite nursery rhymes, jazz chants and sing action songs with correct pronunciation and rhythm. 4. 3. 1 Able to produce simple creative works with guidance based on : ( a ) nursery rhymes 4. 3. 2 Able to take part with guidance in a performance based on : ( a ) nursery rhymes | General objective| To expose students with different types of animals and the sounds they make. | Specific Objectives| By the end of the lesson, students should be able to : 1.
Listen to the song and take part in an oral activity with 100 % accuracy. 2. Enjoy and sing the song with 100 % accurate pronunciation. 3. Follow the actions and movements. 4. Create a simple creative work, face mask according to their characters they are appointed to. | CCTS| None| Grammar| Verbs | Vocabulary| Cluck, oink, quack, woof , moo| Teaching aids| 1. Pictures of different types of animals. 2. White board 3. Song clip 4. Speakers 5. Computer 6. Manila cards 7. Marker pens 8. String | Moral values| Love the animals. Cooperation. Group work. Sharing.
| Previous knowledge | Students are exposed to several types of animals and they have been taught to do animal masks. | Stage / Time| Content| Teaching & Learning activities| Remarks / Rationale| Set induction( +- 5 minutes ) | Talking about oneself. | 1. Teacher gets into the class and capture the students’ attention by asking them few question about themselves. Ex : – Hello students, how are you all feeling today? * Do you have any pets at your house ? * Can you name some of the farm animals that you know. 2. After having the students to respond, teacher proceed to the next stage of the lesson.
| Rationale The rationale for having a two way interaction during a set induction is to ensure that the students are ready physically and mentally. Having a two way communication will give a room for the students to speak out about themselves and motivates them to learn the lesson that has been designed for them for that particular day. | Pre stage ( +- 10 minutes ) | Introduction of a character. Different animals. | 1. Teacher paste a male character on the board and introduce him briefly to the students ( Refer to appendix 1 ) 2. Next teacher pastes pictures of various animals on the board.
( Refer to appendix 2 ) 3. The teacher points out few students and get them to name the animals that has been pasted earlier. 4. Then, the teacher asks the students to make the sounds that the animals make. 5. Teacher observes the students’ participation in the classroom. | Remarks-Now let me introduce Pak Karim. He has few animals with him. | While stage ( +- 20 minutes )| Listening comprehension -Cow, Duck, Chicken, Pig, Dog. | 1. Teacher plays a song clip ( Refer to appendix 3 ) and requires the students to watch and listen to him/ her. 2.
Next, teacher plays the song clip and the students will have to sing the song along with the teacher. 3. Then, the teacher plays the song again and this time with few movements and actions that is suitable with the animals. 4. Students mimic the actions and the movements done by the teacher and moves around the classroom to do the actions and movements together with the sound clip. 5. Once the song has been sung, teacher ask few WH- question to the students. Ex : – what is the sound made by a dog? * What is the sound that a cow makes? * Oink, oink,oink is made by which animal? 6.
Teacher calls out few students, one at a time and ask them to make sound and actions of certain animals that they have learnt earlier. 7. Energetic performance will be rewarded with claps. | Rationale -This is to ensure that the students have listen and comprehended the song well. -Claps are considered as a positive reinforcement for the students which will encourage and motivate them to stay active and participate in the lesson. | Post stage ( +- 20 Minutes )| Language arts | 1. Teacher divides the students into 5 groups and appoint them to the animal characters that is involved in the song entitled “ Old Pak karim Had A Farm”.
2. Each group must have 1 beginner, 2 intermediate and 2 advanced students. 3. Teacher distributes 5 pieces of A4 sized manila cards, strings and few marker pens to each groups. 4. Once the teacher is done with the distribution, she / he will have to give a clear instruction on what has to be done by the students. 5. Teacher walk around the classroom from one group to another to monitor the group activity. 6. After 15 minutes, teacher ask the students to wear the mask that they have created and get them to make the sound of the animals by pointing to one group to another.
7. Then the teacher proceeds to the next stage of the lesson. | RemarksThe students will have to share some of the materials among the group members. This will indirectly teach them how to be tolerant and to work in a group. | Closure( +- 5 Minutes ) | Let’s sing along | 1. Teacher asks the students whether they are ready to sing a song. 2. Teacher ask the students to stand up and sing along the song with the teacher. 3. Each groups will have to make sound when their respective characters appears in the song. 4.
Teacher ends the lesson by instilling moral values among the students. Ex :- You should always love the animals. * You should not torture or kill them. | RemarksThe students sing the song together with the masks that they have designed and created. | Appendix 1 Old Pak Karim Appendix 2 Pictures of different animals . Rationale / Justification for the selection of the poem. * Age * This poem is suitable with the targeted group which is Year 3 students. Not only that, I belief that this poem can be proposed to the students because the students will be able to comprehend its content.
Adding to that, students of this age will enjoy this poem because it’s a narrative poem which tells a story on a trip to a Zoo and revolves around animals. * Content * I feel that the content of this poem will engage the students and they will enjoy it because it is a narrative poem which narrates a trip to the zoo. So, directly it will provide a room for the students to develop their imagination regarding the topic. Not only that, the author has used simple language; students will not face difficulties in understanding this poem. Adding to that, this poem contains only 6 stanzas with four lines each.
So the length of the poem will not bore the students and it is evident that students will be bored and demotivated if they are given a epic or long poem in this young age. Because, at this point of age, students will be looking forward for poems which is short in length but a quality one. The content of the poem revolves around a theme in the curriculum which is world of knowledge and it is applicable to Year 3 students as it gives information and students gain new knowledge from it. * Proficiency level * This poem is suitable with the students proficiency level.
They will be able to digest and understand the meaning that is conveyed in the poem by the author. Not only that, students of this age will be able to appreciate this poem and will be able to take part in the activities that is done by teacher using this poem. * Interest * Not only that, according to Hickman ( 2003 ) illustration, color, format, length and type of print can also influence children’s choice. “A trip to the zoo” could definitely influence and capture the students attention because of the illustration at the bottom of the poem.
The illustrations are colourful and mind captivating. * Values * Apart from teaching the students with different animals that can be found in the zoo, teachers could instill moral values among the students through this poem. Teachers can list out and teach the students with several good values that need to be practiced by every human beings in the world such as love the animals, animals are humans best friend and so on. So using this poem teachers could mould the students into betterment. Lesson plan Date | 21st March 2013 | Time| 10. 00 – 11. 00 am|
Class | Year 3| Number of students| 25 students | Students’ level| Mixed ability class| Theme| World of Knowledge| Topic| A Trip To The Zoo| Focused / Main skill| Reading | Integrated skills| Listening, speaking, writing and language arts | Curriculum Specification| 1. 1. 3 Able to listen to, say aloud and recite rhymes, tongue twisters and sing songs paying attention to pronunciation, rhythm and intonation. 1. 1. 4 Able to talk about a stimulus with guidance. 2. 2. 2 Able to read and understand phrases and sentences in linear and non – linear texts.
| General objective| To expose students with different types of animals and have an interesting lesson using a poem. | Specific Objectives| By the end of the lesson, students should be able to : 1. Listen and enjoy the song and take part in an oral activity with 100 % accuracy in pronunciation. 2. Understand the poem and be able to complete a task with 100 % accuracy. | CCTS| None| Grammar| Verbs ( Trick , Waddle , Chewing , Swing )| Vocabulary| Muddy Pen, Cage, Feed, Rope. | Teaching aids| 1. Video Clips ( 1 song and 1 video clip on Madagascar ) 2. Speakers 3. Computer 4. White Board 5.
A big picture of a Zoo scenario 6. Task sheet 1 | Moral values| Love the animals. | Previous knowledge | Students are exposed to different kinds of animals that can be found in the mother earth. | Stage / Time| Content| Teaching & Learning activities| Remarks / Rationale| Set induction( +- 5 minutes ) | Sing A song Entitled “ Going To The Zoo Tomorrow “| 1. Teacher enters the classroom and captures the students’ attention by asking them few question. Ex : – How are you feeling today? * Are you ready to learn today? * Can you name some animals that you are familiar with. 2.
After that, the teacher plays a video clip on “ Going To The Zoo Tomorrow” ( Refer to appendix 1 ) and gets the students to sing along. 3. Once the song has been sung, the teacher asks the students whether they enjoy the song and why they enjoy the song and then proceeds to the next stage of the lesson. | Rationale The rationale for having a two way interaction during a set induction is to ensure that the students are ready physically and mentally. Having a two way communication will give a room for the students to speak out about themselves and motivates them to learn lessons that has been designed for them for that particular day.
Adding to that, having a song in the set induction is a great way to ignite the interest among the students. | Pre stage ( +- 10 minutes ) | A Zoo Scenario | 1. The teacher paste a big picture of a scenario at a Zoo ( Refer to appendix 2 ) on the whiteboard. 2. Teacher will have to get the students to talk about the stimulus given. 3. Teacher should ask few questions as follows 🙁 a ) What can you see in the picture? ( b ) Name the animals in the picture. ( c ) Do you like these animals? ( d ) which animal would u like to keep as a pet ? Why? 4. Teacher observes the students’ participation in the classroom.
| | While stage ( +- 20 minutes )| Reading comprehension – Muddy Pen, Cage, Trick, Waddle, Chewing, Swing| 1. Teacher gets the students to settle down and distributes a reading text which is a poem entitled “ A Trip To The Zoo” ( Refer to Appendix 3 ) 2. Teacher reads the poem and the students repeat after her/ him. 3. Teacher stops and explains the meanings of several difficult words which are the new grammar and vocabulary that the students might encounter in the poem. 4. Teacher ask the students to write down the meanings of the words by the side of the poem.
5. Once the poem has been read, teacher ask few WH- question to the students. ( a ) Do you understand the poem? ( b ) Who wrote this poem? ( c ) How many animals are mentioned in the poem ? ( d ) What is the meaning of waddle? ( e ) Which animal has a long neck and can reach very far ? ( f ) Which animal is so colourful and beautiful ? ( g ) what are the characteristics of these animals ? | Rationale -This is to ensure that the students have comprehend and understand the poem very well. | Post stage ( +- 20 Minutes )| Individual self assessment | 1.
Teacher distributes task sheet 1 ( Refer to Appendix 4 ) to each students. 2. Once the teacher is done with the distribution, she / he will have to give a clear instruction on what has to be done by the students. 3. Teacher walk around the classroom to monitor the students and guide them if they could not accomplish the task given. 4. After 15 minutes, teacher checks the answer together with the students. 5. Teacher point out certain student to read the question and the answer. 6. Students whom manage to get all correct answers will be rewarded with handclaps.
| RemarksTask sheet will be distributed together with a sheet of paper contains pictures of different animals ( Refer to appendix 5 ) | Closure( +- 5 Minutes ) | Let’s watch a cartoon | 1. Teacher asks the students whether they are ready to watch a cartoon. 2. Teacher puts up the cartoon / video clip on Madagascar. ( Refer to appendix 6 ). 3. Once the cartoon has end, teacher recalls the animals that they have learned for that day. Ex : – what are the animals that you saw in the cartoon ? * Do you want to go to a Zoo and watch these animals in the future, during the holidays perhaps.
4. Teacher ends the lesson by instilling moral values among the students. Ex :- You should always show some care and love towards the animals. | Rationale The rationale of having the students to sing the song again is to end the lesson for that day in a more interesting way rather than ending the lesson with tons of homework. | Appendix 1 Video clip Title: We Are Going To The Zoo Tomorrow Appendix 2 Picture of Scenario at the Zoo Appendix 4 Paste the correct picture of animal in the space provided and write the name of the animal below the picture. 1. Huge animal in the world.
It has a long trunk and it does tricks at the zoo. Which animal is this ? | | 2. Its feathers are so colorful and has a long neck. It walks slowly and beautifully. | | 3. This animal is so old and sleeps in a very muddy pen. They are so smelly. | | 4. He is the king of the jungle. He loves to eat meat. He sits on some big rocks in his cage. Who is this ? | | 5. It is the tallest animal in the world. It comes over and eats the food from our hand and has a long neck that he can reach far. | | 6. These animals waddle around in their cold spot. They are black in colour. | | 7. It do not have legs like other animals.
It makes ‘’hiss’’ sound and they are poisonous. | | 8. These animal swings in a rope and it swings way over the small ponds. | | Appendix 5 Pictures of animals that need to be pasted in task sheet 1. | | | | | | | | Appendix 6 Video Clip on a cartoon “Madagascar” Appendix 3 Poem entitled “ A Trip To The Zoo” A TRIP TO THE ZOO Author: Deenadevy IT IS SUCH A BEAUTIFUL DAY WE WANT TO GO TO THE ZOO, PACK A PICNIC LUNCH… GRAB A HAT SEE LOTS OF ANIMALS… BIRDS TOO. WE WILL STOP AND VISIT THE ELEPHANT WATCH THEM DO A TRICK OR TWO, WALK PAST THE ZEBRAS…. THERE STANDS FOUR SEE THE PEACOCK…
FEATHERS SO BLUE. THERE LIES TWO OLD HIPPOPOTAMUS SLEEPING IN A VERY MUDDY PEN, WE SEE THE LION SITTING ON SOME ROCKS IN HIS CAGE I HAVE NEVER BEEN. WE GET TO FEED THE GIRAFFE HE COMES OVER AND EATS FROM OUR HAND, WITH HIS LONG NECK HE CAN REACH VERY FAR ON HIS TONGUE MY FINGERS OFTEN LAND.
WE SEE LOTS OF SNAKES, TURTLES AND SPIDERS WE VISIT THE PENGUINS IN THEIR COLD SPOT, IT IS FUN TO WATCH THEM WADDLE AROUND FLY TO THE OUTSIDE, THEY CAN NOT. WE PAST BY THE CAMELS CHEWING SOME FEED SEE MONKEYS SWINGING ON A ROPE, THEY SWING WAY OVER THE SMALL POND INTO THE WATER, THEY NEVER FALL-I HOPE.