Solid Waste Management In Ahmedabad

The Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoEF), Govt. of India issued a notification on the 25th September, 2000 under the Environment Protection Act 1986 stating that all cities and towns of India should undertake municipal solid waste management as prescribed by the rules. These are known as “The Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rules 2016”. Almost, 4000 Metric Tons of solid waste (including 300 tons of C&D waste) is generated from the city on a daily basis. This waste is collected, transported, treated and disposed according to Rules.

Nearly 50 percent of the entire waste is collected from municipal bins and from street sweeping. Street Sweeping is carried out on all 365 days by more than 12,500 workers from the morning 6:30 am to 11:30 am and 3.

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00 pm to 6.00 pm on all roads of the city.

Collection & Transportation:

a) Nearly 50 percent of the entire waste is collected from municipal bins and from street sweeping. Street Sweeping is carried out on all 365 days by more than 12,500 workers from the morning 6:30 am to 11:30 am and 3.00 pm to 6.00 pm on all roads of the city.

b) AMC introduced a new concept of Door / Gate to Dump since July 2009, in which the AMC appointed contractor collects waste from residential units in the morning hours and from commercial units in the evening in closed Hydraulic Euro III vehicles. The waste from these vehicles is transferred to transfer stations from each ward to the treatment plants. The project is successfully covering 100% of all residential & commercial units, on all 365 days of the year. More than 600 Vehicles have been deployed that start the collection process from 7.

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00 am onwards. Currently, more than 1300 metric tons of waste is collected from more than 1400,000 residences in this manner and transported to the processing plants through Refuse Transfer Stations. This work is monitored through GPS system.

c) AMC has identified more than 750 locations as waste collection points. More then 800 closed body M.S. Community storage bins have been provided on 750 sites for waste collection. These containers are lifted minimum once in a day and if required, then twice a day.

d) AMC has developed a fully mechanized transportation system that ensures handling of waste only once. Further AMC has also outsourced the secondary waste transportation system & ensure timely & efficient removal of waste from its collection point. AMC has deployed 25 trucks / tractors mounted road vacuum sweeping machines and 15 self ride on road vacuum sweepers and other rented vehicles in all 6 zones on daily basis for efficient cleaning of the city.

e) Waste Collection from Spots

(i) AMC collect more than 1000 TPD waste from various spots in six zones by deploying 130 tractors, trucks, JCB, etc. equipments & machineries. Monitoring through GPS system.

(ii) In order to remove nuisance spots and to meet the increasing needs as well as to maintain cleanliness and public health. AMC has purchased 660 / 1100 liters capacity galvanized 1050 trolleys (silver color) and 60 vehicles like Refuse Compactor. This work is given on O & M model for 5 years. Agency has to collect the waste from these Trolleys on a daily basis as per TPM. AMC is paying the Agency on shift basis. Vehicles and TPM working is monitored through GPS, RFID Readers and Tags.

f) Waste collection from road side small litter bins

1240 litter bins of 90 liters size have been installed at various public roads, main roads, public places, pavements, as well as traffic locations, where citizens can dispose their waste easily, and it has been planned to install even more number of litterbins in the forthcoming year. This work is given on O&M model for 5 years. AMC has provided 8 vehicles and installed 1240 bins across the city. Agency has to put black garbage plastic bag in the bin and collect it on a daily basis (also put a new garbage plastic bag in a bin). AMC is paying the Agency on shift basis. Vehicles and TPM working is monitored through GPS, RFID Readers and Tags.

g) To reduce pollution and maintain cleanliness of river Sabarmati, citizens are motivated to deliver flower waste and such holy materials in the “KALASH” instead of throwing into the river. AMC has deployed 14 “KALASH” on 7 bridges of Sabarmati River. Such flower waste is delivered to compost plant for treatment.

h) AMC has deployed 89 Tipper Trucks, 40 JCB Machines, 33 Bobcat type machines, 120 Hydraulic Dumper Placers, 11 Skip Lifters, 54 Compactors, 4 Dead Animal Vans, 14 Nuisance Tankers, 1 Mobile Court, 60 Tractors, 3 Excavators, 5 Bull dozers, 3 Wheel dozers, 20 Road Vacuum Sweepers, 24 mini vans and other contactors’ 700 vehicles in all 6 zones. AMC deploys more than 1500 Total vehicles / equipments on daily basis for efficient handling of waste cleaning of the city.

i) AMC has contracted the daily collection and transportation of bio-medical waste from 4 municipal hospitals, referral hospitals, 64 urban health centers to the incineration plant. The contracts have been given to GPCB approved and authorized contractors (Medicare Environmental Management Pvt Ltd and Pollucare Bio Medical Waste Management Pvt. Ltd.)

j) Dead animals and carcass are collected, transported to Gyaspur by SWM Department’s Pail Depo office. This facility is available from 7.00 a.m. to 11.00 p.m on all 365 days. (Telephone No. 7819862859). AMC has deployed 4 hydraulic based vehicles and staffs to collect carcass of dead animal like cow, camel, buffalo, donkey, dog, rat, etc. AMC has deployed 2 vehicles to collect fish, meat, and slaughter house waste from market. 8 TPD animal waste is collected from the city under this system. 

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Solid Waste Management In Ahmedabad. (2022, Apr 18). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/solid-waste-management-in-ahmedabad-essay

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