Socrates Essay Examples

Essays on Socrates

Socrates Trial: Guilty or Not Guilty?
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Socrates (469 – 399 BCE) was a classical Greek philosopher, known as one of the founders of Western philosophy. Socrates’ trial and execution in 399 BCE still remain controversial to this day and divides historians. If I was a member of the Athenian jury hearing the case of Socrates, I would vote to acquit Socrates. The basis of philosophy means to question. The people of Athens grew up being taught things and told exactly what to believe. Socrates gave a…...
The Ideas of Socrates
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Socrates was unlike most Athenians of his time. Socrates was morally radical and intellectual. During his trial for impiety and wrongdoing the youth Socrates felt that the people of Athens should concern themselves about their wellbeing of emotions rather than their family. Socrates ideas affected the views towards the knowledge politics and virtue of the Athenians society. He also believed that one should give attention on the growth of himself than on physical things and encouraged people to develop a…...
Defense of Socrates – The Charges
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In “Plato, Defense of Socrates”, Socrates was in trial for his charges for not recognizing the gods of the city or that he was religious or an atheist. Socrates disputed that he is innocent of both charges; corrupting the youth and impiety. Socrates' defense is failed at the end and he is sentenced to death. He concludes that a simple man should have no concern when it comes to death. Socrates defends himself towards the costs delivered in opposition to…...
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Does Socrates Allow his Enemies to win by Staying and Accepting his Sentence?
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Socrates allows his enemies to win by staying and accepting his sentence. From the onset of the case, Socrates fails to put a strong defense on his innocence. Rather, he appears unconcerned about the case brought against him. He is rude, arrogant, and fails to empathize with the prosecutor and Athens’ society. As a result, he is unable to convince more than 50% of the jurist that he is innocent. In addition, he appears to be unconcerned with his first…...
Socrates’ Impact on Society
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The Trail of Socrates occurs in 399 BCE. This was shortly after the Peloponnesian War where Athens fell to defeat against Sparta. Athens’s government at this time was a democracy. Because of the young Athenians having different people impact their decisions Athens society went through a change. One main person who is a suspect for this change is Socrates. This is why he got the charge for corrupting the youth of Athens along with not worshipping the Gods of the…...
The Trial and Execution of Socrates
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In Plato’s Apology, the reader finds much interesting information about the philosophic thought that is derived from Socrates’ defense speech. Socrates, Plato’s teacher, and friend is ready to defend himself. Socrates’ mission is to help people to better understand the meaning of life in order to change their lives, placing emphasis on virtue and souls. He says, It is the greatest good for a human being to discuss Virtue every day and the other things About which you hear me…...
Socrates on Justice
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Socrates’ take on justice was a rather controversial viewpoint for his era, in that he opined about virtues men should possess and strive for that they might otherwise have no desire to obtain. A just man strives to promote justice for the sake of justice in itself. He, as one who is good, seeks to further justice because it fulfills his daimon, or nature. The nature of man is therefore, naturally, to do the right and proper thing. Good, as…...
Socrates on Education
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Socrates once said, “Education is the kindling of a flame, not the filling of a vessel. ” With this, he revealed that education should be thought about and questioned for curiosity and understanding rather than for memorizing facts and information without any deeper thought on the matter. Socrates’ metaphor, “filling of a vessel,” relates to our type of educational system and administration. It is often that teachers do not want students to ask questions they cannot answer; they do not…...
“No One Knowingly Does Evil” by Socrates
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The argument which I am focusing on is titled “No One Knowingly Does Evil” and is written by Socrates. This argument concludes that those who do evil things do them involuntarily. That is, people do not necessarily want to do evil things, but do them against their will. A very important point is presented by Socrates in that evil deeds are not done willingly. It is thought by many that some people are simply evil-natured and commit evil deeds because…...
Accounts of Eros in the ‘Symposium’
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The concept of love in Plato's "Symposium", told by Eros. The Accounts of Eros in the "Symposium" The word love carries with it many, many different interpretations. In modern day, our views on what is appropriate love is much different from the views from the time of Socrates and Plato. To them love was eros, a direct translation of the word love. However, the word itself wasn't the only thing that was different about love. In Plato's "Symposium", there is…...
A Critique of Socrates’ Guilt in the Apology
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This paper provides a brief comment on the charge of Socrates being involved with "criminal meddling". The paper is argued as a case of law.A Brief Comment on the Query: "Is Socrates Guilty As Charged?" In any case of law, when one is considering truth and justice, one must first look at the validity of the court and of the entity of authority itself. In Socrates case, the situation is no different. One may be said to be guilty or…...
Crito and Socrates: Courage
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Courage can be described in many ways. Courage is shown by an individual who makes a strong point or opinion towards a view. This person makes up their own mind and often composes different ideas to everyone else. Socrates is in jail awaiting prosecution. His friend Crito wants to plan a way to get Socrates out of jail as he is there for an unjust reason. For the duration of Socrates' life, he always abided by the rules and was…...
“May Day Eve” by Nick Joaquin
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Nick Joaquin is the author of so many books, novels, short stories, etc. And one of his known work is the "May Day Eve". Nick Joaquin, by name of Nicomedes Joaquin, he was born year born May 4, 1917, Paco, Manila, Phil. and he died April 29, 2004, at San Juan, Phil. He is a Filipino novelist, poet, playwright, essayist, and biographer whose works present the diverse heritage of the Filipino people. The short story in the May Day Eve…...
Socrates on Oligarchy and Democracy
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QUESTION 3 There are 3 distinct and separate classes of specialized citizens, all working for the good of the city. Guardians:(413d) "watch straight from childhood by setting them at tasks in which a man would most likely forget...." What the guardians learn in school is a set curriculum, yet it is also a test. If they fail, well then, they weren't meant to be a guardian after all. They also give up the right to own private property and live…...
Martin Luther King Jr was an American minister dissident
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Martin Luther King, Jr. was an American minister, dissident, compassionate, and pioneer in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He was best known for improving social equality by utilizing peaceful common defiance, in light of his Christian convictions. Birmingham is presumably the most altogether isolated city in the United States. There have been increasingly unsolved bombings of Negro homes and houses of worship in Birmingham than in other cites in the country. Martin Luther King Jr. could never hold back his…...
Socrates’s Benefit to Society
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Fnu MeherunnessaDr. S. BurgessENGL-1301-22918 March, 2019Socrates's Benefit to SocietyEvery philosopher has the goal of examining the ideas of what is right and wrong, analyzing their own beliefs and the beliefs of others and the reasoning that led them to have those beliefs. Skeptics may do this by arguing that there can be no definite answer and one must suspend judgment and assume that everything we know can arguably be inaccurate, as where a dogmatist might claim to have the answer.…...
The Deadliness Of The Fear Of The Unknown Philosophy
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Crito is and will always be an important writing, it promotes perseverance and it shows changes in the way we see education from back then till now. Socrates single handily changed the point of view of people back then and for generations to come. Socrates faced extreme opposition for his beliefs and was punished heavily for it, a punishment that took his life. You may ask yourself what believe is this, which made him so worthy of the death penalty?…...
The Euthyphro Dilemma
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Does morality stem from God? Or does it exist independently of his presence, not subject to arbitrary decisions? The first discussion over these questions appeared in Plato’s Euthyphro, in which Plato chronicles the proceedings of a highly repetitive argument between Socrates and Euthyphro, a prophet and holy man, over the nature of piety and holiness. The questions produced in this dialogue have been expanded to remain relevant even in a modern religious context. It has achieved so much fame that…...
The Meaning Of Life Philosophy
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The universal question “What is the meaning of life?” has been asked since the start of civilization. The answer from people in today’s society may differ greatly from the answers of those from Roman and Greek civilizations thousand years back. The great philosophers, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, and the Roman Stoics have contributed what we believe gives our life value. Each philosopher gives their own perspective of life which raises many questions by many for years.Through the writings of Xenophon and…...
Auden an the Greeks
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We would never have become fully conscious, which is to say that we would never have become, for better or worse, fully human. ” this quote is for W. H. Auden, who was a prolific writer and plat write. In this paper I will endeavor to give insight about the author of this quote, the origins of this piece, and what the author meant in writhing it. As well as examples of proof that Auden's theory was true or not.…...
Socrates on Question of Piety
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Socrates is simply asking questions to get a straight answer from Euthyphro, which he is unable to do. When asked, “what is piety? ” Euthyphro answers “Doing as I do”. He thinks he is doing the pious thing by bringing his father up on charges of impiety. In his words, he is saying prosecuting anyone guilty of murder, no matter who they are . Socrates , basically is not entertained by this response, because it is not an answer. When…...
The Rebirth of Dialogue: Bakhtin, Socrates, and the Rhetorical Tradition
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Plato wrote dialogues. Mikhail Bakthin constructed a literary theory based on dialogue. And as part of this theoretical work, Bakhtin interpreted the dialogues of Plato. Rhetorical scholars have always been interested in Plato; recently, they have shown considerable interest in Bakhtin as well. Surely, then, someone has already undertaken a systematic study of Plato and Bakhtin. No. Not until now. James P. Zappen's The Rebirth of Dialogue: Bakhtin, Socrates, and the Rhetorical Tradition is the first book-length analysis, and synthesis,…...
The Ideal State: According to Socrates, Plato and Aristotle
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         “In general philosophy came into existence when the Greeks discovered dissatisfaction with supernatural and mythical explanations of reality,” (Kreis, 2000). Philosophy, as we know it today, obtained the foundation of its teachings from ancient Greeks who wanted a logical explanation to the order of the universe we live in. These men wanted to explain society’s dilemmas based on realities they can constitute through reason alone and not through some convention based on mythical uncertainties. Among such men were Socrates,…...
Philosophy: Dialogue with Socrates
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“Socrates, good day!” exclaimed Person. Socrates is still mesmerized in this realm unbeknownst to him. Dazed and confused, he sees a figure, a person looking right at him. He replied, “Good day to you to. May I ask you questions about this world? I suppose you are a citizen of this state.” “I would gladly entertain your queries, but I have questions too, questions that only you can answer,” retorted Person. “I will bring the truth upon your inquiries, if…...
Well-Rounded Individual: How to Become One
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If we are going to define the standard of the word “well- rounded” and attach this to a person we can create a picture of an individual that has fully developed abilities and qualities to excel in various fields hence earned great success or attainments in his endeavors. In other words this person is an expert in many aspects because he has well-balanced knowledge. The philosophical mind however has other meaningful definition of a well-rounded individual and that is “the…...
Plato/Socrates & St. Augustine
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The realm of the reasoning man, according to Plato in his work Phaedo, is extrapolated by Socrates, that is, a man who is within reason also must admit to the fundamental truths regarding life after death (the viewpoint of Plato in this paper will be seen through Socrates as Phaedo was written to express Plato’s viewpoint through Socrates, so, henceforth, whenever Socrates is mentioned it is Plato’s perspective). That is to say, in Socrates explanation of immortality, there remains the…...
Socrates’ Failure in Refuting Thrasymachus
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In producing a counter argument to Thrasymachus' claim that justice is the advantage of the stronger, Socrates bases his argument enourmously on sentimentality and prejudice. He assumes that the virtues which are supposedly functioning in the realm of ideas can also work propably in the World. For example, in Socrates' view, a doctor does not seek his own advantage, but the advantage of his patients. Yet, this view reflects the perfect ideal of a doctor in Socrates' belief of ideas…...
Understanding the Challenges of Glaucon and Adeimantus in Plato’s Republic
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A significantly large aspect of Plato’s dialogue entitled Republic is the discussion of the concept of justice. On a preliminary note, the significance of such a concept makes itself manifest in our deepest questions concerning the many aspects of the political order and political life. In the Republic, Socrates’ interlocutors Glaucon and Adeimantus, challenge the view that it is always more preferable for an individual to be just than unjust. At this early part of the paper, it is an…...
A Role of Intellectual Heritage
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Intellectual Heritage is one aspect in my life that I really value most. For one, this helped me in understanding things I wasn't aware before. It also helped me in dealing with things I haven't been conscious of like how diverse the philosophy of different people known world-wide are. I can say that this particular program, Intellectual Heritage, somehow made me think of something that I haven't thought of before. The texts that we have dealt with are more of…...
Platonic Love
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In the Symposium, which is normally dated at the beginning of the middle duration, Plato presents his theory of love. First thing to note is that in Plato's theory, love is provided and its existence is not questioned. The word love leaves the matter uncertain as to whether we are discussing love in the regular, human, sense of the word, or if we are talking about desire in a much broader sense, however in this conversation we are just thinking…...
Plato’s Theory of Forms
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Explain and define Plato’s theory of Forms with your personal Criticism. Plato was born in Athens on 428 BC. He was a Greek philosopher who laid foundations of western philosophy. He raised basic questions and problems of western thought, goodness and virtue, truth and knowledge, body and soul, ideal political state, and use of Literature and Arts were some of the pre dominant topics of interest to Plato. Plato devoted himself completely to philosophy. He was a student of Socrates.…...
Platos Kallipolis
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Plato’s Republic is to a very large extent totalitarian, or rather on the “surface” appears to be totalitarian in the way he formulates it and lays down it blue prints. This is due to the fact that it seems that Plato is more concerned about the happiness of the state as a whole even if it means some individuals must suffer, the government is not elected by its citizens and the interests of the ruling class rule over the city.…...
Socratic Method Among Other Teaching Methods
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The Socratic Method is a method that not many people know about, yet they practice it. To learn about the Socratic Method, we should first learn about Socrates, the one who invented this method. Socrates was one of the most important philosophers, and by that, one of the most difficult to understand. Most of his life and teachings were adapted into the later ages and cultures. However, Socrates didn’t write anything. We know most of his philosophies from his disciple,…...
Analysis of “The School of Athens” by Raphael
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Raphael, the youngest of the three great artists who defined the Italian High Renaissance, was born in the small yet artistically significant Central Italian city of Urbino. It seems that Raphael attained his natural gift of creativity from his father who was a poet and a painter. Orphaned at an early age, Raphael was sent to be an apprentice to the distinguished painter Perugino, and by the tender age of twenty-one had flourished into an impeccable artist with talent surpassing…...
Socrates and the Defintion of Piety
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Plato's dialog called Euthyphro is about a discussion that took place between Socrates and Euthyphro concerning the meaning of piety, or one's duty to both gods and to humanity. Socrates has recently been charged with impiety and is about to be tried before the Athenian court while Euthyphro is on trial for murder. Because Socrates knew that the Athenian people did not understand the meaning of piety, Socrates asks Euthyphro to answer the question "What is piety?" He wants to…...
Sophie’s World Reaction Paper
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The first chapter of the book was entitled “The Garden of Eden” the story was well written, I was able to imagine the environment and I was able to see how Sophie would react on those given situations. The first questions that Sophie receives make her think about who she is and where the world came from. These questions are easy to ask and almost impossible to answer, but what is most amazing of all is that people stop asking…...
Analysis “Meno” by Plato
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In Meno, Socrates poses the question 'if a thing had neither teachers nor learners, we should be right in surmising that it could not be taught' (Meno, 89e). Thus, we will begin to look into Socrates speaking on how virtue cannot be taught by using several wealthy and good men as examples to prove his theory. First, speaking of Themistocles and his son Cleophantus, Socrates lays out his theory that virtue cannot be taught. 'Have you never heard how Themistocles…...
Virtue: Ethics and Virtuous Life
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Virtue is the key to a meaningful and happy life. According to ancient philosophers, Socrates and Aristotle, developing virtue is vital in order to lead a successful, fulfilling life. Though both men differ in their interpretations of a "good life," they both agree that the supreme life is one of virtuous meaning. Each of the philosophers have devised and implemented their own definitions and guidelines to acquire and practice a virtuous disposition. While it is agreed that knowledge and practice…...
Meno Virtue
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Meno, an influential speaker, is traveling through Athens when he encounters Socrates. Meno is a well known individual who has spoken in front of large crowds the meaning of virtue. He is a student who studied under Gorgias, another well know teacher of virtue. Socrates provokes a discussion regarding virtue when he states that, “I have never known of anyone else who did [know virtue], in my judgment. ” This prompted Meno to stand up and prove to Socrates he…...
Developing Socratic Wisdom
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Socrates was an ancient Greek Athenian philosopher known mainly through the accounts and writings of his students, namely Plato and Aristotle. The wisdom of Socrates is depicted numerous times in the dialogues written by Plato. All the Socratic dialogues – Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito – illustrated Socrates’ form of inquiry and discussion between individuals with opposing viewpoints based on asking and answering questions to encourage critical thinking and to clarify ideas. It is an examination method, involving two oppositional topics…...
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Well-Rounded Individual: How to Become One
...No one is perfect and we all learn from our mistakes. But this imperfection is what drives someone to work harder, be patient, understand the very essence of his surrounding and become more flexible in his mind, body and spirit. A well-rounded person...
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