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The Philosophy of Socrates

Socrate Introduction        Socrates, an Athens’s citizen was born in 469 B.C and died in 399 B.C. consequently, during his youth, he not only saw Athens become the leading empire of the Greek states but also emerge as the pole that attracted many talents and great minds. Thus, he emerged as the best philosophical mind of his age. He in fact is the father of western philosophy, Smith (1852). Below are questions and answers to the evaluative questions…...

Plato's Crito Analysis

Rhetorical Question: “But my dear Crito, why should we pay so much attention to what ‘most people’ think? The reasonable people, who have more claim to be considered, will believe that the facts are exactly as they are” (906). Personification: “’Consider then, Socrates,’ the Laws would probably continue, ‘whether it is also true for us to say that what you are trying to do to us is not right…’” (913). Plato’s “Crito” is one of the many tremendously influential pieces…...

Plato "Crito" Analysis

Rhetorical Concern: "However my dear Crito, why should we pay a lot attention to what 'the majority of people' believe? The reasonable individuals, who have more claim to be considered, will believe that the facts are precisely as they are" (906 ). Personification: "' Think about then, Socrates,' the Laws would most likely continue, 'whether it is likewise real for us to state that what you are trying to do to us is not ideal ...'" (913 ). Plato's "Crito"…...

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Analysis of "The Clouds" by Aristophanes

During an annual festival in Greece circa 534 B.C.E., Greek Drama was developed as a form of art. The annual festival became a competition of revelry and ritual amongst playwrights and producers. The Clouds written by Aristophanes redefined the competition bringing his own beliefs of society and ideologies to the forefront of his message with in the play. From the brilliant comical mind of Aristophanes themes, motifs and symbols play a crucial role as serving for the foundation of his…...

Theory of recollection from Plato's writings about Socrates

The theory of recollection, according to Socrates, means that before we are born we possess all knowledge. We are never taught anything new, but instead reminded of things we already know. Socrates deduces this from the argument that the soul is immortal, "as the soul is immortal, has been born often and has seen all things here and in the underworld, there is nothing which it has not learned; so it is in no way surprising that it can recollect…...

Know Thyself and Goals in Life

When early Greek philosophers developed theories in the premodern period, they challenged many dominant assumptions of this period. Socrates and Plato were two of the most influential early philosophers who addressed the issue of the good life. For these two philosophers, the good life was an ethical life. Socrates was famous for his statement “Know thyself.” Psychologists throughout history have echoed this. Plato had some revolutionary ideas on what it means to be human. He was responsible for bringing dualism…...

Critique on Plato’s Apology of Socrates

Socrates was a terrific theorist of his time. There came a point in his life when his beliefs were questioned and his mentors doubted. He was charged for evil deeds and incorrect behaviors. His accusers said he made people see the even worse as better and passed them on as truths. They likewise stated that he corrupted the youth and that he did not believe in the gods recognized by the state. Socrates dealt with the Athenians in defense of…...

Socrates & Integrity

Socrates was one of those rare individuals who "practiced what he preached. " His allegiance to being just and good wasn't merely lip-service, and it was proven in his behavior. It's easy to say you believe certain things, but another thing entirely to prove this belief with your actions. Socrates was perhaps the finest example of this type of integrity, because, while he was a brilliant orator and words and thoughts were his best skill, he was equally concerned with…...

Socrates Biography

Socrates was born in 470 BC in Circa Athens Greece. His father Sophroniscus was a stone carver and sculpture and his mother was a midwife. He was short and stocky, he had huge eyes and a stubby nose; fortunately he always emphasized the idea that the mind is more important than the looks of the physical body of the thinker. in other words, don't judge a book by its cover. Socrates because was as not a noble did not get…...

The Greek civilization

The Greek civilization pioneered creative and critical thinking in that they were known to be the first civilization to wonder about the things that surrounded them and tried to explain the causes of changes in their environment. One of the things they tried to explain is the concept of creation—where they came from. Some of the aspects that they prospered on are politics, art, architecture, science, philosophy, theater and world view. Perhaps one outstanding quality of a philosopher is that…...

The Comparison and Similarities: Jesus Christ and Socrates

There are over a thousand of great philosophers all over the world who had successfully touched and affected the ethical principles and values of the people even in these present times. Two of them are Socrates, who had introduced the method of hypothesis for scientific methods nowadays and; Jesus Christ, the well known prophet who had spread the words of God on the Catholic and Christian practices Socrates had been a student of the famous philosopher Plato. He had introduced…...

Socrates on Justice, Law and the Obligation to obey the State

Socrates is one of the greatest philosophers in history, although he did not write any philosophy. He is only known through other people’s writings, particularly Plato, his one-time student. It is therefore not easy to tell which philosophy belongs to Plato and which belongs to Socrates. Socrates lived between 470 BC and 399 BC. His death came as a result of drinking hemlock after he was tried and condemned to death. This was because he did not believe in the…...

“Death of Socrates” by Jacques-Louis David

Behind every great piece of artwork lies a story. Each story informed by art is specified by the age in which it was produced. For one to truly comprehend what message an art work conveys, one need to recognize with the historic context from which it was taken. One excellent example would be "Death of Socrates" by Jacques-Louis David. The significance of the painting can only be obtained from an understanding of the 18th century, an era where the Enlightenment…...

Rene Descartes and John Locke

Socrates once said, “As for me, all I know is that I know nothing. ” Several philosophers contradicted Socrates’ outlook and believed that true knowledge was in fact attainable. This epistemological view however had several stances to it, as philosophers held different beliefs in regards to the derivation of true knowledge. Rationalists believed that the mind was the source of true knowledge, while in Empiricism, true knowledge derived from the senses. Rene Descartes, a rationalist, and John Locke, an empiricist,…...

Meaning of Life and Socrates

Socrates was considered by many to be the wisest man in ancient Greece. While he was eventually condemned for his wisdom, his spoken words are still listened to and followed today. When, during his trial, Socrates stated that, "the unexamined life is not worth living" (Plato 45), people began to question his theory. They began to wonder what Socrates meant with his statement, why he would feel that a life would not be worth living. To them, life was above…...

Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle

Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, three men considered to be the quintessential basis of ancient Greek philosophy. Not only were they responsible for Greek enlightenment, but also foreshadowed the coming of Christ in there speculations. Plato, the protege of Socrates, became the first to document the philosophy of his teacher, which in turn is passed down to Aristotle. This process of mentoring aided ancient man in the intellectual evolution of politics and religion, known as the linear concept. Socrates, the Athenian…...

Critical Analysis of The Apology of Socrates by Plato

Socrates was an orator and philosopher whose primary interests were logic, ethics and epistemology. In Plato’s Apology of Socrates, Plato recounts the speech that Socrates gave shortly before his death, during the trial in 399 BC in which he was charged with "corrupting the young, and by not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, also being a busybody and intervene gods business". The name of the work itself is not mean what it is appeared; here, Socrates…...

Developing Socratic Wisdom

Socrates was an ancient Greek Athenian philosopher known mainly through the accounts and writings of his students, namely Plato and Aristotle. The wisdom of Socrates is depicted numerous times in the dialogues written by Plato. All the Socratic dialogues – Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito – illustrated Socrates’ form of inquiry and discussion between individuals with opposing viewpoints based on asking and answering questions to encourage critical thinking and to clarify ideas. It is an examination method, involving two oppositional topics…...

Meno Virtue

Meno, an influential speaker, is traveling through Athens when he encounters Socrates. Meno is a well known individual who has spoken in front of large crowds the meaning of virtue. He is a student who studied under Gorgias, another well know teacher of virtue. Socrates provokes a discussion regarding virtue when he states that, “I have never known of anyone else who did [know virtue], in my judgment. ” This prompted Meno to stand up and prove to Socrates he…...

Socrates and the Defintion of Piety

Plato's dialog called Euthyphro is about a discussion that took place between Socrates and Euthyphro concerning the meaning of piety, or one's duty to both gods and to humanity. Socrates has recently been charged with impiety and is about to be tried before the Athenian court while Euthyphro is on trial for murder. Because Socrates knew that the Athenian people did not understand the meaning of piety, Socrates asks Euthyphro to answer the question "What is piety?" He wants to…...

Socratic Method Among Other Teaching Methods

The Socratic Method is a method that not many people know about, yet they practice it. To learn about the Socratic Method, we should first learn about Socrates, the one who invented this method. Socrates was one of the most important philosophers, and by that, one of the most difficult to understand. Most of his life and teachings were adapted into the later ages and cultures. However, Socrates didn’t write anything. We know most of his philosophies from his disciple,…...

Socrates' Failure in Refuting Thrasymachus

In producing a counter argument to Thrasymachus' claim that justice is the advantage of the stronger, Socrates bases his argument enourmously on sentimentality and prejudice. He assumes that the virtues which are supposedly functioning in the realm of ideas can also work propably in the World. For example, in Socrates' view, a doctor does not seek his own advantage, but the advantage of his patients. Yet, this view reflects the perfect ideal of a doctor in Socrates' belief of ideas…...

Plato/Socrates & St. Augustine

The realm of the reasoning man, according to Plato in his work Phaedo, is extrapolated by Socrates, that is, a man who is within reason also must admit to the fundamental truths regarding life after death (the viewpoint of Plato in this paper will be seen through Socrates as Phaedo was written to express Plato’s viewpoint through Socrates, so, henceforth, whenever Socrates is mentioned it is Plato’s perspective). That is to say, in Socrates explanation of immortality, there remains the…...

Philosophy: Dialogue with Socrates

“Socrates, good day!” exclaimed Person. Socrates is still mesmerized in this realm unbeknownst to him. Dazed and confused, he sees a figure, a person looking right at him. He replied, “Good day to you to. May I ask you questions about this world? I suppose you are a citizen of this state.” “I would gladly entertain your queries, but I have questions too, questions that only you can answer,” retorted Person. “I will bring the truth upon your inquiries, if…...

The Ideal State: According to Socrates, Plato and Aristotle

         “In general philosophy came into existence when the Greeks discovered dissatisfaction with supernatural and mythical explanations of reality,” (Kreis, 2000). Philosophy, as we know it today, obtained the foundation of its teachings from ancient Greeks who wanted a logical explanation to the order of the universe we live in. These men wanted to explain society’s dilemmas based on realities they can constitute through reason alone and not through some convention based on mythical uncertainties. Among such men were Socrates,…...

The Rebirth of Dialogue: Bakhtin, Socrates, and the Rhetorical Tradition

Plato wrote dialogues. Mikhail Bakthin constructed a literary theory based on dialogue. And as part of this theoretical work, Bakhtin interpreted the dialogues of Plato. Rhetorical scholars have always been interested in Plato; recently, they have shown considerable interest in Bakhtin as well. Surely, then, someone has already undertaken a systematic study of Plato and Bakhtin. No. Not until now. James P. Zappen's The Rebirth of Dialogue: Bakhtin, Socrates, and the Rhetorical Tradition is the first book-length analysis, and synthesis,…...

Socrates on Question of Piety

Socrates is simply asking questions to get a straight answer from Euthyphro, which he is unable to do. When asked, “what is piety? ” Euthyphro answers “Doing as I do”. He thinks he is doing the pious thing by bringing his father up on charges of impiety. In his words, he is saying prosecuting anyone guilty of murder, no matter who they are . Socrates , basically is not entertained by this response, because it is not an answer. When…...

Socrates's Benefit to Society

Fnu MeherunnessaDr. S. BurgessENGL-1301-22918 March, 2019Socrates's Benefit to SocietyEvery philosopher has the goal of examining the ideas of what is right and wrong, analyzing their own beliefs and the beliefs of others and the reasoning that led them to have those beliefs. Skeptics may do this by arguing that there can be no definite answer and one must suspend judgment and assume that everything we know can arguably be inaccurate, as where a dogmatist might claim to have the answer.…...

Socrates on Oligarchy and Democracy

QUESTION 3 There are 3 distinct and separate classes of specialized citizens, all working for the good of the city. Guardians:(413d) "watch straight from childhood by setting them at tasks in which a man would most likely forget...." What the guardians learn in school is a set curriculum, yet it is also a test. If they fail, well then, they weren't meant to be a guardian after all. They also give up the right to own private property and live…...

Music: Soundtrack of Humankind

Music is the soundtrack of humankind, an eternal entity that is recognized within every culture and an important aspect of human interaction and activity. Stevie Wonder, himself even said - "Music is a world within itself. it is a language we all understand". The Allegory Of The Cave by the late Grecian philosopher Plato talks about the intellectual and emotional revelations human experience within the different stages of their lifetime. Ahmir "Questlove" Thompson through his memoir Mo Meta Blues expounds…...

Crito and Socrates: Courage

Courage can be described in many ways. Courage is shown by an individual who makes a strong point or opinion towards a view. This person makes up their own mind and often composes different ideas to everyone else. Socrates is in jail awaiting prosecution. His friend Crito wants to plan a way to get Socrates out of jail as he is there for an unjust reason. For the duration of Socrates' life, he always abided by the rules and was…...

A Critique of Socrates' Guilt in the Apology

This paper provides a brief comment on the charge of Socrates being involved with "criminal meddling". The paper is argued as a case of law.A Brief Comment on the Query: "Is Socrates Guilty As Charged?" In any case of law, when one is considering truth and justice, one must first look at the validity of the court and of the entity of authority itself. In Socrates case, the situation is no different. One may be said to be guilty or…...

“No One Knowingly Does Evil” by Socrates

The argument which I am focusing on is titled “No One Knowingly Does Evil” and is written by Socrates. This argument concludes that those who do evil things do them involuntarily. That is, people do not necessarily want to do evil things, but do them against their will. A very important point is presented by Socrates in that evil deeds are not done willingly. It is thought by many that some people are simply evil-natured and commit evil deeds because…...

Socrates on Education

Socrates once said, “Education is the kindling of a flame, not the filling of a vessel. ” With this, he revealed that education should be thought about and questioned for curiosity and understanding rather than for memorizing facts and information without any deeper thought on the matter. Socrates’ metaphor, “filling of a vessel,” relates to our type of educational system and administration. It is often that teachers do not want students to ask questions they cannot answer; they do not…...

Socrates on Justice

Socrates’ take on justice was a rather controversial viewpoint for his era, in that he opined about virtues men should possess and strive for that they might otherwise have no desire to obtain. A just man strives to promote justice for the sake of justice in itself. He, as one who is good, seeks to further justice because it fulfills his daimon, or nature. The nature of man is therefore, naturally, to do the right and proper thing. Good, as…...

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