SOC ch. 1sociological imagination quiz

Who criticized Marx for focusing exclusively on economics and social class as explanations for human behavior and advocated sociological analyses that allowed for multiple influences?
Max Weber

The Division of Labor in Society was the first of many sociological contributions from:
Émile Durkheim

Which of the three historical epistemological stages did Comte argue would explain human society by identifying the “laws” that governed human behavior?
the scientific stage

In sociology’s “cousin,” psychology, the focus is on the individual. In sociology, the focus is above and beyond the individual, on group-level dynamics and social structures. This is known as:
supra-individual

The Chicago School’s Jane Addams founded the first American settlement house, an institution to help the poor by offering aid, educational services, and more. This house was known as the:
Hull House.

Which modern sociological theory examines how power relationships are defined, shaped, and reproduced on the basis of gender differences?
feminism

Robert Merton’s modern sociological theory focused on attempting to predict how certain social institutions function between microsociology and macrosociology. This is known as:
midrange theory.

Feeling discomfort about rural Chinese society, where many generations of a family sleep in the same bed, is known as:
xenophobia

Explaining unique cases is the focus of most historians, whereas the comparative method is the staple of the sociologist. This comparative method is also known as
the nomothetic approach

A female manager is attempting to climb her way to the top of the corporate ladder. She works as hard, if not harder, than her male colleagues, but nothing she does seems to help her advance. She begins to notice a pattern: men are often promoted, but women are often overlooked for advancement. The realization that many women in her circumstance are experiencing the same discrimination is an example of
sociological imagination

In the book How to Observe Morals and Manners, the institution of marriage is criticized as
based on an assumption of the inferiority of women

Which of the three historical epistemological stages of human society did Comte explain was highlighted by Enlightenment thinking such as Rousseau’s, Mill’s, and Hobbes’s beliefs in biological causes for human behavior?
the metaphysical stage

Which feminist sociologist wrote Sex, Gender, and Society (1972), which argued that much of what we attribute to biological sex differences can actually be traced to learned behaviors and socialization?
Ann Oakley

A family, as a group of people living together and sharing individual stories, makes up a ____________ institution.
social

The examination of human behavior within a rational actor model is the focus of which of the following “cousins” of sociology?
economics

Which area within the discipline of anthropology is most similar to sociology?
cultural anthropology

Which of the following was the first African American to receive a PhD from Harvard University?
W. E. B. Du Bois

The author of your text states that the most age-segregated social institution in our society is a:
four-year college.

Which of the following is the study of social meanings that emphasizes subjectivity in understanding human behavior?
sociological imagination

As defined by C. Wright Mills, which of the following “enables us to grasp history and biography and the relations between the two within society”?
sociological imagination

Sociology is the study of:
group-level dynamics and social structures.

Which of the following focuses its analyses on larger social dynamics at the societal and structural levels?
macrosociology

Some postmodern sociologists work to show us how all “facts” are created arbitrarily by people with varying degrees of power. This is known as:
deconstructing social phenomena

The Philip Morris Company changed its name to Altria in an attempt to start a new:
. social identity.

According to Randall Collins’s (1979) research, the expansion of higher education is:
. a result of credentialism and expenditures on formal education.

What do symbolic interactionists study?
shared meaning

The intended purpose of desegregation of schools in the 1950s was to make education equal for everyone. What was not intended was that many racial minority teachers and principals lost their jobs. This unintended purpose was called a(n) ____________ function by functionalist theorist Talcott Parsons
latent

To Marx, conflict between a small number of capitalists and a large number of workers would divide society. He referred to this large number of workers as:
proletariat.

Which of the following founders of sociology is known, in part, for his writings providing the theoretical foundation of Communism?
Karl Marx

According to Suicide, one of the main social forces leading to suicide is a sense of normlessness that results from drastic changes in society. This normlessness was called:
anomie