Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya Essay
Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya born on 15th September 1860 in Muddenahalli, Chikkaballapura District, Karnataka. Sir M Visvesvaraya father is Srinivasa Sastry and mother Venkachamma. Sir M Visvesvaraya is an eminent Indian engineer and statesman. Today 15th September we observer Sir M Visvesvaraya birthday as Engineers Day in India. Sir M Visvesvaraya was a civil engineer.
Visvesvaraya Joined PWD department of Bombay (now its known as Maharashtra state). Visvesvaraya was a genius, he invented Block System the automatic doors which he devised to stop wasteful overflow of water. Sir Visvesvaraya builted many dams in Maharashtra state. He was designed and patented a system of automatic weir water floodgates which were first installed in 1903 at the Khadakvasla reservoir, Pune. He worked as a chief engineer during construction of Krishna Raja Sagara Dam on the Kaveri River in Mandya. He became the President of All India Manufacturers Association. Sir Visvesvaraya was the maker of modern Mysore. Sir
M. Visvesvaraya lead a very simple life. He was a strict vegetarian and a teetotaler. He was known for his honesty and integrity. In 1912, Maharaja of Mysore appointed Visvesvaraya as his Dewan. Before accepting the position of Dewan of Mysore, he invited all his relatives for dinner. He told them very clearly that he would accept the prestigious office on the condition that none of them would approach him for favours. As Dewan of Mysore, he worked tirelessly for educational and industrial development of the state. When he was the Dewan many new industries came up. The Sandal Oil Factory, the Soap Factory, the Metals Factory, the Chrome Tanning Factory, were some of them. Of the many factories he started the most important is the Bhadravati Iron and Steel Works. He was also knighted by the British for his myriad contributions to the public good. After voluntary retirement in 1908, sir Visvesvaraya was appointed as a minister of the state of Mysore. Also Sir Visvesvaraya designed a flood protection system to protect Hyderabad city from the flood. He is a recipient of the Indian republic’s highest honour, the Bharat Ratna, in 1955. Sir Visvesvaraya died on 14th April 1962
Dear Engineer Colleague, every year, 15 September is celebrated as the
Engineer’s Day in India in the memory of one of the great son of India on his birth day . He is held in high regard as the first and pre-eminent Engineer of India. He is Bharat Ratna Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, who was a notable engineer, scholar, and statesman . Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was called a wizard in engineering. He was also called the precursor of economic planning in India. He took an interest not in engineering alone, but was capable of applying his talent to many allied matters connected with the development of the nation. Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was born to Srinivasa Sastry and Venkachamma, at Muddenahalli, village, in Chikballapur District of Karnataka State. He earned his B.A. from the Madras University in 1881 and later studied civil engineering at the College of Science, Pune, now known as the College of Engineering , Pune Upon graduating as an engineer, Visvesvaraya took up a job with the Public Works Department (PWD) of Bombay and was later invited to join the Indian Irrigation Commission.
He implemented an extremely intricate system of irrigation in the Deccan area. He also designed and patented a system of automatic weir water floodgates which were first installed in 1903 at the Khadakvasla reservoir near Pune. These gates were employed to raise the flood supply level of storage in the reservoir to the highest level likely to be attained by its flood without causing any damage to the dam. Based on the success of these gates, the same system was installed at the Tigra dam in Gwalior and the Krishnaraja Sagara (KRS) dam in Mandya. Sir M. V. supervised the construction of the KRS dam across the Cauvery River from concept to inauguration. This dam created the biggest reservoir in Asia at the time it was built. Sir MV was rightly called the “Father of modern Mysore state” (now Karnataka). During his period of service with the Government of Mysore state, he was responsible for the founding of, under the aegis of that government, the Mysore Soap Factory, the Parasitoide laboratory, the Bhadravati Iron & Steel Works, the Sri Jayachamarajendra Polytechnic Institute, the Bangalore Agricultural University, the State Bank of Mysore, The Century Club, Mysore Chambers of Commerce and numerous other industrial ventures. Later, during November 1909, Visvesvaraya was appointed as Chief Engineer of Mysore State. Further, during the year, 1912, he was appointed as Diwan or First Minister of the princely state of Mysore. With the support of Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV, Maharaja of Mysore, Visvesvaraya
made an arguably unprecedented contribution as Diwan to the all-round development of the state. Not only the Krishnaraja Sagara dam and reservoir, the steel works at Bhadravathi, the Sri Jayachamarajendra Polytechnic Institute at Bangalore, the University of Mysore, Bank of Mysore Limited (now State Bank of Mysore) at Bangalore Karnataka Soaps & Detergents Limited (KSDL) – Govt Soap Factory  and many other industries and public works owe their inception or active nurturing to him. He was instrumental in the founding of the “Government Engineering College” at Bangalore in 1917, one of the first engineering institutes in India. This institution was later named the “University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering, after its founder. After India attained independence, Sir M. Visvesvaraya was given the nation’s highest honour, the Bharat Ratna, in 1955. Sir Visvesvaraya died on 14th April 1962
“The curse of our country is laziness. At first sight every one seems to be working. But in fact, one man works and the others watch him. As someone said with contempt, ‘it looks as if five men are working. But really only one-man works. One man will be doing nothing. One man will be resting. Another man will be watching them. Yet another man will be helping these three.” – Bharat Ratna Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
“Remember, your work may be only to sweep a railway crossing, but it is your duty to keep it so clean that no other crossing in the world is as clean as yours.” – Bharat Ratna Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya