Another of the false trails is the fact that Dr. Roylott keeps exotic animals on their estate, a cheetah and a baboon, “and he has at this moment a cheetah and a baboon, which wander freely over his grounds,” which lead the reader to believe that one of these animals was responsible for Helen’s sisters death. The actual culprit is a venomous Swamp Adder, or “The Speckled Band. ” Helen’s sister, Julia, actually cries out just before she dies, “Oh, my God! Helen! It was the band! The speckled band!
” which shows she actually saw the snake before it bit her, and poisoned her, but with this clever little trick from Doyle, it adds suspense to the story because the reader knows what killed Julia, a speckled band, but doesn’t actually know what the speckled band is.
Dr. Roylott kept the snake in a safe in his room, next door to Julia’s, and he sends it through a very small vent connecting the two rooms, and climbs down a fake bell pull, which lands on the right hand pillow of Julia’s bed.
Roylott’s motive for the murder was that he gets i??
1000 a year from the girl’s late mother’s inheritance. But if one of the girls were to marry, then he would have to pay up a section of it to them every year as well. Julia was just about to marry, so this is why he killed her so he didn’t have to play up.
Dr. Roylott appears for the first time in Holmes’ doorway, “So tall was he that the top of his hat actually brushed the cross bar of the doorway, and his breadth seemed to span across it from side to side. ” This shows he is very tall and well built.
He is described as having, “A large face, seared with a thousand wrinkles, burned yellow from the sun, and marked with every evil passion,” and he is also said to have “deep, bile shot eyes” and a “high, thin fleshless nose” which resembled “a fierce old bird of prey. ” This make the reader believe he is not a very attractive man. From this and an earlier description of him by his stepdaughter, from which the reader learns that he has killed two people already, the reader realises that he has particularly violent tendencies.
Suspense is created by the description of Roylott as such a dangerous character, and because of this the reader fears for the safety of Holmes, Watson and Miss Hudson. The picture of Roylott as a dangerous and violent man is reinforced when he bends the poker with his bare hands and then hurls it into the fireplace ‘snarling’ at Holmes before leaving. Sherlock is very good at observing and acknowledging clues, as in “The Speckled Band,” he notices how Miss Helen Stoner travelled to their home by train and dogcart and set off early in the morning, “I observe that the second half of a return ticket in the palm of your left glove…
,” and also, “The left arm of your jacket is splattered with mud in no less than seven places… There is no vehicle save a mud cart that throws up mud in that way. ” In less than a few seconds he illustrates fully her mode of transportation to Swandam Lane and then even sees that she sat on the left side of the driver, “then only when you sit on the left hand side of the driver. ” It is known that Holmes enjoys his work but a quote to prove this is, “my profession is my reward.
” This shows that Holmes enjoys his job more than the money he earns, showing that he is committed to his job and thoroughly enjoys it. Watson very much admires Holmes and a quote which shows his attitude toward Holmes is, “I rapidly threw on my clothes, and was ready in a few minutes to accompany my friend down to the sitting room. ” He uses the word “friend” rather than “college” or “partner”. This shows that he admires Holmes and is glad to be with him.
Crime is so captivating because it is fascinating how people wish to “do wrong. ” Why do people want to do the opposite of what we are supposed to do in a civilised community? Is it the buzz? The thrill? The excitement? I believe it is all of these. But why can’t these people just do the right thing like the very few in the world that do? But of course, there are crimes which are accidental and aren’t purposely committed, such as manslaughter.
There still are the same factors of detective fiction in non-fiction crime today, a villain (or an offender), a victim, evidence and false trails. Sidekicks may only be in fictional detection, but the other aspects are all real in the world of detection today. Karl Moores English Coursework 1 Show preview only The above preview is unformatted text This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Arthur Conan Doyle section.