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Sexual freedom

Paper type: Essay
Pages: 3 (635 words)
Categories: Freedom, Sex
Downloads: 34
Views: 2

In the context of her role in the patriarch of society the Chinese woman began to find other avenues by which she could exert power. This was with the uterine family, “The only way for a young bride to escape the isolation and resentment she found in her new husband’s house, and to recreate the warmth and sense of belonging she had experienced with her mother, was to create her own uterine family.

By bearing children, completely devoting herself to them, and thus psychologically binding them to her forever, a woman was able to provide the close emotional ties otherwise lacking in her life” (Judd 1994; 92).

History of Women During the Ch’ing One main break in feminism that women pressed was foot binding which was issued as strict elitism during the Ch’ing. There were opportunities that arose during this era however which included the spark of feminism that is found in modern Chinese women: this can be witnessed in the fact that the government and the church (orthodox Neo-Confucianism) was fragmenting.

This allowed women during the late Ming and the early Ch’ing to be included in public life. During the Ch’ing women were also allowed to be involved in the military to a certain extent such as exemplified with Ch’in Liangyu who gave troops to the Ming dynasty under the command of her son in law, as well as with the woman K’ung Ssu-chen who was an active political leader during the rebellion of Wu San-kuei (Rankin 1975; 40-41).

During the Ch’ing women became more educated. This is attributed to mainly two causes one of which rests with views of prolific writers denying the old maxim of women being poor students )‘the absence of talent to be a virtue in women’) (Rankin 1975; 41) and proclaiming that women could learn to read under the patriarchy guise of later in life these learned women would eventually turn to their domestic instincts and take up their household duties.

In fact in the late eighteenth and into the early nineteenth century women were gaining reputations as writers (poets) as well as painters and calligraphers, “Women poets were particularly abundant in Kiangsu and Chekiang, and many also cam from Anhwei and Kiangsi. There provinces were noted for a high level of literacy and scholarship. Women’ achievements in this region may also be related to its being an early center of Ch’ing reaction against he ‘Sung Learning’ that had dominated intellectual life during the Ming” (Rankin 1975: 41).

One of the great iconic figures during this time period can be found in Yuan Mei; he was a poet who surrounded himself with the elite women of his time and it was chiefly his urging them to publish their works that this era found a more dominating class of women. Yuan Mei also advocated women’s rights and was stringently against foot-binding. He was also revolutionary in the way in which he introduced sexual freedom to women.

He did not regard women as equals but with his teachings he opened up the relationships between men and women that advocated healthy sexual relations which in some definitions went against the traditional Confucian restrictions (Rankin 1975; 42) In the 1830’s, a number of scholars denounced the traditional treatment of women. The famous scholar-reformer Kung Tzu-chen opposed foot-binding.

Yu Cheng-hsieh used careful historical, classical and humane arguments to attack foot-binding, the preoccupation with the female chastity, and concubinage, and to insist that men should be held to the same standards of virtue as women Li Ju-chen made the broadest attack in Flowers in the Mirror, in which he satirized almost all oppressive aspects of the treatment of women, whom, moreover, he presented as equal to men in activity and intelligence, skilled in war and scholarship and capable to of holding office (Rankin 1975; 43).

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Sexual freedom. (2020, Jun 02). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/sexual-freedom-647-new-essay

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