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Section 12.2

Humanism
based on the study of the classics, the literary work of Greece and Rome. Focus was on human achievement.

Fresco
Painting on the fresh wet plaster with water based paint.

Petrarch
Often called the father of the Italian Renaissance humanism, did more than any other individual in the 14th century to foster the development of humanism.Began the humanist emphasis on using pure classical Latin.

Dante
Wrote “The Divine Comedy.” This is the story of the soul’s journey to salvation. Both Dante and Chaucer helped make vernacular literature (written in the language spoken in their own regions) more popular.

Michelangelo
Accomplished painter, sculptor and architect. Was an artistic master of the high Renaissance. Known for figures painted on ceiling of the Sistine chapel.

Chaucer
Wrote “The Canterbury Tales” a collection of stories told by a group of 29 pilgrims journeying to the tomb of St. Thomas a Becket.

Jan van Eyck
Flemish painter. One of the first people to use oil paint which allowed him to use a wider variety of colors and create fine details in in painting Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride.

Albrecht Durer
German artist was influenced by Italian artists and combined perspective with the minute details characteristic of northern artists like Jan van Eyck. Known for his painting, “The Adoration of the Magi.”

Canterbury
Site of St. Thomas a Becket’s death and tomb (where killed by King Henry’s knights). Became a shrine visited by pilgrims described in Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales.

Flanders
The location of one of the most important Northern schools of art.

T or F: A key intellectual movement of the Renaissance was secularism
False. A key intellectual movement of the Renaissance was “Humanism.”

T or F: Humanists used the works of Cicero as a model for prose and those of Virgil for poetry.
True

T or F: Dante’s masterpiece, the Divine Comedy, is the story of two clowns in a medieval circus.
False. Dante’s masterpiece, the Divine Comedy, is the Story of the soul’s journey to salvation.

T or F: The Canterbury Tales is a collection of stories told by a group of 29 pilgrims headed for the tomb of Saint Thomas a Becket.
True.

T or F: During the Renaissance, studies were called “liberal” because of their non-conservative approach.
False. Humanists called them liberal because they enabled individuals to reach their full potential. They were studies that allowed people to attain and practice virtue and wisdom.

T or F: In Renaissance art, God was the focus of attention.
False. In Renaissance art, Humanism/man was focus of attention.

T or F: By the end of the 15th century, Italian painters, sculptors and architects had mastered the new techniques for symbolically portraying the world around them.
False. By the end of the 15th century, Italian painters, sculptors and architects had mastered the new techniques for **REALISTICALLY** portraying the world around them.

T or F: The High Renaissance in Italy is associated with three artistic giants, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo.
True. The High Renaissance in Italy is associated with three artistic giants, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo.

T or F: The Flemish painter Jan van Eyck was among the first to use oil paint.
True. The Flemish painter Jan van Eyck was among the first to use oil paint.

T or F: By 1500, artists from northern Europe had rejected Italian techniques.
False. By 1500, artists from northern Europe went to Italy to learn Italian techniques.

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