School bullying is a type of bullying in which occurs during the time period a child is in school. Bullying can be physical, verbal, or emotional. Some consider bullying to be purposeful attempts to control another person through verbal abuse – which can be in tone of voice or in content such as teasing or threats – exclusion, or physical bullying or violence, which the victim does not want. While some ties the feature of “peer abuse” and “repeated activity” into the definition of bullying, others acknowledge single instances and age difference in their definitions of bullying.
Bullying occurs in schools, workplaces, in homes, on playgrounds, in the military, and in nursing homes, for example. In the article “Uncovering the hidden causes of bullying and school violence” published in Counseling and Human Development in February, 2000, Barry K. Weinhold states that bullying is the most common type of violence in contemporary US society. Although a form of harassment, bullying is considered to be a separate category from sexual harassment. There are a variety of reasons why people bully.
One of the reason is families issues. Families that are not warm and loving and in which feelings are not shared are more likely to have children who bully, either within the family home or in other locations in which the children meet others. Another home environment that is prone to producing bullies is one in which discipline and monitoring are inconsistent and/or a punitive atmosphere exists. Besides, the fact that one gets more social recognition for negative behaviors than for positive ones can also contribute to reasons why people bully.
Situation comedies and reality television, as well as real life situations in schools, for example, show that acting out is more likely to get noticed than behaving oneself civilly and courteously. Jealousy or envy and a lack of personal and social skills to deal with such feelings can also be reasons why people bully. In addition, some research indicates that the very fact of having power may make some people wish to wield it in a noticeable way, but it is also true that people may be given power without being trained in the leadership skills that will help them wield it wisely.
Either situation can contribute to why people bully others. Moreover, the bully’s personal history also consider as one type of bullying. For instance , children who experience social rejection themselves are more likely to “pass it on” to others. Children who experience academic failure are also more likely to bully others. Furthermore, In a culture of bullying that is fascinated with winning, power, and violence, some experts suggest that it is unrealistic to expect that people will not be influenced to seek power through violence in their own lives.
Researchers point to the World Wrestling Federation (WWF) as glorification of bullies in the name of entertainment and point out that the high rate of domestic violence means that many young people grow up expecting that violence is an acceptable way to get what one wants. Early intervention and effective discipline and boundaries truly is the best way to stop bullying. Some things can be done at the school level. I believe a school should create an environment whereby children understand from the moment they start school that bullying, aggression and violence are not acceptable.
It is often the absence of such an ethos that potential bullies perceive as acceptance of their aggressive behaviour. A policy is a start, but it must be more than just words on paper, it has to be a proactive policy, not just a rule book which is dusted down in the head’s study after aggression has resulted in injury. Any anti-bullying policy or anti-bullying advice which fails to mention of accountability for the bully and for the responsible adults who are failing in their duty of care is likely to meet with at best limited success. As well, In the classroom setting, all teachers should work with the students on bullying.
Oftentimes even the teacher is being bullied in the classroom and a program should be set up that implements teaching about bullying. Children understand modeling behaviors and role-play and acting out bullying situations is a very effective tool. Have students role-play a bullying situation. Rules that involve bullying behaviors should be clearly posted. Schools also could ask local mental health professionals to speak to students about bullying behaviors and how it directly affects the victims. Parents can do to prevent and stop bullying. For example, parents should always stay connected with thier child.
The more they know about her friends and the details about her interactions with classmates and peers, the more likely they are to spot any changes in their child’s social interactions such as talk with child every day about specifics at school and extracurricular activities such as who she had lunch with or what the best or worst part of her day was. This is also an important way to establish good communication with child so that she knows that someone she can go to when she has a problem. In addition, parents should tell her what to do in case she experiences or witnesses bullying.
Establish and periodically review with child the basics of what to do if they encounter hurtful behavior directed toward them or someone else. Tell her to alert a teacher right away if she sees bullying behavior (explain that this is not tattling, which is reporting something to the teacher just to get someone in trouble, but is an important way to stop someone from getting hurt). Characteristics of Effective Bullying Prevention Programs can help to prevent case of bullying. This program share many characteristics, such as beginning early in elementary school and working to create a caring school climate that discourages bullying.
Effective programs also usually train school staff to intervene in bullying situations and develop consistent school rules for the consequences of bullying. Working with bullying victims individually and in groups, as well as working with bullies individually and involving their parents, also helps reduce bullying. For example, the effective bullying prevention programs include the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program, Second Step: A Violence Prevention Curriculum, and Steps to Respect: A Bullying Prevention Program.
The Olweus Bullying Prevention Program takes action with bullies, victims, teachers, families, schools and the community to prevent bullying in students aged 6 to 14. Second Step works to increase students’ social competency, which reduces aggressive behavior in students aged 4 to 14. Steps to Respect works with staff and students to teach healthy relationships in students aged 8 to 14. Bullying can cause severe emotional damage for years, and the children who are bullied aren’t the only ones who suffer. The bullies also undergo serious emotional trauma, which in turn causes them to bully other children.
According to the National Center for Children Exposed to Violence, children who are bullied may suffer from low self-esteem, as well as other serious emotional issues such as chronic anxiety and depression. Experiencing trauma in childhood can have a severe and long-lasting effect. Children who have been traumatized see the world as a frightening and dangerous place. When childhood trauma is not resolved, this fundamental sense of fear and helplessness carries over into adulthood, setting the stage for further trauma.
Usually child will suffer Insomnia or nightmares , being startled easily ,racing heartbeat ,aches and pains. In recent years, a series of bullying-related suicides in the Malaysia and across the globe have drawn attention to the connection between bullying and suicide. Though too many adults still see bullying as “just part of being a kid,” it is a serious problem that leads to many negative effects for victims, including suicide. Many people may not realize that there is also a link between being a bully and committing suicide.
Some schools or regions have more serious problems with bullying and suicide related to bullying. This may be due to an excessive problem with bullying at the school. It could also be related to the tendency of students who are exposed to suicide to consider suicide themselves. The physical effects of bullying can range from the development of an eating disorder to bruises on victims. Children who bully are four times as likely to engage in more serious criminal offenses by the age of 24 than children who do not bully, according to mychildsafety. et. Physical effects of bullying occur in the victim and the perpetrator; bullies have a higher risk of abusing drugs and alcohol, and these substances have a physical effect on the body. For instance , eating disorders. Especially in girls, but also in young men, eating disorders like bulimia and anorexia can manifest due to bullying about weight or physical appearance. According to one BBC report, over half of eating disorder sufferers report bullying as a major factor in their illness.
One 17-year-old bullying victim, Hannah Bilverstone or Hertfordshire, England, was reported as saying, “Controlling my food and my exercise gave me the control back and it made me feel empowered. ” Bullying can make young people feel powerless and out of control, and eating disorders can become a new way to take control. Furthermore, bruising is another physical effect of bullying. If parents suspect their child is being physically bullied, check his shoulders, neck, abdomen and face for bruising and report their findings to the principal of the school.
Extreme physical abuse could result in more serious physical effects. Baggy eyes and restlessness is also consider as a kind of physical effect of bullying. Baggy eyes and restlessness are signs of anxiety, depression and lack of sleep, which may be brought on by bullying. According to stopbullying. gov, bullying can create changes in sleep patterns and increased feelings of sadness and loneliness. In general, bullying victims are more likely to have health complaints, as one study reported bullying victims had physical health issues three years after the bullying ended. Besides , People who are ullied and who bully are more likely to have substance abuse problems in adolescence, according to stopbullying. org. Drugs help people escape reality, and for both the bully and the victim, reality can be grim. Additionally, bullies are more likely to get into physical fights, vandalize property and abuse their romantic partners. A child who has to endure bullying usually suffers from low self-esteem and their ability to learn and be successful at school is dramatically lessened. Schools and parents must educate children about bullying behaviors; it will help all children feel safe and secure at school.
Children who bully need to be taught empathy for others’ feelings in order to change their behaviors and the school must adopt a zero-tolerance policy regarding bullying. Zero-tolerance or “three strikes” policies that punish bullies with suspension or expulsion are popular but ineffective. The harsh punishments these programs use may deter students and teachers from reporting bullies. Moreover, suspending or expelling bullies does not help them change. Peer mediation is also an ineffective anti-bullying strategy because it implies that bulling is a solvable conflict instead of a method of victimization.
University/College: University of California
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 5 October 2016
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