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Gay is defined as a man having affectionate feelings for another man, or a woman having affectionate feelings for another woman. In the past, society has discriminated against people who fall under the sexual orientation of gay, and there has a been a dangerous climate against gay people. Since this dangerous climate exists, gay people , whom have fear of various ways of persecution, aren’t privy to the same rights as heterosexual couples. Some of these rights included: PDA(public displays of affection), refusal into the army, and marriage.
The latter is the central part of the argument of equal rights of all people, regardless of sexual orientation or any factors. Gay marriage should be legal.
Same-sex marriage is a civil right. The NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People), on May 21, 2012, named same-sex marriage as ‘one of the key civil rights struggles of our time.’ In 1967 the US Supreme Court unanimously confirmed in Loving v.
Virginia that marriage is ‘one of the basic civil rights of man.’ The White House website lists same-sex marriage amongst a selection of civil rights, along with freedom from employment discrimination, equal pay for women, and fair sentencing for minority criminals.
The fifth amendment, which states, due process, eminent domain, no double jeopardy, right to remain silent (you can’t be forced to testify against yourself) and the right to be tried by a grand jury for a capital offense, and the fourteenth amendment states, citizens as people born in the US and prohibits the states from denying due process and equal protection under the law.
The article also states how the value of the debt must always be paid and honored, and cannot be questioned, these amendments protect the rights of lgbt people as well. Although the Fourteenth Amendment, was changed drastically by the end of the civil war, the intentions for establishing it was for equality sake . Congress wrote it as a general guarantee of equality, and the courts have interpreted the Equal Protection Clause to prohibit discrimination on the basis of gender, religion and disability.While there are many amendments that stand for equal rights that were written with the purpose of equality between two groups of people , and the lgbt community wasn’t necessarily thought about .
There are examples of cases in which the laws were changed to benefit heterosexual couples and only them.In 1965,Griswold v. Connecticut’s ruling changed laws forever. This ruling involved prohibiting married couples from obtaining contraceptives and the basis of the ruling and its decision was based on privacy of the individual. In 1967, Loving v. Virginia decriminalized interracial marriage. This shows at this point in time the supreme court was concerned with race than the sexual orientation of said people. Then 1972 Eisenstadt v. Baird decision recognized unmarried persons’ right to contraceptives. And in 1973, Roe v. Wade recognized women’s right to reproductive choice. All of these Supreme Court decisions show that decisions about intimate relationships are indeed intimate and should be left up to the individuals.Freedom of speech and factors of that nature are protected under the First Amendment.
This Amendment protects the right to organize and urge government to end discrimination, to recognize lesbian and gay relationships, and to adopt laws prohibiting discrimination in the private sector.This basically allows person to express all liberties they feel is apart of their identity without having fear of discrimination or persecution and produce art with gay themes and to speak out publicly about LGBT issues.Marriage is an internationally recognized human right for all people. Since the 1800’s , the US Supreme Court has declared 14 times,” that marriage is a fundamental right for all”, according to the American Foundation for Equal Rights. “ Article 16 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights guarantees ‘men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, the right to marry and to found a family.” They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its conclusion. Non-discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation has therefore become an internationally recognized principle.
Over the past decade, the nation has made unprecedented progress toward LGBT equality. But to date, neither the federal government nor most states have explicit statutory nondiscrimination laws protecting people on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity. LGBT people still face widespread discrimination.”Between 11 percent and 28 percent of LGBT workers report losing a promotion simply because of their sexual orientation, and 27 percent of transgender workers report being fired, not hired, or denied a promotion in the past year. Discrimination also routinely affects LGBT people beyond the workplace, sometimes costing them their homes, access to education, and even the ability to engage in public life.Data from a nationally representative survey of LGBT people conducted by CAP shows that 25.2 percent of LGBT respondents has experienced discrimination because of their sexual orientation or gender identity in the past year.
The January 2017 survey shows that, despite progress, in 2016 discrimination remained a widespread threat to LGBT people’s well-being, health, and economic security.Among people who experienced sexual orientation- or gender-identity-based discrimination in the past year:”68.5 percent reported that discrimination at least somewhat negatively affected their psychological well-being.43.7 percent reported that discrimination negatively impacted their physical well-being.47.7 percent reported that discrimination negatively impacted their spiritual well-being.38.5 percent reported discrimination negatively impacted their school environment.52.8 percent reported that discrimination negatively impacted their work environment.56.6 report it negatively impacted their neighborhood and community environment(Durso,2017). The reports shown that no matter the setting people of the lgbt community will face discrimination
Marriage is an essential part of any relationship, and imagine not being to do that with your significant other. That is a reality for gay couples everyday. Like stated previously, discrimination can even occur from “coming out”. Coming out can be described as effectively telling your significant others about your sexuality. Just the fact that gay people have to still come out and not be taken wholly regardless of their orientation.
LGBT people who don’t experience blatant discrimination, such as being fired from a job, may still find that the threat of it shapes their lives in subtle but profound ways. David M.,* a gay man, works at a Fortune 500 company with a formal, written nondiscrimination policy. “I couldn’t be fired for being gay,” he said. But David explained, “When partners at the firm invite straight men to squash or drinks, they don’t invite the women or gay men. I’m being passed over for opportunities that could lead to being promoted.”“I’m trying to minimize the bias against me by changing my presentation in the corporate world,” he added. “I lower my voice in meetings to make it sound less feminine and avoid wearing anything but a black suit. … When you’re perceived as feminine—whether you’re a woman or a gay man—you get excluded from relationships that improve your career”.David is not alone. Survey findings and related interviews show that LGBT people hide personal relationships, delay health care, change the way they dress, and take other steps to alter their lives because they could be discriminated against.Maria S.,* a queer woman who lives in North Carolina, described a long commute from her home in Durham to a different town where she works. She makes the drive every day so that she can live in a city that’s friendly to LGBT people. She loves her job, but she’s not out to her boss. “I wonder whether I would be let go if the higher-ups knew about my sexuality,” she says. The fact that people in the lgbt community are still scared of showing their identity shows that they face discrimination on many levels.
This topic shouldn’t be under discussion because our former president, President Obama passed a law declaring that gay marriage is legal.Gay marriage declared legal across the US in historic supreme court ruling“Love is love,” declared Barack Obama, in the aftermath of the supreme court’s landmark decision on gay marriage on Friday.In a speech in the White House Rose Garden, the president warmly embraced the court’s 5-4 decision in Obergefell v Hodges as a step towards making “our union a little more perfect”. He described the ruling as “a victory for America”.“This ruling is a victory for Jim Obergefell and the other plaintiffs in the case,” he said. “It’s a victory for gay and lesbian couples who have fought so long for their basic civil rights. It’s a victory for their children, whose families will now be recognized as equal to any other. It’s a victory for the allies and friends and supporters who spent years, even decades, working and praying for change to come.“And this ruling is a victory for America. This decision affirms what millions of Americans already believe in their hearts: when all Americans are treated as equal we are all more free.” This shows that this issue has been at the forefront of political discussion, and political officials have debated and came up with a solution that has been the answer to what people have been fighting for, for so long. On that day in history, the unheard majority of the LGBT community were granted a civil right and action that they crucially needed. This equality, when it comes to marriage has been met , but there are many steps that need to be taken until we reach full equality among all individuals.
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