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1.1 Safeguarding is protecting vulnerable adults or children from abuse or neglect 1.2 My own role and responsibilities in safeguarding individuals is my duty of care. I have the responsibility to report any signs of neglect or abuse (with the consent of the person) as soon as I suspect anything, even if doubt is present better to be safe. 1.3 Physical abuse:- any non-accidental act or behaviour causing injury, trauma, or other physical suffering or bodily harm. Abusive acts toward the vulnerable can often result from family members mainly feeling they have the right to do so or the stress of the burden they bring Domestic abuse:- any incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive, threatening behaviour, violence or abuse between those aged 16 or over who are, or have been, intimate partners or family members regardless of gender or sexuality.
The abuse can encompass, but is not limited to psychological, physical, sexual, financial and emotional.Sexual abuse:- also referred to as molestation, is usually undesired sexual behaviour by one person upon another.
It is often perpetrated using force or by taking advantage of another. When force is immediate, of short duration, or infrequent, it is called sexual assault.Emotional/psychological abuse:- is a form of abuse, characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another person to behaviour that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety, chronic depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder.Financial/material abuse:- which is the illegal or unauthorized use of a person’s property, money, pension book or other valuables (including changing the person’s will to name the abuser as heir), often fraudulently obtaining power of attorney, followed by deprivation of money or other material belongings Modern Slavery:- is the term used within the UK and is defined within the Modern Slavery Act 2015.
… These crimes include holding a person in a position of slavery, servitude forced or compulsory labour, or facilitating their travel with the intention of exploiting them soon after.Discriminatory abuse:- is when someone treats you unfairly because they think you are different. It can happen because of your age, sex, race, disability, gender, religion or another reason. It can happen anywhere – in hospitals, in shops, in your home. Discriminatory abuse is wrong and should not happen.Institutional/organisational abuse:- is when someone treats you unfairly because they think you are different. It can happen because of your age, sex, religion race, disability, gender, religion or another reason. It can happen anywhere – in hospitals, in shops, in your home. Discriminatory abuse is wrong and should not happen.Self-neglect:- is a behavioural condition in which an individual neglects to attend to their basic needs, such as personal hygiene, appropriate clothing, feeding, or tending appropriately to any medical conditions they have.Neglect by others:- is the failure of a carer to provide the necessities of life to a person for whom they are caring. Neglect can be intentional or unintentional (ANPEA). …Neglect may be the improper use of medication, poor hygiene or personal care or the refusal to allow other people to provide adequate care.1.4 harm is anything that impairs or affects the safety of a person, Harm includes all harmful conduct in particular, physical harm, psychological harm, for example, causing fear, alarm or distress.1.5 Restrictive practices are any type of support or practice that limits the rights or freedom of movement of a person with disability. A service provider may put this in place as prevention for people who may have challenging behaviour that may cause themselves/other people harm. Trying to stop or help challenging behaviour by changing what happens around them. This kind of support might be hurtful, harmful or does not respect the rights of the person. The kind of support that might be hurtful or harmful is called restrictive practices. Service providers need to look at other ways to help the person. Using restrictive practices might show that a service provider does not really understand why behaviour is happening. 2.1 The signs and symptoms of Physical abuse:- can have signs/symptoms both non-visible and visible such as, non visible being depression, fear, anxiety visible being bruising, unexplained weight loss, bed sores, burns or even broken bonesDomestic abuse:- can have sighs/symptoms both non-visible and visible such as low self-worth, lack of socialising with others, depression, anxiety, fear of doing things alone, over apologetic, drug abuse, and even attempts of suicide, unexplained bruising. Sexual Abuse:- can have signs/symptoms both non-visible and visible such as, Sudden unexplained personality changes, mood swings and seeming insecure, being secretive, Pain, discoloration, bleeding or discharges in genitals, anus or mouthEmotional/psychological abuse:- can have signs/symptoms such as low self-worth, uncooperative and/or aggressive behaviour, change in appetite, weight loss, withdrawal or change in the persons psychological state, uncooperative and aggressive behaviour.Financial/material abuse:- can have signs/symptoms such as, change in living conditions, including lack of heating, clothing or food, inability to pay bills, unexplained shortage of money and/or unexplained withdrawals from an account, bank statements no longer coming to the home and unexplained loss of financial documents.Modern slavery:- can have signs/symptoms such as anxious, depressed, fear nervous, paranoid, appears withdrawn, reluctant to seek help, appears under nourished, avoids eye contact.Discriminatory abuse:- can have signs/symptoms such as verbal or physical abuse in public places or residential settings, criminal damage to property, target of burglary, tendency to withdrawal and isolation, fearfulness and anxiety, Being refused access to services or being excluded inappropriately, loss of self-esteem, refusal to access services that are required to meet need, expressions of anger and frustration.Institutional/organisational abuse:- can have signs/symptoms such as lack of flexibility and choice for people using the service, inadequate staffing levels, People being hungry or dehydrated, poor standards of care, lack of personal clothing and possessions and communal use of personal items.Self-neglect:- can have signs/symptoms such as very poor personal hygiene, unkempt appearance, lack of essential food, clothing or shelter, malnutrition and/or dehydration, living in unsanitary conditions, hoarding, collecting a large number of animals, living in inappropriate conditions.Neglect by others: – can have signs/symptoms such as untreated physical problems, such as bed sores, unsanitary living conditions, being left dirty or unwashed, Unsuitable or lack of clothing or covering for the weather, unusual/rapid weight loss and dehydration. 2.2 factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse:-people who lack capacity or have low mental ability to make decisions for themselves, having physical disabilities being dependent on others, lack of ability to communicate, isolation and exclusion, insufficient amount of care, age, gender, and inadequacy of information and support.3.1 The actions to take if there are suspicions of an individual being abused are too ensure that you are supportive. Stay close to the alleged victim after they have disclosed to provide some security and to build a bond of trust. Assure the individual that they have done the right thing by telling you about the allegations, and that they are safe. Ask the victims permission to report your suspicions then report to appropriate person’s e.g. social worker line manager, record all suspicions in a statement.
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