Rwanda and Yugoslavia Genocide

Categories: Genocide

The genocide in Rwanda and Yugoslavia in the 1990s resulted in massive murders to the population. Both genocides were similar in many ways. Both were caused by tensions between ethnic groups, and received little help from the world. Although both genocides had similar causes the consequences came out of it was different. The genocide in Rwanda and Yugoslavia were caused by the tensions between the ethnic groups within the country. In Rwanda, there were three ethnic groups, the Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa.

The Hutu made up the majority while the Twa made up the minority group. Tensions were seen between the Hutu and the Tutsi. In 1993, when the Tutsi exerted more rights within the country the hatred between the Hutu and Tutsi grew even more. When Rwanda’s president Habyarimana’s plane was shot down, the Hutu blamed the Tutsi for this. The hostility between these groups grew and it eventually sparked the Rwanda genocide. The genocide within Yugoslavia had tensions between the Serbs and the Bosnians.

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The death of Tito resulted in the increase of ethnic tensions. This also threatened to split their union apart. The new leader Milosevic encouraged Serb nationalism. This new nationalism made the Serbs create secret concentration camps which resulted in mass killings. Many held in these camps were Muslim and Croats. Entire villages were destroyed and thousands were driven from their homes. The struggle for power and land also between the different groups also played a major role in causing this genocide.

Both genocides were mainly caused by tensions between ethnic groups.

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During the genocide in Rwanda and Yugoslavia, the world stood by and watched, or did little to prevent this. Both genocides could’ve been stopped sooner or prevented if the world didn’t watch from the sidelines. Troops were ordered to stop this, but by the time they entered Rwanda the genocide already ended months ago. The Rwanda genocide was stopped when the Rwandan Patriotic Front came from Uganda. The genocide in Yugoslavia was ended when an agreement was made in 1995.

America was part of this agreement to help Yugoslavia remain peace, but America only came in after years into the genocide. There was some justice after both genocides; many people were charged and arrested as war criminals. The results that came out of the genocide in Rwanda and Yugoslavia were different. As a result, Yugoslavia was split up. The Dayton Peace agreement that occurred in 1995 split Yugoslavia and was divided between the ethnic groups. Yugoslavia was split into seven different countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia.

Approximately 150,000 people were killed due to this genocide. However in Rwanda the estimated death toll was said to be around 800,000. Rwanda wasn’t split up like Yugoslavia but there are still tensions between the Hutu and the Tutsi. However due to the genocide, Yugoslavia and Rwanda struggled to rebuild their economy and country. Both genocides resulted in massive deaths. Both genocides had similar causes but different consequences that came out from them. Both genocides were also ignored by most of the international community.

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Rwanda and Yugoslavia Genocide. (2016, Sep 09). Retrieved from

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