Romeo and Juliet and Capulet Essay
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Soon several member of both houses jump into the fight as well as citizens of Verona. Capulet calls for his sword. Then Montague tells his wife to let him go so he can attack Capulet. The fight is then broken up by the Prince stating that if the Capulets and Montagues get into a fight again, those responsible will be put to death. Everyone departs the scene save for Montague, Lady Montague, and Benvolio. Monntague asks who started the fight and Benvolio blames Tybalt.
Then they speak about Montagues son Romeo who is currently sulking. Benvolio says he will find out what is bothering Romeo who appears in the scene.
Benvolio then moves to speak with Romeo. Benvolio learns that Romeo is saddened over the rejection of Rosaline. Benvolio tells Romeo the best way to get over a woman is to find another one. Romeo disagrees and states that he will never love another. Benvolio promises he can make it happen Glossary 1.
importune beg persistently and urgently BENVOLIO “Have you importuned him by any means? ” 2. transgression in making lovers suffer so ROMEO “Why, such is love’s transgression. ” 3. “her store” Her store of wealth which consists of her beauty. She ill leave no beauty behind her in her offspring. ROMEO “That, when she dies, with beauty dies her store” Background Character I am the assistance. Sampson and Gregory, servants of the house of Capulet, go out looking for trouble. . . . Sampson and Gregory almost pick a fight with Abraham and Balthasar, servants of the house of Montague. . . . Seeing a Capulet kinsman, Sampson and Gregory start to fight with Abraham and Balthasar. Benvolio tries to stop the fight, but Tybalt enters and attacks Benvolio. The citizens of Verona attack both the Capulets and Montagues. Capulet and Montague try to join the fight, but are restrained by their wives. . . Prince Escalus stops the riot, threatens everyone with death, and takes Capulet with him, leaving Benvolio alone with Montague and Lady Montague. Lady Montague asks where Romeo is, and Benvolio answers that he was up before dawn, wandering in the woods. The Montagues say that Romeo is afflicted with strange sorrows, and Benvolio offers to find out what’s wrong with him. . . . Seeing Romeo coming, Montague and Lady Montague leave Benvolio alone to speak with their son. Benvolio soon discovers that Romeo’s problem is that he loves a woman who doesn’t return his love.
Benvolio tries to get Romeo to say who it is he loves, but Romeo won’t. Benvolio also tries to get Romeo to solve his problem by looking for another woman, but Romeo seems determined to love and suffer. Act one, Scene two Questions 1. Why does Capulet think it will be easy for Montague and him to keep the peace? -Because they would both not want the penalty of death. 2. What do Romeo and Benvolio decide to do -Go to the party. Notes It takes place in a street. Capulet and Paris enter speaking about Paris’s desire to marry Capulet’s daughter Juliet. Capulet says that Paris may marry Juliet but he must first win her heart.
He then invites Paris to a dinner party he is throwing that night. At the end of the conversation Capulet hands his servant a piece of paper with names on it and tasks the man to find them and invite them to his party that night. The servant stands alone on the street and states he does not know how to read. The servant asks Benvolio if he will read the list for him. Benvolio after a bit of teasing reads the list. It is a list full of names to be invited to Capulet’s party including Rosaline. Happy for their help the servant invites Benvolio and Romeo to the party as long as they are not Montagues.
Benvolio points out that Rosaline will be there as well as several other beautiful women. Romeo agrees to go the party. Glossary 1. ”bound” bound over to keep the peace CAPULET “But Montague is bound as well as I,” 2. The servant’s confusion is deliberately contrived by Shakespears:thus, SERVANT “shoemaker… ”:last, “tailor… ”:yard, “fisher… ”:nets, “painter… ”:pencil 3. ”splendor of mine own” the splendid beauty of my own beloved RPMEO “I’ll go along, no such sight to be shown, But no rejoice in splendor of mine” Background Character
I can see Paris asks Capulet for Juliet’s hand in marriage. Capulet thinks she’s too young, but tells Paris to woo her, and invites him to a feast that night. Capulet sends the servant out to invite other guests to the feast. . . . Benvolio is still trying to talk Romeo into considering other ladies when they are interrupted by the Capulet servant, who asks Romeo to read something for him. It is a list of guests at Capulet’s feast that night. Thus Romeo discovers that Rosaline, his beloved, will be at the feast. Benvolio challenges Romeo to go to the feast and compare Rosaline with other beauties.
Romeo says he will go, but only to rejoice that Rosaline is most beautiful of all. Act one, Scene Three Questions 1. How old is Juliet? * 13 going on 14 2. Following Juliet’s answer, what does Lady Capulet then tell Juliet? * She should try and like Paris after she meets him. Note It takes place in a room in the Capulet house. Lady Capulet asking for her daughter. Lady Capulet asks Juliet what she thinks about marriage. Juliet claims it is something she dreams of. Then Lady Capulet lets Juliet know that Paris desires to marry her. A servant informs Lady Capulet that guest have begun to arrive.
Nurse and Juliet talk a bit and then exit the scene. Glossary 1. “wormblood” a plant with a bitter juice to make the child stop drinking mother’s milk NURSE “For i had then laid wormblood to my dug” 2. “Were not i thine only nurse” but since she is, to say so would be to prise herself NUSE “An honor? Were not i thine only nurse, Id say thou hadst sucked wisdom rom thy teat” 3. “But no… fly” I will not go farther than your approve. JULIET “But no more deep will i endart mine eye than your consent gives strength to make it fly” Background Character
Lady Capulet wants to have a serious conversation with Juliet, but the Nurse interrupts with a long reminiscence about Juliet’s weaning and what Juliet said about falling on her back. Lady Capulet tells Juliet that Paris wants to marry her, and urges her to look him over and see that he is the husband for her. Servants come to call everyone to the feast. Act one, Scene four Questions 1. What does Mercutio say about dreams? * They are nothing but fantasies of the brain. 2. What is Romeo’s mood at the end of this scene? * He is amused Note It takes place in a street.
Mercutio, Benvolio and Romeo are wearing masks and are traveling with several other maskers and torchbearers. They speak amongst each other believing that not only will their masks keep them from being dedected as Montagues, but they also vow to stay for just one dance. Because Romeo is still pining for Rosaline, Mercutio teases him with the story of Queen Mab. Glossary 1. “cupid” a guest disguised as cupid as a spokesman to make their speech of apology BENVOLIO “We’ll have no cupid hoodwinked with a scarf” 2. “the game… done” this is the best part of the proceedings, so i am giving up before worse comes.
ROMEO “the game was ne’er so fair, and i am done” 3. “this wind you talk of” probably with the implication that ercutio is a windbag The wind you talk to blows us from ourselves Background Character Mercutio tries to persuade Romeo to dance at Capulet’s feast, but Romeo insists that he is too sadly love-lorn to do anything but hold a torch. Then Romeo says that it’s not wise to go to the feast at all, because of a dream he had. . . . Mercutio mocks Romeo’s belief in his dream by going on and on about “Queen Mab,” but Romeo is sure that some terrible fate awaits him. Nevertheless, he goes into the feast with his friends. Act one, Scene five
Questions 1. What does Romeo think of Juliet the first time he sees her? * He thinks that she is the most beautiful thing that he has ever seen. 2. Explain what the conversation is about between Romeo and Juliet. * Romeo and Juliet are talking about how Juliet is so pureand like a saint and Romeo is a sinner. Note It takes place in a hall in Capulet’s House. It begins with a conversation between two servants. As they speak Capulet enters with Juliet and others of his house. Capulet addresses the guests and tells them to have a good time. Capulet converses with a cousin and during this time Romeo sees Juliet. He asks a servant who she is.
The servant tells him he doesn’t know. Romeo then luanches into a poetic description of Juliet’s beauty. Tybalt overhears this speech and recognizes Romeo as a Montague and moves to attack him. Tybalt is stopped by Capulet who asks him why he is upset. Tybalt tells him that he knows Romeo is in the house. Capulet tells Tybalt not to attack Romeo and after a brief argument Tybalt agrees but is angry about. Meanwhile Romeo has started to romance Juliet but then learns she is a Capulet and after a brief word with Benvolio everyone but Juliet. The Nurse and Juliet have a conversation and Juliet learns that Romeo is a Montague. Glossary 1. trencher” wooden platter 1stSERVINGMAN“He shift a trencher? He scrape a trencher! ” 2. “set cock-a-hoop” start a riot CAPULET “You will set cock-a-hoop” 3. “pilgrim” Romeo was probably dressed as a pilgrim JULIET “Ay, pilgrim, lips that they must use in prayer” Background Character At Capulet’s house, Romeo and his friends enter as preparations are being made for the dancing. The musicians are tuning up, and the servants are hurrying to clear away the remains of the feast. . . . Capulet enters, greets the masked strangers, and invites them to dance. Romeo sees Juliet and says to himself that this is the first time he’s seen true beauty.
Tybalt recognizes Romeo and sends for his sword, but Capulet orders Tybalt to do nothing. Saying that he’ll make Romeo pay, Tybalt leaves. . . . Romeo holds Juliet’s hand, and begs a kiss, which she gives him. They kiss again, and then both are called away. As everyone is leaving, they each learn the name of the other, and they each exclaim upon the fate that has made each fall in love with his/her enemy. Act two, Scene one Questions 1. What does Mercutio say about “blind love”? * One loves with the heart, not the eyes. 2. Why does Romeo leave his friend? * he ditches his friends and hides out in the orchard behind the Capulet house Note
Act II opens with a prologue that does two things. First it points out that Romeo and Juliet’s love will be hard because their families are enemies. Second it pokes fun at Romeo for so quickly falling in love with Juliet and completely getting over Rosaline. Scene 1 takes place in a lane by the wall of Caputlet’s orchard. Romeo jumps over the wall. Benvolio and Mercutio at first try to get Romeo to rejoin them. However, Benvolio knows that Romeo likes solitude and convinces Mercutio to leave him be. Glossary 1. (Line 6, Mercutio) conjure: call a spirit by magic 2. (Line 12, Mercutio) purblind: very blind . (Line 13, Mercutio) Abraham Cupid: Shakespeare may have meant Adam Cupid, an archer in an old ballad Background character On his way home from Capulet’s feast, Romeo turns back and jumps the wall of Capulet’s garden. Benvolio calls for Romeo and Mercutio bawdily conjures Romeo, but he will not appear, and his friends depart. Act two, Scene two Questions 1. When Juliet appears on her balcony, what does Romeo compare her to? * The sun 2. Juliet is going to send someone to Romeo on the following day for what purpose? * To arrange the marriage. Note Scene 2 takes place in Capulets Orchard.
Romeo stating that his friends jest at him for something they don’t understand. Suddenly Juliet appears in the window above. Romeo begins speaking about how beautiful she is. Then Juliet, not knowing Romeo is present, begins mourning over the fact that Romeo is a Montague and she is a Capulet. After listening Romeo reveals his presence and tells her that he loves her. During their expression of love for one another, Juliet is called by her nurse. After a brief moment with her Nurse, Juliet comes back and she and Romeo agree to marry. Juliet tells Romeo she will send him a message so that he can inform her of the wedding plans.
Day begins to break over the orchard. Glossary 1. (Line 4, Romeo) envious moon: Diana, goddess of chastity 2. (Line 5, Romeo) be not her maid: hoping Juliet is unlike the virginal Diana 3. (Line 8, Romeo) vestal: virginal Background character In Capulet’s garden Romeo sees Juliet come to her window. He is entranced by her beauty and listens as she tells the night that she loves Romeo and wishes that he had another name. Romeo surprises her by offering to take another name for her love. At first, Juliet worries for Romeo’s safety and then she worries that he may be a deceiver, but he wins her over with passionate vows of love.
They pledge their love to one another and then Juliet is called away by the Nurse. . . . Answering the call of the Nurse, Juliet goes into the house, then comes right back out and tells Romeo that the next day she will send a messenger to find out when and where she is to meet and marry him. Juliet is again called back into the house, and Romeo starts to leave, but Juliet again comes back out, to set a time that her messenger should go to Romeo. Romeo tells her that the messenger should come at nine in the morning. They say a long goodbye, and after Juliet is gone, Romeo says that he will go to the cell of Friar Laurence to get his help.
Act two, Scene three Questions 1. What has Friar Laurence been out gathering in his basket? * Flowers. 2. Friar Laurence agrees to perform the marriage ceremony for Romeo and Juliet for what reason? * He thinks it will bring the Capulets ;amp; Montagues together. Note Scene 3 takes place in Friar Laurences cell. The scene begins with Friar Laurence with a basket in hand and speaking of the qualities of various flowers and herbs. Romeo tells the friar that he wants to marry Juliet. The fryer is surprised at how quickly Romeo has gone from loving Rosaline to loving Juliet.
Eventually the Fryer agrees to marry Romeo and Juliet because he thinks it will cause the two families to come closer together. Glossary 1. Line 54: intercession- a petition 2. Line 54: steads- helps, is of use to 3. Line 81: chidst- rebuked Background character At dawn Friar Laurence gathers herbs and comments on how — in both plants and people — everything has some good, and every good can be abused and turned to evil. . . . Romeo appears and tells Friar Laurence that he has fallen in love with Juliet and wants him to marry them. The Friar criticizes Romeo for jumping so quickly from love of Rosaline to love of Juliet, but grees to perform the ceremony because he thinks that the marriage may end the hatred between the Capulets and Montagues. Act two, Scene four Questions 1. According to Mercutio, what kind of man is Tybalt? * Fiery,bull-headed & very prejudiced. 2. How is Juliet to arrange to meet Romeo? * She sends the nurse to him with a message. Note Scene 4 takes place in a Street. The scene begins with Benvolio and Mercution wondering where Romeo is. During this conversation it is learned that Tybalt has challenged Romeo to a duel. Benvolio and Mercutio discuss the duel and Tybalts talent as a duelist.
Romeo and Mercutio tease each other. Mercutio teases the Nurse for a bit but leaves with Benvolio after Romeo asks them too. Alone with the nurse he tells her to tell Juliet to meet him at the Fryers at two that afternoon. He also instructs the nurse to bring a rope ladder so that he can visit Juliet later that night after they have been married. Glossary 1. Line 25: first and second cause- cause according to the code of dueling that would oblige one to seek satisfaction of one’s honor 2. Line 26: passado! …punto reversion! …hay! – forward thrust, backhanded stroke, thrust through 3.
Lines 28-29: phantasimes- fantastically dressed or mannered Background character Mercutio wonders where Romeo is. Benvolio says that Tybalt has sent a challenge to Romeo, and Mercutio scornfully describes Tybalt as an conceited killer. . . . Mercutio kids Romeo about love, and Romeo joins in the bawdy repartee. . . . Mercutio bawdily mocks the Nurse, who tells Romeo that she wants a word in private with him. . . . The Nurse complains about Mercutio, receives from Romeo the information about time and place of the wedding, then chatters on about how sweet Juliet is. Act two, Scene five Questions . The nurse is supposed to be gone only a half hour, but she is actually gone for how long? * Hour & a half. 2. How is the nurse behaving that is frustrating to Juliet? * She won’t tell Juliet what Romeo said ;amp; is dragging the moment out. Note Scene 5 takes place in Capulet’s Orchard. The scene begins with Juliet worrying about how the day is passing without word from Romeo. Her Nurse begins to tease Juliet. For a while this teasing goes on until Juliet is very close to hysterics. Finally the Nurse relents and tells her that she is to marry Romeo at the church later that afternoon.
The Nurse leaves to get the rope ladder that Romeo requested. Glossary 1. Line 7: Love- a reference to Venus, whose chariot was drawn by swift-winged doves 2. Line 51: Beshrew- to curse Background character Juliet impatiently awaits the return of the Nurse with news from Romeo. . . . The Nurse teases Juliet by finding all kinds of ways to not deliver the joyful news, but finally tells her that she is to go Friar Laurence’s cell to be married to Romeo. Act two, Scene six Questions 1. What does Friar Laurence mean when he says, “Therefore, love moderately; long love doth so”? Love should be a warming glow within the heart, not an uncontrollable fire that eventually destroys everything in its path. 2. What follows after Romeo, Juliet, and Friar Laurence exit from the stage? * They get married Note Scene 6 takes place in Friar Laurence’s cell. Friar Laurence and Romeo come with the fryer telling Romeo marrying so quickly is a mistake. Romeo casts this advice aside. Juliet then after a brief conversation. the fryer marry the two young lovers. Glossary 1. Line 74: ratcatcher- one whose business it is to catch rats; another allusion to Tybalt as king of cats 2.
Line 113: effeminate- weak, like a woman; unmanly, enervated, self-indulged, delicate, over-refined 3. Line 189: amerce- to punish by fines; to exact something from Background character Just before the wedding, Friar Laurence advises Romeo to love moderately. . . . Romeo and Juliet tell each other how much they love one another, and Friar Laurence leads them off to be married. Act three, Scene one Questions 1. Why won’t Romeo fight Tybalt? * Because he says, he has a reason to love Tybalt now because they are “family” because of his marriage to Juliet 2. What is Romeo’s punishment for killing Tybalt? Romeo’s punishment, is that he is banished from the city of Verona Note Scene 1 takes place in a public place. Mercutio, Benvolio enter with a page and several servants. Benvolio is complaining about the heat of the day and Mercutio teases him for it. As they talk Tybalt followed by a couple of servants enters the scene. He asks Benvolio and Mercutio if they have seen Romeo. As Benvolio and Mercutio tease Tybalt, Tybalt challenges Romeo to a duel, but Rome refuses because Tybalt is now his family Mercutio takes Romeo’s refusal as a sign of cowardice and challenges Tybalt in Romeo’s stead. Tybalt and Mercutio start to fight.
Romeo tries to stop the fight, then as he steps between the two Tybalt stabs Mercutio under Romeo’s arm dealing him a mortal blow and then runs away. Romeo attempts to comfort Mercutio who dispatches his page to find a doctor. Romeo tries to encourage Mercutio but it is obvious he will die. Eventually Benvolio helps Mercution off the street and the two exit the scene. Romeo is by himself for a short time while he speaks about being angry with Tybalt, then Benvolio enters the scene again to let Romeo know Mercutio is dead. Tybalt comes back into the scene and Romeo challenges him to a fight.
The two fight and Romeo kills Tybalt. Benvolio tells Romeo to run away as several citizens have seen the fight and are upset. A short time later the Prince, both Lord Montague and Lord Capulet, and several citizens come. Benvolio tells the prince what happens. The Prince, instead of sentencing Romeo to death, instead decided to banish him and fine both families. Glossary 1. Line 74: ratcatcher- one whose business it is to catch rats; another allusion to Tybalt as king of cats 2. Line 113: effeminate- weak, like a woman; unmanly, enervated, self-indulged, delicate, over-refined 3.
Line 189: amerce- to punish by fines; to exact something from Background character On the streets of Verona Benvolio tries to persuade Mercutio that it’s best to stay out of the way of the Capulets and a quarrel, but Mercutio jokingly claims that Benvolio is as much of a quarreler as anyone. . . . Tybalt, looking for Romeo, is challenged to a fight by Mercutio, but then Romeo appears. . . . Tybalt challenges Romeo to fight. Romeo refuses, but Mercutio steps forward and fights Tybalt. As Romeo is trying to stop the fight, Tybalt gives Mercutio a wound, then runs away. Mercutio dies.
Romeo is ashamed of himself for letting Mercutio do the fighting, and when Tybalt returns, Romeo kills him. Benvolio has a hard time getting the dazed Romeo to leave the scene. . . . Benvolio tells the Prince what happened. Lady Capulet wants Romeo’s life, but the Prince levies fines and exiles Romeo. Act three, Scene two Questions 1. Why is Juliet so impatient for the nurse to return? * Because she wants Romeo to come make their marriage “official” and she is waiting to see what news the Nurse has for her 2. What piece of news has upset Juliet the most? * The piece of news that upsets Juliet the most is that Romeo killed Tybalt.
Note Scene 2 takes place in Capulet’s Orchard. Juliet worrying about the fact that Romeo has yet to arrive. The Nurse tells Juliet of Tybalt’s death. Juliet fears this means that Romeo is dead. The Nurse informs Juliet that Romeo is not dead but banished and is currently hiding in the fryers cell. Juliet asks the Nurse to go to Romeo and have him give her a farewell visit that night. Glossary 1. Line 2: Phoebus- a name of Apollo as the sun god; associated with the sun god, Helios 2. Line 3: Phaethon- son of the sun god; a rash character who was known for bringing the day to an abrupt end 3.
Line 47: cockatrice- identified with Basilisk: a mythical serpent fabled to kill with its glance Background character Juliet longs for the coming of night and Romeo. . . . The Nurse appears; she has seen Tybalt’s corpse and heard that Romeo has been banished. The Nurse is so overwrought that her words first make Juliet think that Romeo is dead. When the Nurse finally makes it clear that Tybalt is dead and Romeo is banished, Juliet first turns against Romeo for killing her cousin, then defends him for killing the man who would have killed him. Then Juliet remembers that the Nurse said Romeo has been “banished,” which drives her to despair.
The Nurse promises Juliet that she’ll make arrangements for Romeo to come that night for a farewell visit. Act three, Scene three Questions 1. Explain Romeo’s reaction to the news of his banishment. * He wants to kill himself. 2. What does the nurse give to Romeo? * Rope ladder Note Scene 3 takes place in Friar Laurnce’s cell. Friar Laurence bidding Romeo to come out of hiding. Romeo comes out and the Friar tells him that Romeo is banished. Romeo bemoans his fate because being banished is like a living death. There is a knock at the door and it is Juliet’s Nurse.
The Nurse informs Rome and the Friar that Juliet is very distraught over the news of Romeo’s banishment. Romeo tries to kill himself but is stopped by the Friar and the Nurse. The Friar tells Romeo to go and visit Juliet that night and leave for Mantua in the morning. He also tells Romeo that while Romeo is in Mantua, the Friar will find a way to make Romeo and Juliet’s marriage public and gain Romeo a pardon. Glossary 1. Line 4: doom- judgement 2. Line 9: doomsday- another reference to the Day of Judgement, death 3. Line 143: mishav`ed- misbehaved Background character
Learning from the Friar that he is to be banished, Romeo declares that the Friar is torturing him to death, then throws himself on the floor, moaning and weeping. . . . The Nurse brings news that Juliet is in just as bad shape as Romeo. Romeo, wild with guilt at the pain he has caused Juliet, tries to stab himself. Friar Laurence lectures Romeo and tells him what to do — go to Juliet, then to Mantua until the Prince can be persuaded to pardon him. The Nurse gives Romeo the ring that Juliet asked her to take to him. These things put Romeo into a better frame of mind and he leaves Friar Laurence’s cell to go to Juliet. Act three, Scene four
Questions 1. What does Capulet tell his wife to say to Juliet * Capulet tells his wife to tell Juliet that she will be marrying Paris on Thursday morning. 2. Why is paris happy? * Capulet tells Paris that he will command Juliet to marry him Note Scene 4 takes place in a room on the Capulet’s house. Capulet, the Lady Capulet, and Paris discussing Juliet’s sorrow at the death of Tybalt. Paris complains that her mourning is stopping him from courting her. Capulet tells Paris that he will command Juliet to marry him. Paris is happy with this. Capulet tells his wife to inform Juliet of her betrothal. Glossary 1. Line 17: mark you me- pay attention . Line 23: keep no great ado- make no big fuss 3. Line 35: by and by- soon Background character On a sudden impulse, Capulet promises Paris that Juliet will marry him the day after tomorrow. Act three, Scene five Questions 1. After Lady Capulet breaks the news about Paris, what is Juliet’s response? * Juliet says, she doesn’t want to marry because she is not ready yet. 2. What “scheme” does Juliet devise to get rid of the nurse and to get out of the house? * She tells the Nurse that she will agree to marry Paris so she will go to Friar Laurence to make confession, and clear all of her sins before she gets married to Paris.
Note Scene 5 takes place in Capulet’s Orchard. Romeo and Juliet wishing that the morning was not upon them. For a brief minute they try to pretend that it is evening and not morning, but eventually they face the reality of Romeo’s banishment. After Romeo exits, Juliet begins to cry and her mother, Lady Capulet mistakes Juliet’s sorrow to be caused by the death of Tybalt and tells her that she plans to have Romeo poisoned. Then Lady Capulet tells Juliet that her father has arranged for her to marry Paris. Juliet of course refuses to marry Paris and argues with her mother until Lord Capulet arrives.
Juliet argues her marriage with Paris to her father. Eventually he grows tired of her arguing with him and tells Juliet that she will obey his command then leaves the scene. Lady Capulet tells her daughter not to speak to her for a while and leaves. Alone with her Nurse Juliet decides to go speak with Friar Laurence for advice. Glossary 1. Line 129: conduit- a fountain 2. Line 149: chopped logic- a shallow and sophistical argument 3. Line 156: greensickness- an anemic disease that causes a pale, greenish color; an ailment of young unmarried women; suggests Juliet’s paleness Background character
Just before dawn Romeo is preparing to leave, but Juliet declares that it’s still night, so he can stay. Romeo offers to stay and die, but Juliet urges him to leave. . . . The Nurse hurries in with the news that Juliet’s mother is coming. Romeo kisses Juliet and leaps out the window. Juliet asks if they will ever see each other again; Romeo is sure they will, but Juliet is full of foreboding. . . . Lady Capulet, assuming that Juliet is weeping for Tybalt, tells her that she’s grieving too much, then decides that Juliet must be weeping because revenge has not been taken upon Romeo.
Lady Capulet expresses her hatred of Romeo and Juliet appears to agree with her, though what she really means is that she loves Romeo. Lady Capulet then delivers news which she thinks ought to cheer up Juliet — she is to be married to Paris. Juliet declares that she will not. Lady Capulet replies that Juliet’s father is coming, so Juliet ought to tell him that she won’t marry Paris, if she dares. . . . Lady Capulet tells Capulet that Juliet has refused to marry Paris. Enraged, Capulet threatens to throw her out of the house if she doesn’t change her mind. Juliet pleads with her mother to intervene, but Lady Capulet refuses. . . Juliet asks the Nurse for advice, and she tells Juliet that she ought to marry Paris because Romeo can never come back and Paris is better looking, anyway. Juliet pretends to accept the Nurse’s advice but decides that she will go to Friar Laurence for his advice. If he can’t help her, she will kill herself. Act four, Scene one Questions 1. Is there anything actually wrong with Paris? * Paris has kidney stones 2. Does it seem as though Paris would be a good husband? * Very much so. He’s a bit vain, but other than that, he has a great job. Avocado salesmen were rich and had zero competition back then.
Note Scene 1 takes place in the Friar’s cell. Friar Laurence and Paris discussing Paris’s upcoming wedding. Friar Laurence tries to convince Paris to take longer than the two days. Juliet cleverly pushes aside Paris’s attempts to speak of the wedding. Juliet tells the Friar that she has no wish to marry Paris and would rather kill herself. The Friar then suggests that Juliet take a potion that will make hear appear dead and that he will let Romeo know of the plan. Glossary 1. Line 39 pensive: sorrowful 2. Line 48 may prorogue: can delay 3. Line 57 label: strip attached to a deed to carry he seal; hence, conformation, seal Background character As Paris is making arrangements with Friar Laurence to perform the wedding ceremony between himself and Juliet, she appears. Paris tries to tease some sign of affection out of Juliet and reminds her that they are to be married on Thursday. . . . Juliet says that she will kill herself rather than marry Paris, and the Friar comes up with the plan for her to take the drug which will make her appear dead for 42 hours, so that the wedding will be called off and Romeo can come and take her to Mantua. Act four, Scene two Questions 1.
How does Juliet please Capulet in this scene? * She apologizes for her disobedience. 2. What does Capulet’s reaction to Juliet’s apology tell you about him? * It tells us he’s very jealous and controlling Note Scene 2 takes place in the Hall of the Capulet’s House. Capulet, Lady Capulet, the Nurse, and two servants discussing serving plans. Juliet tells her father that she has decided she is happy to marry Paris. This makes Capulet very happy and he decides to move the wedding up a day. Lady Capulet complains that moving the wedding up a day will not give her enough time to prepare for the wedding.
Capulet says everything will be fine. Glossary 1. Line 16 gadding: wandering 2. Line 33 closet: chamber 3. Line 43 huswife: housewife Background character Capulet is making arrangements for the wedding feast when Juliet appears, begs her father’s pardon, and tells him that she will marry Paris. This makes Capulet so happy that he moves the wedding up to the very next day, Wednesday. Act four, Scene three Questions 1. How does Juliet rid herself of Nurse and her mother? * So that she can be alone to take the friar’s potion, Juliet tells her nurse that she is going to pray before her wedding.
She just asks her mother to leave her alone 2. What other fears does Juliet have? * She fears that either it might not work and she’ll have to marry Paris the next morning, and that it might be a poison and she might die. Note Scene 3 takes place in Juliet’s chamber. Juliet and her Nurse discuss the upcoming wedding. The Nurse and Lady Capulet leave. Juliet then considers killing herself with her dagger, but instead decides to take the friars potion hoping that his plan works. She takes the potion and falls asleep. Glossary 1. Line 42 green: new, freshly 2.
Line 47 mandrakes: (The root of the mandragora or mandrake resembled the human form; the plant was fabled to utter a shriek when torn from the ground. ) 3. Line 57 Stay: stop Background character Juliet persuades her mother and the Nurse to leave her alone. She agonizes over everything that could go wrong, is terrified by visions of the grave, and drinks to Romeo. Act four, Scene four Questions 1. Where is the scene take place? * Capulet’s house 2. What is lord capulet overseeing * The finishing touches Note Scene 4 takes place in a hall in the Capulet house.
Wedding decorations are everywhere and Lord Capulet is overseeing the finishing touches. Lady Capulet and the Nurse enter the scene and Lord Capulet tells the Nurse to go wake up Juliet. Glossary 1. Line 11 mouse-hunt: i. e. , hunter of women 2. Line 20 whoreson: i. e. , fellow. (An abusive term used familiarly. ) 3. Line 21 loggerhead:(1) put in charge of getting logs (2) a blockhead Background character The Capulets and their servants are busily preparing for the wedding. Paris’ musicians are heard, and Capulet sends the Nurse to awaken Juliet. Act four, Scene five Questions 1.
How is Friar Laurence’s remark “The woman is best married who dies a young bride” ironic? * His idea is that it’s better to die before love fades, but it seems a strange thing for him to say. It’s rather cold comfort to offer the grieving parents, and the Friar is the only one who knows that Juliet is actually married. 2. Explain the dramatic irony in the remarks and beliefs of Capulet and Lady Capulet. * Dramatic irony occurs when the audience knows something that the characters onstage do not know. Note Scene 5 takes place in Juliet’s chamber. The Nurse enters the chamber and attempts to wake Juliet.
After being unsuccessful the Nurse believes Juliet to be dead. She alerts the household and over the course of the scene Lord Capulet, Lady Capulet, and Paris arrive to find out that Juliet is dead. Lord Capulet orders that the wedding decorations be changed to funeral directions. Glossary 1. Line 130 Catling: (A catling was a small lutestring made of catgut. ) 2. Line 133 Rebeck: (A rebeck was a fiddle with three strings. ) 3. Line 136 Soundpost: (A soundpost is the pillar or peg that supports the sounding board of a stringed instrument. ) Background character
The Nurse tries to awaken Juliet, but finds that she is (apparently) dead. Lady Capulet and Capulet come running, then lament their daughter’s death. . . . The rest of the wedding party arrives, only to find that Juliet is dead and hear the clamor of lamentation. Capulet, Lady Capulet, Paris, and the Nurse go nearly wild with grief, but Friar Laurence takes command of the situation by reminding everyone that Juliet is now in a better place, and telling them proceed with her funeral. . . . As the musicians are starting to leave, Peter rushes in and demands that they play a sad song to cheer him up.
They refuse, Peter insults them with a riddle, and they all leave to wait for lunch. Act five, Scene one Questions 1. What news does Balthasar bring to Romeo? * He tells romeo juliet is doomed to marry paris. 2. What actions does Balthasar’s news prompt Romeo to do? * Romeo prepares to return. Note Scene 1 takes place in a street of Mantua. Romeo reminiscing about a dream which he believes portends his reuniting with Juliet. Balthasar informs Romeo that Juliet has died. Romeo purchases poison from an apothecary that he plans to use to kill himself and then leaves for Verona. Glossary 1. Line 40 simples: medicinal herbs 2.
Line 59 ducats: gold coins 3. Line 85 cordial: restorative for the heart Background character Romeo expects good news from Verona, but receives the news that Juliet is dead. He buys poison of an apothocary and says that he intends to return to Verona and join Juliet in death. Act five, Scene two Questions 1. What does Friar John tell Friar Lawrence? – Juliet has the “fake sleeping potion. ” 2. After hearing this news from Friar John, what does Friar Lawrence intend to do? * Lawrence plans to tell Romeo about the fake plan. Note Scene 2 takes place in Friar Laurance’s cell. Friar John calling out to Friar Laurance.
Friar Laurance asks Friar John of his trip to Mantua. Friar John informs Friar Laurance that he was unable to travel to Mantua because of an outbreak of the plaque. Friar Laurance realizes that this could cause his plan to have problems and that Juliet will be leaving soon so he leaves knowing that Juliet will awaken from her potion soon. Glossary 1. Line 8 searchers of the town: town officials charged with public health 2. Line 21 crow: crowbar Background character Friar John explains to Friar Laurence why he was unable to deliver Friar Laurence’s letter to Romeo.
Friar Laurence sends Friar John to get a crowbar and makes plans to be there when Juliet awakes, write again to Romeo in Mantua, and hide Juliet in his cell until Romeo arrives. Act five, Scene three Questions 1. Why is Paris at Juliet’s grave? * These may be out of rder, sorry. Pari is there to pay tribute 2. What information does Romeo’s letter give? * this letter doth… basically, as the prince reads it, as handed to him by Balthazar, it detaisl teh lovers and friar Lawrence’s plans. Note Scene 3 takes place in a churchyard; in it a tomb belonging to the Capulets. Paris comes with Paige who is bearing a flower and a torch.
Paris tells his Page to keep watch for other people. The pag then whistles letting Paris know someone is approaching. Paris hides and sees Romeo and Balthasar. Romeo tells Balthasar to leave, Blthatsar pretends to obey but hides. Paris who has been watching from hiding thinks that Romeo intends to desecrate the tomb and moves to stop him. Romeo tries to tell Paris that he has no intention of descrating the tomb but Paris does not believe him and the two fight. Romeo kills Paris who in his dying breath requests to be laid next to Juliet. Romeo agrees and lays Paris’s body next to Juliets.
After laying Paris’s body next to Juliet’s Romeo takes the poison he bought from the apothecary and dies. Friar Laurence arrives and meets Balthasar who tells the friar that Romeo has gone into the tomb. Friar Laurence enters the tomb and finds Romeo dead. Soon afterward Juliet awakens and finds Romeo dead. Destroyed Juliet tells the friar to leave. Juliet tries first to drink the poison, when she finds it empty she tries to kiss Romeo’s lips to poison herself. When this does not work Juliet stabs herself in the heart and dies. Shortly after her suicide a watchman arrives having been alerted by Paris’s Page.
Once the watchman arrives, the Prince, Lord and Lady Capulet, the Nurse, Lord Montague and others arrive and find the bodies of Romeo, Juliet, and Paris. Eventually Friar Laurence arrives and explains everything. The Prince then fines both the houses and tells everyone that the death of Romeo and Juliet should be a lesson to all that peace has brought to heavy of a price. Glossary 1. Line 90 lightening: exhilaration (supposed to occur just before death. ) 2. Line 115 engrossing: monopolizing, taking all; also, drawing up the contract 3. Line 121 be my speed: prosper me Background character
Paris comes to Juliet’s grave to strew flowers and weep. He sends his Page a ways off, to act as a look-out. Paris promises to visit Juliet’s grave every night, then the Page whistles to warn him that someone is coming. Paris sees a torch and withdraws into the darkness to see who else has come to Juliet’s grave. . . . Romeo sends Balthasar away with a letter for Romeo’s father, and starts to open the tomb. Paris comes forward and tries to arrest Romeo. They fight, and Romeo kills Paris. As he is dying, Paris asks to be laid next to Juliet. Romeo does this, pledges his love to Juliet, takes the poison, and dies. . . Friar Laurence comes and finds Romeo and Paris dead. Juliet awakes and Friar Laurence tries to persuade her to come out of the grave, but being afraid of being found there by the watchmen, he runs away. Juliet kills herself with Romeo’s dagger. . . . Paris’ Page brings the watchmen to the monument of the Capulets. Watchmen find Balthasar and Friar Laurence. Prince Escalus arrives, then Capulet, Lady Capulet, and Montague. Friar Laurence tells his story, which is confirmed by Balthasar, Paris’ Page, and the letter from Romeo to his father. Montague promises to build a golden statue of Juliet, and Capulet promises to build one of Romeo.